2021·04·24 Joe Biden Didn’t Win Daily Thread

Justice Must Be Done.

The prior election must be acknowledged as fraudulent, and steps must be taken to prosecute the fraudsters and restore integrity to the system.

Nothing else matters at this point. Talking about trying again in 2022 or 2024 is hopeless otherwise. Which is not to say one must never talk about this, but rather that one must account for this in ones planning; if fixing the fraud is not part of the plan, you have no plan.

Lawyer Appeasement Section

OK now for the fine print.

This is the WQTH Daily Thread. You know the drill. There’s no Poltical correctness, but civility is a requirement. There are Important Guidelines,  here, with an addendum on 20191110.

We have a new board – called The U Tree – where people can take each other to the woodshed without fear of censorship or moderation.

And remember Wheatie’s Rules:

1. No food fights
2. No running with scissors.
3. If you bring snacks, bring enough for everyone.
4. Zeroth rule of gun safety: Don’t let the government get your guns.
5. Rule one of gun safety: The gun is always loaded.
5a. If you actually want the gun to be loaded, like because you’re checking out a bump in the night, then it’s empty.
6. Rule two of gun safety: Never point the gun at anything you’re not willing to destroy.
7. Rule three: Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
8. Rule the fourth: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.

(Hmm a few extras seem to have crept in.)

Spot (i.e., paper) Prices

Last week:

Gold $1777.50
Silver $26.05
Platinum $1207.00
Palladium $2834.00
Rhodium $28,200.00

This week, 3PM Mountain Time, markets have closed for the weekend.

Gold $1778.20
Silver $26.07
Platinum $1236.00
Palladium $2914.00
Rhodium $28,000.00

Unfortunately, when looking at the prices only on Friday, you lose some things. It looks like gold has barely moved, but the fact of the matter is, it almost blooped up above $1800 earlier in the week. A far cry from the situation just a few weeks ago when it would drop below $1700 and then popped back up again, two or three times.

To really get a feel for what is going on, you should look at a chart.

Here is what gold has done this past year:

http://www.dailymetalprice.com/metalpricecharts.php?c=au&u=oz&d=240

The price is moving up and down, but the overall trend is down, imagine a series of sawtooths (sawteeth?). And if you look at the recent rise, it’s still consistent with just being an upward movement in the overall down trend; you can sort of eyeball a straight line through all those peaks, sloping down and to the right, and the price of gold hasn’t broken through that line, not yet it hasn’t. A trader would likely expect it to reverse and drop again.

Palladium on the other hand, is in a slow upward trend, again as seen in a graph for the past year:

http://www.dailymetalprice.com/metalpricecharts.php?c=pd&u=oz&d=240

And so I would expect it to continue to climb, for now. Here’s rhodium:

http://www.dailymetalprice.com/metalpricecharts.php?c=rh&u=oz&d=240

Note that it has gone from below $10,000 to almost $30,000 just since last June. Also note at the far right the price is moving up and down, but the height of the oscillations is decreasing. This may be what the technical traders call a “flag,” if so when it reaches its “point” the commodity often breaks out, either up or down, in a big way.

Here’s iridium:

http://www.dailymetalprice.com/metalpricecharts.php?c=ir&u=oz&d=240

And it probably shows the most stark behavior. Dead flat for months, then suddenly it starts climbing, and climbing, and climbing! That line almost looks like the profile of the Grand Canyon, in fact, complete with the vertical faces and then lines sloping upward to the next vertical face.

Mass (Part I of a Long Series)

Introduction

Having run out of precious metals to babble about, I’m going to change tacks. If you’ve been here a while, you might remember two postings I did on stars. These were independent posts, having nothing to do with politics (poly = many, ticks = blood sucking bugs) and at least some people enjoyed them. I wanted to go to the opposite end of the scale and talk about a certain sub-atomic particle, but then I realized that the best way to do that would be a very, very, very long post. (And yes, it’s a subatomic particle, but it has a lot to do with stars.) A huge part of it would be explaining where physics stood in 1895, and how four discoveries in the next four years basically overturned things, and eventually led to that subatomic particle, the real star (ahem) of the whole series.

So I decided to break this story up into pieces. And this is the first of those pieces.

And here is the caveat: I will be explaining, at first, what the scientific consensus was in 1895. So much of what I have to say is out of date, and I know it…but going past it would be a spoiler. So I’d appreciate not being “corrected” in the comments when I say things like “mass is conserved.” I know that that isn’t considered true any more, but the point is in 1895 we didn’t know that. I will get there in due time. (On the other hand, if I do misrepresent the state of understanding as it was in 1895, I do want to know it.)

Also, to avoid getting bogged down in Spockian numbers specified to nine decimal places, I’m going to round a lot of things off. I use 9.8, below, for a number that’s actually closer to 9.80665, for instance, similarly for the number 32.

OK so without further ado, mass.

What Mass Is, and Isn’t

Mass is not the same thing as weight, at least not when scientists are using the terms.

But the distinction between mass and weight didn’t become clear until Isaac Newton came along. He tried to imagine what objects would behave like if there were no gravity, and no friction. And he realized that an object under those circumstances would stay at rest unless a force acted on it, or, if were already moving, would continue to move in the same direction at the same speed, unless a force acted on it. It has inertia. But that doesn’t match what we actually see. You let go of an object that’s not on the ground, it falls (or if it’s a balloon, it might rise). An object that’s moving on a flat surface slows down and stops.

But the reason why we see things fall faster and faster, is that gravity exerts a force on them, a downward force, and the reason things moving horizontally slow down is friction, and that, too is a force.

For clarity, we have to ignore friction. Imagine these objects are wet ice on a hockey rink–or cars sliding on ice (yikes!). Or air hockey pucks. There’s still some friction in all of these cases, but not a whole lot. You can imagine, after watching these sorts of things, what it would be like with no friction.

Largely building upon what Galileo discovered (when he wasn’t looking through a telescope), Newton essentially defined the concept of inertia. It’s basically the resistance of an object to being shoved. And mass is essentially a measure of that. If object A is twice as massive as object B, it’s twice as hard to shove around and get the same effect. You need to exert twice as much force.

On the other hand, if you stick with the same object, and apply twice as much force, it reacts twice as much.

You can state this a little more precisely as, acceleration, a, is proportional to the force, F, and inversely proportional to the mass, m. You can increase or decrease any of the three items, decrease or increase one of the other two, and you will see the third item increase or decrease exactly in proportion.

Or to be even more concise, you can write the following:

aF/m.

That little Jesus fish like thing means “is proportional to” and basically, it means that if you double one side, you double the other side, but they’re not equal.

You can rearrange to get:

Fma.

And this is the form you usually see this in, it’s Newton’s second law of motion. Well almost. There’s something we can do to get rid of that Jesus fishy thing and replace it with an equals sign. More on that shortly.

Mass is considered to be the ultimate measure of “how much matter” is in an object. Twice as much matter, will have twice as much inertia. And some object, say one of the big weights off of a weightlifting set, will have the same inertia even on the moon.

But the weight of the objects will change on the Moon, because weight is actually force. And the Moon’s gravity will pull on the same objects, with less force than on Earth.

The kilogram is actually a unit of mass. A chunk of metal massing a kilogram (think of it as a one kilogram gold bar if that will put a smile on your face) will still mass a kilogram on the moon, pick it up and swing it around, you will feel the same tugs as you would feel on earth, because now you are playing with its inertia, which doesn’t change–it will take the same force to keep the bar from flying out of your hand as it did on Earth.

But pounds are (usually) a unit of force. That kilogram of gold will weigh about 2.2 pounds here on Earth. That means that the earth’s gravity pulls on it with that amount of force. But take it to the moon, and it weighs about 5.9 ounces, that’s how much force the moon exerts on that one kilogram mass.

[Or–let’s be frank here–for me, and for most of you, it weighs exactly zero both on Earth and the Moon because your kilogram bar of gold doesn’t exist at all except in your dreams. Oh, OK, never mind, forget I said this and return to smiling.]

The one force we can’t get away from in our daily is gravity, and as such in the English system a lot of things are defined with respect to the amount of gravity Earth has. But when you’re doing engineering you have to deal with a lot of forces–the force exerted by a pile driver, the thrust of a jet engine, and so on. So you need a unit of force and a unit of mass, so you can figure out how much your masses will respond to your forces, or alternatively, how much force you’ll have to exert to make that mass move the way you want it to.

The metric system, which starts with unit of mass, has to derive a unit of force, and the English system which starts with a unit of force, has to derive a unit of mass. Metric invented a unit of force called the Newton–the amount of force needed to accelerate a kilogram, one meter per second, for every second it’s applied, and yes, it’s named after Sir Isaac. And the English system retro-invented the slug–it’s the amount of mass that, when acted upon by one pound of force, will accelerate one foot per second, every second.

Once you’ve defined your units, you can change that proportionality constant to an equals sign. But you may need a fudge factor, which I will call k. F = kma. (And yes, Biden can kma.) In metric, as long as you stick to meters, kilograms, and meters per second squared, the fudge factor is 1. The Newton was deliberately defined that way. And in the English system, as long as you stick to feet, slugs, and feet per second squared, the fudge factor is also 1. 1 will disappear if it’s in an algebraic multiplication, so now we’re dealing with

F = ma

Drop a kilogram of gold–it will accelerate at 9.8 meters per second per second, a = 9.8, and m is one. Plug it into the formula above. That means it’s being acted on by a force of 9.8 newtons.

Galileo showed that heaver objects fall at exactly the same rate as lighter ones (once you account for air resistance, which is a force and partially cancels out gravity). So a two kilogram mass of gold, falling at the same rate, which we call g, gives you F = 2 x 9.8 = 19.6 Newtons.

Switch to the English system now. Drop a pound of something else–bananas, say–it will accelerate at 32 feet per second, every second. (That’s the English equivalent of 9.8 meters per second per second…we’re just using a different measuring stick.) But this time we have a weight, not a mass, F, and we have a and are looking for m, so we need to do a bit of beginner’s algebra and come up with:

m = F/a

But this time F is 1 pound, and a is 32 feet per second squared. So our mass is 1/32. And indeed, if our answer is supposed to be in slugs, that’s the right answer. A slug, as it turns out, weighs 32 pounds here on earth, and 1/32 of a slug weighs one pound.

Engineers find it so useful to have a unit of mass, the ones working in the English system (poor sods) actually invented a “pound mass,” the mass of something that weighs a pound here on earth. But when they use the “pound mass” in their formulas they have to put a fudge factor of 32 in. With mass in pound mass, the formula becomes

m = 32 F/a

Or rearranging to the usual form

F = ma / 32

A pound mass will respond to a force 32 times as much as a slug would to the same force, as you can see when you solve for the acceleration (response), a = 32 Fm. Failure to properly account for this has doomed more than one rocket. Metric is cleaner, a kilogram is mass, and only mass.

I got my STEM education entirely in metric, that’s what I’m comfortable with, that’s what I’m going to use from here on out.

OK, so mass and weight are different. How do you measure them? If they are different things, you need different methods to measure them.

A force can be measured with a spring. Your typical bathroom scale, or your kitchen scale, will have a spring inside; the amount the spring is compressed by the stuff you put on the scale is a measure of the force exerted on the spring. Drag your kilogram of gold to the moon and bring your scale with it, it will push on the spring less and therefore weigh less.

A mass is best measured by a balance scale. Your doctor’s scale, for instance, is a balance scale. Take it to the moon, and if it read 100 kg on earth, it will read 100 kg on the moon.

But it’s probably marked off in pounds. If you weighed a hundred pounds on earth…that scale will read 100 pounds on the moon. It’s actually measuring your mass but is calibrated in pounds actually pounds mass. So it only looks like it’s measuring your weight.

A kilogram (mass) weighs 2.2 pounds on earth, the object that exerts a force of 2.2 pounds on earth, has a mass of one kilogram. That 2.2 will change on every different planet, however, since most of us never leave earth, we simply think of a kilogram as equaling or being the same as 2.2 pounds, when it really isn’t. It isn’t the same thing, any more than a gallon is the same as 8.33 pounds. (It weighs that much if it’s water and we’re on earth, but that doesn’t make a gallon the same thing as 8.33 pounds in any fundamental sense.)

With me still? I hope so.

Conservation of Mass

OK, I’ve shown you Newton’s Second Law by way of introducing you to the distinction between weight and mass. It’s called a “Law” not because some politician decreed it, but because the universe works this way.

F = ma

Always.

And when you have to use a fudge factor, the fudge factor is a constant. It’s a constant 1 in the case of metric and English slugs.

One could ask what would happen if the fudge factor were to change, and the answer is a bit surprising. Since the Newton is defined as being the force necessary to accelerate a kilogram at one meter per second per second, if it suddenly, tomorrow, took twice as much force to do that, the Newton would simply get twice as big.

Since it’s awkward having your units of measure change (for exactly the same reason that inflation sucks), the fact that scientists set things up that way should be evidence enough that they are sure the fudge factor never changes.

How do we know that? It is an induction, not a deduction. It has always been true, we assume it’s just the way the universe works, until we find an exception, and believe me, people are always looking for the exception. And also for just outright blatant violation of the rule; such as objects suddenly and inexplicably changing their velocity. That would be an a without an F, or perhaps the m taking a vacation and reducing to almost nothing momentarily.

Our whole view of the universe wouldn’t make sense if Newton’s second law weren’t true. Car collisions on icy roads, air hockey…if someone made an animated movie where this rule were blatantly violated, it would look fake to us. Of course if the movie were almost spot on, with maybe the fudge factor changing by 1 percent at random, we’d have a hard time seeing it, but this has been measured in laboratories, and it’s always true. And the fudge factor doesn’t change.

One other thing turns out to be true, at least as of 1895. Mass never disappears into nothing, and it never appears from nowhere, either.

Sure, the mass of an object can change. It could decrease. But that mass always goes somewhere else, it never gets destroyed. Or similarly, if the mass of an object increases, that mass came from somewhere else.

This is one of those realizations that turned science into a form of bookkeeping. The books have to balance, the mass in has to equal the mass out.

Set a two kilogram log on fire. Weigh the ashes afterwards, they mass out to maybe 600 grams. Did the other 1400 grams just disappear? Nope. It can’t, it’s not allowed to. So that tells the scientists they didn’t account for something. In this case, they didn’t capture and weigh the smoke and the carbon dioxide given off by the burning log (whilst upsetting leftists). So if you add that in, are you okay?

Nope, because now the mass after is more than the mass before. That’s not allowed either; you can go back to the bench and re-run the experiment.

This time, count not just the wood, but also the oxygen used to burn the wood.

Once you do that, your mass before matches your mass after. Life is good.

The books balance.

And this was another thing that (as of 1895) was considered to be always true. Every time it had been tested, it was true. And a test isn’t just an explicit lab exercise like I just described, but literally everything done in a lab implicitly follows this rule.

In this case simple arithmetic is enough to do the bookkeeping. And nothing of negative mass has ever been seen, so you will see addition and subtraction, but never a negative result. Real accountants would find this dead easy. The trick, of course, is to account for everything, and measure carefully.

Gravity

There is one other thing about mass, though, that was (and still is) an important feature of the universe. And that is gravitation. I’ve mostly talked about gravity as something that exerts a force on a mass, so far, but I’ve not mentioned yet that mass actually exerts gravity. Every mass, exerts a force on every other mass. If you double the mass of the object, it exerts twice as much force. If you double the distance between the objects, however, you divide the force by 4. This is the square of the distance, and you’re dividing by it, so it’s called an inverse square relation. But one more thing. If you double the mass of the other object, the force you exert on it doubles too, and it responds with the same acceleration.

You are exerting a tiny gravitational force on the Andromeda galaxy. And vice versa. In fact, it’s the same amount of force in both directions.

The law of gravitation was also first noted by Sir Isaac Newton.

You can write this law as follows, at least as a first cut.

F = m1 m2 / d 2

Multiply your masses together, divide by the square of the distances, and you get F.

Except, no you can’t. Meters, kilograms, seconds, and Newtons go together with F=ma, but they don’t go together in this equation. Two masses 1 kilogram each, at one meter’s distance? That equation says the force should be one Newton. It’s not. It’s a lot less. You need to plug in a fudge factor, and this one is named G. The law of gravitation properly reads

F = G m1 m2 / d 2

And G is a very small number, because in Newton’s day you couldn’t even measure what F was. Without being able to measure F, we couldn’t figure out what G was. And for any scenario where we could measure F, we either couldn’t measure one of the masses, or d, or both. Either way, G was unmeasurable.

But even without that, Newton could see the law was good, because he could check the responses of things to earth’s gravity. An apple, and the moon.

To start this out, in fact, let’s assume we want to measure the acceleration, not the force. Both sides of the equation above are a force, dividing by the mass of one of the objects, the one we want to watch, gives:

a = G m2 / d 2

And you can substitute mass of the earth, me, for m2. So the acceleration of, say, an apple dropped, is:

a = G me / d 2

And if you’re standing on the surface of the earth, d is the radius of the earth. (You can treat the earth as if its entire mass were at the center, so long as it’s radially symmetrical (which it almost is). That’s one of many things Newton proved. He had to invent calculus to do that.)

In this particular case, we knew a, and we knew d, but we knew neither G or me. But we knew what their product had to be! This is called the earth’s gravitational parameter, and is usually written μe. (Greek letter mu, usually pronounced as “mew” in English, though logically it should be “moo.”) This is very handy, in fact, it’s so handy that even today people who work with orbital motion just use gravitational parameters; it saves them the bother of multiplying the same numbers over and over again.

a = μe / d 2

Newton had pretty good information on how far away the moon was. He could compute how much it was accelerating as it orbits the earth (always downward, as if it were on a string being whirled around the earth), and his equation and the data matched. The moon responded to Earth’s gravitation exactly the same way as the apple did. This was the first time we had ever shown that something “up there” follows the same physical laws as something “down here.” And that’s why it’s called the universal law of gravitation.

So Newton knew the earth’s gravitational parameter, and the distance to the moon was known before his time. But what about the rest of the solar system? Well, life was rough for astronomers working out the solar system back then. Because we didn’t know the actual distance between the sun and any of the planets, nor between other planets and their moons. We did know the relative distances; we knew, for instance that Jupiter’s distance to the sun was 5.2 times that of Earth’s. Kepler had figured that out in the late 1500s. We could also see that the inverse square law worked: The acceleration Jupiter experienced was about 1/27th that of earth, though we couldn’t tell what it was because we didn’t know the scale. Newton, in fact, showed mathematically that any inverse square force will cause things to orbit in ellipses, thereby vindicating and strengthening Kepler, and using Kepler as evidence that an inverse square law was involved.

Measuring the Solar System, Massing the Earth

So astronomers didn’t know the gravitational parameter of the sun, much less G and the mass of the sun. And they didn’t know d, in this context the distance from anything to the sun, much less the earth-sun difference (but they named it: It’s an astronomical unit, and is still called that to this day). But if they could figure out what d was for Earth, they’d know it for everything else in the solar system, because we knew the proportions. And if they knew d, they could figure out the Sun’s gravitational parameter, because you can figure out the acceleration directly from d and the length of the year.

Astronomers got the first intimations of d when we were able to triangulate on Venus as it crossed between earth and the Sun, in 1761 and 1769. We could plot its motion and position on the sun’s disk from multiple places on earth, see how different it was, and determine how far away it was, just like when you move your head from side to side, a near object will move against the horizon more than a distant one will. If you measure that apparent shift, and know how much you moved your head, you can compute how far away it is. Multiple parties went to different places on earth, just to measure these transits, the more measurements the better. It was one of the first major examples of international scientific cooperation.

Similarly we now had a good number for the distance to Venus, and because we knew the proportions of the solar system, we instantly had the distance from earth to the sun. We therefore knew a, and…now we had the gravitational parameter of the sun, because it was equal to a times d 2.

The gravitational parameter of the sun is 333,000 times the amount of the gravitational parameter of the earth. Since both numbers are G times the mass, you can see that the sun’s mass, whatever it is, must be 333,000 times that of Earth. Whatever that is. We still didn’t know.

But even better. We now knew the exact distance to Jupiter. And we could therefore watch how far the moons of Jupiter got from it in the night sky, do a quick calculation and get their orbit sizes…and now we could figure out the gravitational parameter of Jupiter! It is 317.8 times that of the earth, so its mass is also 317.8 times ours (again, whatever that is). Saturn has moons, and we could do the same thing for it. Mars has moons too, but they hadn’t been discovered yet.

Then in 1781 the planet Uranus was discovered. And in 1787, two moons were discovered. Shazaam! We knew how many earth masses Uranus was, and six years earlier we hadn’t even known Uranus existed. And we eventually figured it out for Mars, when we finally did discover its moons a century later.

But Venus and Mercury don’t have moons, and we could only make educated guess at their masses…until the 1960s and 1970s when we sent probes to them and could see how they interacted with those planets.

One last piece of the puzzle. Henry Cavendish (1731–1810) was actually able to measure the force of gravity between two heavy lead balls in his laboratory in 1798. This was painstaking work, but he now had a situation where he knew every term in the law of gravity except for G; he had the force, the distance, and the masses. So from that he was able to compute the value of G, and (in metric) it is: 6.67 x 10-11.

Now that we had that number, we could go back to every gravitational parameter we knew, divide by G and get the masses.

Now we knew the mass of the Earth. It’s 5.972×1024 kilograms. And everything else proportionately.

We did this, but we did not have to go “out there” and weigh anything.

Problems with the Law of Gravitation?

The law of gravitation worked really, really well. We never saw anything inconsistent with it…well, almost!

When we tracked Uranus in its orbit about the sun, it was clear it was not following the law, not quite. Was something wrong with the law of gravitation? The law was so useful everywhere else, and I mean everywhere else, that it would make no sense for it to be broken here, so instead of assuming the law was broken, we figured that there was something unknown out there, pulling on Uranus. It was complicated work, but Le Verrier in France and John Couch Adams in England both did the calculations in 1845, and when they told Galle, another astronomer, one who used a telescope rather than being a theorist, where to look…well, Galle found the planet Neptune almost immediately.

Far from it being a problem for the theory of gravitation, the discrepancy with Uranus’ orbital motion turned into a triumph, for the theory of gravity had been used to discover a planet, and had predicted it so well that it took someone who knew where to look less than an hour to find it.

That gives you a really strong feeling that this is the truth!

But I mentioned two problems. What was the other one?

The other was the orbit of Mercury. It’s an elliptical orbit, and if Mercury and the Sun were alone in the universe, that ellipse would never, ever move. But it does move, the long axis shifts 574 arc seconds every century. And of course Mercury and the Sun aren’t alone in the universe. So what we should be able to see is that the planets–and the sun’s slight oblateness–explain Mercury’s orbit precessing.

But when you add up all those effects, there’s still a discrepancy. They don’t add up. There’s still 43 arcsecond per century left over. And this bothered scientists.

But really, this probably isn’t a problem. We know what the answer has to be. There’s an unknown planet pulling on Mercury, one so close to the sun we just couldn’t see it in all the glare. The same Le Verrier that predicted Neptune predicted this planet. We even gave it a name, Vulcan; a perfect name because he was the Roman god of the forge and it gets hot near forges and near the Sun. But despite what you may have heard, scientists usually want to square things away, they want to see that planet, then they’ll be confident they know why Mercury is misbehaving.

But Vulcan was never found, and in 1895, it remained an open question. They expected to find it, they just hadn’t, yet. In truth, it really would be hard to see something like that; it can only be done during solar eclipses.

Conclusion

Well, this turned out to be pretty long. And maybe hard to follow (I hope not). But as I wrote it I realized how much “hung off” the concept of mass, and the law of gravitation, and how much we were able to learn about the solar system and our own Earth, each bit of knowledge building on the prior, with theory used as a framework. And you saw some limitations…we could only estimate the mass of bodies with no moons. This wasn’t even where I wanted to go with this, but it was too good to pass up. (Next week we continue towards our final destination.)

But hopefully you saw some notion of how science is supposed to function. It’s full of humans with their own foibles, of course, but in the end the truth does out. It’s nice when you can use a theory to predict something unexpected; it gives you a very warm fuzzy sense that the theory is correct. But at the same time, there are implicit assumptions; that the generalizations we see will continue to hold true. Sometimes we discover otherwise, and have to adjust; usually when that happens it turns out that the generalization was true under certain circumstances and is still useful, under those circumstances, but that you have to scrap it under others. (At the risk of a spoiler, you’ll see that Newtonian gravity is one of those cases.)

And in so many cases, if we seem to see far, it is because we stand on the shoulders of giants, the men who preceded us, and they stand on the shoulders of the men who preceded them. None of this could happen if we weren’t willing to use information gathered by others and build on it, and in turn that’s a testament to the power of being able to write things down so that knowledge outlives us.

Obligatory PSAs and Reminders

China is Lower than Whale Shit

Remember Hong Kong!!!

Whoever ends up in the cell next to his, tell him I said “Hi.”

中国是个混蛋 !!!
Zhōngguò shì gè hùndàn !!!
China is asshoe !!!

China is in the White House

Since Wednesday, January 20 at Noon EST, the bought-and-paid for His Fraudulency Joseph Biden has been in the White House. It’s as good as having China in the Oval Office.

Joe Biden is Asshoe

China is in the White House, because Joe Biden is in the White House, and Joe Biden is identically equal to China. China is Asshoe. Therefore, Joe Biden is Asshoe.

But of course the much more important thing to realize:

Joe Biden Didn’t Win

乔*拜登没赢 !!!
Qiáo Bài dēng méi yíng !!!
Joe Biden didn’t win !!!

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MAGA Mom

So, 15 minutes after I checked on the winter squash plants we planted this past weekend to see if they survived the frost several days ago. Thinking they might not make it but had hope that some might still pull through. And now we just had hail …

Screen Shot 2021-04-24 at 3.34.45 PM.png
MAGA Mom

Just as I was nursing home that our winter squash might make it through … hail and heavy rain. At least we have some still in the house that haven’t been planted yet.

Screen Shot 2021-04-24 at 3.38.09 PM.png
Deplorable Patriot

Hail…never buy a new car in these parts until after tornado season. One ding, and you can save five grand.

Incidentally, my sister’s car was totaled based on three hail dings on the hood. There was nothing else wrong with it.

Seriously, hail sucks.

Cuppa Covfefe

To paraphrase General Sherman, “Hail is WAR”….

duchess01

  :wpds_lol: 



mollypitcher5

These days they total cars very fast. My bf had some damage on the underside of the truck bed. Not visible , didn’t effect driving…the repair co and the insurance co (USAA) decided to total it, put in a salvage notice to the State of Cal before he was able to say STOP!

It was an ordeal to get the truck back
I was convinced somebody in the know wanted it, an older (2010 diesel..power house)

scott467

“Incidentally, my sister’s car was totaled based on three hail dings on the hood. There was nothing else wrong with it.”

____________

So it had one of those rare Macedonian collector’s hoods, one-of-a-kind, irreplaceable?

mollypitcher5

  :wpds_idea: 

RF121

Then shortly after, the roofers come through the hood to let you know your roof is damaged and your insurance will buy you a new one. The standard line is, I inspected three of your neighbors houses and they need to be replaced. My response, well they obviously are not fit enough to inspect their own roof.

And of course the car guy who looked at my car and wanted to fix the damage (there was none) he saw. My response was, it was parked in the garage. He decided to move on.

Wolf Moon

The SCAM of easy money by getting the mark to think there’s easy money. If things go south with ripping off the insurance company – too bad – the BILL is still there and the MARK owes it. NASTY.

Deplorable Patriot

Deplorable Patriot

HA! I’m dying.

gil00

Lol. Hope it was a cheap frozen one.

Deplorable Patriot

Exactly.

gil00

The actual gross part is he put it directly onto the bath tray. Not even a paper towel!

Deplorable Patriot

No kidding.

Wolf Moon

Bath trays wash off like saddles and picnic tables – I’m sure it’s OK!  😉 

cthulhu

It’s like keeping a wok clean — just carbonize all the old stuff into a nonstick layer.

Deplorable Patriot

Spoken like a true guy,

Wolf Moon

Science can come to the rescue on this, as pizza has 9 lives, but FAST ACTION SAVES LIVES.

Deplorable Patriot

Has anyone seen a longer version of this clip?

bflyjesusgrl

More troops?!!?? 😡😡

duchess01

So they claim, BFLY – you know why they are doing this – they are trying to start a confrontation – a confrontation that will escalate into a conflict.

Question: If Hiden is not C-I-C – how could he be ordering more troops to Afghanistan? Trump made an agreement with the Taliban for a May 1 troop withdrawal – how can they dismiss that agreement as if it never happened, BFLY?

bflyjesusgrl

🤷‍♀️🤷‍♀️🤷‍♀️

duchess01
duchess01

Well, DP – Juan verifies what you said the other day – this is a war against foreign election interference – and their domestic agents.

Wolf Moon

OANN is absolutely DESTROYING the Democrats on the way to DESTROYING Dominion and their law firms, which will be paying a LOT of court costs, absent a new Chinese ABORTION VIRUS.

Pearson Sharp had a DEVASTATING piece on Arizona Democrat Secretary of State Katie Hobbs. That woman is in so much trouble – the Demmunists are sending in PERKINS COIE to help save things. GITMO has no reason to exist greater than holding this woman in CHAINS.

BTW, OANN is now putting their stuff on RUMBLE.

https://twitter.com/OANN/status/1372238828425998336

Wolf Moon

Churchmouse has a new forum discussion of climate change for all who are interested!

https://www.theqtree.com/community/main-forum/discussion-c-l-i-m-a-t-e-change/#post-402

Concerned Virginian

SteveInCO
Thank you for making the complex more “accessible” to those of us who had a hard time getting through Algebra II in high school.
Many years ago, I had to take a course in Physics for Music Majors when in conservatory. I guess you could call it “Physics for Uninterested People”. The instructor, a physics professor, concentrated on things like the physics of different trumpet mouthpiece bores, and so forth.

Concerned Virginian

SteveInCO
Well, I guess he was a “bore” in class. But — he also played violin in a chamber music group. He actually was a very fine player.
I’ve known a couple of other math/science people who were great players. One was an engineer who was a gifted violinist. Another person, a mathematician, was also a wicked good bassoonist on the side, and a published composer — he actually got hired by a university to teach bassoon and composition in their music department.

Last edited 5 months ago by Concerned Virginian
duchess01

Did you know about this? First I heard of it – this article was posted 03/16/2021

https://todaynewspost.com/news/entertainment/vp-kamala-harris-air-force-2-loses-official-veep-seal-in-gusty-winds/

Gingersmom2009

Nothing to do with any topic, I’m just putting these two videos here. William Warfield’s Old Man River. It’s 3:35. And Leontyne doing the Margaret Bonds arrangement of He’s Got The Whole World in His Hands. No words.

I always used the Warfield video on the classroom jumbotron, even hardened 7th graders liked it. And there was a little intrigue as they were husband and wife. 😊

gil00

THEY ONLY HAVE THE POWER YOU GIVE THEM!!!!!

They were scared, and they should be. They have been abusing and beating the citizens of the uk for a year.
Enough!
Once they begin to run they will stop. Keep pushing back.
This was momentous.

Zol Neveri (@ZNeveri) Tweeted:
Part 2 https://t.co/thikkmXYCm

Wolf Moon

Excellent!

LEAVE! LEAVE! LEAVE! And take ORWELL’S COVID DYSTOPIA WITH YOU!

gil00

Look at the protests. Boris is totally compromised and his tyrannical govt health orders have to end.

Newton Peter Clarke 💎 🇬🇧 (@NewtonClarkeUK) Tweeted:
Epic scenes at the pro-freedom protests in Central London.

Completely ignored by @BBCNews etc.

#COVID19 #londonprotest
https://t.co/rmpExh1JDv

Wolf Moon

Globonazis in control of England. SAD!!!

Aubergine

Whatever they did to Boris Johnson when he was in the hospital with covid, he is a changed man.

Wolf Moon

Agreed. Top shelf MK, IMO.

gil00

Indeed. And his female partner is super liberal and probably uses their kid to sway him.

scott467

That cop with the raised club is out of his mind.

If that dumbass hits even ONE person with that club, and the crowd swarms like locusts, those cops are ALL dead.

gil00

I thought so too. His first instinct was to beat them, and that is the one on film! How much other damage has been done over and over? He will try again im certain and next time he may find a less civil response.

scott467

Oh, a bunch of them have their clubs raised in the second video.

No sympathy for Nazis.

gil00

A couple got bloodied, crying. The tables are turning.

Aubergine

And this is the difficulty I have with police here in America.

If police choose to enforce unlawful “edicts” or “mandates” because they are “just following orders,” when they are “George Floyd-ed” it makes it really hard for me to feel sympathy for the cop.

I want to support law enforcement generally, and here in my little corner of the world that is easy to do. But city cops? That’s a hard one. They are all sort of tarred with the same brush for me.

Wolf Moon

The commies are breaking LE. Your SMART governor is getting ahead of it.

It is VERY likely that the Bidenazi FIB and ATF is getting ready to do some horror-show gun crackdowns on Montana patriots, and Gianforte is saying “Go to hell – you guys do this YOURSELVES. We are not part of this.”

Wolf Moon

He can’t say that publicly, but I can. It’s just a guess, but I’m guessing at unconstitutional and illegal classified stuff, so I would take that move by the governor as a warning for patriots in Montana to get ready for assaults by FIB and FAT when the time comes.

scott467

“He can’t say that publicly, but I can.”

_________

Why not?

Does he have freedom of speech, or doesn’t he?

If he speaks his mind, is the fabric of the space-time continuum rent asunder?

Or would it bring clarity, and show the people of Montana that he stands with them, and make him a thousand times more popular with the people of Montana than he will ever be with the criminals running our federal crime syndicate?

scott467

“Some people truly aren’t in a position to say what they truly think.”

_________

Everybody is in a position to say what they truly think.

The only question is whether they are willing to accept the consequences, i.e., if doing what is RIGHT is more important than doing what is SAFE.

When everybody chooses what is SAFE, that’s the express ticket to communism and totalitarianism.

Or the great beauty of what we have today.

.

“For one thing, it’d be bad for the Federal government to, based on what a governor mouthed off, be able to credibly find some state to be in a state of insurrection.”

_________

So the federal government wins if you do nothing, and the federal government wins if you do something, ergo the safest political move is to do nothing and point the finger at someone else.

Everybody can point out all the things that could go wrong, all the reasons and excuses to do nothing, to keep one’s head down and go along with the tyranny, to allow evil to succeed by way of good men remaining silent.

Anybody can do that, it doesn’t require any courage.

What nobody seems willing to do, is what is RIGHT.

Everybody plays the angle.

And we’re all the worse for it.

.

“You can argue about whether it’s the state or the government violating the constitution, and you can even be right, but that’s not the point.”

__________

At some point it HAS TO BE the point, or we don’t have a Constitution at all.

So the first question is “What would it take for you to get up off your knees and actually stand?”

The answer is probably “Nothing, there is nothing that would make [fill in name here] get up off my knees and stand.”

But if there is answer in the affirmative given to that question, the next question is “Would it be better to stand NOW, while you still have strength, or would you have a better chance by waiting until you are weakened and cornered and have no other choice?”

.

“The guy with the power to find Montana is in a state of insurrection, and who can order the troops in to arrest the governor, is not on our side of that argument and doesn’t need to be given an excuse to do it that will hold in a federal court before a federal judge (or group of nine judges) who are also, not on our side of the argument.”

_____________

FFS, somebody call their bluff.

For the love of all that is good and decent…

GET UP OFF YOUR KNEES.

scott467

edit: I didn’t mean you personally, I meant AMERICA get up off your knees.

Aubergine

If that stuff starts happening here, it’s gonna get ugly FAST.

Aubergine

For example, I know a guy. He’s law enforcement himself. BUT, he is also tied in to the “other guys” if you know what I mean.

You can’t get onto his property without risking “Dragon’s Breath” booby traps, and other fun stuff. He’s deadly serious, and so is everybody else like him.

I think after the fiascos at Waco and Ruby Ridge, these guys changed their tactics. I’d bet they’re prepared for tanks. Maybe even air assault.

I will be holed up and hiding for the duration of whatever happens, if it does.

scott467

“I hope he’s not taking that kind of risk.”

__________

The only risk there is making things easy for the burglar. The Colorado state government must be crack smoking junkies.

Protection for burglars, and criminalizing people who would defend their homes.

If people think any kind of harsh language or stuff upper lip is even be a speedbump in this tidal wave of totalitarianism, people are out of their minds.

Throughout time, the way to address such grotesque power grabs as we see today, has been the same.

But people today believe they’re somehow different than all of humanity that has come before them, and that tyranny can be defeated by Moms giving tearful pleas at city councils and such.

It’s just sad.

Sad to watch.

It’s as if people have lost all understanding of basic humanity, or history, or how things work.

Not how things work in the matrix of controls and ordinances and bureaucracy and statutes and codes and all that other BS, most people seem to accept and navigate that mess with ease.

What most people seem to forget is the 5,000+ years of reality that came before the insanity.

What came before is the ‘real’, and that is what we will revert back to, when the ‘fake’ is all blown away.

We are not different than all mankind who came before us.

We’re not smarter, we’re not more intelligent, we’re not more cultured, we’re not more advanced in any way, we’re not more wise, and we’re certainly not tougher.

scott467

Why?

If it’s your property, why can’t you set traps to your heart’s content on it?

If you have a dog trained to attack intruders (or a dog who passes on the soy and eats real dog meat, and attacks intruders naturally), and you put a sign on the fence that says “Danger – Dog will Attack”, whose fault is it if you open the gate, walk in, and get bitten by the dog?

In any normal universe, it’s the fault of the person.

Only in our upside down and bassackwards legal dystopia is it the fault of the dog or the homeowner.

Aubergine

Well, who knows? I know these people are around. I’m sure there are others. I’m not sure what the law in Montana is on that.

scott467

“It is VERY likely that the Bidenazi FIB and ATF is getting ready to do some horror-show gun crackdowns on Montana patriots, and Gianforte is saying “Go to hell – you guys do this YOURSELVES. We are not part of this.””

_____________

That’s not good enough!

If he believes any such thing is happening, his job is to protect the People of Montana.

As the head of one’s household, do you tell your family you’re not going to help home invaders to assault your family — you guys do it YOURSELVES — I won’t be a part of this?

Or do you barricade the door and stand with your family against the invaders?

If the Guv thinks this is a way for him to slide by without accountability, he’s sadly mistaken.

Nobody gets to straddle the fence and play both sides with a lawless illegitimate government.

Most of our public officials are so pathetic it makes me want to vomit.

gil00

That will happen. And its not just city cops. Lower standards plus poor training equals potential danger.

bflyjesusgrl


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I had wondered about this… WHO was providing the books, and if the HO was getting money for each copy. This is 🐴 💩 !!!!!!!! I don’t want to buy the Ho’s crappy book and give to CRIMINALS that are breaking our laws!!! 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬 🤬
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Wolf Moon

The communists are just grabbing the cash now.

Wolf Moon

Can’t say I’ve isolated the exact point where the gal with the knife says what the poster is alleging she says, but WOW – the VISUALS are very vivid from a bystander angle.

Copied exactly as found…..

***

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James “Pinochet” Neighbors
@DemsFearTruth
5m
·

·
White Protection League

In today’s feel GREAT video, Makhia Bryant can be heard ghetto hoochie mama screeching “I’m gonna stab the fuck out of you, bitch,” just before she got the slugs that thugs need.

https://gab.com/emoji/1f602.svg

#BlackLivesMatter #crime #black #police #Darwin #comedy #FeelGoodVideo

bflyjesusgrl

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gil00

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scott467

Who wants to know?

Unless there is going to be a consequence for it, I don’t want to know.

What’s the point?

More outrage for the sake of outrage?

bflyjesusgrl

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Wolf Moon

Yes, this is right. OAN is all over the audit.

scott467

If I was the enemy, or pretend white hats secretly working with the enemy, this is exactly the kind of thing I would do to demoralize and crush the Patriots.

I would stage a big audit, and the Lefties would fight it (pretend fight, for the show), but the audit would go forward, eventually.

And then the audit would show that yes, there were some questionable things that happened, but the outcome was still the crime family of [JB] winning.

And that would take the wind out of the sails of any other audits in other states.

It’s as easy as if it came right out of the Psy-op 101 Handbook.

So if that DOESN’T happen, I will be amazed.

Until then, as far as I’m concerned, this is just Lucy with the football, part 74,573.

bflyjesusgrl
Last edited 5 months ago by bflyjesusgrl
Wolf Moon

This is a very good Gab account to follow if you believe the “hopium”, or even if you just think that the Arizona audit is going to create an enormous earthquake upsetting the question of who is actually President.

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Justice9369
@Justice9369
2h
·

Like Domino’s

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14 likes
1 comment
9 reposts

scott467

“If on falls, they all fall.”

_________

If that is true, then why, pray tell, would the enemy ever allow ‘one’ to ‘fall’?

It’s like watching re-runs of Roadrunner, thinking this time, Wile E. Coyote will finally get him… 😂 🤣 😂

bflyjesusgrl

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cthulhu

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TheseTruths

It’s best to look at the pics starting with the top row, left to right, and going down. 😁

gil00

Hahaha!!!!!

cthulhu

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cthulhu

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gil00

Too sassy for a Sunday thread. Joe Biden didnt win, btw…

Tracy The Sassy Cupcake🧁 (@sassycupcake20) Tweeted:
How dudes who voted for Biden eat corn. 🙂🙂🧁 https://t.co/FFgRebg1v6

https://twitter.com/sassycupcake20/status/1386142244688723970?s=20

mollypitcher5

Not too sassy but maybe too..something for one of the first on Sunday..weird coinkydink

https://twitter.com/BrebDaily/status/1385779383579734020

gil00

No way… it runs in the family.

mollypitcher5

hahahahahah right?!

Cuppa Covfefe

Corn Pops?

So there’s not just one, but TWO!!! 😀

Last edited 4 months ago by Cuppa Covfefe
mollypitcher5

Biden’s Corn Pop should team up with Booker’s pal TBone , imagine the tales they could tell… 😄 

mollypitcher5

Here’s another late night vid/ this dude has it 100% right if you’ve ever worked in retail ( I’ve probably asked a couple of the customer questions LOL)

https://twitter.com/hrrysgreysuit/status/1385709708971962368

[…] that is quite unnecessary for the task at hand. Steve is doing a marvelous job explaining (1) mass, force and gravitation, (2) velocity and momentum, (3) energy and potential, and (4) introductory electromagnetism. What […]