Okay you knuckledragging ChiComs trying to take us down…here’s a history lesson for you.
For millennia, you had to suffer from this:
Yep. Steppe Nomads. They laid waste to your country, burned, raped and pillaged (but not in that order–they’re smarter than you are) for century after century.
You know who figured out how to take them on and win? The Russians.
Not you, the Russians. And it took them less than two centuries. And Oh By The Way they were among the most backward cultures in Europe at the time.
You couldn’t invent an alphabet, you couldn’t take care of barbarians on horseback, and you think you can take this board down?
HAHAHAHAHAHAHA!!!! We’re laughing at you, you knuckledragging dehumanized communists…worshipers of a mass-murderer who killed sixty million people!
I mean, you still think Communism is a good idea even after having lived through it!
By my reckoning that makes you orders of magnitude more stupid than AOC, and that takes serious effort.
Joe Biteme, properly styled His Fraudulency, continues to infest the White House, and hopium is still being dispensed even as our military appears to have joined the political establishment in knuckling under to the fraud.
All realistic hope lies in the audits, and perhaps the Lindell lawsuit (that will depend on how honestly the system responds to the suit).
One can hope that all is not as it seems.
I’d love to feast on that crow.
Justice Must Be Done.
The prior election must be acknowledged as fraudulent, and steps must be taken to prosecute the fraudsters and restore integrity to the system.
Nothing else matters at this point. Talking about trying again in 2022 or 2024 is hopeless otherwise. Which is not to say one must never talk about this, but rather that one must account for this in ones planning; if fixing the fraud is not part of the plan, you have no plan.
Political Science In Summation
It’s really just a matter of people who can’t be happy unless they control others…versus those who want to be left alone. The oldest conflict within mankind. Government is necessary, but government attracts the assholes (a highly technical term for the control freaks).
(A comment I wrote last week that garnered some praise.)
Lawyer Appeasement Section
OK now for the fine print.
This is the WQTH Daily Thread. You know the drill. There’s no Poltical correctness, but civility is a requirement. There are Important Guidelines, here, with an addendum on 20191110.
We have a new board – called The U Tree – where people can take each other to the woodshed without fear of censorship or moderation.
And remember Wheatie’s Rules:
1. No food fights
2. No running with scissors.
3. If you bring snacks, bring enough for everyone.
4. Zeroth rule of gun safety: Don’t let the government get your guns.
5. Rule one of gun safety: The gun is always loaded.
5a. If you actually want the gun to be loaded, like because you’re checking out a bump in the night, then it’s empty.
6. Rule two of gun safety: Never point the gun at anything you’re not willing to destroy.
7. Rule three: Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
8. Rule the fourth: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.
(Hmm a few extras seem to have crept in.)
(Paper) Spot Prices
This week, 3PM Mountain Time, markets have closed for the weekend.
There’s no way to sugar coat it. This week was a blood bath. Anyone with palladium (and that does include me) lost $300 per ounce. Gold is heading right back to the levels it was at not so long ago.
XXVII The Cosmic Microwave Background
You’re going to get TWO parts this week. Thanksgiving Bonus!
The year is 1948. Ralph Alpher (1921-2007) and Robert Herman (194-1997) were doing work in close relation to work being done by Alpher’s PhD thesis adviser, George Gamow (1904-1968). At the time astronomers were still arguing about whether there had been a Big Bang, a definite ‘beginning’ to what we see around us, or whether we were in a ‘Steady State’ universe, and it had always looked pretty much as it does now. Always, as in always, back forever.
[Incidentally, the work this is related to is even more important than what I’m talking about here…but it makes more sense to cover it later. And no, it won’t be in the other part this week.]
Neither side denied that galaxies appeared to be rushing apart, and that the further apart they appeared to be the greater their speed away from each other.
The Steady State folks hypothesized that as the distance between two “neighbor” galaxies, A and B doubled, enough matter was spontaneously generated–out of nothing–to form a new galaxy in between A & B. By the time this new galaxy, call it C, had formed, it would be at about the same distance from A as B had been earlier, and it would be moving away from A at the same speed that B had originally been moving. Meanwhile the universe was now eight times bigger in volume (but twice as “wide”) than it had been previously, but it would also have eight times as much matter in it. This takes a certain amount of time, call it the “doubling time”
This would be going on everywhere, all the time. And if the universe was of infinite extent…well, run the tape backwards. A “doubling time” before the present, the universe was half as big as it was. All distances were half as great.
But half of infinity is still infinity. So you could go backward in time infinitely far, and you’d still see a universe with about the same density of galaxies you see today. It would look the same.
Contrast that with the Big Bang version, where, if you run the tape backward, you are compressing the same amount of matter into smaller and smaller amounts of space. It should heat up.
Run the tape back far enough, say to when the universe was about 1/1000th of its current size, and the universe ought to be so hot that all of the matter in it (not just the matter in stars) is plasma–the electrons have been knocked completely off their atoms.
Plasma is opaque. Photons can’t get very far before hitting and being absorbed by electrons; the electrons, of course are jumping around in energy levels every time the collide with each other, and emitting photons that get nowhere.
This is why we can’t see into the Sun. There’s a layer below which everything is plasma, and if you were there (without being vaporized), you couldn’t see your hand in front of your face.
So imagine a time when the universe was at a temperature just above this point, and as it expands, the temperature drops.
Suddenly atoms form as electrons settle into orbitals and actually stay there, and the universe becomes transparent. There’s a crapload of high-temperature photons out there, and now they are free to run loose. And they ought to correspond to a temperature of roughly 3000 K.
And if this actually happened, they should still be running loose today. Can we detect them? If so, the Big Bang has a huge piece of evidence in its favor and Steady State is in big trouble.
That was the question Alpher and Herman asked. They did some calculations, and figured we should be able to see these photons today, but that they would now correspond to a temperature of 5 K. Which is microwaves, very much like what your microwave oven uses. Back then the technology to generate and detect them simply didn’t exist.
They then re-ran their calculations based on new values for the Hubble parameter a couple of years ago, and revised their estimate to 28 K. Then again back down to 5 K.
The Hubble parameter is notoriously difficult to measure.
This is the parameter that tells you, given how far away a galaxy is, how fast it appears to be receding. Modern values are close to 70 km/second, for every megaparsec of distance. But it wasn’t long ago that one group’s data said it was close to 50 and another group’s data indicated 100. Both groups insisted their data showed they had to be right, yet they couldn’t both be. As it turned out, neither was.
It’s called the Hubble parameter, by the way, because there’s no particular reason to suppose that it doesn’t change over time. In fact there’s a special symbol for its value today, H0. And it’s a project of modern cosmology to plot the value of H versus time back in the past. This will be a topic for another day.
Where we left off talking about cosmology, people were pretty much estimating distances to distant galaxies–galaxies so far away we couldn’t see their Cepheid variables–by simply measuring their redshift, turning that into a speed, then dividing by H0. Of course that assumes H always equals H0.
It’s important to point out (again) that this is not the same sort of red shift you get from, say, Smokey’s radar gun.
A radar gun bounces a very precisely tuned frequency of radar waves off of your car, and then measures the frequency of what bounces back. If your car is stationary, the return frequency is the same. If your car is moving towards Smokey, the return pulses will be slightly closer together. If you’ve passed Smokey and are moving away from him, the pulses are further apart.
You can compute the “red shift” like this: Subtract the frequency of the return signal from the frequency of the emitted signal (i.e., subtract what the radar gun sees coming back from your no-doubt-bright-red car, from what the radar gun sent out). Then divide by what was measured coming back.
z = (femitted – freturned) / freturned
That number is invariably labeled z.
If you do some algebra, simply dividing the frequency of what the radar gun sent out, by the frequency of what came back, should equal 1+z.
The redshift of different galaxies turns out to have a very different cause. Now this is going to seem a bit freakish, but in fact galaxies are pretty much stationary.
The space between them is actually expanding.
That makes no damn sense if you think about space and time like Isaac Newton did, absolutely rigid and fixed, but according to Einstein’s General Theory, space and time can curve and stretch, and they do. It’s difficult to wrap our minds around, but that’s what’s going on.
A photon bopping along at about 300 million hertz, three hundred million cycles a second, will have a wavelength about a meter long–because it travels three hundred million meters in that second.
If, while it’s travelling along, the space between galaxies doubles in size, then the photon’s waves stretch to be two meters long. It can’t travel any faster to make this up, so now its frequency is only 150 million cycles per second. This means the photon actually loses energy as the space it travels through expands.
If the photon happens to be visible light it has a much, much shorter wavelength (half of a millionth of a meter, for instance), but as it stretches it looks redder and redder because red wavelengths are longer than blue ones.
So the redshift of these photons is directly related to how much space has stretched since the photon was emitted. In fact, you can write the following: 1 + z = anow/athen. The two as are “scale factors” but what really matters is the ratio between them. If z is 1 for some photon, 1+z = 2, and the scale factor today is twice as big as it was then. The universe has doubled in size; space has, everywhere stretched to double its old size, since the photon was emitted.
OK, returning to Alpher and Herman.
There was some discussion of their idea of there being a microwave remnant of the Big Bang until about 1955, but cosmology wasn’t considered a very serious area of study back then. And we simply didn’t have the technology to detect it if it were there. So the notion was largely forgotten.
Until about 1964. In the early 1960s Yakov Zeldovich (1914-1987) found their work, and Robert Dicke (1916-1997) reinvented that particular wheel about the same time. In 1964, David Todd Wilkinson (1935-2002) and Peter Roll at Princeton University in New Jersey decided to start building something called a Dicke Radiometer to look for microwave rays coming from the sky.
Meanwhile, Just Down The Road
This is New Jersey we’re discussing here. The damn state is so small everyone in it can get into the same freaking food fight. And if I lived there in that anti-gun tyrrany, if anything worse than Kalifornia’s, I’d probably need a food fight to relieve the stress.
And they can’t run an honest election as well as a bunch of southerners in Virginia, which should chap their look-down-on-Bubba asses. But since it won’t chap their asses enough to suit me, I am going to insult them and tell “small state” jokes about them. I may visit someday, but I doubt I could fit my truck into the state.
But seriously, just a few miles down the road from Princeton, at Bell Labs, Arno Penzias (born 1933) and Robert Woodrow Wilson (born 1936), a couple of electrical engineers were building a microwave antenna to test the feasibility of using microwaves to transmit signals. Their particular antenna had a Dicke Radiometer in it.
Something was wrong, though. There was noise in the system, noise they couldn’t get rid of.
They were pretty sure the noise was in their equipment, because no matter which way they pointed that antenna, the noise was there. If it had been someone testing out their prototype microwave oven somewhere else in the state, they’d only have picked it up while the antenna was pointing towards it. But this was always there no matter which way they pointed the antenna.
They even shotgunned the pigeons who were building nests in their antenna, so that when they cleaned out the poop, it would stay clean. But even that didn’t work. Noise in their system.
Finally in desperation they called Princeton University to see if they knew anything.
They ended up talking to Dicke himself, and Dicke knew what was going on. What was going on was that their team had been scooped.
Penzias and Wilson had found, quite by accident, what we now call the Cosmic Microwave Background.
The “Big Bang Theory” (a bit of a misnomer) not only had accounted for the galaxies (apparently) moving further apart, it had made an actual prediction of a previously unknown phenomenon, and it had panned out.
Steady State was dead. The universe, at least in its present form, has a beginning. (One can ask “what was there before the Big Bang” and it’s a plausible question, though most think that that is when space time itself began, and that therefore there can be no “before,” it’s like asking what is north of the north pole.)
Penzias and Wilson won the 1978 Nobel Prize for Physics.
So this is what’s going on: Those 3000K photons now have been stretched by a factor of 1090. And their temperature is 2.725 K today.
NASA has launched two satellites to study this radiation in detail: COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) and WMAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. It was originally simply MAP, but after Wilkinson died of cancer, it was renamed in his honor). COBE, when it was launched, had been the second most elaborate satellite NASA had ever built–right after the Hubble Space Telescope.
Their charter was to measure the cosmic microwave background in every direction.
It turns out to be almost perfectly uniform–once you factor out the (regular) Doppler redshift/blueshift due to the Sun’s motion around the center of our galaxy, and the galaxy’s true motion towards the Hercules cluster. Uniform to 1 part in 100,000. This indicates that the universe, at the time it cooled and released all those photons to run free, was very, very smooth, much more so than it is today (the universe is now clumped into galaxies, which clump into clusters and superclusters). Back then a cubic light year of universe had some certain amount of matter and energy in it, and adjacent cubic light years might be different by 1/1000th of a percent.
If you’ve ever seen this picture:
…it’s the Cosmic Microwave Background…with very slight differences in temperature shown in different colors, with the contrast dialed way up. Every direction in the sky is represented somewhere in that ellipse.
Cosmologists have been able to learn a lot from this image. A lot of details of the big bang theory have yet to be worked out, however several possibilities have been decisively eliminated by this data. It has also been used to demonstrate that space is flat, or very nearly so.
It’s essentially blackbody radiation, so at any point, it should follow a very specific curve. Now usually when something like this is measured, it’s not quite a perfect blackbody, so the match to the curve isn’t precise. But COBE took some measurements, and when plotted against the curve, you see:
There’s no visible difference between the data in red, and the theory, in blue.
I understand that when this was presented at a scientific conference, there was a standing ovation because theory and data matched so perfectly.
Steady state was dead, face down in the Hudson River. Or the Delaware. Not sure which, doesn’t matter. It’s not as if those two rivers are more than 50 feet apart.
One thing that was learned had to do with the fact that the radiation is indeed so uniform.
It’s now thought that the universe was 380,000 years old when it became transparent, and that this is basically a picture of the universe at that moment. What is striking is that in the subsequent 13+ billion years, the microwaves from (say) the dead center of that ellipse are reaching us. 180 degrees away, near the left or right side of the diagram, those microwaves are now reaching us.
Those two locations still cannot see each other. They never could in the past, they don’t now. They have no way whatsoever of knowing each others’ state or affecting each other, not in the past and certainly not now.
So how is it that they’re the same temperature to one part in 100,000?
That is a question that has occupied astronomers for quite some time. There’s a likely (but not certain) answer to that question…but that’s for another day.
XXVIII Dark Matter
Not to be confused with “Dark Meat.”
Yes, I am writing this on Thanksgiving, so “white meat” and “dark meat” are on my mind. Having taken Steve’s Own Wonder Weight Loss Elixir early last week (somehow, no one is beating my door down trying to order some), I’m going to hang on to the conquered ground in my own personal Battle Of The Bulge. (Having gained that hill painfully, I don’t want to give it up.)
Newtonian gravitational theory is a marvel. I’d say that it was the greatest thing since sliced bread, but it long preceded sliced-at-the-bakery bread and the sliced bread doesn’t come close to beating it.
But–even aside from General Relativity tweaking it–there’s only so much you can do with it.
If there are exactly two bodies in the universe, say a planet orbiting a star, and they’re both uniform spheres (no oblateness, though they are allowed to vary with density with distance from the center), you can specify the position and velocity of each body at a certain time, call it t, and then you can simply plug some other time into a few formulae and know, immediately where those bodies are at that time. It can be before t or after t. It can be a second later, it can be ten billion years earlier. Plug-and-chuck, on a calculator (though you want at least a scientific calculator, not a four-banger that just has +, -, *, and / on it). The same procedure gets you the answer, in the same amount of time, no matter how different the times are.
Add a third body…even a dust mote ten billion miles away…and everything changes. Now in fact, you can ignore the dust mote. You probably didn’t measure the mass of the star and planet that accurately! But in essence, as soon as there are three (or more) bodies involved, you can’t just plug and chuck into a few formulae to predict things at at arbitrarily chosen future date.
A lot of mathematical work during the 18th and 19th centuries went into working out some special cases of the three body problem. For instance, if there is a small body orbiting a large body in a perfect circle, you can put a third body either 60 degrees ahead or 60 degrees behind the second body, on the same circle, travelling at the same speed. So the three bodies are at the points of a perfect equilateral triangle. It turns out that that situation is stable. In fact, it’s stable enough that even if the third body is slightly out of place, it will tend to move into place. There are a few other places you can put that third body…e.g., at a precisely balanced point between the other two bodies…but those are metastable; if it’s slightly off in positioning…by a zillionth of a meter…it will drift away from that point. The mathematician who worked this out was named Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736-1813, he actually was born in what is now Italy as Giuseppe Luigi Lagrangia).
There are at least a million asteroids 60 degrees ahead and behind Jupiter, for instance, known as the Trojan asteroids because the first ones discovered were named after characters in the Illiad, and they’re liable to stay there forever or at least until something else wanders in and jerks them around or hits them.
But for the most part, the general “three body” problem is not solveable in “closed form” which is mathematician-speak for having a nice tidy equation or set of equations.
Our solar system, of course has a sun, eight planets, a shitload of asteroids in the “asteroid belt” between Mars and Jupiter, more asteroids orbiting right outside of Neptune’s orbit (including Pluto), and likely even more stuff way out there, 50,000 AUs or more. You can’t do two body stuff far into the future on, say, the Sun/Earth pair and expect it to be accurate. Jupiter is the main body perturbing things, but by no means the only one. All of these bodies are pulling on all of the other bodies, and the effects do add up.
NASA, of course, sends space probes to other planets, and in figuring out where they’re going to go, they have to account for the Earth, the Sun, and the destination planet. And if they do a flyby for “slingshot,” they’ll want to include the planets being slungshot off of (is that a word? It is now) as well. The good news is they can do something called “patched conics” where they ignore the sun and the destination while near the earth, both Earth and the destination (but not the sun!) while in transit, then just the destination while there. That’s not perfectly accurate, but it’s accurate enough to see if the mission is feasible.
But in general, to work a problem like this, you need numerical integration. You start out with everything in an initial state: their locations, their velocities, and of course their masses. You compute all the forces between every pair of objects, and you step forward some very, very small amount of time. Of course now thanks to those forces the velocities are now different, and because everything is moving, none of the positions are exactly the same as they were before. So at the new time (one step after the initial time), you have to recompute everything again, then take the next step. And over and over again.
The shorter the step, the more accurate it is, and there are other tricks you can use to increase accuracy. In grad school I wrote a three body integrator that used a method called “Adams-Bashforth.” I tested it by running a known two body problem through it (satellite in a circular orbit); when I got to a step size small enough where the accumulated errors were less than a millionth of a meter after a month, I figured it was accurate enough, and that computer spent a solid day cranking the thirty or so scenarios in my thesis. (It would have been about a month, but I had just plugged a co-processor into the motherboard. A good thing. I didn’t have a month.)
Nowadays, they can model two galaxies colliding with each other, with a million representative stars in each, and take movies of what happens. For instance, this is what’s going to happen when M31 in Andromeda collides with our galaxy in about five billion years. Stars are far enough apart that the two galaxies will probably pass right through each other with no head on collisions, but every star is pulling on every other star throughout the entire collision.
Fortunately, it’s not always necessary to precisely know the fate of each individual body.
For centuries, astronomers have known about objects called “globular clusters.” These are compact groupings of stars, and they actually tend to be outside the galactic disk (but still be bound to the galaxy). There’s a swarm of these things accompanying the Milky Way, out in what is called the “galactic halo.”
Modeling something like this precisely would be a pain, but you can make general statistical inferences without doing that, thanks to the virial theorem. (Not “viral”, “virial.”)
The virial theorem relates the average total kinetic energy of the cluster, over time, with the total potential energy. (It’s not just used for star clusters; it gets used for other sorts of systems as well.) You can measure the speeds of the individual stars (easy to do with Doppler shifts off their spectra), their distances from each other, and get some notion of the total energy of the system, as well as its total mass.
Of course, you could estimate the total mass by counting the number of stars and multiplying by the average mass of a star, but this will fail if some of the mass of the cluster is not visible for some reason or another. For instance, imagine if there is a lot of interstellar gas. Or a black hole. Or neutron stars that have long since stopped rotating and pulsing.
So, time now for a jarring change in perspective.
It’s 1933, and Fritz Zwicky (1898-1974) is studying a galactic cluster, in particular the Coma cluster in the constellation Coma Berenices. It has over a thousand galaxies in it, and is about 100 megaparsecs away (over 300 million light years). The individual members aren’t just stars, they’re entire galaxies. [Zwicky coined the term ‘supernova’ and built some of the very first jet engines, too.]
He concluded that there is far more mass in that cluster than just the obvious masses of all the stars in the galaxies in the cluster. In fact, he figured that what we could see shining as stars was 1/400th of the mass of the cluster
Zwicky coined the term ‘dark matter’ (actually, he was Swiss German, so he said ‘dunkle Materie’) to describe the 399/400ths of the stuff in the frame of the picture that cannot be seen.
Of course, there are obvious possible explanations for this. Interstellar and even intergalactic gas wouldn’t have been visible to Zwicky; neither would things like planetary-sized bodies and so on. So this became a bit of a curiosity but not of real concern.
Now let’s consider a single galaxy. A star near the center of that galaxy isn’t going to be moving very fast in orbiting the galaxy, it’s surrounded by most of the mass of the galaxy, the gravitational pulls of everything outside its orbit are pretty much going to cancel out. Its orbital speed is really only going to depend on the mass inside its orbit. Further out, there’s more mass inside the orbit; a star out there is going to orbit faster. The further out you get, the faster the star will orbit (a situation exactly the opposite of what we have in the solar system) up to a point. Eventually you’re outside of the galaxy and the further out you get, the further away the galaxy is and the slower you orbit. So if you were to plot this against distance from the galactic center, it ought to start at near zero when you’re at the the center, rapidly climb to a peak, then drop off in an inverse-square fashion.
In 1939 Horace W. Babcock (1912-2003) took measurements of star velocities in the Andromeda galaxy to draw such a curve, and didn’t get this result. Speeds got high…and stayed high, much higher than expected, as he measured the velocities of stars further and further away from the center of a galaxy.
In the 1970s Vera Rubin (1928-2016) and many others repeated this work with many other galaxies, and the results were consistent. When you got beyond the visible edge of a galaxy, there was a lot of invisible mass. You couldn’t see it…until you measured its gravitational effect on lone stars way out there beyond the galaxy’s ‘suburbs.’
Was it gas that had somehow never been pulled fully into the galaxies? It turns out there is some such gas, and in fact the gas is a few times more massive more than the stars. We can detect the gas directly now; it turns out to be very hot, and glows in X rays. (We have to observe those in orbit; the earth’s atmosphere blocks them.)
One more piece of evidence.
Recall that General relativity explains gravity as space being warped by masses. Even light gets bent. This was first seen in 1919 by Arthur Eddington during a solar eclipse, a discovery which made the front page of the New York Times back when it wasn’t fake news, and made Einstein a celebrity.
It’s possible for a nearby galaxy to bend the light from a farther galaxy. It’s not only possible, it’s quite common. In the most extreme case, you can see a galaxy splitting a much more distant galaxy into four pieces, like this:
Another spectacular example of this is this “Einstein ring” photographed by Hubble. The distant galaxy is almost directly behind the near one. It gets distorted into a nearly-complete ring.
Now usually we don’t get something nearly this tidy. What we’ll see is a galaxy off to the side, stretched out into a long, thin arc.
And it doesn’t have to be just a galaxy. A galaxy cluster can do this. Consider the following, which is a picture of the galaxy cluster Abell 1689. [No, we don’t bother naming individual galaxies any more…there are hundreds of billions of them.]
Here if you look closely you can see all sorts of short, straight lines…and your mind’s eye can even connect them into concentric rings about the cluster.
The cluster as a whole is lensing dozens or even hundreds of further galaxies.
And it’s possible to work backwards, and determine where the mass is distributed.
After accounting for every sort of regular matter we know how to detect, we’re only at about 20% of the amount of matter we would need to have, to do this. Furthermore, most of this mysterious mass isn’t in the galaxies.
It’s as if there’s something massive out there, and a galaxy is simply a visible manifestation of the center of that mass. As if the “normal” matter condenses into galaxies, but the other “dark” matter condenses some, but not as much. It’s not uniformly distributed throughout all of space, but clumps up in galactic clusters. In a very real sense these invisible clumps are the galactic clusters, since they are most of the mass of the clusters–those bright blobs are just a side effect.
This should be enough to convince you the stuff is there. Especially when I remind you that there are thousands of such examples, not just the ones I cherrypicked for this essay. Strictly speaking, of course, I haven’t proved anything because I’ve showed you none of the math. But the people who have seen it are mostly pretty confident.
So what IS this stuff?
YOU tell ME. Then go collect your Nobel Prize.
Because the person who solves it WILL get a Nobel Prize.
This is a question that has been occupying astronomers for a couple of decades now. And for the most part they can tell you what it is NOT.
It’s not just interstellar or intergalactic gas. That sort of material can be seen now; it glows in X rays. Even though that gas is more massive than visible galaxies, it’s not that much more massive. We presently think the dark stuff is 5 or 6 times as massive as the galaxies and the gas.
It doesn’t seem to want to interact via electromagnetism at all–which is why we can’t see it with light at all. (That’s an electromagnetic interaction.)
We know it does interact with gravity, and it probably interacts with the weak force but not the strong force.
Such matter would have a tough time even interacting with other matter of the same type, and that even includes collisions. That would explain why it doesn’t condense with galaxies. Ordinary matter becomes galaxies because as it passes through the densest part of the cloud, it collides, slows down and loses mechanical energy. If dark matter doesn’t collide with things, or at least not as readily, that explains why it hasn’t condensed as much as the regular matter in galaxies has.
Which means it’s not baryonic matter–it’s not made out of baryons, i.e., protons and neutrons. In fact “baryonic matter” is now a synonym for “ordinary” matter.
The one thing in the standard model we saw two parts ago (last week) that seems like it could fit is neutrinos. Those interact only with gravity and the weak force.
The problem is neutrinos move too fast: At light speed (if they have no mass) or just below (if in fact they have a tiny mass). They wouldn’t, therefore, clump up even as much as dark matter has been shown to clump up.
So most astronomers and astrophysicists are pretty confident (but not sure), that whatever dark matter is, it’s not in the standard model of particle physics at all. Which means 4/5 or 5/6ths of all the matter out there doesn’t appear in the standard model!
That’s what I meant when I said we know it’s not complete.
There is a generic placeholder answer to the question: Weakly Interacting Massive Particles. (WIMPs.) Massive because they must be slow compared to the speed of light. It’s some sort of particle we don’t know about yet. There’s quite a bit of speculation on what that might be, but nothing even remotely conclusive, and of course any coherent guess will be tried out in particle accelerators, or looked for in detectors.
Another possibility that some haven’t completely given up on is the Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) which would be things like black holes and rogue planets ant the like. (Of course the name was inspired by WIMP.)
A third possibility comes about from considering the nature of the evidence. There are multiple lines of evidence, but every single one of them ultimately depends on the assumption that we understand gravity properly.
What if gravity doesn’t drop off as an inverse square function after (say) ten thousand light years? This class of ideas is called MOND, for MOdified Newtonian Dynamics.
This last has fallen into disfavor (though there are die hard holdouts), because of the Bullet Cluster.
Here is the Bullet Cluster. It’s over a billion parsecs away.
There’s a large cluster on the left, and a smaller one on the right. It turns out they are both at the same distance from us, 1.141 Gpc or 3.7 billion light years. Which means this is what it looked like 3.7 billion years ago.
This is a visible light picture. When we photograph the intergalactic gas, which glows in X ray wavelengths, this is what we see:
The X rays come from gas clouds between the two clusters. (Unfortunately these two pictures aren’t to the same scale, but I will show you a picture with a super-imposition done on it, shortly.)
It’s apparent that the two clusters collided. Since the galaxies are far enough apart, no galaxies actually collided, so the galaxy clusters just went right through each other, like two shotgun blasts crossing in midair.
But the intergalactic gas fills space, and so the gas clouds accompanying the galaxies hit head on and slowed each other down. Thus the clusters left their intergalactic gas behind.
Finally, we can look for the dark matter by studying all gravitational lensing in the picture, and show it in blue:
The dark matter, responsible for most of the lensing, stayed with the galaxies. It’s not gas.
Putting them all together we have:
Now it becomes clear, the dark matter stayed with the galaxies–it didn’t collide meaningfully with the dark matter from the other cluster–but the hot gas did collide, and is now not moving along with the galaxies and dark matter.
There’s basically no way to account for this with a modified theory of gravity (though some astrophysicists still fight for it).
So we are back to asking: What is this stuff?
We know it’s there. We know how much of it there is. We’ll have another line of evidence that it’s not ordinary matter in an upcoming installment.
But we don’t know what it is. That’s a 2021 physics question.
And this is the sort of thing that occupies both the people who study the universe…and the people who study particles smaller than protons. One cannot imagine what ought to be two more different subjects, yet they are inextricably tied together.
Ordinary and dark matter put together account for about 30 percent of the mass/energy needed to make the universe “flat.” Suspiciously close to 100 percent, as I explained last week. But the fact of the matter is, everything we know about particle physics accounts for a fifth or a sixth of all the matter that exists. And why is the total amount (dark plus regular) off–but not by all that much–from the one number that is “special”–the critical density that would make spacetime “flat”?
That story is far from over.
Obligatory PSAs and Reminders
China is Lower than Whale Shit
Remember Hong Kong!!!
Zhōngguò shì gè hùndàn !!!
China is asshoe !!!
China is in the White House
Since Wednesday, January 20 at Noon EST, the bought-and-paid for His Fraudulency Joseph Biden has been in the White House. It’s as good as having China in the Oval Office.
Joe Biden is Asshoe
China is in the White House, because Joe Biden is in the White House, and Joe Biden is identically equal to China. China is Asshoe. Therefore, Joe Biden is Asshoe.
But of course the much more important thing to realize:
Joe Biden Didn’t Win
Qiáo Bài dēng méi yíng !!!
Joe Biden didn’t win !!!
Just remember boys and girls — you’re never alone with an echo.
Changed master bath toilet with Fiancee. Too tired to even type it up as a comment.
Put the seat down, you heathen.
When we lived in Davis, we were across the street from the Parker family (I’ll always remember because of “Pappy Parker Chicken” on Bob’s Big Boy menus…..). Pappy Parker had five daughters, and everyone would joke about how he could never leave the seat up.
“Pappy Parker had five daughters, and everyone would joke about how he could never leave the seat up.”
Never really understood that whole issue.
Unless the seat is made out of iron or lead, it takes about the same effort to raise the seat as it does to put it down, so why doesn’t everybody just move it for themselves as needed?
When I have asked about it before, women usually tell a story about not realizing the seat was up, then trying to sit down, and falling into the toilet.
I don’t know if women know this or not, so maybe I probably shouldn’t say, but there are times when men use the toilet seat in the seated position too.
It’s a pretty straightforward assessment, you just sorta eyeball it as you walk into the bathroom. You can usually tell if the seat is up or down right away.
What are they doing, backing into the room?
Like they’re parking a Winnebago?
Is that what that beeping noise is?
Usually the calamity occurs in the dark of the night with no lights on. The porcelain rim is cold and then there is nothing to keep you from falling in unless you realize in time to stop first.
“Usually the calamity occurs in the dark of the night with no lights on.”
Seems like a problem easily solved with a nightlight on the toilet.
Or for the Tim Taylor types, you might attach two tiny Christmas tree lights to the side of the seat, red for port and green for starboard.
Then rig it so that when the seat is up, the red light comes on, and when the seat is down, the green light comes on.
That way, when you go to the bathroom in the dark, if you see the red light, you know that way danger lies.
And if you see the tiny green light on, it acts as both a seat-locator in the dark, as well as the ‘all systems are go’ signal that the seat is in the support position and ready for action 👍 😁
First, Winnebago beeps….now foghorns….
Foghorn is way to loud for indoor night ops 👍😁
Speaking of Tim Taylor and Tool Time 😀 (Arr Aarr Arr)…
It’s a polite, mannerly thing to do…a concept lost on the men in my family, that’s for sure. I could go on as the one who cleans the toilets in this house, but will refrain from further complaints.
In this discussion, the aesthetic consideration never seems to get discussed. IMO a closed seat is an orderly seat, an open seat is an unaesthetic seat. Who wants to have the purpose brought to mind when not necessary?
“IMO a closed seat is an orderly seat, an open seat is an unaesthetic seat.”
Oh, you mean the toilet lid AND the seat down.
Now that you mention it, I’m not sure I’ve ever actually seen the top side of the toilet lid…
I kid… 😂 🤣 😂
Let me guess….toilets and adjacent areas?
Something like that.
We have a pedestal sink and I keep the beauty stuff in another place, but, yeah. Back in the day when I actually used heated tools in my hair….
I just have a razor and a bar of soap 😂
It must be hard to use all that stuff, just going by memory, without a mirror.
All those cosmetics and tools — when a happy smile will do 10x as much toward making a woman more lovely.
Electric tools… open (exposed) water in toilet…
Shocking, positively shocking… 😀
(Where’s your butler friend? Oh, he blew a fuse…)….
“It’s a polite, mannerly thing to do…”
So wouldn’t it likewise be polite to put the seat back up when you’re done, if that’s the way you found it?
This is why it’s so confusing.
The politeness argument relies on consideration of the other. In which case, men should always put the seat down, and women should always put the seat up when they’re done.
But this consideration, once it becomes custom or tradition, introduces responsibility and expectations. Invariably (or eventually) someone forgets, which leads to recriminations and family discord.
I experienced plenty of that growing up, forgetting to put the toilet seat down. The discord usually came with a lecture about personal responsibility, which was even more confusing, seeing as how she wasn’t personally responsible enough to check the toilet seat before she sat down… 😂
Nowadays, I have less luxury to stroll on my way to a nice healthy pee. With bare seconds to spare, if luck haves it, there is nothing quite like a cold splash.
I have a nightlight in the bathroom so I can see. I saw a video where someone went to the toilet in the dark and there was an animal in the bowl. The next day I had a night light 😂
In the country one day I found a mouse in the toilet bowl still partly alive
Decades ago someone I knew drew a single-panel cartoon. Couple of guys at the sink in the restroom talking about how someone discovered pythons living in the sewer, and over in one of the stalls, sticking up above the door, two VERY large eyeballs surmounted by hair standing straight up.
It was, actually, hysterically so. Perfect sight gag.
I can imagine. 🙂 Thanks for the laugh
Singapore. June of 92. CTF-73, the Navy Command I was assigned shifted from Subic Bay, Philippines to Singapore. Initially we were placed in a hotel as old British military housing in Sembawang was being modernized a bit.
Incrementally we moved into the old British military housing.
One Navy family DID find a snake in their toilet one morning. Or so the story went. Over the three years we saw several snakes in our yard. Eighteen inches up to four feet. They live the HUGE trees. Mango some other tree.
Singapore was a great place to live. Certainly TMI. We lived at 294 Kenya Cresent. Here is a link to the area.
admin.4538212,103.8248209,1067m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x31da149eaf3e0ab1:0xf23a09700fd555ba!8m2!3d1.4538158!4d103.8270096" rel="nofollow ugc">https://www.google.com/maps/place/294+Kenya+Cres,+Singapore+758886/ admin.4538212,103.8248209,1067m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x31da149eaf3e0ab1:0xf23a09700fd555ba!8m2!3d1.4538158!4d103.8270096
What a story. Looks like a nice place to live in. Snakes ugh our snakes in the yard are about a long as a pencil and as thick also. We live happy together.
In that part of the world Burmese and reticulated pythons should be endemic. (And also large lizards like water monitors.) Those get *big*.
(I just checked wikipoo–surprisingly even though Burmese pythons live on Java in Indonesia and of course Burma, they don’t live on the Malay peninsula at all. The article on reticulated pythons doesn’t have a map.)
The snakes were always black with some white markings. They had a fairly secure environment to live, hide… Never saw any rats or field mice of sorts.
The mango trees had very dense stringy vines hanging down to the ground. Sorta like banyon trees in Hawaii. Area had lots of tall grass, which was routinely whacked down. But the heavy rain, heat and of course humidity had the tall grass return quickly.
Like they’re parking a Winnebago?
^^^ Oh my. The visual. ^^^
That There IS Funny. I don’t care who you are. 😂
My husband bought toilet seats that go down on its own 😅
One just pushes lightly and seat is down. The seat needs to be down because I have pets and do not want them to drink out of the bowl. We were in a hotel and I had to go at night. I forgot being half asleep that I did not have my wonderful seat just push light and the seat goes down. I pushed the seat and I spooked half the hotel when the seat crashed down. 🙄
LOL! We all put the lid down–win-win Every Time!!!
Changing out a toilet is grueling work.
It requires wrangling two toilets:
So it’s understandable that you would be exhausted!
Much of the problem is that the house was originally built in 1955, and many of its owners have kludged remodels or repairs (including myself, because I tried to maintain its original configuration while adding on. In retrospect, I should have bulldozed anything that annoyed me and just built it back right.).
But, yes, wrangling the old toilet out of the shower and into the backyard was the part that nearly killed me. And once I was outside going off-path, I managed to slop some trap water on myself. [I had, unbeknownst to the Fiancee, cleaned the toilet and flushed it about five times the night before in contemplation of this issue — but I need to do laundry.]
Laundry’s in, dishwasher running….
I don’t think laundry goes in the dishwasher… traditionally…
you are just not up on the latest fad….
Those things really work!
Yep. They’re actually old hat…
(Ducks and runs from all-in-one-tabs, old catcher’s mitts, and some of Lucy’s (flying) unbreakable dishes 🙂 )…
When I first met the Fiancee, I noted that she had a bit of a problem with right vs. left. Accordingly, she always wore a Ruby ring on her Right hand. About 10 years later, she had to go to Ireland to set up a tech support office for Europe, and had a rental car (like the UK, the Irish drive on the left). Envisioning all sorts of horrors, I asked her how she had coped. “No problem, I just moved my ring to the other hand.”
Now envision a plumbing installation where she kept asking if the threads went right or left.
I, myself, have a well-developed sense of chirality, but I had come to know that it is the luck of the draw. My younger sister was in the “chorus” of a pre-school presentation where the kids were supposed to “clap right clap left” (that’s how they memorized it), and physically *clap* *put their right hands out* *clap* *put their left hands out*. She had a very difficult time and very patient teachers.
Fast-forward to when she had her driving license and we were going someplace. I told her to turn right at the next light and she took her hands off the steering wheel and quietly clapped them together.
Coothie, We use driver side, passenger side. I am a leftie and can write and draw with both hands so which hand you write with doesn’t work.
I was kicked out of ballet because of my right/left issues.
I was going to say, “Hanging out with musicians a lot, there are those who navigate by “bass / treble” or “fretting / strumming”.
Then Firefox crashed, and — shortly afterward — so did I.
Would you call that “writing your wrongs” ? 😀
. “No problem, I just moved my ring to the other hand.”
Just wondering if that’s a blonde joke I haven’t heard ??
😯 😮 🤐
Having driven in both Japan and Singapore, it takes deliberate thought adjusting to driving on the correct side of the road.
Never screwed up seven years in Japan or three years in Singapore.
BUT, did on returning to the US, a couple occasions find myself on the wrong side of the road. Thankfully low volume traffic, side streets.
Driving side of the road and steering wheel can be left or right.
The pedal orientation is the same. Clutch left, brake center, and gas right.
Gearshift on the left makes things exciting sometimes. And driving in the UK and Eire in a left-hand drive car is also thrilling, in terms of distance judgement 🙂
One time I was driving back to the continent, after having come across to Calais from Dover at around 2:00 AM. In Calais there is (or was) a HUGE roundabout, and I was just about to go left when a pair of yellow (French) headlights on the front of a large truck convinced me to turn right 😮
Seems that the month in England had made driving on the left into a habit, almost a dangerous one…
Woke me up right quick, that did…
She’s not blonde.
Might be that in Europe we wear the wedding ring/engagement ring on the opposite hand to what Americans do, i.e. wedding ring goes on the right hand here… can lead to some funny (or embarrassing) moments…
Changing a toilet out sucks.
Years ago, I moved into a pretty old house, built at the end of the 1940s. Nowhere near as old as mine now, but that made it worse, not better. There was one bathroom, and it had bubblegum pink EVERYTHING. Tile, toilet, sink and bathtub. It was AWFUL. A Fifties nightmare.
We had to remodel it. HAD TO. I couldn’t take it. But we could only work on it on the weekends.
We would take out the toilet to work, and use the corner gas station during the day. But we had small children, and I was pregnant, too, so we had to have a working toilet at night. So we put the toilet back in every afternoon. Then took it out again in the morning and started up again.
I think we uninstalled and reinstalled the toilet four or five times over the course of a few weekends. It was ridiculous.
Yes, pink bathrooms. Ours disappeared not quite fifteen years ago. Don’t miss it. That was one heck of a mess of a remodel, though.
And then there’s the immortal Avocado Green, from the 1970s… 🙂 or
My daughter has an avocado green guest bathroom. She hats it and has had a big splurge on her master bedroom. Heated floor sunken bathtub big enough to put a family in and a large shower with more shower heads one can think off.
That was such big mess to build that she dreads to have her guest bathroom ripped up. One day she will maybe before selling the house 🙂
It’s possible to paint over tile, or to apply tile over tile, but then you’re still stuck with the avocado fixtures….
Maybe THAT’S where (and why) Polterabends were invented 😆
I am easier going in that department. I would get new white cabinets and sinks .
Get new back tiles with a green accent. A new floor maybe new tiles around the bathtub and it could look really good. I do not get stuck in somethings maybe because I am not bound and am creative when it comes to solution. I could work with it and it would look really good.
My daughter called my house ” my mother with her Better Homes and Garden house”.
I designed my kitchen and my bathrooms in 1920 style. I used to play house as if it was a doll house. See how crazy I am ?
Maybe check with one of the companies doing automobile wraps…..
Or the “jet fighter in the garage” garage door applique…
Or this, for the floor:
Be sure to do the hallway leading up to the loo with this to, erm, complete the effect (especially for those in a hurry 😆 )
There’s more here:
Don’t forget Harvest Gold!
Until now… 🙂
Harvest gold were the kitchen appliances in the sixties 🙂 I remember no one wanted white and stainless what not in vogue at the time.
“no one wanted white and stainless what not in vogue at the time.”
The people who live in Vogue are lovely of course, but they usually have terrible taste…
🙂 🙂 🙂
Yep. They were the ancestors of the Vogue-ons…
(and probably the Daleks, too)….
My in laws had a pink bathroom house build in 1940. The tiles and bathtub were in excellent shape. I would not have changed it just because of color because it was well taken care off and better quality than today.
When we moved in this house 1920 the bathroom was black and white and not well taken care. We had to remodel but I wanted the similar look and we used black and whit and used Kohler. Still the quality is nothing near what older bathtubs were and my in laws specially the bathtub.
I feel people having to get the toilet set in thank god we had a good plumber who did an exelent job.
I like a very deep bathtub, which is why we have changed tubs in all my remodels. I like baths in winter. It’s one of the ways I survive the cold!
Old European bathtubs were deep. My in laws was deep and long. Mine is a good size. Yes a deep bathtub is nice. 🙂
..oh, you missed the 5 gallon bucket experience..almost as good as the ‘ splash’
only drier 😂 LOL
Lol! I’d do it now, but not eight months pregnant!
[video src="https://media.gab.com/system/media_attachments/files/091/536/183/original/6121ab4b180cf801.mp4" /]
They should get two, one for each arm.
Vaxx immunizes the arms, travels down to the hand, immunizes the hands.
Most of the transmission is by hand, so with immunized hands, you can play with the mask all day long without the worry of virus transfer.
Trust the science. 👍
That was good!
^^^ Brilliant! ^^^
Wheatie. Thanks for all of these. I have forwarded them to my daughter along with the Katie Hopkins video posted elsehwere in this daily. Hoping they leave an indelible mark on my daughter.
Here we go……
This new virus does not even come from Botswana.
It was detected in foreign travelers to Botswana, who I believe need to be vaccinated.
And just think of ALL those lovely AFRICANS and who ever that are stampeding across the US border bringing all sorts of diseases with them…
December 2, 2004 — LEPROSY, HEPATITIS AND TUBERCULOSIS RISING FAST IN UNITED STATES
July 2, 2014 — Government to Doctors: Mention Illegal Aliens’ Diseases, Go to Jail
12/29/2018 — Media buries the truth about illegal immigrants bringing wave of hepatitis, tuberculosis and HIV to America
Why would we think that the Bye-Done Administration and the FauXi Mengeli NIH & CDC would be any different.
WORSE it is not just diseases from Latin America now it is diseases from Afghanistan and Africa.
Center for Disease Control?? More like the Center for SPREADING DISEASE. After all BRING the disease to the USA and the US Citizens WILL PAY BIG to develop treatments.
Do not forget AIDS, FauXi’s favorite disease, came to the USA from AFRICA via ONE GAY Canada Airline steward named Gaëtan Dugas. — The story is now being whitewashed. After all in this GAY Pride Age, we can’t have a GAY who thru his extensive travels and unrepentant, unprotected sex, even after he was diagnosed, helped spread AIDS to over 40 people, vilified.
No doubt in my mind covid and diseases allowed by unchecked immigration are designed to reinforce the political need for moar obocare.
AND, replacement workers.
Yep. The refauxgees (invaders) streaming into Europe, in particular Germany, are carrying diseases that we haven’t seen in HUNDREDS of years. Indeed, the medications and expertise and equipment to diagnose them are all but non-existent.
And, of course, they get free housing, food, clothing, schooling (e.g. German classes which they never attend, but somehow manage to go to all their kick-boxing training…), and medical care… Not to mention the fact that they go to food banks (after already being fed) and push others out of the way so they can pig out again (oops, pig, maybe bull$hit out again)…
Who knows what the rapefauxgees are “giving” to their rape victims……. 😡 😡 😡
What test was used in Africa? How did we know we needed a test for this?
That was fast.
Novavax Developing Vaccine Against Variant That Appeared 72 Hours Ago – Will Be Ready in Two Weeks, Already in Emergency Use Trials in Indonesia and Phillipines – The Last Refuge (theconservativetreehouse.com)
Yep – !
God help us. Please.
Just like the Pfizer-BioNTech “NEW VACCINE” for this Omicron “variant” — their new “vaccine” will be ready in 2 weeks!
HOW MANY “NEW VARIANTS” and “NEW VACCINES” ARE ALREADY DEVELOPED AND READY TO BE RELEASED TO SUBJUGATE THE WORLD?
Them saying developed in two weeks as if that is a save all (assuming we can trust them at all but we can’t). Not when we understand the 70% of world’s population are not scheduled to have the first shot till mid summer of next year. We are way past the point of saying, see I told you the variants could out run any vaxxx they put out. With each and every new variant you can count that as being lapped by the virus in the race to get the world vaxxx’d.
And how are they isolating these viruses so quickly. That’s really what I want to know.
Scheduled releases from FauXi’s partners in the Wuhan lab.
Yep. Remember that release calendar that’s been posted a few times…
Seems that they skipped a letter (chi?) that looks like Xi, because they didn’t want to offend their “patron”…..
Chi is the ancestor of X, and in Greek looks like X.
But it’s pronounced like the ch in Bach (you should be very familiar with that one)!
Xi is a different Greek letter–it’s three horizontal lines and is pronounced like “ks”
In Chinese Xi is a very different sound, the X represents a fricative we don’t have in English but is somewhat similar to the ch in “ich”.
Here is the lie right here:
The company’s COVID-19 shot contains an actual version of the virus’ spike protein that cannot cause disease but can trigger the immune system.
Wrong. The full spike is alwats pathogenic. It can’t cause viral disease, but it causes other disease states.
Sorry for the poor C/P Warp speed question/answer, I think it fits here
A commenter left this at AC’s place – Anonymous Conservative
A plausible scenario..
“Health minister suggests fourth vaccine dose amid rising fears of fifth COVID wave. They may need to push these boosters, because their network is not big enough to get the number three shots reliably into the people they want to get them into”.
This could be a factor, but I think there are two bigger factors:
(1) overall jab rates have been significantly inflated to help create the appearance of a society-wide consensus to get jabbed, thus increasing actual jab rates. Cabal is known to inflate Dem election poll numbers to the tune of 15-20%, so at least this level of exaggeration could be assumed in advertised vax rates. It also explains why they are clinging to anti-vaxxer lockdowns and other punishments – they know the actual jab rate is much lower than their official stats are saying, and ‘boosters’ are needed to get the rest.
(2) The jabs come in successive batches, designed to cause different types of serious morbidities, with different time frames for mortality: short, medium and longer term. The non-saline doses in the first batches were designed to cause mainly blood clots and myocarditis, but you can’t have too many people dying too close together in time of the same diseases, well above historical averages, as it looks too suspicious. So I think these subsequent booster jabs will gradually introduce a range of different diseases, with different mortality time frames, enough so that Cabal’s media assets can manufacture vaguely plausible cover stories for each. Perhaps this explains Trump’s vaccine stance: Cabal was intending to introduce this genocidal program very gradually, over a decade or more, and as such the initial batches they manufactured were mostly harmless saline, but Trump has forced them to boil the frog far too quickly. Now they have been compelled to compress that time frame dramatically and bring on the lethal batches far earlier and in far higher percentages than they were originally planning. And now the Normies are starting to notice the sudden spike in the death rate of young, healthy people, of diseases that young, healthy people almost never die from. And they are seeing the near psychotic desperation of the elites to get them jabbed, and to continue getting them jabbed indefinitely, and they are starting to smell a rat. And in response they are taking to the streets in massive numbers that are growing ever more massive by the day. If the above hypothesis is true, then Trump’s actions can be explained by him knowing that Cabal’s initial vaccine batches were mostly saline, and therefore the large majority of initial recipients would be unharmed. Yes, a minority would be injured or die from the non-saline doses mixed in, but this would pale into insignificance next to the genocidal consequences of Cabal’s program implemented as originally intended. And what was he to say? Tell everyone that the vaccine doses were poisonous and their own governments were trying to kill them? That would have sounded bat shit crazy to most, and then all Cabal would have needed to do was to increase the % of saline jabs to near 100% for a while, and Trump would have been widely seen as a delusional mental patient, and completely destroyed politically. Done the way he did it, this vaccine debacle can, and is now, acting as the catalyst for the Great Awakening. And once people realize their own elites tried to murder them with a vaccine, how much more plausible will the organized rape and satanic sacrifice of countless children over the years by the elites sound? 😉
Filing this one for future reference.
Yes, but perhaps subscribing too much to what Trump knew. Doubts he’d be okay with saline shots, especially for the people who needed protection. Say the right words, act the right way, Trump is going to trust you to be doing the right thing. Next he’ll assign others to do the watching and checking and report back the progress. If he has the right people telling him these vaccines are good, everything is working as should be, who is he to disbelieve that. He’s going to go with the experts. Meanwhile he’s got a ton of other things to be focused on and the entire virus thing has been a huge distraction for him. On top of that he wasn’t building a mandatory vax program, just for those who needed it and the others who wanted it.
One thing that keeps getting lost is that this has always been a military operation, and it is my contention that Trump is was and in the future will be again the front man.
Do I like the way this has gone down? No, but that makes more sense than to think someone of Trump’s intellect wasn’t aware he was being tricked. Honestly, he knew going in what was in the works from the DS, I am quite sure, and forced their hand.
If there’s one thing I’ve figured out, anyone can be fooled.
Trump is no exception.
Pope Benedict needs prayers.
It’s the first we’ve heard about Covid’: ‘Forgotten’ Amazon tribes are vaccinated for disease they’d never heard of until Peruvian medical team arrives by boat with shots for everyone.
Of Course W.H.O. skipped Xi. Why one may inquire? Obviously…
W.H.O. IS a department WITHIN the Chinee government.
One of the accounts I follow claims that the name is actually a coded message from the white hats.
I’m not sure I subscribe to that notion, but interesting if true.
This may have been posted somewhere else here, but I read a twitter post by someone, that Omicron is an anagram for Moronic, and if one believes in this new variant they are truly moronic!
Robert Kennedy Jr. is brilliant. Thanks for sharing this video. So interesting.
Thank you Dora!
Worth every minute!
Deep State Dave is Gordon Rose who was working on Kyle’s fund raising.
WAS KYLE RITTENHOUSE’S FUNDRAISING SABOTAGED INTENTIONALLY? GORDON ROSE JOINS RP78
Very clarifying. Thank you.
Bannon pushes for documents in court case to be released
so…what’s Nu ?
Verse of the Day for Saturday, November 27, 2021
“Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.”
Matthew 5:11 (KJV)
BE MY VOICE
PRAYING ON THE ARMOR OF GOD
Father God, I now follow your command to put on the full armor of God, because my battle is not against flesh and blood but against rulers, authorities, the powers of this dark world and against spiritual forces of evil in the unseen world.
I first pray on the Belt of Truth that it may be buckled around my waist, may I be centered and encircled by your truth dear Lord. Hem me inside all that is true and right, and may I be protected and held up by the truth of your living word, in my Lord Jesus name.
I pray on the Breastplate of righteousness, please protect my vital organs and my inner man, cover my integrity, my spirit, and my soul. Guard my heart for it is the wellspring of life, please strengthen and guard the most vulnerable places in my life with that which is right, good, and noble that I might not receive a fatal blow from the enemy, in my Lord Jesus name.
I pray on the Gospel Shoes of Peace. I choose to stand in the shoes of your good news, and on the firm foundation of my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, the solid eternal rock. All other ground is sinking sand, I pray that I will not slip or fall, but that my feet would be firmly fitted on your lordship, my Lord Jesus. I choose to stand on you, so that the peace of God, which transcends all understanding will guard my heart and mind in Christ Jesus, the eternal Rock of Ages. I receive your holy peace now my Lord, from the sole of my feet to the crown of my head, in my Lord Jesus name.
I pray the Shield of Faith into my hand now. As I take up the shield of faith, I ask that you might extinguish every dart and arrow, that is launched from the enemy to take me down spiritually, physically, mentally, emotionally, and every attempt of the enemy to destroy my joy. I ask that my faith in you would make it flame out. Extinguish every flaming arrow that would come against me, my life, my family, my home, or my ministry. May my faith always be out in front of me like a shield. Give me the courage to “faith my fears” by choosing to walk by faith and not by sight, in my Lord Jesus name.
I pray on the Helmet of Salvation, that you might protect my mind from the thoughts that can lead me astray. I choose to take every thought captive, and arrest all intentioned ideas and motives that would harm others, or distract me from your holy will for me. I submit every captured thought to the Lordship of my Lord Jesus Christ, and ask that you would imprison those thoughts that are not of you my Lord. Transform my mind and renew my thinking that I may think God thoughts, and have a sober mind that is focused on your glory. Please protect me from being double minded that I may allow my mind, I reject to live an earthly life, because I choose to live a holy one, governed by you My Lord Jesus, the prince of peace, please have my mind to be saturated with the holy mind of Christ, in my Lord Jesus name.
Finally, I take up the Sword of the Spirit which is the holy word of God, I pray this powerful offensive weapon into my hand, and ask that your holy word would be fitting for every encounter I face. As the enemy gets close to me, please give me the insight, wisdom, and skill to wield the word of God to drive away the enemy, in my Lord Jesus name.
May the enemy and his team flee from me, upon hearing the word of God spoken by the power and direction of the Holy Spirit. Give me the sword of the spirit to cut through the wiles of the devil, so that I may discern the schemes of the enemy when he is near.
With all kinds of prayers, supplication, and intercession I pray to you my Lord God as the one who fights my battles. Now that I’m in your holy powerful armor, I walk away covered and ready to face my day as you go before me, and please protect me in the midst of the spiritual warfare in this unseen world, in my Lord Jesus name.
Thank you my Lord, for the spiritual weapons of armor and prayer that you have given me. It is written no weapon formed against me shall prosper, and you will refute every tongue that accuses me.
Thank you Father God, my Lord Jesus and the Holy Spirit, that I am more than a conqueror in my Lord Jesus. I pray all of this in the mighty name of my Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ, amen.
It’s Saturday morning, and the entire house is up. Fortunately, I get my bedroom back when the big vehicle in the driveway leaves.
Another version. Amazing. I can just imagine how much fun the boys had performing this!
WONDERFUL! Thanks for posting GrammyInD!👍👍👍
YW. Glad you enjoyed it!
Trying To Make Sense of The Omicron Covid Variant
gonna need more jabs !!
Katie Hopkins…on the Nu fresh panic variant…
Yep. What they’re banking on is “Omicron and then you’re gone”…
No Micro for my family, and no jabs, either…
This woman is SO SMART.
I’m still chuckling over her superb presentation on the never ending BE VERY SKEERED narrative.
Katie Hopkins video IS SO SPOT ON.
She makes the lunacy, funny, in a warped way. But, the lunacy IS warped.
Helping hand please. Link, so I can forward.
trying to find it…pretty sure it’s on Rumble…not Gab
found it !
👉 here’s the link for Katie’s vid above…
Anonymous Conservative expresses my opinion on the Boebert apology. There was zero reason for this apology. Sorry, I do not and cannot accept stupidity as an explanation. Stupidity is possible, just not plausible.
“Boebert apologizes to Ilhan Omar for making a joke about it being fine so long as Omar does not have a backpack. These things are revealing because you don’t apologize to someone you genuinely hate. If I did something horribly over the line to Biden, I’m never apologizing, because he is the face of evil, and is destroying the country. The truth is, given all of these people appear to be occultists in service to pure evil, as they seek the destruction of America, I doubt there is anything you could do or say which you would ever have to apologize for to them. Likewise, Omar is the asset of a foreign intel operation which is setting our nation up to be destroyed by China, while killing millions of the best Americans we have. If you are really in the game, and believe in the cause, you don’t apologize to that. But if you are a heavily tattooed actress, playing the role of a conservative, for some Israeli pornographer who recruited you off one of his modelling sites, and you step over the line while ad-libbing some shit-talk to one of your fellow actresses in the middle of a scene, you apologize. These people do not get in these offices the way we were told.”
I agree with you concerning Omar who seems to slide along without being held accountable. Republicans are held to different standarts even by republicans 🙂
Boebert spoke the way she saw it and got laughs . If she did not felt that way and said things to get a cheap laugh that is problematic to me.
I like and authentic person more than one She properly had a talking too by an advisor maybe fear of consequences being kicked of committees?
I honestly think people are afraid to properly confront Omar because she is black, foreign, and a woman. Heaven forbid they get called out as “racist,” bigoted, or xenophobic.
Call me whatever, but Ilhan Omar has absolutely NO BUSINESS being in our government, period. I would exclude ALL foreign-born people from ANY government position, right down to dog-catcher. Foreign-born people have no right to that kind of position. They should assimilate and their children can take whatever position they like in American life.
I’m sorry if that is a harsh position, but it is my opinion that we have to stop allowing just whomever shows up here to gain positions of power and authority. We are a melting pot, which is wonderful, but we can’t let the chunks of cheese rule over the sauce.
I agree about Omar. Foreign people need to understand American culture and it takes a long time to understand. When people come as babies small children they normally assimilate. Omar comes from a culture that is so foreign to ours and she had already at 8 a lot of baggage. She has no clue about America.
Plenty of native-born who don’t understand America, too.
You have a point there.
This is why I don’t consider the NBC clause an adequate test for President. It excludes people whose loyalty is undoubted and includes a lot of people who don’t understand what our government is *supposed* to be.
It’s the test we have though, so we’ll stick with it.
Yes people need to be informed and to be found of the constitution. I think sometimes we are artificial when it comes selecting people for office.
I would start by requiring everyone to pass the citizenship test before being allowed to vote…no matter whether they had ancestors on the Mayflower.
Yes the test was a beauty 🙂 My granddaughter said they took a citizen test in an expensive private school they all failed.
I’ve seen stuff online claiming to be the citizenship test. It’s an interesting mix of testing people on principle and also on trivia. (If you don’t know who was president when the civil war was fought, does that impair your understanding of separation of power and inalienable rights?)
I’d vote for that!
Of course, that could turn into a nightmare without proper safeguards. Imagine a new ‘woke’ version of the test being instituted…
Fundamentally, I’d want to restructure things a lot. There should be a declaration of principles not unlike what’s in the Declaration (an explanation of what a right is and that government’s SOLE purpose is to protect rights), and anyone who wants to be a citizen should have to swear to uphold it–whether born here or not. And that should be a higher duty than abiding by the letter of the constitution. THAT would absolutely require constitutional amendment and abandonment of the notion that just because you’re born here, you’re fit to be a citizen.
OK, now back to reality…where some soyboy idiot’s vote is just as weighty as a patriot’s.
Lol. Too true, that last bit.
Add on to that she was bad news for the country she fled, pushing Marxism there. For her there is not intention of assimilation. She wants us to change to her preconceived ideas of how the world must operated. She was full up and on board with CT before she even thought of coming here and that will not change. Other’s not so much or so we should hope…but verify.
Real Moslems are FORBIDDEN to assimilate. They can practice Taqiyyah (faking compliance and tolerance) until the proportion of Moslems is enough to make the tail wag the dog, but they cannot truly assimilate.
That’s something Merde-Kuh amd crew do not (or will not) understand, even though they’ve been warned by both former Moslems, and (current9 Moslem clerics (Imams)…
A story is told of a Rabbi, a Pastor, and an Imam going to a debate.
The Rabbi and the Pastor go there to tie.
The Imam, on the other hand, goes there to WIN.
Big difference. They don’t view the food, housing, clothing, schooling, and healthcare that we give to them (and, sadly, not to our homeless/unemployed/disadvantaged, etc.) as aid or charity. No, they view it as Jizrah, the “non-Moslem” tax that WE supposedly owe to THEM.
They look at the destination country (in this case Germany) as a conquest/invation TARGET, NOT as a refuge from problems at home.
So when they’ve made their respective homelands into a $hithole, they come here to make Germany (or the USA) into a matching $hithole. Just like the Devil, they cannot create; they can only destroy… and it’s high time we learn that, and act to stop it.
Knowing that she was taking the mickey out of a Mozzie, and knowing how things go over here, I wouldn’t be surprised at all if there were death threats involved.
Plain and simple.
Mozzies kill for less. Just look up honor killings for example…
Oh yeah, that’s true. They kill for saying the wrong thing.
She’s not a conservative.
Omar? True she is not.
I’m sure Tonawandas reason for the post, was to point out,
Why was Boebert backpedaling and apologizing for what she said about Omar?
That shows weakness of conviction, willingness to back down from a position.
If one has strong conviction, they do not back down.
AC is also alluding to Boebert probably not being who she presents herself to be..jmho
She says alot of the right things ,but is she a strong conservative?
Or just saying what will get her points with her constituents at the time(venue)?
Why the backpedaling?
I chuckled with her “not your brother husband, your other husband” quip on the house floor the other day . 😂
If someone gets death threats, they usually do, unless they have 24×7 protection…
Lots of “accidents” have happened here in Europe because of that…
I do not know about her but it seems is nothing new people in Congress pretending.
She might belong to the pretender club 🙂
Excellent assessment. Omar IS evil.
Thanks for another great lesson!
I live in a “universe” here in this house. There are “third body dust motes” in my orbit. And I can’t ignore them — allergies. A group of “third body dust motes” detected on bed blankets are in the washing machine right now.
And the “shItload of asteroids” — is that the official term, like “flock of geese”??
“WIMPS” and “MACHOS” — those are scientific definitions I can remember!
Cheers! Be well.
Actually the more technical term is “metric shit ton” and of course that’s part of the SI (metric system) and therefore suitable for use in the sciences.
General Flynn responds:
Oh, so he’s wasting time with the grandkids, huh?!?!?
Off their meds…at a minimum.
He claims to not be DS. Do we expect him to self identify as one? If what he says is true, it means he blindly trusted the FBI and other DS who set him up while he was PDT’s NSA such that he even endangered his family. Not sure which scenario is worse, but know that both are bad. Either way he contributed to the knee capping of duly elected POTUS after choosing to accept the NSA position which is ultimately responsible to the American people. So if that is judging – guilty as charged.
Glad he is free from the quagmire for he and his family’s sake. I hope it turns out he was the patriot some folks believe him to be. If so, all those DS arrests should be happening any time now for all those things they did to him and to all of us.
Hope this works don’t know how to do telegram things you may have to scroll down to find the conversation…
il Donaldo Trumpo
Lin Wood is a Beautiful Human Being and an Outstanding Patriot.
Mike Flynn is a Beautiful Human Being and an Outstanding Patriot.
Sidney Powell is a Beautiful Human Being and an Outstanding Patriot.
I Choose The Side of We The People.
I’m on the side of Every Single Patriot That Genuinely Loves and Fights for Truth, Freedom, Justice and The Future of Our Children and of Our Amazing Republic. I Love Every single one of these Amazing Patriots and I’m Praying for Them to Find Peace of Mind and Love in Their Hearts so They can get back to Kicking Ass for The Beautiful, Loving and Amazing Patriots That Trust and Support Them.
Yeah, I think there’s some serious pot stirring going on and one person is being played. The more I learn about it, that’s just the way it seems.
I noticed PB wasn’t among those names
Exactly. Something is off about it all. I am glad General Flynn responded. He and his family have been through hell, and that wasn’t just for nothing.
LW says now he invites them all for a face to face meeting.
Um…it might be better if they all just quit talking about it. From what I can glean from another conflict that came up between a couple of other patriots, it seriously sounds like there’s at least one person stirring a pot and pitting these people against each other. Divide and conquer. It has happened on this site, and the repercussions are still resounding.
The other side WANTS us at each others’ throats. I’m quite certain of that at this point.
Yes you are on to something.
If I understood Gordon Rose Correctly David Hancock may be behind a heck of a lot of it.
He is the thread that runs thru Lin Wood, Kyle Rittenhouse and likely General Flynn.
Here is the Red Pill 78 interview again where Gordon talks about David Hancock. This is BEFORE the end of the trial.
CNN speaking from experience 😀
could see that coming.
A Scared Nu World : Here’s What We Know About The COVID “Omicron” Strain
the OMG Strain