2021·05·15 Joe Biden Didn’t Win Daily Thread

Another week, another deluge of BS from the White House and from the Controlled Opposition. Not much has really happened, so with that noted, on we go.

On the plus side it looks like the Covid mask is slipping. A lot of places here are now saying no mask if you’ve been “vaccinated.” (And that’s based on the CDC, the governor has not dropped the mask mandate.) The COVIDschina goes on.

Justice Must Be Done.

The prior election must be acknowledged as fraudulent, and steps must be taken to prosecute the fraudsters and restore integrity to the system.

Nothing else matters at this point. Talking about trying again in 2022 or 2024 is hopeless otherwise. Which is not to say one must never talk about this, but rather that one must account for this in ones planning; if fixing the fraud is not part of the plan, you have no plan.

Lawyer Appeasement Section

OK now for the fine print.

This is the WQTH Daily Thread. You know the drill. There’s no Poltical correctness, but civility is a requirement. There are Important Guidelines,  here, with an addendum on 20191110.

We have a new board – called The U Tree – where people can take each other to the woodshed without fear of censorship or moderation.

And remember Wheatie’s Rules:

1. No food fights
2. No running with scissors.
3. If you bring snacks, bring enough for everyone.
4. Zeroth rule of gun safety: Don’t let the government get your guns.
5. Rule one of gun safety: The gun is always loaded.
5a. If you actually want the gun to be loaded, like because you’re checking out a bump in the night, then it’s empty.
6. Rule two of gun safety: Never point the gun at anything you’re not willing to destroy.
7. Rule three: Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
8. Rule the fourth: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.

(Hmm a few extras seem to have crept in.)

Spot Prices

Gold $1831.70
Silver $27.54
Platinum $1257.00
Palladium $2980.00
Rhodium $27,400.00

This week, 3 PM MT on Friday, markets closed for the weekend

Gold $1844.90
Silver $27.53
Platinum $1232.00
Palladium $2949.00
Rhodium $27,600.00

Gold has broken out, but seems content to stay at this new higher level. Silver has not gone much of anywhere, down one cent. Platinum down (and it had to climb to close at this level today!). Palladium didn’t stay above 3000 for long, but perhaps it will punch through decisively soon, it too was climbing today.

Energy and Potential
(Part III of a Long Series)


The general outline of this story is to start off by putting you “in touch” with the state of physics at the beginning of 1895. Physicists were feeling pretty confident that they understood most everything. Sure there were a few loose ends, but they were just loose ends.

1895 marks the year when people began tugging at the loose ends and things unraveled a bit. In the next three years, three major discoveries made it plain there was still a lot to learn at the fundamental level.

Once I’m there I will concentrate on a very, very small object…that ties in with stars, arguably the biggest objects there are (galaxies are basically collections of stars). And we would never have seen this but for those discoveries in the 1890s.

It’s such a long story I decided to break it down into pieces, and this is the second of those pieces.

And here is the caveat: I will be explaining, at first, what the scientific consensus was in 1895. So much of what I have to say is out of date, and I know it…but going past it would be a spoiler. So I’d appreciate not being “corrected” in the comments when I say things like “mass is conserved.” I know that that isn’t considered true any more, but the point is in 1895 we didn’t know that. I will get there in due time. (On the other hand, if I do misrepresent the state of understanding as it was in 1895, I do want to know it.)

Also, to avoid getting bogged down in Spockian numbers specified to nine decimal places, I’m going to round a lot of things off. I used 9.8 kg m/s2 last time for a number that’s actually closer to 9.80665, for instance, similarly for the number 32.

Revisiting Gravity with Vectors.

We now know something about vectors, and in light of that, we can go back a ways now to gravitation and take a look at it again.

The law of gravitation we discussed looked like this:

F = Gm1m2/r2

But force is actually a vector because it has a direction. This formula is full of nothing but scalars, so it only tells you the magnitude or size of the force vector, not its direction.

If you have a magnitude without a vector, then if you use it to scalar-multiply ia vector of length exactly one, you now have a vector of the right magnitude, because scalar multiplication changes the magnitude of the vector. And if that one-length vector pointed in the right direction, the new vector does too, because multiplying a vector by a scalar does not change its direction.

A vector of length 1 is called a “unit vector” and is a very useful part of the toolkit.

Sometimes it’s necessary to take a vector that isn’t a unit vector and determine the unit vector that matches it.

As you might have guessed, the way to do that is to take your vector, call it V, determine its magnitude, and divide it by the magnitude of V, which is to say, to multiply it by 1-divided-by-the-magnitude. (If multiplication is defined, so is division.)

There’s a symbol for the magnitude of V, and that’s to surround the vector by pairs of vertical lines, like this:


If you’re looking at a diagram, you can measure the vector off the diagram, but if you’re looking at something like [5,-12] how do you know its magnitude?

The answer is you square every element, add them together, and take the square root.

In this case, you’ll want the square root of 5•5 + -12•-12. Doing the arithmetic, you’ll want the square root of 25+144=169, which happens to be 13. So ∥[5,-12]∥ = 13.

This also works in three dimensions, consider [3,4,12], whose magnitude is the square root of 3•3+4•4+12•12 = square root of 9 + 16 + 144 = square root of 169 = 13 (again).

If you noticed something eerily familiar about this, that’s because this is also the Pythagorean theorem, the one about the square of the lengths of the legs of a right triangle equaling the square of the length of the hypotenuse. This makes sense, because the individual pieces of a vector are at right angles to each other.

Figure 3-1 determining the magnitude of a vector, and its relationship to the Pythagorean Theorem

Now that you have your magnitude, you can divide your original vector by it to get a unit vector. So [5,-12], turned into a unit vector is [5/13, -12/13]. That vector has a length/magnitude of 1. A more common example is [3,4] which has a magnitude of 5. The unit vector is a nice tidy [0.6, 0.8].

So a unit vector corresponding to some vector V is V/∥V∥. Usually physicists and mathematicians will write the letter with a “hat” on it (for example, Â) to denote it’s a unit vector, but unfortunately not every letter has a version with a hat on it available in unicode (at least not on this machine), so I’m a bit constrained here. You might have to get used to the V/∥V∥ long form.

So let’s get back to gravity. We have the formula for the magnitude, how do we turn that into a vector? We multiply by some unit vector. Which unit vector? The one pointing in the right direction of course. (OK, smartass, what’s that?) We know that the direction of the force on an object due to gravity is towards the attracting object.

Let’s call the force by body 1 on body 2 F12. (Note the order of the subscripts, the first is the attracting body, the second is the attracted body.) The direction of that force is from body 2 back to body 1. So you can draw a vector, r21 from body 2 to body 1, unit-ize it, and you have your unit vector.

Actually, typically the vector is drawn from body 1 to body 2, the opposite direction, so we will write the formula in terms of r12. That vector is simply the opposite of the first one, it’s equal to -1 times the first vector.

r12 = –r21. Which of course means that r21 = –r12.

Figure 3-2 The Universal Law of Gravitation, as vectors.

So we can write our vector version of Newton’s Law of Gravitation at last. (Edit: found an r-hat character!)

F12 = -(Gm1m2/r2) ȓ12

Notice the minus sign, which points the force vector back at the first object.


OK, so now we’re ready to proceed on to the subject of energy.

This is actually a concept that turns up again and again (and again, and Joe Biden didn’t win), in many different forms, the most basic of which is “work.”

Work, to a physicist, is what is done by a force acting on a body through a certain distance.

If I push on some object (on a frictionless surface, or out in space) and it moves some certain while I’m doing it, the work I’ve done is equal to the force I applied, times the distance.

W = Fd

Note that the distance traveled might not be due entirely to the push I gave the object. If it was already moving in that direction before I pushed on it, I’m still doing work on it by applying a force to it, even if most of the distance it traveled while I was pushing was due to the speed it already had.

(The key words are “in that direction”. If it’s moving at a 90 degree angle to the push I gave it, it has zero effect on the work done. I will have lots more to say about this, further on.)

So as a scalar, that’s just Work = Force x distance. But force is measured in Newtons or kg•m/s2. Working with metric units, that’s N•m, pronounced “Newton meters.” You can break it down further, since a Newton is a “kilogram meter per second-squared”, multiply that by “meter” again for the distance, and show that a “Newton meter” is also a “kilogram meter squared per second squared:

Work is measured in: kg•m2/s2

This is another named unit, the Joule, after James Prescott Joule, who in the 1840s performed a number of experiments showing that the sorts of energy we’re talking about today could be converted to heat (more on that later). The Joule in fact is the standard metric unit of energy.

So here’s a simple example. On Earth, a one kilogram object falling one meter, has 9.8 Joules of work done to it by the force of gravity. Let me back that up with the math. The force of gravity on that one kilogram object must equal its mass times the acceleration (F=ma); the acceleration due to gravity on Earth is g = 9.8 m/s2. (Little g is often used as a symbol for Earth gravity. Don’t confuse it with Big G, the gravitational constant or fudge factor from the first post in this series.) The mass is 1kg, so multiplying 1kg•9.8m/s2, the force is 9.8 Newtons, pointing straight down. (In fact, “down” is defined as the direction gravity pulls, so no coincidence.)

This is acting on the object over a distance of one meter, straight down, so it’s 9.8N x 1m = 9.8 N•m = 9.8 J.

It’s not just gravity. As alluded to earlier, you can push on an object, a rocket can push on an object. So long as it moves in that direction while you’re doing it, you’re doing work.

If you start at a standstill, and continuously apply the same force to an object, its acceleration stays the same. F=ma, or more to the point, a=F/m. The distance covered, d is equal to ½at2 (where t is the time you spent pushing it).


So if a is one meter per second per second, after you’ve spent one second applying the force, you’ve moved that object half a meter (½•1 m/s2 • 1•1s2 = 1m) = 1. After two seconds, you’ve moved the object two meters (½•1 m/s2 • 2•2s2 = 4/2 = 2m). After three seconds, you’ve moved four and a half meters (½•1 m/s2 • 3•3s2 = 9/2 = 4.5m). And so on. Basically, in this case square the number of seconds and divide by two.

If your object has a mass of one kilogram, the work done in the first second is 1m/s2 x 1kg x 0.5m = ½ of a Joule. In the second second, though, you travel one and a half meters (bringing the total up to 2 meters). So now the work done in that 2nd second is 1m/s2 x 1kg x 1.5m = 1½ Joules. So it seems like the longer you push the more work you do every second!

That moving object is now moving at 2 meters every second. And you’ve dumped a total of two Joules into it, working on it.

After three seconds, the total is 3 meters per second, and the work is 4½ Joules.

The work you’ve done on the object is manifesting itself as motion. Work is a form of energy, so is motion. Both are measured in Joules.

So let’s look at this again, cumulative totals:

t = 1 s d = 0.5 m speed = 1 m/s work done and KE = 0.5 J.
t = 2 s d = 2.0 m speed = 2 m/s work done and KE = 2.0 J.
t = 3 s d = 4.5 m speed = 3 m/s work done and KE = 4.5 J.

Notice the KE and speed match up like this: KE = ½v2. But actually, that doesn’t account for the mass. If you were to push a 2 kilogram mass with twice the force, the acceleration would be the same, but the work would double, and the kinetic energy the work does would also double. So the correct formula is:

KE = ½mv2

OK, a quick sanity check. I’m saying that kinetic energy and work are both forms of energy. One way to check that, is to look at the units. Actually, more precisely, the dimensions (distance, mass, time, rather than meters, kilograms and seconds). If the dimensions are different, they can’t be the same thing.

So: Work is force times distance. Force is mass times distance divided by time squared. So, combining, work is mass x distance / ( time x time ) x distance, or more compactly, md2/t2.

And kinetic energy is mass times speed squared, speed is distance over time, so combining, KE is mass x distance x distance / ( time x time ). Gathering things together, it’s md2/t2.

They match, so they could be equivalent.

And indeed they are, though I won’t be proving that here!

One thing I haven’t mentioned is whether energy is a scalar or a vector. It happens to be a scalar.

OK, let’s go back to that other 1kg object, the one that fell one meter and thudded onto the ground.

Let’s lift it back up one meter, back to where it fell from. Let’s do it smoothly.

While the object is being lifted, its speed does not change. Which is to say, it’s not accelerating. So the net force is zero.

But we know that gravity is always pulling down on that kilogram with a force of 9.8 Newtons. So for the net force to be zero, we must be applying a 9.8 Newton force upward.

Since we’re lifting the object one meter, the work we’re doing on it is

W = 1m • 9.8N = 9.8 Joules.

None of this is kinetic energy, though. What happened to the hard work? I’ll tell you presently.

In this specialized case of working against gravity, you can use a fairly simple formula for the work done:

W = mgd

Where g is the acceleration due to earth’s gravity, m is the mass, and d is the distance. But that’s not quite right.

To see why, let’s go to another scenario.

You’re pulling an object, say a hundred kilograms, up a very slick (frictionless) ramp (you’re doing this because lifting the dang thing straight up is hard!).

And you’re doing it smoothly, like with the lift of the one kilogram object, neither accelerating nor slowing down on the ramp.

If the ramp is 2 meters long, can’t you go back to your formula and figure out the work?

W = mgd
W = 100kg • 9.8 m/s2 • 2 m = 1960 J.

But that seems wrong. What if the ramp is almost flat? Versus a ramp that is almost vertical? If those are both 2 meters long, the vertical ramp is obviously more work!

If the 2 meter ramp is at a 30 degree slope, it turns out that the top end of it is 1 meter higher than the bottom end. (Thirty degrees is a “magic angle” in trigonometry. And if that means nothing to you just ignore it, as I’m trying to avoid trigonometry in these articles.)

Intuitively, what matters is the vertical distance traveled. Not the horizontal distance. And if you think about what work is, it’s applying a force. No force is being applied in the horizontal direction, because the object isn’t speeding up or slowing down and there’s no external force in that direction either, gravity points Straight Down.

So you need a way to take your motion as a vector, and use only the component of the motion vector in the same direction as the force to compute the work.

Because your motion and the force you’re countering are both vectors.

So what is the vertical height of the ramp? I just told you, it’s 1 meter. So 1 meter times the force of gravity gives you the right answer.

Figure 3-3 Dragging a block up a ramp, analyzed by breaking down the slope of the ramp in terms of the force.

But there’s another way to analyze this! In fact, it’s probably a bit better. You could instead take the component of the force of gravity, in the direction of the slope of the ramp! After all that’s what you’re actually countering by pulling on the rope.

Figure 3-4 Dragging a block up a slope, analyzed with the components of force in terms of the ramp

Note in red, the vertical vector is now broken down into an up-the-ramp component and a perpendicular-to-the-ramp component. Because 30 degrees is a magic angle, I know the force up the ramp is half the total, or 490N.

Now it is entirely appropriate to use the 2 meter length of the ramp, because it’s in the same direction as the force you are applying. 2m x 490N = 980J of work.

This is why ramps are useful, by the way. You can counter the force of gravity by applying very little force. In this case, half as much. The price you pay is you have to apply that force over greater distance, in this case twice as much. You could reduce the force as much as you want, if you have room and material for a longer and longer ramp.

Dot Products

Gee, it’d sure be nice if you could do this computationally. Well, you can. You can do trigonometry to determine that 1/2 factor for 30 degrees, or whatever it is for any other angle.

Gee, it’d sure be nice if you could do this computationally, without trigonometry. (After all, you don’t want to have to pester a geek and OMG! make him feel useful doing the trig for you.) Well, you can, if you have the vectors!

We do have them. The force we have to apply is [0, 980]N. The amount of distance is 2 meters, but we need the rise and run from the first diagram to be in vector form: [1.732, 1.0]m

[Trivia note: 1.732 is the square root of three (rounded to three decimal digits). Like I said, 30 degrees is a magic angle, the legs with a hypotenuse of 2 are 1 and sqrt(3). It’s easy to remember the square root of three because its digits spell out Washington’s birth year, 1732. If you’re a coin geek you can remember that because the Washington Quarter we use today began to be issued in 1932, his bicentennial. If you’re just a regular geek, you probably don’t know Washington’s birth year, but you probably do have 1.732 memorized and can use it to remember that Washington was born in 1732.]

OK, we have our two vectors, F=[0, 980]N and d=[1.732, 1.0]m

Here’s what you do. Multiply the first elements together, then the second elements, then the third elements (if you’re working in 3D), and if you’re playing 64 D chess, do the same for elements 4 through 64. Just keep going until you’re out of vector.

In this case, I end up with first elements: zero, and second elements: 980N•m. Done.

Add those numbers (all two of them here, all sixty four of them if you’re Donald Trump) and get, 980N•m.

You didn’t have to do any trigonometry! You didn’t have to break the vectors down into components, not in x-y or even along some cockeyed slant!

What we just did was to take the dot product of the two vectors, in other words we computed Fd. That’s the real, vector form of the formula for work.

W = Fd

Now I sometimes use a dot to show multiplication, particularly when I’m showing multiplying two actual numbers, or units. I’m having to use a big fat dot here, to distinguish the vector dot product from the just ordinary multiplier dot. (Note: It shows on my computer doing edits in a file, it isn’t showing up in the post editor, and may not show up as a big dot when it posts. We’ll find out, sometime before you read this!)

There are two things you may have noticed.

One, I’m talking about the dot product, not just the product; as if there were some other kind of product. With vectors, there is. Don’t worry…you’ll find out some future week! (Evil laugh!)

And another thing…the result of a dot product, is a scalar.

Work is a scalar. Kinetic energy is therefore also a scalar. Energy has no direction.

OK, let’s have a little more fun with the dot product. Take some vector, like v = [3, 4, 12]. Let’s take the dot product of it with itself, vv

That’s 3•3 + 4•4 + 12•12.

Does this seem familiar? Like maybe we did the exact same thing earlier in this marathon of post, while figuring out the magnitude of that exact same vector?

Except that when getting the magnitude we went on to take the square root. With the dot product we don’t do the square root. So the dot product of a vector by itself is the square of the magnitude. So, here’s a rule:

For any vector v: vv = v2

Another rule. If two vectors are perpendicular, their dot product is zero!

I’m going to make up a four dimensional vector off the top of my head (I promise, I just made it up off the top of my head):

[12, -7, 9, -15]

I can make up another four dimensional vector and know that it’s perpendicular to this one, without having to draw a diagram. Which is good because my supply of four dimensional paper is a bit low right now. (The COVIDschina has caused all kinds of supply chain havoc.)

OK, let’s just make the first element of the second vector 9, and the second one 9 as well. You could literally pick any numbers for all but the last one. Make the third element -20. Let’s hold off a bit on the fourth one, and call it x.

[9, 9, -20, x]

I can take the dot product of this, it’s 108 + -63 + -180 + -15x, combining I get -135 + -15x, which has to equal zero if the vectors are to be perpendicular. It turns out if the last element is -9, the last bit of the cross product is +135 and the total is zero. (I was lucky, I didn’t end up having to multiply by an ugly fraction at the end.)

So even though I can’t draw a diagram of these two vectors, I know, like I know that 2+2=4, that [12, -7, 9, -15] and [9, 9, -20, -9] are perpendicular, because their dot product is zero.

If two vectors are parallel, but of different sizes, the dot product will be the product of their magnitudes. For example, [3, 4] and [6, 8] are parallel, because the second one is just 2 times the first one. Take the dot product, 3•6 + 4•8 = 18 + 32 = 50. If you do Pythagoras on those two vectors, their magnitudes are 5 and 10, which multiply together to make 50.

And that’s as far as I can take you without trig. There is a rule that tells you how big the cross product will be in terms of the two vector magnitudes and the angle between them…but, trig. (Fortunately the geeks here who know trig probably already know the rule.)

Potential Energy

OK, let’s return to the 100 kilogram block we pulled up the ramp, lifting it a meter, doing 980J of work.

In this case once we stop lifting the object isn’t moving. So our work didn’t become kinetic energy. What happened to it? It became potential energy. It’s basically stored in the object, as if it were a battery. To get it back, we drop the object, pretending to do so on some deserving Deep State puke’s head. (Maybe we can lay their picture flat on the ground.)

On earth, at least, we already have a formula for potential energy. It’s the work we put into it, the mass times the acceleration due to gravity times the distance. Only instead of d let’s use h for height, because that’s in the same direction as the force.

PE = mgh

where h is the height above the ground. Its distance times force, and force is in turn mass times acceleration due to gravity, g (9.8 m/s2).

So the object has potential energy. If you want the kinetic energy back, drop it, but then the object is back on the ground and the potential energy is gone.

(Note that we’ve been behaving as if the ground is the place where potential energy is zero. In fact, your choice of where zero is, is completely arbitrary. Imagine dropping the object down a well. If the potential energy is zero at ground level, it’s actually a negative number at the bottom of the well. As it turns out physicists like to put the zero point at infinity, and you’ll see why in a moment.)

It’s almost as if you can swap kinetic and potential energy freely.

Indeed, in many circumstances you can. If you don’t have to deal with friction, and other objects getting in the way, you can do it. One place where this is true is in space, there you only have to deal with gravity. In our discussion so far we’ve ignored everything else, so it won’t be quite accurate–you won’t quite get all the energy back when you drop the object, because of air resistance, no ramp is frictionless, and so on, but in space, there actually is nothing else.

An object’s kinetic energy, plus its potential energy, put together are called the mechanical energy and in space, for some given object in orbit, this is a constant.

So let’s look at kinetic versus potential energy in space.

Kinetic energy, we know how to deal with. But there’s a bit of a wrinkle with potential energy. On earth we deal with lifting an object a short distance, and the force of gravity is effectively constant over that distance. But when in space, you are not dealing with a constant force. Gravity measurably weakens the further you get away from Earth. So PE=mgh won’t work as a formula for potential energy. Instead, when dealing with potential energy with respect to the Earth, it’s –mmeG/r, with me being the mass of the Earth, G being the gravitational constant/”fudge factor” and r being the distance from the center of the earth. And as always, our object’s mass is m. If r is set to infinity, the potential energy is zero. As you get closer to the Earth, the number becomes more and more negative, reflecting less and less potential energy. This formula is only valid above the surface of the earth. Below the surface gravity again decreases. If the earth were a point mass, the formula would be perfect (and the Earth would be a black hole).

meG is also known as μe, the gravitational parameter of the earth, and that is 3.98×1014 m3/s2. So our potential energy formula is now:

PE = –e/r = – 3.98×1014 m/r

The earth’s radius is 6,378 km (through the equator, not elsewhere, but let’s use it), that’s 6,378,000 meters. So at the surface of the earth, the potential energy of a one kilogram object will be -62,402,000 Joules.

So it stands to reason that if you can give a one kilogram object 62.4 million Joules of kinetic energy, it will keep going until it’s an infinite distance away, having traded all of its kinetic energy for potential energy and bringing the potential energy up from looking like a millionth of the national debt all the way to zero.

Whatever that speed is, it’s the escape velocity of Earth. Impart it to an object on the surface, and it ain’t ever coming back!


KE = ½mv2

But this time we know the kinetic energy and we want the velocity. So doing a bit of rearranging:

v2 = 2 KE/m

So simply multiply the 62.4 million Joules by two and divide by our mass of one kilogram, then take the square root. The square root of 124.8 million is 11,171.4 meters/second. That works out to 6.94 miles per second. And that’s our escape velocity, at least as seen from the surface of the Earth.

You can do this whole thing again with, say, a 57 kilogram object. The potential energy on the surface is 57 times as much (a bigger negative number), the KE is 57 times as much, but you divide out the mass. So the escape velocity is the same.

Now, let’s consider an object in a perfectly circular orbit. It will have a certain potential energy. It will also be moving at a constant speed. The sum of the potential energy and the kinetic energy, therefore will remain a constant.

But this is true in an elliptical orbit, too!

With an elliptical orbit, one end of the ellipse is as far away as the orbiting object ever gets away from Earth (the apogee, or more generically for any body, the apoapsis), the maximum potential. The other end is as close to the Earth as the object ever gets, the perigee or periapsis. It has a lower potential, which means the kinetic energy must be higher to make up for it. And indeed, if you’re in an elliptical orbit (around anything) you will speed up the closer you get to the object you are orbiting.

Figure 3-5 Conservation of mechanical energy in an elliptical orbit

And in space, with no friction and no objects getting in the way, provided nothing comes along and disturbs that orbit, the object will go on circling, swapping potential for kinetic energy and back again, with perfect efficiency, forever. The mechanical energy, PE + KE, equals some constant. In fact, it’s zero if the object is moving at escape velocity, since PE + KE cancel each other out perfectly at that speed.

Something that doesn’t occur to most people. If the mechanical energy is zero, it will always be zero, and the object is always moving at escape velocity, no matter how far away it gets from Earth; it’s just that escape velocity is lower the further away you get. It also doesn’t matter which direction it’s going. It could even be going almost directly towards Earth. It’s still never coming back, as long as it doesn’t come so close to Earth that it collides with Earth. The one other thing you can say is that the path it traces will be a parabola.

When someone asks “what’s the Earth’s escape velocity?” they almost certainly mean “at the Earth’s surface.” So give them that 11 thousand something. But it’s different if you’re already ten thousand miles up!

If the mechanical energy is greater than zero, it’s not only going fast enough to escape Earth, it’s got surplus velocity to boot. (And it will travel in a hyperbola.) If the mechanical energy is less than zero, it will eventually reach a maximum distance and start coming back. It’s in a closed orbit, which will be an ellipse of some kind, a circle being the limiting case (all circles are also ellipses). The lower the total energy, the smaller the ellipse.

So under a certain idealized set of circumstances, mechanical energy is conserved.

What about other circumstances? Mechanical tends to bleed off, and decrease, especially that part of it that is in the form of kinetic energy. Think of a pendulum, that’s another “ideal” case of swapping kinetic for potential energy; the pendulum swings fastest at its low point, and is motionless at the top of its swing for a split second. It’s clearly trading potential and kinetic energy back and forth, over and over. But a pendulum is moving through the air, and air resistance will take a little bit of speed off that pendulum, so it won’t rise quite as far on the upswing. Over and over again, the pendulum swings less and less and eventually stops. It would go on longer in a vacuum, but the pivot point introduces some friction, too.

Friction is the nemesis of mechanical energy. The more friction, the more energy bleeds out of the system (unless it has no kinetic energy to begin with, think of a rock on a mountain top).

What happens to things when friction is going on? They heat up. So mechanical energy is being turned to heat.

Heat and Chemical Energy

As it turns out, heat is yet another form of energy. Our friend James Joule helped figure that out.

Heat, it turns out, is measured a bunch of different ways. The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of water one degree Celsius/Kelvin is defined as a calorie; a thousand of those is a kilocalorie (kcal), or sometimes Calorie with a capital C. That “big C” calorie is what you count when you’re on a diet, a food Calorie, and since heat is energy, it turns out that a Calorie of heat is 4,184 Joules. Chemists tend to use calories and kcal because they heat water a lot, then convert at the very end to Joules. They have 4,184 memorized. (I had to look it up.) It’s easy to work with calories when dealing with water. How many grams of water times how many degrees C you heated it up.

Not only is heat another form of energy, it’s the garbage can of energy. You can convert kinetic energy into heat, like by the energy of impact heating up whatever got hit, but you cannot convert all heat back into kinetic or potential, or any other kind of energy, only some of it. So energy tends to accumulate as heat over time, and this process is not completely reversible, so eventually all energy in the universe will be unharnessable heat. This is a consequence of thermodynamics. We’ll be out of usable energy. That is an energy crisis! Fortunately this is trillions of trillions of years off in the future, so you’d better do your taxes, but still, thermodynamics is the real “dismal science” because it tells us the universe is running down. You can’t win, you can’t break even, and you can’t quit the game.

This is also why any generating plant that relies on heat is not perfectly efficient. You burn the coal to heat the water into steam, you use the steam to turn a generator…but you can’t harness all the energy you put into the water and turn it into electricity, because that energy is all heat. Some is lost to practical use…forever. In fact a coal plant engineer would do cartwheels down the hall if he could get the plant to 35% efficiency. Two thirds of every pound of coal burned is wasted.

There is also energy in chemicals. That should be obvious by now since food contains kilocalories. Obviously, you can get that energy out by burning things. But it comes into play in another way. If you are James Comey, and you finally got your comeuppance and you’re having to make little ones out of big ones while waiting for your date with the executioner, you’re taking a big honkin’ sledge hammer, giving it a lot of kinetic energy, and smacking it into a rock, which breaks.

It take energy to break a rock. And that’s because the rock is full of chemical bonds that have to be broken, that’s a facet of chemical energy. The rock lost energy being formed, you’re resupplying it to break it back apart.

And when you eat bacon, you end up “burning” a lot of that fat for energy, and that is a chemical process.

A huge part of chemistry is tracking the energy through chemical reactions, supplying some where needed, using it where it’s given off. And reactions that give off energy and leave the reactants with less total energy tend to be favored; chemicals like having very little energy bottled up inside them. (There are plenty of added complications here; I won’t trouble you with them, but they are the reason paper doesn’t just burn spontaneously at room temperature.)

Conservation of Energy

OK, let’s take these other forms of energy into account (and others I haven’t even mentioned). What then?

You find that energy is conserved. In a closed system it is never created from nothing nor is it destroyed, though it can be converted from one form to another. So we have our third conservation law. We now have mass, momentum and energy conserved.

And that is another part of the state of physics in 1895.


I want to drop one more concept on you. The concept of potential. Not potential energy, just potential.

Consider a rock at the top of a cliff. It has a decent amount of potential energy, right? Another rock right next to it twice as massive has twice the potential energy. Or you could find a rock of the same size on a cliff twice as high. The point being that the potential energy depends on the vertical distance and the mass of the object.

Sometimes it’s very convenient to divide by the mass. When you do that with potential energy, you get potential energy per unit mass, also known as specific potential energy, or just plain potential. The two rocks at the top of the same cliff have the same specific potential energy, the same potential. But the rock at the top of the other cliff has twice the specific potential energy, because the cliff is twice as high.

You can turn potential into “how fast will that rock be going when it hits the ground, if it falls off the cliff” because that does not depend on the mass of the rock. Gravity accelerates all things equally, because the more massive the object, the more the force increases.

And with orbital mechanics, the satellite is usually such a tiny fraction of the primary’s mass, we divide the mass out of everything, turn the forces into accelerations, the potential energy into potential, and just square the velocity and divide by 2, because the mass of the satellite never changes, and if it does, so do the forces on it, it’s kinetic energy, and potential energy all in proportion. You’ve seen a hint of this in g being the acceleration due to gravity, not the force due to gravity. It’s more convenient to work with since the mass really doesn’t affect velocity, acceleration, or position.

I didn’t bring this up gratuitously. Potential will turn ot to be an important concept down the road, particularly when we look at electricity.

OK, now on to our 1895 mystery:

What makes the stars shine? (Introducing Power)

This is a big one. Almost everything we can see in the universe is a star. The planets here and out there are an insignificant fraction of the visible matter in the universe.

So if we can’t figure out the stars, in one respect we don’t know Jacques Schitt (or Adam Schiff) about the universe.

OK, so let me try to summarize what they had figured out in 1895. The stars shine, actually, because they’re hot. In the same way that embers in a fireplace glow. But stars are much hotter, the light they put out is whiter (true even for “red dwarfs”), and they put out a lot more of it. Physicists had done work on this “black body” radiation and could describe it really well, though they couldn’t figure out just yet why stars (and embers) didn’t radiate more at even higher frequences (bluer light and even ultraviolet)

But something that is glowing because it is hot, is actually shedding heat that way. Eventually it will cool off, stop glowing and assume ambient temperature.

So really, the question is what makes the stars continue to shine.

And that is a very good question. In order for a star to not just go dark, it must be accessing the same amount of energy every second that it puts out in that second. If it’s getting less energy, it will start to cool off, if it’s getting more, it will heat up. Most stars are fairly stable, so there must be a balance: energy radiated must equal “fresh” energy used to heat up the star.

We are talking about a rate of energy consumption, naturally expressed in Joules per second (J/s). That, folks, is power, and is measured in Watts. Yes, the Watts you know from light bulbs. Chances are good you didn’t know Watts are a metric unit!

The sun, to take a well known example, is pumping out 3.828 x 1026 watts. It’s doing so in all directions, so our little dinky Earth 150 million kilometers away gets only a minuscule fraction of it. Some of it hits other planets, the rest just blasts off into space, a ridiculously tiny fraction of it will hit other stars and their planets and maybe be seen by aliens.

Where does the sun get the 3.828 x 1026 Joules it needs every second to sustain this?

Let’s go over the possibilities that people had come up with. Chemical energy? What if the sun were a gigantic sphere of coal and it were being burned?

Well, we know how big the sun is, and we know its mass. We know how much energy coal releases when it burns. (We know that very well, since our economy largely depends on it.) If the whole thing were coal and were burning to pump out that kind of wattage, it would last 1500 years.

Which means the sun wouldn’t last the span of time since the fall of the Western Roman empire. Well, we have daylight now, and had it back then, so…scratch chemical energy. There are things that release more energy than coal, but not that much more; we can’t get from the pyramids to today.

But we already know kinetic energy can turn into heat, so what if a lot of meteors are hitting the sun, continuously? As it happens, if 1.2 x 1017 kg of meteorites were to hit the sun at its escape velocity every second, that would be enough to do it. That’s 120 trillion tonnes of stuff, every second!

But there’s no evidence that there’s that much junk hitting the Sun. Some of it would surely hit Earth and meteor strikes would be a lot more common than they are. Besides, this much mass falling on the sun would add one percent to its mass every 300,000 years. Increasing the mass of the sun increases its gravity, and we, monitoring planets orbiting the sun, would definitely know if this were happening, because the planets would gradually get closer to the sun and speed up in response to the mass change. Each year would be two seconds shorter than the year before, and there’s no way we’d miss that.

Finally, the best suggestion…though not good enough…came from Herman L. von Helmholtz in 1853. He was one of the people who first formulated the law of conservation of energy, so you can be sure he took that into account when making his suggestion. Why use meteorites, when the sun itself could be contracting and not gaining mass? If the material at the surface of the sun is in fact still falling towards the center, it’s converting potential energy to kinetic energy which can heat the sun up.

Helmholtz calculated that if the sun were shrinking 0.014 centimeters every minute, that would actually release the energy needed.

That works out to a mere 560 miles (out of a total diameter of 864,000 miles) in the roughly 6000 years of recorded human history, and again, this does not involve altering the mass of the sun at all. That total is a lot less since the invention of the telescope; small enough we could not have measured it as of 1895. (We’ve had more time since then, and our tech is better. Maybe we could do it today.)

So it looks promising. But running the clock backwards, the sun would have been big enough to swallow up the earth in its orbit at some time in the past, and that was calculated to be 18 million years ago. That’s a maximum age for the sun and especially the Earth, if that’s how the sun gets its energy. If it were any older than that, Earth wouldn’t exist today.

And that’s not nearly long enough. Geologists had plenty of compelling arguments that the earth must be hundreds of millions of years old, if not billions. And evolution needed time to act too. The theory had been put forward in 1859, and biologists were becoming convinced. Those were two independent arguments against a less-than-eighteen-million-year-old Earth.

So we have astronomers saying the sun can’t be that old, and geologists and biologists saying it must be that old. Who was wrong? Well, there was tangible evidence for the old earth, against physicists and astronomers not knowing how it could work; they were basically arguing from ignorance, and they knew it.

So they were willing to believe it was old, but that meant they had no idea what was powering the sun.

And that applied to all the other stars in the universe, too.

What’s powering the sun and every other star in the universe?

No one had any real idea, as of 1895. And remember, most of the visible universe is stars, and we didn’t understand them, so we really didn’t understand much, on a weight basis.

Obligatory PSAs and Reminders

China is Lower than Whale Shit

To conclude: My standard Public Service Announcement. We don’t want to forget this!!!

Remember Hong Kong!!!

If anyone ends up in the cell right next to him, tell him I said “hi.”

中国是个混蛋 !!!
Zhōngguò shì gè hùndàn !!!
China is asshoe !!!

China is in the White House

Since Wednesday, January 20 at Noon EST, the bought-and-paid for Joseph Biden has been in the White House. It’s as good as having China in the Oval Office.

Joe Biden is Asshoe

China is in the White House, because Joe Biden is in the White House, and Joe Biden is identically equal to China. China is Asshoe. Therefore, Joe Biden is Asshoe.

But of course the much more important thing to realize:

Joe Biden Didn’t Win

乔*拜登没赢 !!!
Qiáo Bài dēng méi yíng !!!
Joe Biden didn’t win !!!

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So then about half the CDC employees are true believers, and the other half know they’re sending people to their deaths, but still happy to get paid by the government to do it.



Clay Clark – The Pandemic Narrative Is Crumbling, Walls Are Closing In On Fauci

Clay is the creator and owner of ThriveTimeShow. Clay begins the discussion talking about the next event which is schedule for June 17-19. Clay then moves into the discussion of how doctors have the cure for covid. Fauci has been working with the Wuhan laboratory on gain of function and now the truth is coming out. It is only a matter of time before the world know the truth. The people are now fighting back.


DEVELOPING: Israel Begins Ground Operations Against Hamas


MUST WATCH: Nashville Gas Station Puts Meme of Hunter Biden on Their Sign, ‘Hope Gas Prices Don’t Get Too High’ (VIDEO)


Good physics lecture this week too. I’m enjoying reading it. It works as a story of suspense too, with the mysteries and whether or how they are solved.

I’ll be looking forward all week now, to next Saturday’s chapter.

Gail Combs


I am thinking of trying an experiment to prove/disprove the magnetism of the nano particles in the Jab rumor.

I want to take an iron magnet file off some small filings, (weigh them if I can) and then use a fabric glue to glue them inside an old rag bag shirt. This is to approximate the nano particles under the skin in your arm at the injection site.

Then I can use a frig magnet to see if it will stick to a minute amount of magnetized iron.

The QUANTITY (micro grams) of magnetite  (Fe 3 O 4) makes me think this is a Xi 50 cent army trick to make Deplorables look like idiots.


The incredibly rude new neighbors (park wherever they want, use other people’s garbage cans if they feel like it ) are outside taking Palestinian flag pictures. All dressed up in their finest head wraps and neck scarves.
The ‘war’ must be going well


Ugh. Sorry!


thanks . Might have to add a new flag I got some time back…it says 4th kentucky orphan brigade…lol it’s a red cross, white stars on a blue background


Or yard sign saying you support Israel

Screen Shot 2021-05-15 at 2.51.02 PM.png

Lol mebbe


Check list.

Deplorable Patriot

Mini ground report from the recently liberated St. Louis County.

Went to the locally owned nursery to round out the herbs and annuals, and only one staff member there was masked. The ladies in the cashier’s building were not at all. About half of the customers were.

At the grocery store, everybody was masked.

Oh, and the Couch Commando’s boss overrode the HOA people for the pools they are staffing this summer and told his people not to bother enforcing any mask nonsense.


Today I had to go to the local Ace Hardware. The guy who owns it has made all his employees wear masks all along. Not customers, because he’d lose most of his business, and he knows it.

Today, NO masks for employees required! A couple of hold-out morons were wearing them, but I’ll bet it doesn’t last in the summer heat.

It feels like maybe we are turning a corner.

Gail Combs

About ten birthday parties and that muslim festival in the last few weeks — NO MASKS ANYWHERE…. Well one on a Post Awful idiot alone in her mail Jeep.


Post Awful! I love it!


About 2 weeks ago, I went to a hospital for a diagnostic test. My temp was checked at the door, and I was given an N95 mask to wear.

The waiting area for the lab was in the corridor of this older hospital. The test involved a 2 hour wait in this corridor. Multiple patients used the waiting area chairs (with fluid stained upholstery). No cleaning between patients.

Multiple patients used the rooms where tests were being given. No cleaning between patients.

2 techs gave me the test solution to drink, 3 different techs took blood samples.

The next day, they called an asked me to return because they messed up part of the test.

Again, a hospital, 2 weeks ago.


Gross! It sounds like the Third World!


Maybe we’ll get a clue from this on where to do our next protest.


Last edited 1 year ago by para59r

“Will they ignore it again?”



I’ll take that one for the whole nine yards, and all the prizes you keep in the back of the studio, Alex!

What is ‘yes’?



That’s right by the BBC HQ, just out of sight.


Geraldo down in flames.


that was excellent

tried to find it on youtube to share on fb but can’t find it

any details as to what show and when? Tweeted videos don’t post well on fb


Yesterday Fox and Friends.


Full link that I found on youtube

I still can’t figure out who the young guy is who stands up to Geroldo? The 3rd from the left on the picture above … ???

(obviously, I watch much TV and am clueless)




Geraldo is such a prissy little scaredy-cat 🤣🤣😂


I don’t think he is. I think he is a mouthpiece for the leftist agenda. HE LIES about things to promote said agenda.


Yes, he’s trying out leftist lines lies and isn’t getting any traction. Thus the sad face.


If Geraldo is so peranoid then he needs to eat at home and not request other people to show vaccination to ease his paranoia.


I have extreme disconnect to the logic they use…if you’re in a restaurant everybody sitting at the tables have their masks off. Only the wait staff has them on but somehow when you leave, they expect them on while walking through a parking lot.

Do they block their phobic fear while sitting near unmasked patrons but let it fully envelop them once they stand up from the table????

Why are they taking the shots if not to feel safe from a totally survivable virus?


I think they’re just plumb mad dog stark raving nutz! 😂


Restaurant rules make the least sense. You wear a mask in while quickly walking by other tables, but you take it off while seated, when the waiters are leaning over the table filling your drink glasses and delivering food. But that’s okay because the waiters’ masks will supposedly protect them from you.

By the same token, someone who is vaccinated should feel safe even if they are the only person in a room who has had the shot(s) — if the shots work. If they’re not positive the shots work, they need to stop trying to force us to get them!

If the masks and the shots work, then what’s the problem?


News from TN, fixing one election issue after another and hoping, praying, other states are doing the same.


“Tennessee Gov. Bill Lee recently signed into law a bill that ends allowing donations to be accepted for use in elections.
The bill originated after what its sponsors said was a $475,000 donation that one unidentified Tennessee county accepted related to the 2020 election.
The Foundation for Government Accountability said it was a COVID-19 response grant from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative through the Center for Tech and Civic Life.
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative is run by facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan. The couple announced $400 million in donations last year to help local governments conduct elections. The foundation said in October that 21,000 local governments had applied for the grants.”


This doesn’t prevent the money from coming in but at least provides accountability and oversight via involvement of the state legislature

Last edited 1 year ago by MAGA Mom

Three declared candidates running in TN’s 5th Congressional district to unseat Cooper and flip the seat red.

McKnight has filed his paperwork and is officially a candidate.
GA Rep Vernon Jones spoke at his campaign launch in Nashville this past Thursday afternoon

Robby Starbuck declared he was running in Nov but I haven’t seen his official campaign launch yet

We won’t know the new distric lines until last summer or early fall. Will be interesting to see how the 5th is redrawn.


Wanted me to have a FB, TW or InstaGram account. So, I pass for now.

Knowing the guy bashed BiteMe, IS MAGA, is good enough by me.


really..at Gateway Pundit ? I’ve never seen that and I don’t have any of those either.

Yeah, it was a good rant


Yea, occasionally i can’t get stuff on GWP to play nice. Tried two browsers. Likely my laptop or my piss poor computer skills/knowledge.


I use uBlock ad blocker. Because of that, GWP videos will not play, and I can’t see comments on the site. If I disable the ad blocker temporarily, I am able to view those things.


Strange. That vid will probably start hitting twitter..it’ll be out there soon


Yeah lot click throughs to see it because the tweet takes you to an instagram post.

After a great rant the ending was epic as four jets just happened to fly by in formation and the guy says “I hope those mother fxxxers are going to pick up my president”

Last edited 1 year ago by para59r

LOL … sounds exactly like me with my friends.


On May 15, 1781, the Continental Army captured South Carolina Fort Granby from British Loyalists.


This British post, on the southern bank of the Congaree River near modern Columbia, was held by 340 men under Maryland Loyalist Major Andrew Maxwell. [Continental Army] Colonel Henry Lee knew Maxwell and thought him a coward more interested in plunder than in the military arts. Lee therefore planned a quick attack, leaving Fort Motte on 13 May and reaching the woods west of the fort the following night, where he emplaced a six-pound gun. When the fog cleared the next morning, Lee fired the cannon and his Legion infantry moved forward to deliver a musket fire on Maxwell’s pickets. When summoned to surrender, Maxwell agreed to do so if he and his men could keep their plunder and if the garrison could withdraw to Charleston as prisoners of war until exchanged. Knowing that Colonel Francis Rawdon might arrive at any minute to save the fort, Lee agreed, with the condition that all horses fit for public service be surrendered. The Germans objected, and negotiations were suspended.

When Lee received word from Captain James Armstrong, who had been screening in the direction of Camden with a small cavalry force, that Rawdon was across the Santee at Nelson’s Ferry and was approaching Fort Motte, Lee agreed to Maxwell’s terms. The capitulation was signed before noon of the 15th, and Maxwell moved off with two wagons full of his personal plunder. Without the loss of a man—on either side—the rebels gained possession of an important post along with a considerable supply of ammunition, some salt and liquor, two cannon, and the garrison’s weapons. Lee’s good sense in handling this situation is expressed in Napoleon’s Maxim 46: “The keys of a fortress are well worth the freedom of the garrison….”

Henry Lee’s son was Confederate General Robert E. Lee.


Interesting and plausible, given that Cornwallis had captured Charleston and was operating in the south in the lead-up to Yorktown.


New Intellectual Froglegs 🐸. I don’t know how to embed it here.



Maybe this is serious and not funny, but 😆😹🤣😂

Internet Sleuths Find Joe Biden’s Secret Venmo Account in Less Than 10 Minutes – Causing Potential National Security Issue


Venmo is a mobile payment service owned by PayPal that allows users to transfer money to other users in their contacts list.

An aide recently revealed that Joe Biden, AKA, “The Big Guy,” uses Venmo to send his grandchildren money.

Internet sleuths immediately started searching for Joe Biden’s account by using the app’s features to look for his aides, friends and family.

Within 10 minutes cyber detectives at BuzzFeed News found Biden’s secret Venmo account, causing potential national security issues.

Last edited 1 year ago by TheseTruths


What you see happening in the US military at the moment is that if you’re a conservative, then you’re lumped into a group of people who are labeled extremists, if you’re willing to voice your views. And if you’re aligned with the left, then it’s OK to be an activist online because no one’s gonna hold you accountable.




And the military — you know, the people with all the guns and training how to use them — is allowing it.

They could stop it if they wanted to, just like Myanmar did.

Just like Egypt did.

They could restore lawful order, just like the military of many countries have done, throughout time.

Instead, they abandoned the Constitution and won’t defend the Republic against ANY enemies, foreign OR domestic. They won’t even get rid of the traitors in their own ranks.

So I don’t know how to feel sorry for the military.

If their oath doesn’t mean anything to them, if their country doesn’t mean anything to them, then why should anyone care what happens to them?

It’s like watching Mike Tyson get beat up by Potsie Weber, simply because Iron Mike won’t raise his fists to defend himself.

If he wants to throw the fight, if he wants to let himself get knocked out by Potsie, then why should I be upset about it?

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Last edited 1 year ago by scott467

Look at that… Potsie hit him so hard, it knocked his hair off!



short video on the woke cult/propaganda


Trump and the White Hats I knew, but this?
may 15, 2021 the marshall report


If this were a movie, this would be a total twist for an ending and one people would be saying, I never saw that coming at all!! So, this is a show and nothing real makes any sense, what if this is really going down? And if it isn’t, then at least this makes for a story more believable than Joe Biden won the election.

[Excerpt] Read more at the link above…


Why would a mom rescue/ flee with her daugher but leave her sons?


It may have been the only way to survive a planned death – her two sons were critically injured but, survived the crash – Beau died of brain cancer later in life – and Hunter – well – we know what he did.

The whole ‘crash’ is suspicious – imho – and it just may be – we do not know the whole story – after all – wasn’t the Dr. and the Mr. having an affair?

Gail Combs

Why would a mom rescue/ flee with her daugher but leave her sons?”

Beau was three and Hunter was two. Both were old enough to talk but way too young to keep their mouths shut. Amy as a baby (AND A GIRL) was too young to do much talking and more at risk from the Pedos than the boys.

Also the boys were injured making it harder to disappear them.



Circuit Courts have been Reassigned

Effective November 20, 2020, ordered pursuant to Title 28, United States Code, Section 42

MI – Brett M. Kavanaugh
WI – Amy Coney Barrett
PA – Samuel A. Alito
GA – Clarence Thomas

These are the justices assigned to each circuit who accept emergency applications from petitioners. This is important when cases are submitted to be heard in SCOTUS.

In other words, if a case from GA, MI, PA, or WI petitions SCOTUS we won’t have Sotomayor summarily rejecting it.


Smacks of a re-run from a few months back. Guessing we know the, “rest of the story”.


Has me wondering what Mike Lindel has to offer that is different than what transpired before – he is convinced the Supremes will hear his case – Why? How? When?

This movie has not ended by any stretch of the imagination, Kal!! The Fat Lady is still taking singing lessons!!!


The book will be out June 15th. Should be interesting…

Panic Over New Book By Author Charles Murray Whose First Book “The Bell Curve” on Race in America Sent Shockwaves Across Academia

Reports are that book will dispel White Privilege, threatening the very foundation of the left. According to some pre-sales literature, the book will show that Whites are not even near the top of incomes earned by Americans.

From Amazon:

“The charges of white privilege and systemic racism that are tearing the country apart float free of reality. Two known facts, long since documented beyond a reasonable doubt, need to be brought into the open and incorporated into the way we think about public policy: American whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians have different violent crime rates and different means and distributions of cognitive ability. The allegations of racism in policing, college admissions, segregation in housing, and hiring and promotions in the workplace ignore the ways in which the problems that prompt the allegations of systemic racism are driven by these two realities.

What good can come of bringing them into the open? America’s most precious ideal is what used to be known as the American Creed: People are not to be judged by where they came from, what social class they come from, or by race, color, or creed. They must be judged as individuals. The prevailing Progressive ideology repudiates that ideal, demanding instead that the state should judge people by their race, social origins, religion, sex, and sexual orientation.”


In related news, today I read this! I could hardly believe that the NFL that just loves BLM would be so racist!

“Former NFL players who suffer from dementia or other brain injuries may be entitled to payouts under the NFL’s $1 billion settlement of brain injury claims but the league uses a scoring algorithm that requires former Black players to score lower for cognitive skills than their white counterparts to receive an award which has been called “race-norming.””


Seriously? What in the actual ____?!


Don’t they normally have people take tests for them? Or was that just the talent scouts that offered that service and the players are too cheap or stupid to do it for themselves?



What maroons.



Valerie Curren

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I hope this show…& thanks for the expansive lesson…

Last edited 1 year ago by Valerie Curren
Valerie Curren

Nice. Never get involved in a land war in Asia!

Valerie Curren

& here I was thinking of China & the Soviets 🙂

Valerie Curren

Oh & for sure Death is on the line!!!

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

BREAKING: Trump Desk Website Down After He Releases Statement Saying ‘Entire Database of Maricopa County in Arizona Has Been DELETED!’ (thegatewaypundit.com)

Site is up but not showing his new message. You can access it here.
Statement by Donald J. Trump, 45th President of the United States of America | News | Donald J. Trump (donaldjtrump.com)

Statement by Donald J. Trump, 45th President of the United States of America05/15/21

The entire Database of Maricopa County in Arizona has been DELETED! This is illegal and the Arizona State Senate, who is leading the Forensic Audit, is up in arms. Additionally, seals were broken on the boxes that hold the votes, ballots are missing, and worse. Mark Brnovich, the Attorney General of Arizona, will now be forced to look into this unbelievable Election crime. Many Radical Left Democrats and weak Republicans are very worried about the fact that this has been exposed. The DELETION of an entire Database and critical Election files of Maricopa County is unprecedented. Many other States to follow. The Mainstream Media and Radical Left Democrats want to stay as far away as possible from the Presidential Election Fraud, which should be one of the biggest stories of our time. Fox News is afraid to cover it—there is rarely a mention. Likewise, Newsmax has been virtually silent on this subject because they are intimidated by threats of lawsuits. One America News (OAN), one of the fastest growing networks on television, and the “hottest”, is doing a magnificent job of exposing the massive fraud that took place. The story is only getting bigger and at some point it will be impossible for the weak and/or corrupt media not to cover. Thank you to OAN and other brave American Patriots. It is all happening quickly!


It was little Bobby Tables….

Sadie Slays

Ground report from the Blue prison state. Despite the new CDC guidance, not a whole lot has changed. There were less masks outdoors, and some small businesses removed their mask signs. The national grocery chain store I visited today is still requiring the masks, though.  


“It’s a sad thing,” Says Alfie Owner of Seed To Table…HE TOOK A STAND AGAINST ILLEGAL MANDATES FROM THE VERY BEGINNING! Thank God for men like him!
may 15, 2021 the marshall report


“If someone comes in here and they are really, really afraid of bumping their head, and there are actually people who have head injuries and wear a football helmet, I have no problem with that. That’s their right. I’m not going to tell them they’re not allowed to wear a football helmet to come into the store,” said Alfie Oaks, owner of Seed To Table, a 75,000 sq. ft. farmer’s market-inspired store in North Naples, Florida. Watch the video and hear what he has to say about a real pandemic.

[Excerpt] Read more at the link above…


this is just awful …

As seen here:


This discrimination has to stop.

Cuppa Covfefe

They need to change their name to “UnAmerican Airlines”, with United changing theirs to “disUnited” Airlines.

Get Woke?
Then GO BROKE!!!!!

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

Former Ambassador on America’s Voice talking about HR1. R’s are pushing back, it so far doesn’t have 60 votes. Senate is marking it up?!?(playing along? Stalling for time?) Expect final showdown some time in August.

Just around the corner is HR1 V2.0, aka John Lewis’ new bill. Designed by Eric Holder 🙄, includes among other power grabs, appointing the incumbent Attorney General as Tsar over the States who must then seek AG’s approval over election laws and processes.

Both of these Dumb Dem Duds are UNCONSTITUTIONAL!!


Israel called and said you got an hour to get out. Unfortunately they seemed to have heeded the warning.

Last edited 1 year ago by para59r
bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎




Cuppa Covfefe

What a SLANTED statement!

“The Israeli military warned they would hit the building that houses media organizations including the AP.”

Sounds like they paid attention in creative and/or persuasive writing classes. Didn’t have time to take the ethics class(es) though. And they forgot to report the most important target, which they’ve been ignoring all along: their TERRORIST co-renters.

Ooops, they must have flunked logic, too. Not a very smart idea to rent space alongside munitions and prime military targets…

Looks like they have to learn things the hard way, just the rest of the libturd snowflakes…

Hmmm. And poor journalists, at that.

“Journalists who worked there had been reporting on the Israeli attacks on Gaza.”

Seems they didn’t bother at all to report that their friends, Hamas, had been attacking Israel, and were the aggressors, i.e. they attacked first.

As they say over here, “Setzen, Sechs!”, in other words, “FLUNK!!!” … (more literally, in my best Gary Radnich voice, “SIT DOWN!!! You’ve Flunked”)

(Six being the lowest grade you can get here, i.e. “F”)…..

Last edited 1 year ago by Cuppa Covfefe
bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

AP has had an office there for 15yrs and expects us to believe they had no clue about Hamas 🙄🙄 Come on man!

Cuppa Covfefe

And then there’s
F fine
D dandy
C corny
B bad
A awful

for those who end up voting DEMONRAT…

Yep, over here things are basically rated with the lower the number, the better the rating. School grading goes from one to six (so we have an “E” for effort, I guess, but 4 (“D”) is still the lowest passing grade).

The only different systems being those pushed upon us by the EC/EU, namely the “energy efficiency labels” (even on car tires!) running A through F, and the food ratings, same thing. So, they manage to dumb people down even further, while endangering us by leaving important information out, e.g. hydroplaning and traction ratings on tires.

Funny thing with the efficiency labels. When they killed off incandescent bulbs, they needed letters above “A” to show how great they are (not). So we were rewarded with A+, A++, and even A+++ (sounds like Intel’s process names lately at 14nm 🙂 ). A year ago we had a “great reset” and A+++ became A, and everything else moved down, with the lowest ratings moving off into outer darkness, so to speak.

Between the Greens killing off our energy and everthing else they can abort, and the Mozzies wanting to go back to the sixth century or before, we’ll end up as Neanderthals. Just in time for a new Little Ice Age… guess I’ll order out for Bronto Burgers…


Damn, and I thought they were going after fake news. According to this self admission/ report by Al Jazeera or AP, Hamas was launching missiles from their building.

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

Statement by Donald J. Trump, 45th President of the United States of America05/15/21

Wall Street Journal has reported (they finally got something right), that 2020 was the “Worst Presidential Poll Miss in 40 Years.” The public opinion surveys ahead of the 2020 Presidential Election were the most inaccurate ever, according to a major polling panel. This was done purposely. The polls were a joke. I won States in a landslide that I was predicted to lose days before the election. Other states had me purposely so far down that it would force people, even fans, to say “Let’s stay home Darling. We love our President, but he can’t win.” And then I would win those states or at least come very close. In one state that I actually won, but the results were rigged, ABC and the Washington Post had me down by 17 points. Even the rigged final result was extremely close. It’s called SUPPRESSION POLLING and it should be illegal. These are crooked, disgusting, and very dishonest media outlets and they know exactly what they are doing. The 2020 Presidential Election was, by far, the greatest Election Fraud in the history of our Country. The good news is, the American people get it and the truth is rapidly coming out! Had Mike Pence had the courage to send the Electoral College vote back to states for recertification, and had Mitch McConnell fought for us instead of being the weak and pathetic leader he is, we would right now have a Republican President who would be VETOING the horrific Socialistic Bills that are rapidly going through Congress, including Open Borders, High Taxes, Massive Regulations, and so much else!  

Statement by Donald J. Trump, 45th President of the United States of America05/15/21

As our Country is being destroyed, both inside and out, the Presidential Election of 2020 will go down as THE CRIME OF THE CENTURY!

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎


This is the real life version of the “Bourne Identity” scene where the actor Brian Cox says “shut it down.” The tech hits the power switch and the monitors blink off one by one. Fade to black.

Sadie Slays

Yeah, when I read that the Colonial Pipeline attack was done by a “criminal gang,” my first thought was, “Well, that describes the entire federal government.”

Last edited 1 year ago by para59r
Deplorable Patriot

The Couch COmmando has a charge wo got jabbed recently, and he knows this is going to be an issue for the president of the company. That guy won’t even allow masks.



Apparently his new job involves reviewing traffic tickets from 5 red light cameras in the town of Davies. Pays 65,000 a year.

Cuppa Covfefe

Good fit, no doubt. Probably familiar with red light districts 😆

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

This is trippy….👽👽👽👾👻🤖👽👽👽

Tucker reacts to footage of ‘spherical’ UFO captured by Navy


I believe someone brought us this and better about a year ago with the UFO’s also coming out of the water.

Last edited 1 year ago by para59r
bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

It’s supposed to be ‘new’, but from 2019. 🤦‍♀️🤷‍♀️🙃🙃🙃


Going by the picture quality, they’re using cameras from before cameras were invented…

😂 🤣 😂

Seriously, here’s the quality of photography the military had in 1898, during the Spanish American War:

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And here’s the quality of movie camera film that Edison had in his lab, early 1890s:

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But this is the best our military can do in the 21st century:



It’s just insulting, they just mock us.

Last edited 1 year ago by scott467
Cuppa Covfefe

Maybe that’s where they get the expression “mock up” that they always used back in the Mercury and Gemini programs… (does anybody even use that anymore…gosh, I feel old)….

Let’s “fight far with far” and mock them. Though with Bye, Done supposedly at the helm, they do it all by themselves…


It’s a real shame our military can’t afford color cameras with better resolution than a 1945 TV set.

If that’s the best the military can do with all the money we give them, they should just quit.

A camera on a used cell phone found buried in the sand at the beach is a thousand times better than this garbage… 🤣😂🤣

Cuppa Covfefe

All their good equipment is being sent to Hamas and Iran…


“To be sure, at night, you’re going to get grainy video, and it doesn’t matter what you’re using.”


Ah, the old ‘They mostly come at night… mostly‘ trope, one of my favorites! 😂



“However, it does seem to be an immutable Law of Photograpy that all pictures of BigFoot, Nessie, and UFOs must be taken at ISOs of 1,000,000 or more.”



This is Gen 3 Night Vision recording capability, available to the public. The military is probably on Gen 7 (maybe Gen 30, who knows):

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So whatever they’re showing us in Tucker’s video is a joke.


Tucker: “Tom, what do you think we’re looking at here?”

Tom: “Well Tucker, is looks like someone is holding a quarter attached to a piece of white thread, dangling it in front of a fish tank, with a white backdrop, and then the whole thing was recorded with an intentionally degraded resolution.

Because no company would ever even bother producing a camera with such a ridiculously poor image, I mean, the 30 year old black & white security cameras at gas stations in run down parts of the city have better image quality than this laughable garbage.

You can’t even BUY a camera this bad on Amazon, at ANY price… I don’t think you could buy a camera this bad on Amazon in the history of Amazon, since Amazon went online! 😂🤣😂

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

So, you like the video? 😜🙃😆


“So, you like the video?”


Let’s just say it’s not recommended for home movies… at least not any that you want to ever actually see again… 😂 🤣 😂

Cuppa Covfefe

Or the resolution the TLAs decided could be released…


“Or the resolution the TLAs decided could be released…”


Then they don’t want us, the American People, to know OR believe anything they’re telling us.

Because their credibility *&^%.

And the enemy already knows our capabilities better than we ever will… in case we forgot, the enemy is in charge of our military and RUNNING our country!



It’s always the same… we’re always making excuses for them, yet they are the best funded military on the planet.

They’ve had color night vision capability for at least 30 years.

If they can’t get someone competent to operate the camera — EVER — that appears to be an institutional (not to mention national security) problem.

As you pointed out, a guy with a handheld (16mm?) consumer grade camera took footage of Bigfoot (circa 1968?) that was a thousand times better than this.

I mean, what they’re ‘showing’ in Tucker’s video could literally be a guy in a white suit holding a quarter and waving it around… 😂 🤣 😂



Kayleigh McEnany (@kayleighmcenany) Tweeted:

In case you had any question as to where President Biden stands on police, now you know…


He’s a manipulated puppet.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I treat every message as coming from Mooch and Squirrel!  😉 


Add Brennan, Jarrett and any others in the unholy alliance



Would anyone want to speculate what message, if any, Dan is communicating?


It looks like a [the] storm is coming into shore, with the attendant whitecap waves … here’s an anon’s decode-attempt:

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Now I just need someone to decode the decoded message. It is a bit like higher math, I know its useful but don’t ask me to use it in a sentence. I believe SteveInCO is on to something. I’m just not confident how important it is. The lanterns in the church tower is my speed.


Decoder rings would help.


Dan Scavino was (and is still, I believe) in charge of P45DJT’s communications.

Do you remember seeing the video of P45DJT saying “Maybe it’s the calm before the storm”?

A reporter then asked, “What storm?”

P45DJT: “You’ll find out.”

The timestamps are important – sometimes they point to past Kew posts (#514), sometimes they mean something else. Perhaps the video being purposefully stopped at 44 seconds signifies Obozo.

I remember a meme of P45DJT using “I am the storm”.

One of Kew’s posts exhorted the anons to “Learn our comms.”


I remember the video well. That was 4 years ago. When you predict the weather that far in advance it usually is found in the Farmer’s Almanac


Oddly, the shirt I wore today is from The Hermitage and the front reads:

“I was born for a storm, and a calm does not suite me.”


Yes, the lanterns! I love that part of history.

Scavino’s tweet was done at 2:14 PST, which is 5:14 EST. The anon found Q post 514, whose message is “/greatawakening/”.

The anon seems to be indicating that the video is 44 seconds long, which would refer to O, the 44th “president,” but the video says :45, which could refer to PDJT — though the video does seem to stop at :44.

Then the anon found a Q post (#32) which refers to waves: “The initial wave will be fast” and meaningful and will send a signal.

I also thought of “watch the water.”

Last edited 1 year ago by TheseTruths
Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The use of religious-type symbolic thinking to deniably communicate with so-minded people and NOT with against-minded people is one of the things that convinced me Q was an intelligent and professional psy-op with the obviously intended audience.


That is one way of looking at it. It even makes sense in a California sort of way. 🤔 


Except California water is freezing requiring wet suits for surfers. Which then makes them look like seals, favorite food of the local predator known as Jaws.


The offshore water in California is not, in fact, freezing. It’s merely in the low 40’s — roughly the temperature of a pitcher of lemonade you pulled out of your fridge about three minutes ago.


Speaking from experience it is freezing. When it comes to water, below 70 and my body wants to know what I am doing.


When we’d go on tropical dive vacations, the divemasters would be trying to sort out the herd before the dive — check to see if everyone could clear their mask and stuff like that. So they’d ask, “where do you normally dive?” and we’d say, “Monterey Bay” — and they’d go, “you can go up to the front and play cribbage or something.”

Everyone knows its a pain-in-the-tuchis — we certainly knew that, which is why we were vacationing in Fiji or Honduras or Puerto Rico or Hawaii in the first place — but it does have its compensations. I’ve experienced things off the California coast that were just magic.


The preferred gear for diving in, say, Monterey Bay is an 8mm wetsuit, 8mm wetsuit jacket, insulated gloves, booties, and hood. This puts a centimeter and a half of neoprene over core body areas and leaves little uncovered (cheeks).

This leads you into the First Law of SCUBA — you never actually deal with the problems of being a land animal underwater, you merely add offsetting compensations that don’t quite balance.

The first example is what makes SCUBA self-contained underwater breathing apparatus. If you’re bobbing on the surface, you are subject to one BAR of air pressure, and each passing zephyr is also at one BAR. Breathing is easy.

If you descend to 33 feet underwater, your body is subject to two BAR of pressure. If you had a tube that reached the surface, you’d be fighting 15 lbs/sq in of pressure to inhale.

So, naturally, the way to comfortably descend to 33 foot depths is to have a little machine — a SCUBA regulator — that will inflate you to 2 BAR air pressure. If you inhale at that depth, then rush to the surface without exhaling, your lungs will do their best to double in size — possibly injuring you severely. You balance danger against danger.

Similarly, when diving in cold water, SCUBA naturally does nothing to make you comfortable in that water (or avoid it) — instead, you are wrapped in neoprene — which is essentially foamed rubber. With the proper amount of neoprene for a dive, you quickly become uncomfortably warm on the surface (particularly on the beach).

Then you note the next fun bit…..it’s impossible to submerge. Being foamed, neoprene floats like crazy. So you strap 30 pounds of lead weight on yourself to counteract the neoprene’s floating, stuff the regulator that’s going to inflate you into your mouth, paddle out to the deeper water, and dive.

When you get to your desired 33 feet, your neoprene suit will have significantly compressed so it doesn’t insulate as well. It’s also not as buoyant. Unfortunately, your lead didn’t compress, so it’s still dragging you downward with just as much as enthusiasm as it originally showed.

Again, we’re in the world of SCUBA — you don’t make it so there is a weight-fade that tracks the buoyancy fade, or eliminate the buoyancy fade, or……no, you get another piece of gear! A buoyancy compensator (“BC”) allows you to inflate an air balloon to compensate for the loss of buoyancy your wetsuit has when compressed at depth, so that it continues to match your weight belt. Really.

And you get to keep track of all this competing hardware in realtime, knowing that a major screwup can easily lead to a painful demise. Oddly enough, it gets to be a very zen thing. Distributed concentration.


If the surfers wear day-glo purple wet suits then Jaws will be a purple people eater. For people of a certain age it sounds like a song is in there somewhere.


Actually, their safest move is probably to wear tiger-stripes of yellow and black.

As you descend in the water column, various wavelengths of light are absorbed by the water and are no longer available for your eye. Red might as well be black at 30 feet.

The colors that stick around the longest are bright yellow and lime green. So lime green tiger-stripes would also work.

Unpatternned purple would probably look like seal about 15 feet down.


It is amazing how much knowledge can be found in a group of human beings.


It can get even more amusing….so far as I know, there are no commercial wetsuit manufacturers that use aggressive patterns to ward off shark predation…..and, yet, it was discussed in a Retief story in 1964 [ “Wicker Wonderland” ].

Happy go lucky

Sounds like a business opportunity.

Cuppa Covfefe

And they’d no longer be able to chase those in an itsy-bitsy, teeny-weeny, yellow polka-dot bikini 🙂

Unless, of course, a land-shark is involved 😀

Cuppa Covfefe

Does ANYTHING make sense in a California sort of way??? 😆

(escaped many years ago… just as crazy over here, though… sigh…)….

Last edited 1 year ago by Cuppa Covfefe



Communist Overlords at YouTube Delete Viral Interview with Dr. Cole Revealing Covid Jabs Have Killed More People Than All Vaccines in the Last 20 Years Combined
By Cristina Laila 
Published May 15, 2021 at 4:30pm



Hope this video makes it into the asinine “commission ” to study the 6th of January



A brief anon thread from a few hours ago (some language):


Anyone else think its weird, you don’t see Podesta, Hillary, the whole gang front and center celebrating , gathering partying etc?

If they won this colossal fight they would be in our fucking faces daily.
This site would be gone , they would be out and all in our faces.
Nothing happening my ass.

Anon2 (reply to Anon1):

They would be on every talk show, front and center.
I would…

Anon3 (reply to Anon1):

Was just on Twitter and mostly Fake News and Government agencies sharing the shit out of their propaganda with alot of responses calling them clowns and wanting the entire nation opened up.

As far as the False Bureau of Investigations who keep “looking” for people from Jan 6, more negative than positive. I really cannot stand Twitter but can’t not be in the messaging war….its a cesspool, it really is.

And in reference to your point as to where are all the actors…i found that strange as well. I do not think this Administration has much interest in the Old Guard, China [CCP] really may be behind it all….waiting for it all to go down at this point.

Anon4 (reply to Anon3):

Twitter can be fun atm.


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They had no ‘solid explanation’ to issue the original ‘guidelines’ in the first place!

They didn’t even have a flaccid explanation!


bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

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Very, very nice!!! Where’d you find this?

[I know it says it’s from TrumpArea.com, but I was wondering about any secondary connection, ’cause I’d never heard of them.]

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

From reddit.com/r/ConservativeMemes/

They’ve usually got some pretty good ones.



When I cooked bacon today, I was thinking of you.

bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎

comment image

That’s why you keep a backup supply in the freezer! 😜

Cuppa Covfefe

Re: 8, if you don’t have a floppy drive, you can always use the card reader, if it’s not blocked by the CD-tray cupholder… 🙂

This one’s got a tray for Covfefe, plus two or three slots for bacon (look like they might be zip drives, which work faster and can store Cheez Whiz too) 😀
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bflyjesusgrl 🍊 😎NUCLEAR MAGA😎


Cuppa Covfefe

Yep. I was just thinking now about how CD drives for PCs had a headphone jack and a volume control so you could use them for music, independent of the PC’s sound system.

Micro$haft’s “Protected Audio Path” and “Protected Media Path” did away with that (WinXp and later). I still have a Win2K system with CloneCD on it, that works MUCH better than it does on XP and later… Funny thing is, there’s nowhere near the amount of bloatware and crud upon bootup. OTOH, it’s completely isolated from any networks… my little PC of history, as it were…

Cuppa Covfefe

That was available as a patch (free, no less) to download, and I think was in the wayback machine, last time I looked.

There’s also “WSUS offline”, which is a compilation of all patches for W7 up to EOL.


Just realized that’s probably a bandwidth issue for you – 3.93GB… or 4.2 for the folks fooled by Maxtor’s marketing way back when…

SP1 had a lot of fixes in it, but at least it didn’t have all the nagware that came a short while later… (Win10 or bust, etc.)….

Last edited 1 year ago by Cuppa Covfefe
Cuppa Covfefe


I can see a little terrier running along, muttering “Kibis and Bits, Kibis and Bits, Kibis and Bits”…..

The books of Vance Packard have a lot to say about Marketeers and “felt needs”… “The Hidden Persuaders” and “The Waste Makers” among them…



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I don’t know how he gets his info but I believe this…both parts

Last edited 1 year ago by mollypitcher5
Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Me too!


Have not seen this posted today…

The Trump Lin Wood / McKissick endorsement was the focus of many posts yesterday. Election was today. McKissick prevailed.

Following from OT…

President Trump endorsed Drew McKissick three times for South Carolina GOP Chairman. With that level of support and a track record of success McKissick easily won the GOP election by a vote of 582 to 239. 


I know Lin Wood has many fans. I even like some of his stuff. But he also comes out with the bat shit crazy stuff which pretty much precludes Trump from endorsing or him getting votes.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Exactly. Trump knows all the horrorshow stuff, and he keeps a lid on it – EXCEPT when he knows it’s going to come out and he’s riding to the revelation for massive persuasion pick-up. That is an ART. One might call it ART OF THE REVEAL.


Trump endorsement is gold. President Trump endorsing 3x? Zero doubt in SC GOP cirlces that McKissick would win.

Linwood going against President Trump was just absurd. Linwood’s ego is hyperinflated.

Sadie Slays

A child who once interviewed Obama has died at 23 of “natural causes.” Nothing to see here.

WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. — The student reporter who gained national acclaim when he interviewed President Barack Obama at the White House in 2009 has died of natural causes, his family says.

Damon Weaver was 23 when he died May 1, his sister, Candace Hardy, told the Palm Beach Post. Further details were not released. He had been studying communications at Albany State University in Georgia.



Yeah. Another vaccine death.


Yep. Natural causes and death need an age in the 80 plus range. Otherwise there was a health condition. At 23 suspicious.


Yep, certainly true, 23 year olds are dying of natural causes all over the place. Just like with Covid, the morgues are overflowing and the hospital rooms are filled with corpses, from all the 23 year olds dying of natural causes.

It’s a pandemic mysteriously centered on 23 trips around the sun, must have been something that only affected infants back in 1998.

It’s science!

It all adds up, the math works!


H/T Marica


You all know that the CDC lifting their little guidelines out of the blue with no solid explanation proves they lied to us all the whole time about everything, right?
Just want to make sure everyone has processed that correctly.
This ain’t over until the airlines end their nonsense rules.


^^^ THIS needs to be a recurring theme. Far beyond just the airlines, TSA…

CDC’s evil lying has impacted nearly every every American, if not EVERY American for ~sixteen months. Jobs lost, lives lost, lives turned upside down for no legitimate reason.

Absolutely impacted the 3 November election. MASS MAIL BALLOTS.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

WHEN – not IF – WHEN we get control of the government again…… preferably NOT but if necessarily, so be it, on the other side of a civil war….. I hope to see CDC leveled in terms of its power, and reconstituted as a small advisory group with NO POWER WHATSOEVER, since by then ALL epidemics must be treated as potential biowarfare, and handled MILITARY FIRST.

Last edited 1 year ago by Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Look for it in Article I, section 8……PRIVATIZE IT!!!


I’m about to blow a gasket over the new edict that children have to keep wearing masks.
It’s cruel and 100% unnecessary.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yeah, that’s EVIL. CHINA MASKS.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Just so you know, I got here late and am dutifully reading through the Saturday Post (ha!), and am going slowly because I keep getting distracted by cool math that I look up on Wikipedia.

I’ll get through it eventually!


Hopefully you were doing something more fun than here that kept you away.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yeah. Mixed bag. Some ways yes, some ways no. I have a lot of spring cleaning and chores that are still undone. I often avoid that stuff for health reasons, but also because I’d just rather be here. But I need to do stuff now that warm weather is here. I just have to do it.

Post-COVID health crap has given that schedule a good bash onto its ass. However, SOME health stuff has actually improved now, to measurable extents, meaning I can actually engage in activities I had avoided earlier. So THAT is cutting into my time, and it shouldn’t, but I do get joy from a bunch of things, and I need some of that joy now, too.

It’s all complicated. BUT this is the summer to “get the ya-yas out”, because next summer will be the approach of an election like no other in history.


I can well sympathize. I mowed the lawn today. Half of my recovery time was because I’m allergic to grass. But it’s done now, and I can water the little allergens back into the soil, where they belong.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Just finished! Yes, that was great. I got distracted by your 5-12-13 example, because I had always assumed that the 3-4-5 right triangle was a super-special case, and didn’t realize that there WAS such a thing as Pythagorean triples, how common (kinda) they actually are, or then (your next example) Pythagorean quadruples! So I wandered off on THAT – and then more things going along.

I’m actually kinda shocked that you dared to use dot products IN LIEU OF trig, but that’s actually a pretty nifty idea, so bravo for that!

At first I was thinking (in a kind of “watching the steeply ascending rocket” way) that you might have bitten off too much, but when it all settled into a nice circular orbit at conservation of energy, I was like “Oh, yeah, I’m getting this – great place to leave the problem”, because the ball is exactly where you need it. Everything makes sense…….


I had never seen the problem of “star power” in the light of “age of the earth”, but that really helps me from a history of science perspective. And I’ll just leave it at that, not to get ahead of the story!  😃 


I really think Steve is doing a great job at moving the goalposts. Traditional textbooks rely on people signing up for a major where this is a “must-pass” class, and they have used this to become incredibly lazy and obscure. Steve is writing for the crew here and has been doing a great job of keeping things interesting and intelligible.

This could become the core of “a physics class for people who want to test past their college’s awful physics courses” or something.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

University math, physics and chemistry have turned a lot of people off to such things! I think it’s great that people can just enjoy it in a low-pressure environment like this.


It is neat stuff, and people really want that level of understanding, but colleges try to beat their interest out of them with the same level of fervor as they attempt to inject toxic CRT….and, to often, succeed….

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Great stuff! And I’m sure you’re right that there is a CLASS of such sensible explanations (something of a meta-conjecture typical of the field). Number theory is very beautiful – easy to see why people fall into that “black hole of mathematics” and never come out!

Thanks for these explanations!

Cuppa Covfefe

There’s a great little book “Curiosities of Mathematics” which discussess number theory and some mathematical history (although being “A Little Blue Book” number 625, it’s not too long). It’s by Edward Condon (yes, THAT Condon!) and is from 1925, but still relevant, and available on ebay and elsewhere, and quite interesting nonetheless. Things like the history of pi calculations, duplication of the cube, curiosities about hine, prime and perfect numbers, etc.

Sort of a mathematical “Music for the Millions”…

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Sounds great – will keep an eye out for it!

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

1 being “1”, prime or not, 2 being legit prime, 8 being 2 cubed, 25 being 5 squared, I think you’re onto a generality!!!