2021·12·11 Joe Biden Didn’t Win Daily Thread

Yo, Brian Stelter!

When I was a kid, I got nicknamed “Bald Eagle” because I actually was getting notably thin “up there.” Of course today “Bald Eagle” might be a cool nickname, but in Junior High School, it definitely was not a cool thing.

Fast forward to today, and now here I am over twenty years older than you are, and even in spite of that poor start, I have better hair than you do.

And I am not a piss-guzzling, shit-gobbling communist “journalist” (what a sick joke) either.

On both accounts you must absolutely hate looking into the mirror.

And Oh By The Way probably more people read my physics posts than watch you bloviate on air.

RINOs an Endangered Species?
If Only!

According to Wikipoo, et. al., the Northern White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) is a critically endangered species. Apparently two females live on a wildlife preserve in Sudan, and no males are known to be alive. So basically, this species is dead as soon as the females die of old age. Presently they are watched over by armed guards 24/7.

Biologists have been trying to cross them with the other subspecies, Southern White Rhinoceroses (Rhinoceri?) without success; and some genetic analyses suggest that perhaps they aren’t two subspecies at all, but two distinct species, which would make the whole project a lot more difficult.

I should hope if the American RINO (Parasitus rectum pseudoconservativum) is ever this endangered, there will be heroic efforts not to save the species, but rather to push the remainder off a cliff. Onto punji sticks. With feces smeared on them. Failing that a good bath in red fuming nitric acid will do.

But I’m not done ranting about RINOs.

The RINOs (if they are capable of any introspection whatsoever) probably wonder why they constantly have to deal with “populist” eruptions like the Trump-led MAGA movement. That would be because the so-called populists stand for absolutely nothing except for going along to get along. That allows the Left to drive the culture and politics.

Given the results of Tuesday’s elections, the Left will now push harder, and the RINOs will now turn even squishier than they were before.

I well remember 1989-1990 in my state when the RINO establishment started preaching the message that a conservative simply couldn’t win in Colorado. Never mind the fact that Reagan had won the state TWICE (in 1984 bringing in a veto-proof state house and senate with him) and GHWB had won after (falsely!) assuring everyone that a vote for him was a vote for Reagan’s third term.

This is how the RINOs function. They push, push, push the line that only a “moderate” can get elected. Stomp them when they pull that shit. Tell everyone in ear shot that that’s exactly what the Left wants you to think, and oh-by-the-way-Mister-RINO if you’re in this party selling the same message as the Left…well, whythefuckexactly are you in this party, you piece of rancid weasel shit?

Justice Must Be Done.

The prior election must be acknowledged as fraudulent, and steps must be taken to prosecute the fraudsters and restore integrity to the system. (This doesn’t necessarily include deposing Joe and Hoe and putting Trump where he belongs, but it would certainly be a lot easier to fix our broken electoral system with the right people in charge.)

Nothing else matters at this point. Talking about trying again in 2022 or 2024 is pointless otherwise. Which is not to say one must never talk about this, but rather that one must account for this in ones planning; if fixing the fraud in the system is not part of the plan, you have no plan.

This will necessarily be piecemeal, state by state, which is why I am encouraged by those states working to change their laws to alleviate the fraud both via computer and via bogus voters. If enough states do that we might end up with a working majority in Congress and that would be something Trump never really had.

Lawyer Appeasement Section

OK now for the fine print.

This is the WQTH Daily Thread. You know the drill. There’s no Poltical correctness, but civility is a requirement. There are Important Guidelines,  here, with an addendum on 20191110.

We have a new board – called The U Tree – where people can take each other to the woodshed without fear of censorship or moderation.

And remember Wheatie’s Rules:

1. No food fights
2. No running with scissors.
3. If you bring snacks, bring enough for everyone.
4. Zeroth rule of gun safety: Don’t let the government get your guns.
5. Rule one of gun safety: The gun is always loaded.
5a. If you actually want the gun to be loaded, like because you’re checking out a bump in the night, then it’s empty.
6. Rule two of gun safety: Never point the gun at anything you’re not willing to destroy.
7. Rule three: Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
8. Rule the fourth: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.

(Hmm a few extras seem to have crept in.)

While We Wait…and Wait…and Wait, for The Storm


Beethoven’s Sixth Symphony is called the Pastoral symphony, because its theme was a day spent in the country. The fourth (of five) movements depicts a storm, and is subtitled ‘Thunder Storm.’

The fifth is subtitled “Shepherds’ Song. Happy and Thankful Feelings after the Storm (Allegretto).” The fifth movement is the first thing I listened to on Thursday before Thanksgiving as it appeared that the wretched “poo flu” was finally going away. (It finally was gone a day later.)

Beethoven’s Fifth (dah dah dah daaaaah….) and Sixth symphonies both premiered at the same concert on 22 December, 1808 in Vienna. The entire four hour program was filled with new Beethoven music, conducted by Beethoven himself. It’s an almost infamous moment in music history as the whole thing bordered on being a fiasco. The orchestra was lackluster, and one of the other vocal pieces suffered by being sung by a teenager with stage fright. The original performer had quit after Beethoven insulted her. Fellow composer Antonio Salieri (the same Salieri depicted so unfavorably [and unjustly so] in Amadeus) was holding a benefit concert the same day, and he and Beethoven nearly had a falling out over the schedule conflict.

Purism Phones–Do NOT Purchase

I know for quite some time I have been looking forward to the Purism smart phone, entirely open source with hardware kill switches for the camera, mike and other things. They’re basically Linux boxes with call capability. I’ve touted them on this site. I now wish I had not.

Alas they have been slow coming onto the market, and their main page says “Shipping Now” (for the USA version of the phone.

The implication is that if you order your phone it will be shipped soon.

Multiple people, me among them, have been waiting over half a year for the phone that is “shipping now” and, candidly, I don’t expect ever to receive it. Unfortunately the fine print in their order policy says you can’t get a refund until they’re ready to ship the phone. So I am out the money as well.

I don’t expect anyone ordering today will get their phone any faster.

I can no longer recommend this company, even though I’m happy with the laptop they sold me three years ago. Their technical people are solid; their sales/web people, on the other hand…

Spot Prices

Last week:

Gold $1774.20
Silver $22.61
Platinum $940.00
Palladium $1900.00
Rhodium $14,850.00

This week, 3 PM MT on Friday, markets closed for the weekend

Gold $1,783.20
Silver $22.27
Platinum $950.00
Palladium $1,852.00
Rhodium $14,800.00

At the end of the week: not a lot of movement this time, and all in different directions.

Part XXX (and the last)
Acceleration! Surprise!

A couple of go-backs and review

This is a video I should have included a couple of weeks ago.


Especially starting at 1:43, this is of interest because it lets you see how a nearly-uniform early universe “clumped up” over time. You focus on the same volume of space, and your field of view expands with the universe, so what you are looking at is basically the same matter following the history of the universe.

The filaments and lumpy areas contain millions of galaxies.

This is a computer simulation, of course, but at the end they compare it to what we actually see when we survey the universe. It’s a pretty close match, so this simulation (unlike climatological models) is probably pretty close.

(Even though the simulation has a much, much bigger physical scope, the system is mathematically a lot simpler than a good climate model should be.)

And some reminders:

The critical density is the overall density of the universe that would be necessary for space to be flat (large triangles–and I mean large triangles, millions or billions of light years in extent–have inside angles that total to 180 degrees). Higher than this, and those triangles have total angles higher than 180 degrees, lower than that, the angles are less. Generally this gets set up in such a way that 1 equals the critical density and you’ll often see a ratio quoted. Judging from the matter and dark matter we are able to detect, the density is Ω = 0.3; i.e., the universe is at 0.3 times the critical density.

Energy also makes a contribution since it is equivalent to mass. But in our current universe, there is far more mass than there are photons, once you do the conversion. We live in a matter-dominated universe. Once upon a time, it was actually dominated by photons. But when the universe doubles in size, the amount of matter per cubic meter is 1/8th what it was before (because the volume is 2x2x2=8 times as much). But the same thing happens to the photons, when you count photons. But, because their wavelengths have stretched, each individual photon is now half as energetic as it was before, so the amount of energy from photons is 1/16th what it was before. If you run that tape backwards, and go back far enough, eventually photons dominate over matter.

The critical density also determines the ultimate fate of the universe. If Ω > 1, the universe’s expansion will eventually halt, reverse, and there will be a “big crunch” at some point in the future.

If Ω < 1, the universe will continue to expand forever, and the expansion velocity will always exceed zero. At time infinity the expansion velocity will still be some positive number.

If Ω = 1 exactly, as time goes to infinity the universe expands slower and slower, and the speed of the expansion will go to zero at time infinity.

(These cases are analogous to a rocket being fired at less than, greater than, and exactly at escape velocity.)

The cosmic redshift, Z, of some galaxy or galaxy cluster, will be some number greater than zero. It’s directly related to the ratio of the size of the universe back when that galaxy emitted the light we are now seeing, and the size today (which is set to 1). [See part 27] If a galaxy’s redshift is Z=1, then just add one to that number (getting…let me see here…where’s my calculator? Ah!) 2, and you know that today’s universe is twice the size it was when that galaxy emitted the light, or alternatively, it was 1/2 the size then that it is now.

OK, now on to new stuff.

The Quest to Plot the History of the Universe

I mentioned recently that actually plotting Hubble’s Constant versus time has been an important preoccupation of astronomers and cosmologists.

As it sits right now, near our own galaxy space seems to be expanding at 70 kilometers per second, per megaparsec distant from here. Galaxies one megaparsec away are receding at 70 km/sec, those two megaparsecs away are receding at 140 km/sec, and so on. That’s the speed due to the expansion of space itself, the so called “comoving speed.” Galaxies might also have some additional velocity because they’re gravitationally attracted to some other galaxy; this is how it is that M-31, the “Andromeda Galaxy,” is actually moving towards us (and will collide in about 5 billion years, about the same time CNN finally broadcasts a truthful news story, probably by mistake).

This was actually used, for a while, as the next rung on the cosmic distance ladder. If you couldn’t see any Cepheid variables in a galaxy because it was just too darn far away, you could measure its redshift, compute its velocity, and divide by Hubble’s Constant, and get a rough estimate of how far away the galaxy is.

The problem is, no one actually thinks the Hubble Constant is, well, constant. They usually call it the Hubble Parameter, and its current value is labeled H0 to denote “Hubble’s Parameter right now.”

It’s expected that it was higher in the past, and will drop in the future, because the galaxies all attract each other, which puts the brakes on the expansion. One of the big questions has been whether the galaxies will eventually stop receding, then reverse and start coming back together into a Big Crunch, or whether their speed will reach zero as the separation reaches infinity (just barely not a Big Crunch, like being exactly at escape velocity), or whether there’s extra speed and the galaxies will always be moving apart from each other.

So if we can measure the red shift (easy–in fact it’s the only easy thing to measure), and the distance to the galaxy, we can determine what H was back then, or equivalently, be able to plot the scale factor versus time.

What we know to start with is the scale factor of the universe (by definition, it’s 1) and today’s Hubble parameter. And the time can be set to 0, arbitrarily. Negative times are times in the past, positive times, are in the future.

We can set up a graph like this and plot the one point we know on it and (since the Hubble parameter is a rate of expansion) the slope of the line it’s on, right now:

But now we don’t know what the rest of the line is.

If the density of the universe is Ω>1, the slope should decrease rapidly in the future (and should have decreased up until now, quite rapidly); we can draw a notional line for that case, and as you can see the universe expands (distances between galaxies increase) up to some time in the future, then it shrinks again. But this line must cross through our one known point representing the present time and present size of the universe; and where it crosses through our point it has to be at the same slope.

We can add two more lines for Ω = 1 and Ω < 1. And even a third for Ω = 0, in which case the expansion rate is constant–the same as our original slope. In all three cases the conditions for “now” have to match what we actually see.

One thing to notice–the faster the universe’s expansion is slowing down, the closer in time to today was when the universe had zero size…in other words, the more recent was the Big Bang.

In other words if we can plot the scale factor versus time, we know how old the universe is and we find out what the Hubble parameter was at different times in the past…and because we will now know for certain what Ω is, we can extrapolate into the future.

Although we can currently see back to fairly low scale factors, we don’t know where in time those scale factors are, so we don’t know the shape of the line we want to plot.

And in order to know the time, we need to measure the distance. Because, with light carrying the image, the distance is proportional to how long ago the light was emitted. A galaxy a billion light years away is being seen as it was a billion years ago–and the redshift it has represents the universe’s scale factor, a billion years ago. This is called the lookback time and it directly correlates with distance.

So we need, for every galaxy, a scale factor and a lookback time.

The scale factor relates easily to the redshift, and the red shift is easy to measure.

Lookback time relates easily to distance, but distance is, as I said a few weeks ago, a cast iron bitch to measure. For very distant galaxies, all of the methods I’ve mentioned so far are useless. Even the Cepheid variables are unusable, because at those distances they’re too faint to pick out from the rest of the galaxies they are in. (And simply extrapolating the current Hubble parameter–well, that’s the gross approximation we’re trying to replace.)

We need a new standard candle, one much brighter than a Cepheid variable.

Once we have that, we can fill in the lines, and it’s pretty much expected it will look like the green, blue, or purple lines.

As it happens, we do have a brighter “standard” candle, but it’s rare and evanescent. If one is in a galaxy now, it’ll be gone in a year and it might be decades before another one appears in that galaxy.

The Other Kind of Supernova

A few weeks ago I talked about supernovas. Specifically, I talked about core collapse supernovas–ones that result from a large star finally losing its battle against gravity as it begins trying to fuse iron to generate energy–and it turns out that reaction consumes energy.

But those aren’t the only type of supernova. There are two major types and core collapse supernovas are actually labeled Type II. What’s Type I, then?

Consider a binary star. One of the stars is a white dwarf–basically a star smaller than or maybe just a little bit larger than the sun, having run out of hydrogen and helium, now shrunken down into a very dense ember that will take billions of years to finally cool off.

The other star is, perhaps, a red giant, because it’s a star that hasn’t quite reached the end of its life…yet.

The outer layers of the red giant may very well be so close to the white dwarf that the white dwarf strips them away and adds that material to itself.

The only problem is, there’s an upper limit to how massive a white dwarf can be; about 1.44 times the mass of the sun. (This isn’t quite the same thing as Chandrasekhar’s limit, but it is related.)

If enough matter gets pulled into the white dwarf, it could cross that limit. A star that exceeded that limit in the first place would have become a neutron star (or perhaps even a black hole if it really busts that limit). In this case, though, it’s a bit different and what ends up happening is a large proportion of this “dead” white dwarf suddenly undergoes a chain reaction and the gas from the other star, plus the carbon and oxygen already in the white dwarf, fuses.

All at once.

There’s a big explosion, known as a “Type Ia Supernova.” (That’s supposed to be a Roman numeral I. Sans serif fonts can be stupid sometimes.)

It turns out that every Type Ia supernova is identical in brightness. If you see two of them, and one looks a quarter as bright as the other, you know that the fainter one is twice as far away. Also, they follow the same luminosity curve. So even if you don’t catch it at its brightest, you can watch it fade for a while match that curve to part of the full curve for a Type Ia, and then figure out how bright it had been.

(And I need to be clear, you can tell from the spectrum what kind of supernova it is–no one will mistake a Core Collapse for a Ia.)

And a supernova of either type can outshine the galaxy it’s in. Very easy to see, as easy as the galaxy is.

So if we look at a galaxy and happen to catch a Type Ia supernova in progress, we can measure the distance to that galaxy by measuring the brightness of the supernova, and match that distance with the redshift.

As I indicated before, though, these are fairly rare occurrences; any particular galaxy might not have a Type Ia supernova for decades. But for our purposes, we don’t need to measure every galaxy’s distance, just a representative sample of them.

And there are a lot of galaxies. The usual estimate (based on the Hubble Deep Space Field, a photograph taken by Hubble where it simply “stared” at one part of space for months, to bring up even the faintest objects in that direction) is 100 billion galaxies that we can see from Earth. I’ve even seen some articles go ten times higher to an even trillion.

What we want to do, then, is hunt for Type Ia supernovae in distant galaxies, and use those to get a distance and redshift reading for those galaxies. We do this by photographing thousands upon thousands of galaxies, then going back later to look at them again. If we see a new “star” there, it is a candidate supernova. Further observation will hopefully establish it’s a Type Ia supernova.

This project was undertaken by two separate teams in the 1990s. When they spotted a Type Ia supernova, they’d look again a while later to see how much the supernova had dimmed. They could then figure out what part of the fading of the supernova they were witnessing, and know how bright it had been originally.

Here’s just one example.

At lower left, a type 1a supernova.

Often when they show pictures of a supernova, there will be two arrows pointing to it, added in post-processing, so they often joke that all you have to do is look for arrows in the sky to find one.

The two teams were the High-Z Supernova Search Team led by Brian Schmidt and Nicholas P Suntzeff, and the Supernova Cosmology Project led by Saul Perlmutter.

The rivalry was friendly.

Schmidt and Perlmutter

Both teams were actually glad the other team was doing the same thing; they would thereby serve as a check for each other. But that doesn’t mean the wanted the other team to be first.

In 1998, Adam Reiss from the High Z Supernova Search Team published his team’s results; and shortly after that, the other team published as well.

Was the expansion of the universe slowing down rapidly, indicating that we’d end up in a Big Crunch someday (Ω>1)? Was it expanding in such a way that it’d never quite slow down to zero, indicating the amount of “stuff” in the universe was at the critical density (Ω=1)? Or did it have excess energy and would never slow down to zero (Ω<1)?

Scientists were fairly confident that Ω=1. Because we seem to be close to that value by every measurement ever made, and calculations indicated that we had to have been much, much closer to 1 in the distant past. At some point, if Ω really is 0.3 now, in the distant past it would have been Ω=0.99999999999. Why would it not just be at 1.0 in the first place?

Well, thanks to those two teams, we know the shape of the curve. And the answer is:

None Of The Above


(This is why we check theory against reality, folks!)

The expansion of the universe is accelerating. And has been for a few billion years. Before that, it was indeed slowing down, but now, some unknown factor was becoming more prominent and starting to give the universe a big push.

Here’s what’s actually going on, shown in red:

This was very, very surprising, to say the least.

(This is, by the way, the sort of moment a good scientist lives for: finding something totally unexpected that forces a re-evaluation.)

Something is pushing the universe apart, something that became dominant over gravity a few billion years ago.

What is that something?

We don’t know.

That doesn’t stop us from giving it a name, and that name is “Dark Energy.”

We know it’s some form of energy. And we believe that it’s absolutely, uniformly distributed throughout space.

And we know that when we add it all together, its total mass-equivalent is 0.70 Ω.

Which means Ω = 1.0 and space is flat…which is what we’ve been measuring. So even though the blue curve isn’t right…we have the Ω value it was supposed to match with.

So now we know, at a very high level, what the universe is made of. About 70% Dark Energy, 25% Dark Matter, and 5% ordinary matter and photons.

That means that we really don’t have even the most basic understanding of 95% of the stuff in the universe!

Science is far from done with this!

Notice something else too: With that history, the universe is slightly older than it would have been otherwise. That solves the nagging problem of those old globular clusters that turn out to be older than the universe was thought to be. And so now the best figure for the age of the universe is now: 13.787±0.020 billion years.

And there are a couple of other nagging problems that are neatly solved by this, which is why it’s pretty much accepted by astrophysicists and cosmologists today, even though it was a total “WTF!!” when it was first announced.

So what does the future hold? The universe will continue to expand. Eventually, many billions or even trillions of years from now, future astronomers will only be able to see the local group of galaxies. Those are gravitationally bound to each other and therefore don’t move apart as space expands.

Some speculate that the repulsion is going to grow stronger and stronger as the universe expands, so that the local group will get ripped apart, then the individual galaxies, then even stars and planets…and perhaps even molecules, atoms and nucleons, and that those last few phases will happen very quickly when they do get here. This is called the “big rip” but I hasten to remind any reading this, that it is speculative.

We’d sure like to know what Dark Energy actually is. Then we could at least speculate more intelligently.

Some think it might be “vacuum energy,” energy inherent in quantum fluctuations in even totally empty space. The only problem is when we try to calculate how much vacuum energy there ought to be, it’s something like 10112 joules per cubic meter. Which is to say 1046 times more energy than has been released by all the stars in all of the galaxies throughout the entire history of the universe so far (note: that’s from a quick back-of-the envelope calculation I did, but I shouldn’t be off by more than a factor of a billion–puny by comparison to these numbers). Whereas dark energy, whatever it is, would have to be about 10-8 joules per cubic meter to fit what we are seeing.

That’s only an error of a factor of 10120, which I will write out, The theory gives a value for vacuum energy


times as high as it “ought” to be, to fit dark energy. This seems to just about everyone to indicate that the theory of vacuum energy might need to be polished just a bit, since it is even more wrong than Critical Race Theory.

There’s an idea of something called “quintessence” which would be a sort of energy inherent in vacuum, though the amount of it per cubic meter is allowed to change over time. (It’s absolutely uniform at any given time, but that amount can change with time.)

And finally, there’s Einstein’s cosmological constant, which he called his greatest mistake ever. Maybe not!

Einstein used the Greek letter Λ (capital lambda–that’s not an A, and if it was, it’d be missing the crossbar) to represent this constant, and he used it as a “fudge factor” to prevent the universe from collapsing when he first tried to apply general relativity to the whole universe. That’s because everyone back in the late 1910s thought the universe was static. Hubble and Lemaitre had not yet discovered the universe was expanding under the impetus from the Big Bang.

Even if dark energy doesn’t turn out to be Einstein’s cosmological constant, it’s often symbolized by Λ anyway.

Since Λ is uniform per cubic meter of space, and space is growing, the total amount of Dark Energy is increasing as the universe expands. The total amount of matter remains the same (though it gets spread thinner and thinner), and the energy in photons is actually decreasing with time. So it stands to reason that at some point dark energy becomes dominant, and indeed it already has since it is already over half of the stuff in the universe.

So we have a universe which consists of dark energy and cold dark matter (cold because dark matter moves a lot slower than the speed of light). The ordinary matter we are made of is insignificant by comparison.

The model is called the ΛCDM (“Lambda Cee Dee Em”) model.

And now for my editorial comment: Λ will be uniformly spread throughout space. When we find out what it is, it probably won’t be very complicated. Cold dark matter will likely be more complicated, but not very complex in structure; after all it only reacts weakly. (That is a double meaning: it reacts weakly in the usual sense, and it also reacts with the weak nuclear force.) Regular old matter, on the other hand, has a vast variety of structures. That is, after all, what chemistry and more broadly, material science is all about, and of course you are made of it too. So the complexity will probably turn out to be almost entirely in that 5 percent of the universe that is “ordinary” matter.

Where To From Here?

I’ve brought us up to the present day. Yes, this is the last part of the “physics posts,” at least so far as the historical approach goes. If you’re still with me, go buy the “I survived SteveInCO’s Deplorable Physics Posts” bumper sticker. (If on the other hand, you just scrolled over them…you ain’t earned it! No stolen valor, please!)

Theoretical physicists are trying to figure out what dark matter and dark energy are. On the dark matter front, they’re trying to come up with coherent predictions of new particles, everything from string theory to supersymmetry and even membrane theory. All of this is entirely speculative; nothing has been detected, and many of the theories aren’t even refined enough to make a prediction that can be checked.

And dark energy, being much more recently noticed, is completely off the wall.

Which is not to say that absolutely nothing has happened since 1998. But it’s stuff I’ve already covered, like the top quark and the Higgs boson.

How about astrophysics? Thanks to the Hubble Space Telescope and various very large telescopes on Earth (Palomar is still doing excellent work, despite being built in the mid 20th century–what a feat of engineering–but it has plenty of company now, much larger telescopes using adaptive optics to cancel out the turbulence of our own atmosphere), we can see things thirteen billion light years away–just barely. Why no further? Ideally we’d like to get back past those last six or seven hundred million years, maybe see back to shortly after the Cosmic Microwave Background, which was a mere 300-400 thousand years after the big bang.

The very faintest and reddest dots in this image are galaxies 13 billion light years away.
This is a false color image, those red dots are actually infrared.

Because further away than about ten billion light years, things become so red-shifted that we do not see any visible light at all; it has all been stretched to infrared wavelengths. If you have infrared sensors, this can be dealt with, but there are enormous practical problems that limit what can be done.

Visible light has wavelengths 380-800 nanometers (billionths of a meter). The short wavelength/high frequency light looks violet, the longer/low frequency light looks red. The cosmological red shift at extreme distances pushes all of the light from galaxies out past 800 nanometers.

Hubble’s sensors can’t see anything longer than about 2400 nanometers, and earth’s atmosphere blocks things at that wavelength, so we’re currently limited as to how far into the infrared we can see. If we want to see the very oldest galaxies, and better yet, the individual big stars that we think formed very shortly after the big bang, we’re going to need a bigger telescope, and one that can see deep into the infrared.

We don’t have one. Not yet. That will be a topic for next week.

One Loose End

One of the 1894 mysteries hasn’t come to complete closure even yet, but we know the outlines of the answer.

How was the solar system formed?

Well, we know what happens. The Hubble Space Telescope has looked into the Orion Nebula and can actually see stars and their planetary systems being formed, and it is indeed by accretion from nebulae.

The bulk of the mass ends up in the star, but there’s a large disk of gas and dust (and that “dust” is all stuff that formed in prior generations of stars) that eventually starts to clump up into small bodies, which collect into larger bodies called “planetesimals” which in turn combine into planets.

What we don’t understand is how some of those stages of growth actually happen. For instance, a B-B sized particle of stuff colliding with a 1 meter boulder will likely ricochet off of it, rather than sticking to it. Gravity just isn’t strong enough for objects of that size. So even though we can actually watch the process happen–which settles a lot of things–we still don’t understand it.

If just seeing it happen is good enough, check that one off; if you want a full understanding, then don’t.

What A Ride, And It’s Not Over

There’s so much we know that we didn’t know before Galileo did his first experiments rolling balls down inclined planes, a bit over four centuries ago…but there is also so much we don’t know. The hard sciences seem to have gone through a golden age already, but I suspect the best is yet to come.

We are humans, we use our minds as our primary means of survival. That comes with curiosity, a desire to learn what makes the universe ‘tick.’ And then inventiveness to put it to use. It’s our unique legacy, but it’s also our future. We press on!

NOT the end. The story is still being written.

Obligatory PSAs and Reminders

China is Lower than Whale Shit

To conclude: My standard Public Service Announcement. We don’t want to forget this!!!

Remember Hong Kong!!!

If anyone ends up in the cell right next to him, tell him I said “hi.”

中国是个混蛋 !!!
Zhōngguò shì gè hùndàn !!!
China is asshoe !!!

China is in the White House

Since Wednesday, January 20 at Noon EST, the bought-and-paid for Joseph Biden has been in the White House. It’s as good as having China in the Oval Office.

Joe Biden is Asshoe

China is in the White House, because Joe Biden is in the White House, and Joe Biden is identically equal to China. China is Asshoe. Therefore, Joe Biden is Asshoe.

But of course the much more important thing to realize:

Joe Biden Didn’t Win

乔*拜登没赢 !!!
Qiáo Bài dēng méi yíng !!!
Joe Biden didn’t win !!!

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Silly politicians.
What climate concerns?
They grow these trees as corps.
They would not grow these trees if they could not sell them.
Instead they’d sell the land to be developed.
Buy the damn trees and enjoy Christmas!


They are utterly lost in their own BS

Deplorable Patriot

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Tapping foot and looking at watch …



Symbolism will be their downfall.

Deplorable Patriot

As if.


She’s a PIG! No amount of lipstick will clean this one up.

Deplorable Patriot

Thank you, SteveinCo and cthulhu and all who were concerned. I made an earlier comment in response to your concerns but not sure it posted.

Deplorable Patriot

I know you’re out on the plains in Illinois. Am I correct in thinking the Champagne/Urbana area around the university?


Flew over KSTL (bottom left) at FL380 a few days ago. I though, “DP is down there somewhere” and snapped this pic.

Hi DP! 😎

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Deplorable Patriot

 🙂  HI!

Yeah, my neck of the woods is in the pic.

All the roads converging toward the river (Mississippi) are going straight into downtown. You can almost see the Arch.


Did you document this with Never Twice the Same Color video?

Deplorable Patriot

Are you seeing 70, or Natural Bridge?

I see highway 40, 44, 170, Hanley, Grand, Forest Park, etc.

Last edited 11 months ago by Deplorable Patriot
Deplorable Patriot

I knew based on the interchange with 170. Pro-tip, if you want to get on 70 going west from 170, take the airport exit. Trust me. The 70 onramp puts you on the left side of the highway, and the airport ramp is on the right. It’s A LOT easier to merge.

Deplorable Patriot

I would avoid 70 right now, even if it is just to drive over the Stan Span. There’s a side swiping problem up there, and the police have recommended taking another route.

Deplorable Patriot

I actually thought that might have been Natural Bridge since it goes all the way into north STL, but it’s not that wide. The Rock Road definitely is.

Deplorable Patriot

This is so awful. The F4 that made a mess of the C concourse at the airport…one injury, no deaths, and multiple neighborhoods leveled.

This outbreak, it’s like all that training we’ve done for decades is just gone.


This devastation is unbelievable shocking. I remember when a town in Kansas was hit several years ago and a whole town was devastated. I cannot even imagine the worse is when life is lost. We had strong winds and rain and I kept hearing garbage cans being tossed around.
Not ours.
Can you believe the mess we are going to have with the implementation of green deal if a tornado rips through?
The windmills for energy the charging stations and who know what else?

Wonder how many animals got killed beside human life?
I hope Biden is on top of this and FEMA also.

Last edited 11 months ago by singingsoul1

“I hope Biden is on top of this and FEMA also.”


They’re too busy figuring out their grift and how not to let a crisis go to waste.


You on to something


I hope Biden is on top of this and FEMA also.


BiteMe has NO clue.

BiteMe’s handlers do NOT care about Fly Over Country. Well, they don’t care about America, short of destroying America. American’s are largely on our own these days. Increasingly so every day.


Americans are always good helping each other.


Yes we are good about helping each other.

2008, a F3 went through our hood in Suffolk, VA. Leveled entire blocks of homes. WE had ~$4K damage. Five doors down, homes leveled to the concrete slab.

Folks hugely came together helping AND sharing. Serious wake up call. No deaths. Some injuries.

A helping hand IS what we do in huge ways during and after disaster.

Since the Covid mania, many of us, on a daily basis, wherever w are, look out for those around us. In stores, parking lots, out and about, in the neighborhood.

So many folks, especially older, scared and confused these days. So fricken sad.


That is what I love about Americans big heart big gun and helping hands 🙂
Could not resist about the gun 🙂




We are the untouchables to the Biden commies.



Yup. The “Fly IN The Ointment” AND WE ARE NOT BACKING DOWN.


True we are here to stay no matter what 🙂

Sadie Slays

ZIP code for Mayfield, KY is 42066. [4+2=6]066. 666. Anyone else find this weird?


Everything since Trump’s election is weird.

Barb Meier

Not me. I looked at the zip code and saw 420 which reminded me of what some called pot in the 70s. Then, I just saw 66.

Sadie Slays

KY District Judge Brian Crick, representing KY’s 45th Judicial District (of course there’s a 45 reference), died in one of the tornadoes last night. Obviously it was a terrible storm and this is an entirely plausible story. Still, severe weather is good cover for disappearing political opposition. I’m trying to figure out if this judge did or said anything that went against the narrative.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Most controversial thing he was involved with that I can find so far is one of those weird “animal rescuers” that use animal rescue as an excuse to go after farmers. Gail Combs may have some insight into what’s going on here.



First 1:30 is set up to speak about weather warfare.

Assuming the premise that this tornado strike was not an accident, then what was the objective? Was it the District Judge? Maybe something larger?
Remember the NYC District Judge killed in Florida while on vacation by a guy who drove up on the side walk. Strange things happen. Did that have an effect in the Judiciary? Would the effect be something we notice? At best it would be speculation, but doesn’t mean it’s not happened? I think you have to rule it in. Wondering what weather buffs are saying about this these tornado/s strike/s? Oh wait, Sadie’s tweet tells us.

Last edited 11 months ago by para59r
Barb Meier

Echnology & Ideas
Has China Mastered Weather Modification? Should We Worry?Using rockets and pickup trucks, Chinese officials are seeding clouds and bringing the rain. But do they have other uses in mind?
By Adam Minter +Follow
December 16, 2020, 7:00 PM EST
Last month, 16 “artificial rain enhancement rockets” were launched off the back of a pickup truck 300 miles south of Beijing. The operation, ordered up by the Juye County Meteorological Bureau in response to a local drought, was reportedly a success. Over the next 24 hours, the county received more than two inches of rain that, according to local officials, alleviated the drought, lowered the risk of forest fires and improved air quality.

It sounds like something out of a cartoon. But for decades, China has been home to one of the world’s most advanced weather-modification programs. Generally, its goals have been modest: more rain in arid places, less field-destroying hail and sunny days for big national events. But that modesty is starting to give way. Earlier this month, China announced plans to expand its rainmaking capabilities to cover nearly 60% of the country by 2025. Details are sketchy, but fears are rising about the potential military uses of these capabilities, and their effects on an already changing climate. For China, and the world, these concerns need to be addressed soon.

Humans have dreamed of controlling the weather for millennia. But it wasn’t until 1946 that scientists at General Electric Co. discovered that dry ice can create precipitation when it interacts with clouds under certain conditions. By 1953, roughly 10% of the land area of the U.S. had been targeted for cloud seeding. Twelve years later, the government was spending millions of dollars on weather-modification research each year, and 15 other companies had started cloud-seeding operations in 23 states.

It wasn’t just about rainfall, however. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. military weaponized cloud seeding to inhibit enemy troop movements and reduce the effectiveness of anti-aircraft attacks, among other things. These uses so alarmed policy makers that they began seeking an international agreement to end “environmental warfare.” In 1978, the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification went into force.

Although China ratified the treaty in 2005, its interest in controlling the weather and the environment didn’t wane. Meteorological calamities such as hail and flooding account for more than 70% of the country’s annual disaster-related damage. Because of that ongoing toll, the government has staked its legitimacy in part on how well it responds to such incidents. In recent decades, as the country has grown wealthier, Earth-altering projects such as the Three Gorges Dam have become a favored solution.

Weather modification, by comparison, is relatively inexpensive. In the 1980s, the government began making substantial investments in cloud physics and related fields. Advances in everything from satellites to rocketry boosted the effort, even though definitive scientific proof for the effectiveness of cloud seeding emerged only in 2018 (and in Idaho, not China). Nonetheless, the government claimed a great success in 2008, when Beijing launched 1,110 allegedly rain-suppressing rockets to ensure that the Olympic opening ceremonies were dry (they were, although scientists have questioned whether the rockets had much to do with it). By 2015, there were rainmaking and hail-suppression programs in 30 Chinese provinces, employing some 35,000 people.

Success has bred greater ambitions. In 2017, China’s top economic policy-making body showered $175 million on a weather-modification system designed to bring more precipitation to a region that makes up about 10% of the country’s territory (among the items purchased: 897 rocket launchers). A year later, Chinese aerospace and defense companies were reportedly building thousands of fuel-burning chambers intended to produce vast amounts of precipitation along the Alaska-sized Tibetan plateau. This month’s announcement was a predictable progression — albeit one that has generated significant skepticism among scientists.

But as the U.S. learned decades ago, even modest success at weather modification is sufficient to worry rivals and neighbors. And other Asian countries are increasingly concerned that China’s program could negatively affect the monsoons and regular rains that have fed their people for millennia. Although the science behind such schemes is still debatable, this isn’t an idle worry. In a region where tensions are already rising over access to water, weather modification will at best appear like diplomatic pressure; at worst, it looks like a weapon.

For now, the only international agreement that comes close to addressing such concerns is the convention on environmental modification. But that treaty only applies to “hostile” modifications, not the “peaceful” ones that China and other countries will surely claim for themselves if challenged. One way around this problem is to make weather modification a part of the climate-change discussion. Insofar as the technology is being used to counterbalance the negative effects of global warming, it already is. But future talks on the matter should discourage unilateral approaches. Instead, they should prioritize cooperative uses of weather modification, including data sharing, among all countries.

Convincing China and others to share their technology and intentions won’t be easy. But unless the world gets a handle on this looming problem, it could face some dark clouds ahead. 


And that’s what’s on the books. What’s off the books and who else is doing it, how long and who has access?

Personally thinks that Mr Global has the money to hire away anyone who’s been working in this black ops area. Since weather modification has existed for over 50 years (it showed up in treaties as being something not to be done) it’s likely 4th and 5th generation capabilities now (thinks of HAARP as second or third generation). Thinks where the computer was 50 years ago and extrapolates from there mixing other technologies into the mix that have grown too.

Imagines places like what controls Houston refineries as being able to buy protective measures against this stuff. No more hurricane strikes in Houston. So that would be private money buying off the shelf technology but it’s secret.

It has to be secret, imagine if Mexico knew we are grounding out Hurricanes there. Ever since Katrina made that inexplicable jump to the east people have suspected. Then came the tropical storms that wouldn’t go inland. Lately hurricane Dorian 2019, that got stuck for 24 hrs and never made a land fall in the US, the one where people speculated about a Chinese sub base in the Bahamas.






New article from Political Moonshine:

OMICRON: Further Positioning and Evidencing Omicron Within a Perpetual Construct of Enterprise Fraud
By Political Moonshine on December 11, 2021

11 Dec 21

Intro: “We hit the ground running with established evidence, analysis and positions moving us while providing little in the way of recapitulating everything that has us to this point. For those unfamiliar with Moonshine work evidencing COVID-19 as a perpetual construct of enterprise fraud, our timeline helps for fast consumption and quick uptake. Otherwise, there are ONE TWO previous articles that provide needed backdrop to this article.

Taking the second linked article first, the work identifies ties to an independent and European Union funded lab and center named Omicron, that was established within a Poland university. The name, capabilities and functionality of the center relative to COVID-19 as a construct of enterprise fraud, make it very worthy of close scrutiny while the evidence shows direct overlays with components in the evidence we’ve uncovered in the U.S.

In the first article that coincides with the first reporting of the Nu and later renamed Omicron “variant,” which was rolled-out over the Thanksgiving holiday, we assume the Martin position on “variants” and the nature of the “outbreak.” Doing so made our first priority identifying the utilitarian purpose of Omicron in service to the construct at the time it presented on our established and ongoing timeline.

I put it like this in real time,


The Nu “variant” is going to be used to exacerbate what would otherwise be a normally occurring and statistically unremarkable peak flu 2021-2022 in a very specific way. The Nu “variant” is likely going to begin another round of draconian lock-downs in one to several states that will expand to others while it also is going to expand the drive for or perhaps tip us over to mandatory vaccines for all.

Through a lens, the Nu “variant” can be seen as an extra-legal appeal from the 5th Circuit’s recent ruling against the Biden administration’s OSHA vaccine mandate and it may shift the landscape of opinion, thought and rulings to our disadvantage. It’s similar to how Fauci circumvented the U.S. Patent Office – he revised his application to include a deliberate or accidental release and upon doing so, previously denied vaccine patents were granted. That’s what they do – change the rules and circumvent.

This cartel’s long history of rules changes and circumvention are hallmark indicators of fraud.


Let’s augment our understanding and positioning of Omicron [Nu at the time above] to include this plausible scenario. It involves mortality rates in the U.S. climbing in statistically remarkable ways to demonstrate a correlation between COVID-19 “vaccination” rates and anomalously higher levels of mortality that comports on the same timeline. In this case, Omicron may be used to explain away mortality that is actually being caused by the experimental mRNA “vaccines.”

Here is more contemporaneous evidence that our positioning here is on point.
From 10 Dec 21, Summit News as posted at Zero Hedge, we learn coming out of south Africa that not only is Omicron not deadly, but that despite the increases in infection numbers, the mild nature of it is not only mostly unremarkable, but through the lens of herd immunity, it may represent an exit from the pandemic. Regardless, it in no way lives up to the fear being manufactured over it.

In an 11 Dec 21 article from Zero Hedge, we learn that across the U.S., there is only one hospitalization and that there are zero deaths due to Omicron. In that same vein and from the article, don’t forget that, “CDC Director Rochelle Walensky, the bureaucrat who coined the term “pandemic of the unvaccinated” (only to see the virus cut through vaccine protections like butter), confirmed Friday afternoon that the US has only seen one patient hospitalized due to omicron, and that nearly all cases of the variant found in the US so far have been notably mild.”

The 800-lb. gorilla in the room is the continued insistence and mandating that people receive these experimental mRNA injections when the evidence suggests that they are ineffective and will require lifetime boosters and new shots altogether for each new emerging “variant.” It’s exacerbated by coming to understand that we are experiencing a pandemic of the vaccinated; that the vaccinated are accountable for transmission and hospitalizations.

The very fact that the “vaccines” appear responsible for transmission is direct evidence of the perpetual nature of the enterprise fraud construct. We get further confirmation of this line of thought from Pfizer.

In a 09 Dec 21 piece from The Gateway Pundit, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla said vaccinated individuals would require a fourth dose sooner than expected. No matter the context, the goalpost always gets moved: one shot to, two to three, and now four.

According to whistleblower Brook Jackson and his tranche of evidence, that’s the same Pfizer that falsified trials data, unblinded patients and had employees that were not adequately trained for vaccine administration.

Who thinks four will be the last? It’s as laughable as it is tragic and half of the nation is blindly marching in lockstep to it and their own demise.”

[continued at title link above]

Last edited 11 months ago by scott467
Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The PLOTTERS have to make sure that CONTRACEPTIVE and ABORTIVE ACTIONS are fully CONSERVED in any new variations of the synthetically generated spike protein.


Near the conclusion of the article:

“Now consider aspects of this that don’t get any darker and I will tell you that there are brilliant people – doctors, nurses, lawmakers, attorneys, investigators and more – on the teams I serve and that some of them believe as I do in that despite SARS-CoV-2 being a bio-WMD, the real bio-WMD of concern is the mechanism of the nanoparticle envelope/mRNA/S-1 spike protein/Ace-2 binding domain that is the mRNA injections.

To evidence this consider this report from The Gateway Pundit coming out of Canada and specifically, I’ll refer you to the video of an interview with Canadian doctor, Dr. Daniel Nagase. The heavy hitter inside of that video is this. The norm for stillbirths occurs at a rate of about 1 every 2 mos. Recently and relative to the vaccination timeline, stillbirths rose to 86 in 6 months.

All 86 stillbirths occurred with “fully vaccinated” mothers.”


Another quote:

“As the vaccine adverse reactions, injuries and deaths continue to mount; and as the already identified myocarditis and pericarditis concerns do likewise; and often in full public display like professional athletic events; and in light of deliberate under-reporting and the obfuscation of reliable VAERS data, the criminal enterprise [RICO] is grasping for answers and explanations.

The data and the narrative don’t comport; never have.

It’s causing them to fabricate nonsense from thin air. Like this as reported by Summit News and posted at Zero Hedge 09 Dec 21, where in the UK, the “explosion in new heart illnesses in younger patients can be explained by a new condition called “post-pandemic stress disorder.”


“That is utter bullshit. Fodder for the feeble minded and intellectually challenged who are afraid to confront their own conventions, assume personal risk and actually fight back.

This criminal enterprise is hoping that we’re all so abjectly stupid that we’ll buy their snake oil.” (boldface emphasis mine)

“Speaking of snake oil, Lord Fauci – the so-called expert who’s been in place since 1984 – can’t even define what “fully vaccinated” means. It seems to me that we are in the midst of a pandemic of self-proclaimed experts who are wrong and not expert at all around every single corner.

That is by design and that is why this is all enterprise fraud.”

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yup. This is why Twitter changed the terms of service on COVID-19-related posts. To prevent stuff like THIS from showing up.


THIS sort of information, data really must go viral.


My take people walk in goose steps to their own demise.
Thank you for your excellent report to keep us informed.


D.P., you are correct regarding my location. I’m in a small town on the edge of Champaign/Urbana. I felt a litttle safer when I lived at my family home, which was in Southwest Champaign in kind of a slight dip. Still, I feeel relatively secure where I am, though one never knows what will happen.


The Pentagon is considering the possibility of mandating COVID-19 vaccine booster shots, Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs John Kirby said on Friday.

“There are active discussions” regarding whether to require booster shots, he said. “There have been no final decisions made about that.”



So if the white hats allow the [JB] administration to literally eliminate our military via vaccine induced permanent injury or death, will that be enough to stop pretending that there are any white hats coming to the rescue?

Not that the military has done anything besides say “how high?” whenever Beijing’s proxy administration says “Jump!”, but if the military is actually all dead or injured, who is it, in theory, that is supposed to intervene and set things right?

What’s the new narrative at that point?

Do they have to show us what it is like to be taken into captivity?

Good times!


I’m in NY under Frau Hochul’s rule. My new narrative is nobody’s coming to save us. We have to save ourselves.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Hochul is the ultimate “brownskirt”!


What IF everyone says NO to Faru Hochul?


They don’t care about the troops or the country.
The only thing that seems logical is that the aim is for us to be a drone society after they cull out the useless eaters.
They don’t care about superiority or exceptionalism or military strength so they must believe that being subservient to other nations is the way forward.

Here’s a good one




The bitch IS stuck on Valley Girl stoopid.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The American military is committing suicide.

Beijing approves!


I’m endorsing it, and may hackers everywhere be successful in doing the same 👍

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

This is worthy non-violent civil disobedience.


The only good reason I can think of to “learn to code!”


GREAT news. May the next Epidemic be DELETING VAX records, Vax Passport records


Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Good! We have to stand up against the Chinazis AND the Bidenazis AND the Globonazis.


Wow, brain research pays off. Who knew!


I am happy to see that there are still ethical scientists who are not goose stepping China.
Selling out the country and not wanting to participate in it is racist. The commies use the phrase racist about anything that hinders their goal to sell out the country.


Refreshing. Standing by his convictions, ethics AND calling out Chinee.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

German media “brownskirts” blaming the unvaccinated and demanding mandates! Oh, how FAKE NEWS!!!



That woman was so hateful she would make a good Nazi or Communist in the former DDR. She comes across very hard without compassion . I am shocked.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yes, I was thinking you and others with more exposure to German media would see the backsliding this nightmare global scam has encouraged in people!


Yes she was something. Nothing attractive on her at all. I say she was cold.


Here is another coincidence. The latest Air Line Pilot (alpa) magazine Oct/Nov edition. Shows 1 pilot passed away 2019, 6 pilots passed away 2020, and 111 pilots passed away in the first 9 months of 2021.


Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy


Sadie Slays

So the official narrative is that a Christmas candle factory collapsed in Mayfield, KY—that’s the town with the 666 ZIP code that got wiped out by a tornado last night—and trapped over 100 people inside.

There were few buildings left standing in the town of about 10,000, and it completely leveled the Mayfield Consumer Products candle factory, where more than 100 people were working. The factory had been “going 24/7” in part to meet Christmastime candle demand, US Rep. James Comer, who represents the area, told CNN.

Does anyone else find it peculiar that over 100 employees were working a graveyard shift in the middle of a Friday night in a small Kentucky town making candles? 

I know they’re using “Christmas demand” as an excuse, but manufacturers typically produce Christmas products months in advance so that it’s all shipped out to the stores by Black Friday. I’ll concede that supply chain shortages might have impacted the production schedule. I can’t shake that there’s something “off” about this, though.



MAYBE, supply chain issues could be a factor as you point out, on December 10th. Two weeks before Christmas Eve. Hmmm.

Unless they are working custom or special orders, odd as hell to me.

Sadie Slays

False flag connection!

In 2021, Mayfield resident Clayton Ray Mullins traveled to Washington, D.C. and was subsequently arrested and charged in the assault of D.C. Metropolitan Police Officer “A.W.” amidst that year’s United States Capitol attack. Mullins and his home city of Mayfield were also subjects in a long-form New York Times feature about the Capitol attack.


Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy



I don’t know the first thing about the candle-making business, nor about its supply chains, but this does seem odd to me. I haven’t shopped specificallly for candles lately, but it seems like there are always lots of them in stores.

Sadie Slays

The current site of the “candle factory” is a former Remington gun manufacturing plant!

Retained by the Propes family after divesting their interests in MVP Group International, MCP will use $5.55 million of its investment for the purchase and renovation of an existing 80,000-square-foot-plus facility on Rifle Trail in Mayfield that formerly housed Remington.


Remington to close Mayfield plant

Last edited 11 months ago by Sadie Slays
Sadie Slays

Remington Outdoor Company today announced the closure of a manufacturing facility they’ve operated in Mayfield, Kentucky. What’s produced there, you ask? The Mayfield plant makes Remington Model 783’s, 770’s and 597’s as well as Marlin 60’s, 795’s and Model XT rifles.



As an aside. Date on the linked article, May 2016.

Sadie Slays

What kind of “corrosive chemicals” are used to make Christmas candles?

“It’ll be a miracle if anybody else is found alive in it,” Beshear said, explaining that there’s at least 15 feet of metal and cars on top of the rubble, and there are barrels of corrosive chemicals there as well. 



I found a number of articles about chemicals and candles.

Along with VOCs [volatile organic compounds], candles often contain other chemical additives – such as color dyes, stabilizers, fixatives, and synthetic fragrance. While chemical fragrances are widely used and generally regarded as ‘safe’, they can cause health issues for some folks. People with asthma, allergies, or general fragrance sensitivities may experience respiratory irritation, allergic reactions, or other unpleasant symptoms around burning candles. For instance, scented candles give me a gnarly headache and also make me feel nauseous! 

Furthermore, chemical fragrances often contain phthalates – added solvents to extend the aromatic properties of the candle. Phthalates are known endocrine (hormone) disruptors, and have been linked to reproductive and developmental toxicity. Thus, as candles burn and their scent travels through your home, a little dose of phthalates may come along for the ride. Not all synthetic fragrance oils contain phthalates.

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Cuppa Covfefe

Beeswax are the best. Provided they’re not from RED China….


Yes, I thought that was very weird. It’s too late to meet demand for Christmas orders. Businesses ordered Christmas merch months ago.


Although apparently, they do usually have a night shift:


Cuppa Covfefe

Wonder if Bonnie (Barmy) Prince Chuckles is somehow involved… because he’s one of the driving forces behind “the Great Reset”…..

Candles in the wind…..


Deputy Warden of DC Gulag has deleted her account after angry tweet back at MTG. “Fuck everyone who supports Trump”. Someone needs to delete her!



Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

It sounds like the people were doing ambush journalism on her, and she tried to make it out like they were attacking her.


Or, straight-up FF….

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Hoaxing an “attack” by AFLD would be seriously stupid! May it be so!!!


Kept looking for the Babylon Bee indicator.


And this passes for Fox journalism:

“The group has propagated misleading claims of the COVID-19 virus, including hydroxychloroquine was an effective treatment and masks did not decrease the spread of the virus, according to the Times. “


The plot thickens. According to the article, the men said they were with America’s Frontline Doctors and just wanted her comment for a video they were doing. This sounds like yellow journalism to discredit the Frontline Doctors.


Yea. I quit scanning when I saw, “America’s Frontline Doctors…”

That’s when I looked for Babylon Bee. Then thought FF.

Maybe there is a reason, the label “Faux News”, fits Faux news.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Looks like AFLD has started a “Citizen’s Corps”! I’ll bet they’re activists!!!



Did some clicking. Didn’t see anything of substance, regarding Citizen Corps.

Odd as hell. All of it.

Cuppa Covfefe

And they all look like those six guys from the FIB… sunglasses, ear pieces, etc. etc. ….

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy



Next up — HCQ advocates are insurrectionists!!!

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I knew it! It’s the chlorine!


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Evoked a chuckle in me bones, yes it did….thanks wheatie :0)


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WB!  🤗 
Saw you earlier, but was taken out for a walk.




GREAT seeing ya Wheatie.   :wpds_grin: 


Thanks, Kalbo!


So, Wheatie, some have expressed concern over your well-being of late. How are you doing? Dialed-in for Monday? Are you completely certain what day it is right now?


It’s still Saturday here, I think, although it will be Sunday soon.

I’m doing better…thanks for asking.

And I’m working on getting Monday’s thread in the pipeline.


Really great to see you, Wheatie! You had us worried.


Thanks, Linda.

I’m sorry for causing any worry.
There are others who are struggling with far more serious health problems than I am.


I think I got some of the wrong em-FAY-sis on the wrong sy-LOB-el.

Let me try this again.

MANY people have expressed concern over your health. We’d love to rib you a bunch over last week’s column (and next week’s), but we’re really worried about YOU. You’ve said you’re doing better…..does this mean you’re 80% up to snuff? Is there anything we can do to help? Is there anything we can avoid to make it more comfortable?

I understand that our resident herbalist has a suitable list of plants that are meant to be chewed into a bundle and spat in the eye of a local politician in order for you to feel much better….have you tried this?


 we’re really worried about YOU.

I really appreciate it. Love you all.
 🤗  💖 

I am so sorry to have caused y’all to worry.

You’ve said you’re doing better…..does this mean you’re 80% up to snuff? 

More like 70% but still getting asthma attacks and phlegm attacks from hell.

Is there anything we can do to help?

Thank you for the wonderful offer, Coothie.
Can’t think of anything at the moment.
 😘  💖 
I’m just moving slow and probably will for a while yet.


Move as slowly as you’d like and get better soonest.