2023·05·27 Joe Biden Didn’t Win Daily Thread

McCarthy 2.0 seems a vast improvement over Speaker Dungsmear. So here’s the question. Was he once a conservative with a little fire in the belly that got captured by the system and now is finding the bellyfire again? Or is this all completely under duress?

For the moment, it doesn’t matter which one. But some day it will matter, and we will have our answer.

RINOs an Endangered Species?
If Only!

According to Wikipoo, et. al., the Northern White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) is a critically endangered species. Apparently two females live on a wildlife preserve in Sudan, and no males are known to be alive. So basically, this species is dead as soon as the females die of old age. Presently they are watched over by armed guards 24/7.

Biologists have been trying to cross them with the other subspecies, Southern White Rhinoceroses (Rhinoceri?) without success; and some genetic analyses suggest that perhaps they aren’t two subspecies at all, but two distinct species, which would make the whole project a lot more difficult.

I should hope if the American RINO (Parasitus rectum pseudoconservativum) is ever this endangered, there will be heroic efforts not to save the species, but rather to push the remainder off a cliff. Onto punji sticks. With feces smeared on them. Failing that a good bath in red fuming nitric acid will do.

But I’m not done ranting about RINOs.

The RINOs (if they are capable of any introspection whatsoever) probably wonder why they constantly have to deal with “populist” eruptions like the Trump-led MAGA movement. That would be because the so-called populists stand for absolutely nothing except for going along to get along. That allows the Left to drive the culture and politics.

Given the results of our most recent elections, the Left will now push harder, and the RINOs will now turn even squishier than they were before.

I well remember 1989-1990 in my state when the RINO establishment started preaching the message that a conservative simply couldn’t win in Colorado. Never mind the fact that Reagan had won the state TWICE (in 1984 bringing in a veto-proof state house and senate with him) and GHWB had won after (falsely!) assuring everyone that a vote for him was a vote for Reagan’s third term.

This is how the RINOs function. They push, push, push the line that only a “moderate” can get elected. Stomp them when they pull that shit. Tell everyone in ear shot that that’s exactly what the Left wants you to think, and oh-by-the-way-Mister-RINO if you’re in this party selling the same message as the Left…well, whythefuckexactly are you in this party, you lying piece of rancid weasel shit?

In Defense of Ranked Choice Voting

One of the biggest obstacles to direly-needed change is RINOs, and one of the weapons in their arsenal is the “Wasted Vote” argument.

Periodically a third party has arisen, trying to hold RINOs to account by putting pressure on them from outside of the party, since doing so from the inside has historically done very little good. But, even if you find a third party candidate who perfectly reflects your views, you’re likely to vote for the RINO anyway. Why? Because if you don’t, the Democrat might win, and that would be even worse. So if you vote for that third party (that few will vote for), you’re throwing your vote away and increasing the likelihood of the Democrat winning. (It’s half as much a gain for the Democrat, as actually voting for the Democrat would be. Not as much, but half as much. Because although you denied the R your vote, you did not flip your vote to the Democrat.)

The Republican Party Establishment knows you don’t love them. But they know you hate the Democrats worse, and they use that to continue to herd you into supporting them. With gritted teeth you cast your vote, but your vote counts the same whether you cast it enthusiastically. And the other alternative, pissing on the voting apparatus to express your actual feelings, is probably a felony.

But what if you could vote for that third party without increasing the chances of the Dem walking away with the prize?

This is what ranked choice voting, or instant runoff voting, can do provided it is properly implemented. (And this includes the votes, and only genuine votes, being counted honestly, of course. However, I’m going to compare it to what we have today, and pretend that is honestly done too. RCV can’t work if it’s not honestly administered, just like our current system isn’t working because it isn’t honestly administered.)

The idea behind RCV is to vote by expressing your order of preference. You could vote for the Patriot Party, then for the RINO Party as your second choice (and ignore the Democrat, the Green, the Overt Socialist Schmuckmonkey Party, etc).

What does this do? It nullifies the wasted vote argument. Your vote will be counted for the Patriot party, first, then instead of it being “wasted” when the Patriot Party loses, it ends up going to the RINO. Actually, it’s just barely possible that the Patriot Party would actually beat the RINO, if people weren’t all individually afraid to vote for it.

It’s just like the famous “Prisoner’s Dilemma” where your fear of other peoples’ actions prevents you from doing the optimal thing–and vice-versa. As long as Job Lowe is afraid to vote Patriot because he’s afraid you’ll vote RINO, you’ll have to vote RINO because you fear that Job Lowe will, because he fears you will.

So on the whole I like RCV. It gives you a no-risk way to vote against the RINO scum, and in favor of someone who deserves your vote.

The problem is, as done here in the US, it comes packaged with a “jungle primary.” A bunch of candidates get to put their name out there, and the top four (or so) candidates get onto the “main” ballot. This gives party establishments their way around the threat of a good third party bumping them off. Because they know that few people bother with primaries, and third parties don’t have the resources to run in a primary…so they throw two or three establishment hacks into the primary and they will probably beat the third party. The result is the RINOs end up with two of the four slots in the general election, and the Dems get the other two. Now there’s suddenly no third party candidate on the ballot at all.

If we were to combine RCV with the present system where each party could nominate exactly one candidate to appear on the November ballot, or at the very least, ensure minor parties could get onto the ballot with at least one candidate regardless of the primary, we would be getting somewhere, but the establishment is smarter than we like to give them credit for. They will support the jungle primary + RCV “solution” rather than the more appropriate one-candidate-per-party + RCV solution.

It’s not RCV that is the problem, it’s the primary structure grafted onto it.

Justice

It says “Justice” on the picture.

And I’m sure someone will post the standard joke about what the fish thinks about the situation.

But what is it?

Here’s a take, from a different context: It’s about how you do justice, not the justice that must be done to our massively corrupt government and media. You must properly identify the nature of a person, before you can do him justice.

Ayn Rand, On Justice (speaking through her character John Galt, in Atlas Shrugged):

Justice is the recognition of the fact that you cannot fake the character of men as you cannot fake the character of nature, that you must judge all men as conscientiously as you judge inanimate objects, with the same respect for truth, with the same incorruptible vision, by as pure and as rational a process of identification—that every man must be judged for what he is and treated accordingly, that just as you do not pay a higher price for a rusty chunk of scrap than for a piece of shining metal, so you do not value a rotter above a hero—that your moral appraisal is the coin paying men for their virtues or vices, and this payment demands of you as scrupulous an honor as you bring to financial transactions—that to withhold your contempt from men’s vices is an act of moral counterfeiting, and to withhold your admiration from their virtues is an act of moral embezzlement—that to place any other concern higher than justice is to devaluate your moral currency and defraud the good in favor of the evil, since only the good can lose by a default of justice and only the evil can profit—and that the bottom of the pit at the end of that road, the act of moral bankruptcy, is to punish men for their virtues and reward them for their vices, that that is the collapse to full depravity, the Black Mass of the worship of death, the dedication of your consciousness to the destruction of existence.

Ayn Rand identified seven virtues, chief among them rationality. The other six, including justice, she considered subsidiary because they are essentially different aspects and applications of rationality.

—Ayn Rand Lexicon (aynrandlexicon.com)

Justice Must Be Done.

Trump, it is supposed, had some documents.

Biden and company stole the country.

I’m sure enough of this that I put my money where my mouth is.

The prior election must be acknowledged as fraudulent, and steps must be taken to prosecute the fraudsters and restore integrity to the system. (This doesn’t necessarily include deposing Joe and Hoe and putting Trump where he belongs, but it would certainly be a lot easier to fix our broken electoral system with the right people in charge.)

Nothing else matters at this point. Talking about trying again in 2022 or 2024 is pointless otherwise. Which is not to say one must never talk about this, but rather that one must account for this in ones planning; if fixing the fraud in the system is not part of the plan, you have no plan.

This will necessarily be piecemeal, state by state, which is why I am encouraged by those states working to change their laws to alleviate the fraud both via computer and via bogus voters. If enough states do that we might end up with a working majority in Congress and that would be something Trump never really had.

Lawyer Appeasement Section

OK now for the fine print.

This is the WQTH Daily Thread. You know the drill. There’s no Poltical correctness, but civility is a requirement. There are Important Guidelines,  here, with an addendum on 20191110.

We have a new board – called The U Tree – where people can take each other to the woodshed without fear of censorship or moderation.

And remember Wheatie’s Rules:

1. No food fights
2. No running with scissors.
3. If you bring snacks, bring enough for everyone.
4. Zeroth rule of gun safety: Don’t let the government get your guns.
5. Rule one of gun safety: The gun is always loaded.
5a. If you actually want the gun to be loaded, like because you’re checking out a bump in the night, then it’s empty.
6. Rule two of gun safety: Never point the gun at anything you’re not willing to destroy.
7. Rule three: Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
8. Rule the fourth: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.

(Hmm a few extras seem to have crept in.)

Spot Prices

Last week:

Gold $1,978.70
Silver $23.93
Platinum $1,073.00
Palladium $1,548.00
Rhodium $7,900.00

This week, 3 PM MT on Friday, markets closed for the weekend

Gold $1,946.20
Silver $23.41
Platinum $1,033.00
Palladium $1,458.00
Rhodium $7,900.00

Precious metals again taking a beating. Dollar going up…somehow.

Recycled from The UTree

When the U-Tree first began, Wolf had set up a generic opener, but each day was devoted to a different element. Some of the geekier of us (i.e., Cthulhu and I) would talk about that element in the comments.

When it got to 92-Uranium, I had something written up already and simply pasted it into several succeeding comments. The next two days carried on with that.

I’m going to just copy those into here lest they be lost. I’ll include some of cthulhu’s commentary too (attributed).

I remembered these posts when someone mentioned the UTree over on the backup site.

Dates: 6-9 February of 2020.

Uranium

Uranium may be an actinide, but it is FAR from dull.

The story begins with a mineral that was once called “blende,” from a German word for “to blind” because it resembled galena, a valuable ore of lead, yet contained nothing of value. It is now regarded as a zinc ore, but back then it wasn’t appreciated for that. Today, blende is called “sphalerite.”

One variety of blende was called pitchblende, for being black, like pitch. This showed up alongside silver, lead and copper ores in Germany and what is now Czechia (the Czech Republic).

In particular, there was a town called Joachimsthal in what is now Czechia, with a VERY rich silver mine, and that mine had pitchblende in it.

Joachimsthal had so much silver its lord began coining very large silver coins, which became known as Joachimsthalers, which got shortened (in some countries) to thalers. These are the direct ancestor of the US dollar.

But we’re more interested in the pitchblende tonight.

The German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth (1743-1817) took an interest in pitchblende, and began experimenting on it. He eventually ended up, in 1789, with a yellowish substance, which he figured had to be the oxide of a new metal. (This sounds a lot like the stories of discovering the lanthanides, doesn’t it?). (This oxide, by the way, is now known as yellowcake.)

There was, at the time, a strong tradition of associating metals with planets. (Look, for instance, at mercury, and Mercury.) And in 1781, just eight years before, a new planet–the first one since ancient times–had been discovered. So Klaproth named his new metal, which he hadn’t isolated, after the planet: uranium. (Nor was this the only time this happened: shortly after Ceres was discovered in 1801, cerium was named after it. Eventually we realized Ceres was something of a totally new type, an asteroid, not a full-blown planet.)

OK, so Klaproth wanted to see the real metal, not just its oxide. He tried a trick that often worked, he reacted it with charcoal. That often pulls oxygen away from something else. And indeed he got a shiny black powder, and he figured that was the metal uranium. So did everyone else.

In fact, yellowcake is UO3 uranium trioxide, and what Klaproth had done was to strip one oxygen from it; his black shiny powder was uranium dioxide, UO2.

This was eventually realized, in 1841, by the French chemist Eugene Peligot (1811-1890), who had been experimenting with UO2, and finding he couldn’t get things to add up; he concluded there must still be oxygen in it. He then decided to try to isolate the real metal. He started with uranium tetrachloride (that sounds like nasty stuff), UCl4, and figured he’d try something a lot more reactive than charcoal to pull the chlorine away.

He used potassium metal. (Yikes!) And did so without injuring himself. And now he had a new black powder, and this really was uranium.

Nobody but a few chemists cared. Uranium was a thoroughly useless substance, unremarkable in any way, most people had never even heard of it. It was as obscure back then, as thulium is today.

When people tried to determine uranium’s atomic weight in the middle of the 19th century, they thought it was about 116. So it didn’t even get noticed as having the highest atomic weight of any known element. Instead, it was thought to lie between silver and tin. The champion was bismuth, coming in at 209.

Dmitri Mendeleev, when he constructed the first periodic table around 1869, found that uranium simply didn’t fit, chemically, between silver and tin, not in the least. But it worked well if he doubled the weight to 232; then it naturally fell into a place with the right chemical properties. Going back to the experimental data, it could actually be re-interpreted to give a value near 240; someone had made assumptions while interpreting the data the first time around, that apparently were unwarranted.

That brings us up to 1871. Uranium is now by far the heaviest atom known, easily beating out bismuth…but that meant nothing to anyone but chemists and trivia geeks like Cthulhu and me.

In 1896, something interesting happened. The previous year, X rays had been discovered by Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen, and exotic rays became all the rage. Well, Antoine Henri Becquerel was running experiments to see if fluroescent minerals emitted X rays. He used photographic plates, wrapped in black paper. Visible light couldn’t affect them, but X rays, if any were present, would. So he figured he’d put the fluorescent substance on top of the plate, expose it to sunlight, let it fluoresce, and then later, unwrap the plate and develop it. If it were fogged, the fluorescent substance had emitted X rays.

He tried a huge number of fluorescent substances, and got zero positive results. There was one exception: potassium uranyl sulfate. It would fog the plates. So Becquerel got excited. That particular day it had been cloudy, but he’d wait for good weather, really expose the potassium uranyl sulfate, and get a really good fogging of the photographic plate.

So what happened? Murphy stepped in. Paris had a long run of crappy weather. Becquerel had a bunch of brand new plates and nothing to do with them, for a while, so he stuck them in a drawer, and put his sample in with them.

Days passed; Becquerel got more and more frustrated. He was this close to confirming an interesting result from his experiment; if only the damn Sun would come out!

Well, he figured, he might as well develop the plates. Maybe there had been some lingering X ray fluorescence. That could be interesting, couldn’t it?

The plates were totally fogged. As if he had simply exposed them to sunlight! WTF!!!

Whatever this was…it could go right through the black paper, and did NOT need the Sun to excite the sample, like fluorescence did. It just kept on going, even in the darkness of his cabinet.

Becquerel tried samples that hadn’t seen sunlight in months. He eventually realized that what mattered was how much uranium was present; he even tried uranium compounds that did not fluoresce.

Whatever this was, it had NOTHING to do with fluorescence, and everything to do with uranium.

He had a new phenomenon, and it became known as Becquerel rays. Maybe it wasn’t Murphy after all.

Marie Sklodowska Curie stepped in almost immediately, and named this new phenomenon “radioactivity” and showed that thorium, which had been discovered in the meantime and had an atomic weight almost has high as uranium’s, was also radioactive.

This, suddenly, made uranium glamorous. Nothing like this had ever been seen before…a totally inanimate lump of metal, just pumping out energy continuously.

Further experimentation showed that uranium and thorium were giving off gamma rays…a lot like X rays only even more energetic. But they were also giving off small particles with mass, and that implied atoms weren’t the smallest pieces of matter out there. So now we had “subatomic particles.”

And it turned out uranium and thorium slowly turned into lead. (The alchemists who had tried to turn lead into gold would surely be spinning in their graves; something was turning other things into lead–the wrong direction!)

Ernest Rutherford was able to demonstrate that an atom had a huge cloud of negatively charged particles (electrons) and a very small, dense nucleus with a positive charge to balance the electrons.

And in 1913 Henry Gwyn-Jeffries Mosely used X-rays to excite nuclei, and showed that every nucleus had a positive charge that was a multiple of hydrogen’s; this became the atomic number. Hydrogen is 1, iron is 26, silver is 47, tin is 50, gold is 79, lead is 82, bismuth is 83, thorium is 90, and uranium is 92.

Uranium had the highest number, and nothing known lay between bismuth and thorium. It was speculated that there probably were elements 84-89, but they hadn’t lasted long enough to survive to the present day, whereas thorium and uranium had known half lives of billions of years, so they were still around. This is essentially correct.

So now uranium is fascinating–it was radioactive, the highest atomic weight, the highest atomic number…but still, only chemists really cared.

Uranium minerals were tested for their radioactivity. And there was too much of it. Chemists knew exactly how much uranium was in the mineral. And they knew, based on uranium’s 4.5 billion year half life, how much radioactivity there SHOULD be from that much uranium. Yet there was quite a bit more. Separating out the uranium and checking it, the numbers came out right; the more pure the uranium, the better the fit. So there was other stuff in the minerals that was radioactive. More radioactive than uranium.

Which made no sense; if it were MORE radioactive, it should have been gone by now.

They even noticed the pure uranium samples got more radioactive with time.

This was realized well before 1913.

The only explanation that made sense was that the uranium didn’t turn directly to lead, it broke down by stages into intermediate elements, and an old sample would basically be in a balance, uranium decaying into something else at a rate just enough to replenish that something else as it decayed into yet another something else. If it’s something that breaks down quickly, there’s never much around. It’d be undetectable chemically.

Well Marie Curie and her husband Pierre realized they could find those in-between elements, though, because their radioactivity was a beacon.

So they got a bunch of pitchblende and started experimenting on it. (The Ronco Pitchblendeamatic had not been invented yet.) They went through several tons of the stuff, doing experiments and noticing if any of the results showed a concentration of radioactivity. Eventually, in 1898 they got just a bit of polonium (84). Further experimenting hit on radium (88). But they couldn’t get much of it, and they wanted a visible sample. So they asked Joachimstal to send them their waste slag, which they were happy to do as long as the Curies paid the shipping.

They went through tons of it to get the radium. By 1902 they had a tenth of a gram. And it became the glamour substance. Who cared about uranium any more?

Back to 1911 and Ernest Rutherford. He decided to try to deliberately produce nuclear reactions. He was able to bounce alpha rays off of nitrogen atoms…and some of them transformed into oxygen atoms.

He decided to try other things, and, ultimately, switched to using bare protons (which are just hydrogen atoms with the electron stripped away, or to put that another way, positive hydrogen ions). Devices that could accelerate protons were developed, in particular by Ernest Orlando Lawrence in 1931. Still, it was hard to do this, because the proton, with a positive charge, was repelled by the nucleus, which was its target. [Cthulhu commented here to point out that Ernest Orlando Lawrence is the namesake of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. I responded by pointing out that element 103, lawrencium, is also named after him.]

But it also turned out that when beryllium was exposed to alpha rays, a new particle came out. One without a charge. That made it hard to pin down, but eventually it was to become known as the neutron (1932). It was much easier to hit a nucleus with a neutron, because the positive charge of the nucleus didn’t repel it, as it did with protons and alpha rays.

Almost immediately, we realized nuclei didn’t just contain protons, they also contained neutrons.

And often, when a neutron was added to a nucleus, the nucleus would become radioactive, spit out an electron, and one of the neutrons would turn into a proton–the atom would become an atom of the next higher element.

What would happen if you did this to uranium? Would you get element 93?

This would be a new–and man-made–element. That would be a big deal!

Enrico Fermi, who had worked a lot of this out (including methods to slow down neutrons so they could react with nuclei), decided, in 1934, to try. He got some very peculiar results. He was unwilling to announce success, he couldn’t be sure what he had. But Mussolini got wind of this and insisted on announcing a triumph of Italian physics.

By 1940 people had untangled the mess and realized that Fermi hadn’t just created element 93, but that element 93 had decayed *again* and become element 94. These elements were named neptunium and plutonium, continuing with the planet sequence.

But elsewhere, Otto Hahn and Lise Meitner whad different ideas. Perhaps, if they hit uranium atoms, they could get TWO alpha decays instead of just one…uranium could turn directly into radium without going through thorium first.

They tried it, figuring if they started with pure uranium, then later detected radium, they’d have the proof they needed. But there wouldn’t be much of it. But, radium and barium are virtual twins, like zirconium and hafnium. So they figured they could do the bombardment, mix the uranium with barium, chemically separate the two, and see if the barium was radioactive…because it had some radium in it. Then they could put the final period on the whole thing by separating the radium from the barium, which was difficult but possible.

Before they could get started, Germany annexed Austria, and Meitner fled to Denmark, where Niels Bohr helped her get on her feet again.

Hahn, who had stayed behind, performed the experiment, and indeed the barium was radioactive. But he couldn’t get any radium out of it! Not a shred!

Eventually, the logic forced itself on him. If he couldn’t separate out the radioactive atoms from the barium by any means, it’s because they were barium.

So wait…you hit uranium, element 92, with a neutron…and you don’t get something nearby (like element 93 or 91 or 90 or even 88), you get barium, element 56?

This implied…that the nucleus was splitting into two very large pieces. It was fissioning!

Meitner had been kept updated, and although Hahn didn’t want to go public–this was just too crazy–she did. This was January, 1939. World War II was months away.

As it turned out: Fermi’s results came from hitting the uranium-238 isotope, with 92 neutrons and 146 neutrons.

Hahn and Meitner’s results came from hitting ther uranium-235 isotope, with 92 neutrons and 143 neutrons. And it turned out the fission released two or three free neutrons. Another physicist, Leo Szilard, had already wondered if one could find a reaction, started by a neutron, that would release more neutrons, and set up a chain reaction and produce energy…and now here was his answer.

American physicists were the first to follow up on this…luckily for the world.

And Leo Szilard, who had fled to America to get out from under Hitler, realized we HAD to do that chain reaction before Hitler did. He wrote letters to scientists, begging them to keep their research secret…and many of them did. And he eventually got Einstein to write to Roosevelt, and the Manhattan Project was born.

But let us consider uranium 235. It has a half life of 700 million years or so, which means most of the U-235 the earth had at formation, is gone. And indeed uranium is less than one percent U-235, 0.72% in fact.

If you add a neutron to uranium 235, it becomes U-236. U-236 is likely to just split into two large pieces, as Hahn had discovered. (All uranium isotopes can do this; but U-236 does so often, and very quickly, when it has just been excited by the neutron capture that created it) This releases a LOT of energy. It also happens to release some neutrons…which could go on to hit more U-235, which releases more neutrons…the chain reaction has started.

That means that U-235 is not just fissionable (all uranium isotopes *can* fission) but since it can sustain a chain reaction, it’s “fissile.”

The rub is, there’s so little U-235 in a lump of uranium those freed-up neutrons are more likely by far to hit a U-238 nucleus, and do other interesting things…but not release more neutrons. That would squelch the chain reaction right there. Instead we need to have a net increase of neutrons (for a bomb) or a steady number of them (for a reactor).

The only way to do that with U-235 is to concentrate it. Somehow, it must be separated from the U-238.

This cannot be done chemically. Both types of uranium are uranium and will behave the same. But, because the weight is over one percent different, perhaps, say, a centrifuge, or gravity could separate them. But for that to work, the uranium cannot be in solid form.

It turns out that uranium hexafluoride is a gas, and (bonus) there’s only one isotope of fluorine found in nature, so any difference between uranium hexaflurode molecules is due to the uranium atom. So the Manhattan project was able to produce “enriched” uranium this way. It was difficult (fluorine is nasty, nasty, nasty stuff) and took buildings so big people rode bicycles in them to do, but we managed to produce uranium where a large fraction of the U-238 had been removed.

You end up with some uranium that is enriched (a large percentage is U-235) whereas the U-238 that has been removed is called “depleted uranium”

[And, if you hear about Iran and its centrifuges, that’s what they’re for: to enrich uranium, to make bombs.]

Apparently, uranium that is more than 5% but less than 20% U-235 is suitable for use in reactors, above that you’re getting into nuclear bomb territory.

In principle, it’s easy at this point. To make it go kaboom, you need only put a sufficient mass together in one place at one time. That mass is the critical mass. But that depends on how concentrated it is. The more concentrated, the better. You could make a bomb out of hundreds of kilos of 25% U-235, but if you can get it up to 85%, you need a lot less.

It’s so simple, that we didn’t bother to test the U-235 bomb we built in World War II. (We did test the plutonium bomb, near Alamogordo, New Mexico. But that’s a story for another day, like maybe two days from now.) We dropped our one and only U-235 bomb on Hiroshima, and it worked like a champ.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Boy

The bomb, named “Little Boy,” consisted of a cylindrical slug, and a cylindrical ring, of U-235, combined mass 64 kilograms, of 80% U-235. There was a neutron reflector around the whole thing, increasing its efficiency; the 64 kilograms was about two and a half critical masses.

To detonate it, explosives fired behind the ring, it went down rails to surround the cylinder, and the critical mass was formed. With a little help from some neutron sources in the nose of the bomb……

BOOM!!!

(Note to potential aggressors: Don’t sneak-attack US soil. Unless some pusbag like Obola is in office. Little Boy was ~20 kilotons. We now have bombs, in the plural, at least 50 times as powerful.)

So the U-235 bomb is very simple to make…but getting the U-235 itself is a very painful process.

The U-238 isn’t useless for nuclear energy…but it has to go through a different process, again, a story for a different day.

One thing I forgot.

The order creating the Manhattan Project was signed on December 6, 1941.

If Roosevelt had dithered for a day, well, he would likely have been too distracted to remember to sign it.

Neptunium

[The next day I did this. But before I posted, cthulhu posted about the isotopes, so let me quote that first]

Neptunium has three isotopes of significant interest. Np-237 has a half-life of 2.14 million years; Np-236 has a half-life of 154,000 years; and Np-235 has a half-life of 396.1 days [or just less than 1.1 years]. Other isotopes have been observed, but not for long.

It has been determined that Np-237 could be used to make an atomic bomb. This would clearly be less of a geopolitical threat than making an atomic bomb out of Np-235 — such a bomb would have to be used within a few months of the neptunium’s isolation or half the fissile material could have transformed into something else.

cthulhu

[Now me.]

Neptunium was discovered by Enrico Fermi when he tried bombarding uranium with slow neutrons. (I described this yesterday, but I will recap it here.)

In doing so, he converted some U-238 nuclei into U-239 nuclei. (Recall that U-238 is the most common uranium isotope, with 146 neutrons, as opposed to U-235, which has 143 neutrons; the 238 and 235 are the numbers you get when you total up the number of neutrons with the number of protons, 92 in the case of any uranium isotope).

U-239, however, has a very short half life (in contrast with over four billion years for U-238). That half life is 23.45 minutes. But makes it far more interesting is that U-239 does NOT decay by alpha decay. Alpha decay (hypothetically) would subtract 4 from the isotope number and two from the atomic number, making it thorium-235. Big deal.

Instead U-239 undergoes beta decay. In essence, a neutron splits apart into a proton and an electron (and an antineutrino is blooped out too, but Fermi didn’t know about that…yet). The electron flies out of the nucleus, and that’s the “beta radiation.” The proton remains in the nucleus.

But now…instead of element 92, isotope 239, you have element 93, isotope 239.

And that is a VERY BIG DEAL indeed, no sarcasm at all this time.

Until this moment, we had never seen ANY element past uranium.

(Which is not to say element 93 doesn’t exist in nature; it does, because sometimes this neutron capture happens naturally in uranium ores. It’s an extremely rare occurrence, however.)

Fermi didn’t realize it at the time. He thought his experiment had succeeded, but there was an awful lot of other stuff in his sample and his measurements were all over the map; likely because he’d fissioned some U-235 (see yesterday). But he had also unknowingly created element 94.

You see, element 93, isotope 239 has a 2.3 day half life…and it, too decays by beta decay. So it bumps up to element 94, isotope 239.

Uranium had been named after the planet Uranus; it seemed natural to continue the sequence with Neptune->neptunium, and Pluto->plutonium, because in the 1930s and 1940s Pluto had just been discovered and was decades away from being understood as the first member of a new class of astronomical object. It was considered a planet. (Sort of like Ceres, after which cerium was named; it became recognized as the first known asteroid.)

So element 93, the element of the day, is “neptunium,” symbol Np, and stands as the first element artificially created, in fact many tons of it have been created.

But in and of itself it’s of little interest. It’s the plutonium we’re after. And that’s a story for another day…tomorrow being that day.

The most stable isotope of Neptunium isn’t 239, it’s 237. And 237, with a 2.14 million year half life, decays by alpha emission; in fact it’s considered the “top” of the neptunium decay series, which consists of a number of isotopes whose numbers, when divided by four, leave a remainder of 1.

The earth is over 2000 times as old as that half life, thus in order for one atom of original neptunium 237 to still be around, statistically, we’d have to have started out with 2^2000 atoms of neptunium-237 in the earth. This is quite absurd. 210 is 1024, roughly a thousand [add: and exactly equal to 1/fauxcahontas], so for every ten powers of 2, we have roughly 3 powers of ten, so 22000 is very roughly 10667.

There aren’t that many atoms in the universe, much less the earth, not even close! (I’ve seen figures–old ones–estimating the number of protons in the universe at 1080. Replace each proton with 10587 protons, and now we’re getting somewhere close to 10667 atoms in the universe.) So, it’s safe to say there isn’t an atom of original neptunium 237 on earth, and there isn’t a four billion year old atom of neptunium 237 anywhere in the universe; it would have to beat incredible odds to still exist after 2000 half lives.

So there are few, if any, naturally occurring neptunium-237 decay series atoms on Earth. Any that do, exist because something in the thorium decay series captured a neutron, and that’s just as rare as natural Np-239.

If you look up “neptunium” on wikipedia, there’s actually a picture of a sphere of it (coated in nickel, I believe), but that makes the point that neptunium can be, and is, mass-produced.

Thus it actually makes sense to talk about its bulk properties.

The density is 20.45…that beats out gold and wolfram, but does not beat out platinum, iridium, osmium, or rhenium. Still, it’s respectably dense.

Here are some videos, from “Periodic Table Videos”

[To which cthulhu responded:]

It should be noted that Neptunium is produced in volume inside nuclear power reactions as an unwanted by-product of their operation. It’s not that anyone is generating it on-purpose.

cthulhu

And I replied:

Np-239 of course is the stepping stone to Pu-239, so it IS definitely produced, quite deliberately, in breeder reactors. But it’s a mere stepping stone to what we really want.

But you’re certainly correct that the other isotopes are crud.

More from me:

I mentioned that Np-237 was the “top” of the neptunium decay series, but…hypothetically, Am-241 will decay into Np-237. It has a much shorter half life, though, so it’s not considered the father of the series.

But–you almost certainly have some Am-241 in your house! A story for another day.

And more from Cthulhu:

Work done by Edwin McMillan at the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory at UC Berkeley starting in 1939 led to the discovery of neptunium when he was playing with their new 60-inch cyclotron that had just been built there.

Berkeley had an extensive collection of cyclotrons (particle accelerators) around that time — it seemed that every PhD student wanted to build a bigger one as his thesis work (or first postdoc grant). There’s actually an amusing anecdote that arises from this.

It seems the FAA kept getting reports from people flying airplanes around the East Bay hills. They’d be flying along, clear skies, nothing untoward — and all their cockpit electronics would fail. Or an engine would quit firing. Or their radio would drop out….a second later, things would go back to normal — and a few minutes later, the pilots’ heartbeats would return to normal. This happened for years and the FAA had no idea why.

Until some bright boys figured it out. One of the smaller cyclotrons — about a 30-incher IIRC — was used for training purposes to “show people how it worked” before they could book time on the larger ones. Because this was for practice purposes, students would irradiate stuff like paper clips and pencils. And because it wasn’t very large, it didn’t have a specific home — they’d move it from classroom to classroom. And, without a specific home, they’d just aim the output that went past the target out any convenient window.

So these random aviators would encounter invisible particle beam weapons while flying anywhere near Berkeley. Mind you, the beam wasn’t collimated like a laser — it formed a cone……but at 10,000 feat, the cone was only a few yards across. Large enough to get one engine in a two-engine plane. And even if you hit it right in the middle, you’d be through it in a second or so. And the strength probably wasn’t going to permanently damage anything…..

cthulhu

Plutonium

Plutonium is interesting for various reasons.

First and most famously, of course, is its use in nuclear weapons.

That’s generally plutonium 239…which, if you’ve been following along, is generated by decaying neptunium 239, which in turn is generated by decaying uranium 239, which comes about when uranium 238 in a breeder reactor captures a neutron.

It’s called a breeder reactor because it actually creates nuclear fuel, to wit the plutonium 239. It’s an excellent fuel, easily made (far more so than uranium-235) but it’s much more difficult to make a bomb out of, fortunately. It won’t fission unless it’s compressed, and the best way to compress it is to surround it with explosives and have those explosives detonate simultaneously so the plutonium has nowhere to squirt out to. A large part of the Manhattan project was figuring out how to do this–precision explosives.

A plutonium bomb, like the one dropped on Nagasaki, is basically a hollow sphere of plutonium surrounded by the explosives; when the explosives are detonated, the plutonium is compressed to far higher than its normal density and it goes *kaboom*.

This was just complicated enough we felt the need to test it, before dropping the bomb on nagasaki, so the very first nuclear explosion was near Alamagordo, New Mexico. It worked quite satisfactorily so we could drop “Fat Man” on Nagasaki to end World War II.

It’s called “Fat Man” because of its bulbous shape (to accomodate the sphere of plutonium and the surrounding explosives). By contrast, the bomb dropped on Hiroshima involved moving part of the critical mass along rails, so it was relatively long and thin, “Little Boy.”

Nowadays the hydrogen bomb functions by putting tritium and deuterium in the bomb, and letting the heat and pressure of the plutonium detonation cause them to fuse, resulting in a MUCH more powerful bomb. A 50,000 kiloton hydrogen bomb was built and detonated by the Soviet Union once; without hydrogen we were pretty much limited to a few dozen kilotons.

The plutonium in hydrogen bomb–the little bang before the big bag–is often called a “trigger.”

[Cthulhu comment: The bomb at Alamogordo was called “gadget.”]

Plutonium 239 has a half life of about 24,000 years.

Plutonium has another very useful isotope, plutonium-238, with a half life of 87 years It’s used as radioisotope fuel for spacecraft, and at one point, even in pacemakers, in nifty devices called radioisotope thermoelectric generators that directly generate electricity and heat. Its half life is comfortably longer than a human will live, or a space mission will run, without being so much longer we just don’t get as much energy as we could out of it. (Why put something that decays slower than it needs to in your spacecraft? You don’t get as much bang for your buck.) This isotope has a density of 19.3+, similar to gold.

As I mentioned above, it was used in pacemakers for a while starting in 1966, until someone realized tht if the body was cremated, the container might rupture. Not being able to guarantee that some idiot wouldn’t cremate a corpse with one of these installed, the program was canceled. Meanwhile 139 people had received the pacemakers. As of 2007, seven were still with us. On dying the undertaker is supposed to ship the device home to Los Alamos where it will be lovingly cared for.

But that’s not (to me at least) nearly as interesting as another isotope…

Plutonium 244 has a half life of 80 million years. It’s one of the two longest-lived non-primordial radioisotoes.

(There are 34 primordial radioisotopes, i.e., ones that have long enough half lives that they still exist on earth, 4.5 billion years after its creation. Obviously, Uranium 235 and 238, and thorium 232 are on this list, but there are also isotopes of lighter elements that are slightly unstable. In fact most of the indium, tellurium and rhenium on earth today are unstable isotopes, as is all of the bisuth. The tellurium has a halflife in the septillions of years, the indium in the trillions, and the rhenium in the tens of billions of years, so it’s all very, very mild.

Of the primordial radio isotopes, potassium 40 (1 billion years) and uranium 235 (700 million years) have the shortest half lives, after that the next POSSIBLE isotope is Plutonium 244 with its 80 year half life. (It’s interesting that there is no isotope in between 80 and 700 million year half life.)

The age of the earth is 57 half lives of plutonium 244, so some have estimated there might still be about ten grams of it in the earth’s crust. Indeed, someone in 1971 claimed to have detected it. But more recent lab work has failed to confirm this. On the other hand some of the meteoric dust that hits the Earth is of interstellar origin, and some Pu-244 has been detected in that.

It was probably never particularly common, though, because to make Pu-244, you have to keep adding neutrons to something like pu-239, and Pu-243, one of the stepping stones, has a short half life (5 hours), making it unlikely that any slow natural process will manage to get past it–it will most likely decay before another neutron happens along. But that’s a slow process. The same issue arises inside our nuclear power plants, for the same reason, so Pu-244 doesn’t show up much in spent fuel rods. For a fast process, like inside a nuclear bomb, the neutrons get added on quickly, and indeed Pu-244 has been detected in the residues of nuclear bomb blasts.

But it’s interesting to think that, say, two or three billion years ago someone could have mined plutonium from rocks in the earth’s crust. And that some of it, a very small amount, might still be around, a residue of the creation of the solar system and our earth.

One more isotope to consider: Pu-240. This one is a nuisance. When one is creating Pu-239 by exposing U-238 to neutrons, it’s important to pull the sample out of the reactor before too much of the freshly-created Pu-239 has a chance to capture another neutron and become Pu-240, because Pu-240 will actually act to damp the chain reaction that is desired. It simply absorbs the neutron and says, “Ok, give me another” rather than fissioning and creating more neutrons, like Pu-239 does.

The first nuclear reactors dedicated to manufacturing plutonium (as part of the Manhattan Project) were at the “Hanford Site” in Washington State, on the banks of the Columbia River. Being in the rain shadow of the Cascades, the area is pretty much a desert.

The facilities are massive, and by April 1945, they were making a shipment of Plutonium to Los Alamos every five days.

The Hanford Site is the most contaminated nuclear site in the United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanford_Site

cthulhu

Americium

Americium-241 is very likely in your home.

It’s generally kept safe under a layer of gold foil inside that big black thingamabob in your smoke detector.

That’s an ionization chamber, within which smoke particulates pick up an electric charge (from encountering an alpha or beta particle given off by the americium). The electrically charged smoke sets off the detector.

Am-241 has a half life of around 432 years. It decays by alpha particle to the much more stable (but not stable enough) neptunium 237, which is the namesake of the neptunium decay series (isotopes of elements heavier than lead, whose numbers have a remainder of 1 when divided by 4).

The other “common” isotope (remember that spent nuclear reactor fuel has to be gone through to find all this stuff, about 100 grams per tonne) is Am-243, with a half life of 7,370 years.

One of the metastates of Am-242 hangs around for 141 years, on average.

Other than that no americium lasts for more than a year.

Americium was discovered in 1944 by workers on the Manhattan project; they actually found curium (the next element) before they found americium. The discovery was not made public until the next year. (Why announce to the enemy that, with a war on, you’re spending resources on atomic research? They might wonder why and we don’t want them wondering why.)

The amount of americium in a typical new smoke detector is 1 microcurie (37 kBq) or 0.29 microgram. This, of course, would be several times the number of milli-microcuries found in Italian mineral water — which is why you seldom find ionization smoke detectors powered by Pelligrino.

In theory, you could build ultra-compact atomic bombs from americium-242m (half-life 141 years) with a critical mass in the 3-5 kg range if a metal reflector is used. Nobody has claimed to have done so. Then, again, nobody has claimed to have actually orbited a “rods from God” weapons system yet…..

One enterprising young lad removed the americium from approximately 100 smoke detectors in 1994 in hopes of constructing a breeder nuclear reactor in his home shop. I’m not sure that David Hahn, at 17, would have had the wet chemistry chops to actually do anything with a reactor if he had managed to accumulate sufficient material and lit it up…..but we all have to start somewhere.

cthulhu

Obligatory PSAs and Reminders

China is Lower than Whale Shit

To conclude: My standard Public Service Announcement. We don’t want to forget this!!!

Remember Hong Kong!!!

https://youtube.com/watch?v=L3tnH4FGbd0

中国是个混蛋 !!!
Zhōngguò shì gè hùndàn !!!
China is asshoe !!!

China is in the White House

Since Wednesday, January 20 at Noon EST, the bought-and-paid for Joseph Biden has been in the White House. It’s as good as having China in the Oval Office.

Joe Biden is Asshoe

China is in the White House, because Joe Biden is in the White House, and Joe Biden is identically equal to China. China is Asshoe. Therefore, Joe Biden is Asshoe.

But of course the much more important thing to realize:

Joe Biden Didn’t Win

乔*拜登没赢 !!!
Qiáo Bài dēng méi yíng !!!
Joe Biden didn’t win !!!

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cthulhu

Justice???

I’m not sure we’re speaking the same lingo, here….

–little fish

TheseTruths

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pgroup2

LoL at covering bunny’s eyes.

TheseTruths

The animals know…

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The woke outdoors lost me years ago!

TheseTruths

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TheseTruths

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TheseTruths

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Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Love it!

TheseTruths

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Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Sundance said this, and I have to agree!

I openly predicted last year, when Ron DeSantis announced his candidacy, we would have the most fun in a presidential primary in history. The last 24 hours have been absolutely hilarious. If you are not having fun at the expense of the DeSantis billionaire funders, you are doing it wrong.

Gail Combs

What is really, really nice is we get to VET the possible 2028 candidates.

DeSantamonious was high up in my list. Now that I looked into him, I see he is another EMPTY SUIT LAWYER WITH POLITICAL ASPIRATIONS

He has NEVER WORKED AT A REAL JOB just like Mike Pence.

 Vivek Ramaswamy  at least has actually WORKED

From BBC:

Mr Ramaswamy, a multimillionaire entrepreneur and author of the book Woke, Inc…

The 37-year-old, who was born in Ohio, studied at Harvard and Yale, earned his millions as a biotechnology entrepreneur and then founded an asset management firm.

He’s been vocal about his disdain for what he calls the corporate world’s “wokeism” on racism and climate, claiming it hurts both businesses and the country. He’s particularly opposed to ESG (environment, social and corporate governance) initiatives, by which a company’s social and environmental impact is measured.

He also renounces affirmative action in higher education and wants to reduce US economic dependence on China….

Democrat Shekar Narasimhan, founder and chairman of the AAPI (Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders) Victory Fund, says that while he is happy to see more Asian-Americans gain prominence in politics, he isn’t confident about Mr Ramaswamy’s ideas.

“He is a business guy and has a clean slate, but what are his promises?” …Mr Gaekwad admires Mr Ramaswamy’s courage in running for president, he says that it’s important for him to have a strategy – one that “has something for Indian-Americans”. 🙄

Gaekwad seemingly does not understand what “ renounces affirmative action” actually means or what his disdain for… “wokeism” on racism…” means.

I certainly think  Vivek is well worth watching.

I am reminded of my Husband quoting Malcolm Muggeridge’s line: “The last Englishman will be an Indian…”

TheseTruths

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…so far…

cthulhu

….wearing North Face hiking gear.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

And Patagonia padded undies!

Gail Combs

  :wpds_lol:   :wpds_lol:   :wpds_lol: 

Youse Guys are cracking me up!

Aubergine

OMG, Wolf, I just had a revelation! I totally get what they are doing!

Bud Light, baseball, Target, The North Face, Patagonia, Nascar, and Harley Davidson (the one that put the light on for me).

The demons are picking out the brands they think the average American conservative consumer won’t do without, and TARGETING them. The ICONIC good-ole-boy or Christian-Mom brands.

They think they can use those brands to FORCE the tranny and pedo shit down our throats! They think we will give in on those specific products. Oh, this explains so much to me!

They think once we “give in” and buy the Bud or shop in the Target, they will have slipped past our wall. It’s the SAME TACTIC they used with gay marriage, which was never just about gays at all. FUCK these people.

Deplorable Patriot

Aubergine

We can always go back to the days when America meant church picnics, rodeos, afternoon drives with your sweetheart, barn dances, and garden parties.

Not a corporation in sight.

Deplorable Patriot

Sunday afternoons walking down the street and visiting with the neighbors on front porches, too. That’s a thing we’ve lost.

Aubergine

Yes. And for those of us in rural areas, I remember sitting with my grandparents on the porch on Sunday, and neighbors driving up to “set a while.”

Gail Combs

Our ‘village life’ was DELIBERATELY torn apart by the Committee for Economic Development, right after WWII

…With World War II, America saw its agricultural system intentionally subjected to political policies that radically transformed it. What was once a decentralized system that provided a means to self sufficiency and independence for tens of millions of farmers was purposefully centralized into a capital-intensive fossil-fuel dependent system that restructured local economies, permitting their wealth to be extracted by what are now transnational cartels dedicated to the so-called free market and globalized trade at all costs.

This transformation was the result of organized plans developed by a group of highly powerful “though unelected“ financial and industrial executives who wanted to drastically change agricultural practices in the US to better serve their collective corporate financial agenda. This group, called the Committee for Economic Development, was officially established in 1942 as a sister organization to the Council on Foreign Relations. CED has influenced US domestic policies in much the same way that the CFR has influenced the nation’s foreign policies.[1]

Composed of chief executive officers and chairmen from the federal reserve, the banking industry, private equity firms, insurance companies, railroads, information technology firms, publishing companies, pharmaceutical companies, the oil and automotive industries, meat packing companies, retailers and assisted by university economists representatives from every sector of the economy with the key exception of farmers themselves, CED determined that the problem with American agriculture was that there were too many farmers. But the CED had a solution: millions of farmers would just have to be eliminated…

  :wpds_arrow: 𝗖𝗘𝗗’𝘀 𝗽𝗹𝗮𝗻𝘀 𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘂𝗹𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝗻 𝘄𝗶𝗱𝗲𝘀𝗽𝗿𝗲𝗮𝗱 𝘀𝗼𝗰𝗶𝗮𝗹 𝘂𝗽𝗵𝗲𝗮𝘃𝗮𝗹 𝘁𝗵𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗴𝗵𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝗿𝘂𝗿𝗮𝗹 𝗔𝗺𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗮, 𝗿𝗶𝗽𝗽𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗽𝗮𝗿𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗳𝗮𝗯𝗿𝗶𝗰 𝗼𝗳 𝗶𝘁𝘀 𝘀𝗼𝗰𝗶𝗲𝘁𝘆 𝗱𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗼𝘆𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗶𝘁𝘀 𝗹𝗼𝗰𝗮𝗹 𝗲𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗼𝗺𝗶𝗲𝘀. 𝗧𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗿𝗲𝘀𝘂𝗹𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝗻 𝗮 𝗺𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝘃𝗲 𝗺𝗶𝗴𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗼 𝗹𝗮𝗿𝗴𝗲𝗿 𝗰𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗲𝘀. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝘀𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗮 𝗳𝗮𝗿𝗺 𝗮𝗹𝘀𝗼 𝗺𝗲𝗮𝗻𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝘀𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗶𝘁𝘆, 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗺𝗮𝗻𝘆 𝗳𝗮𝗿𝗺𝗲𝗿𝘀’ 𝗹𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀 𝗲𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝗻 𝘀𝘂𝗶𝗰𝗶𝗱𝗲 [𝟲], 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝘂𝗻𝗹𝗶𝗸𝗲 𝗳𝗮𝗿𝗺𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗶𝗻 𝗜𝗻𝗱𝗶𝗮 𝘁𝗼𝗱𝗮𝘆 𝘄𝗵𝗼 𝗵𝗮𝘃𝗲 𝗯𝗲𝗲𝗻 𝘁𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗸𝗲𝗱 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗼 𝗱𝗲𝗯𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗱𝗲𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗰𝗮𝗻 𝘀𝗲𝗲 𝗻𝗼 𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝘄𝗮𝘆 𝗼𝘂𝘁….

http://farmwars.info/?p=1565

TheseTruths

We can have new American brands.

I don’t buy that companies have to go along with the woke agenda in order to get funding. Who is funding them and holding them to those standards? If they are bowing to some woke, globalist entity in order for their company to exist, then I don’t want to support them anyway because they are beholden to someone that is anti-American. So bye-bye. Americans are innovative and can do something else. We have to take a stand.

Aubergine

AGREED!

I had a conversation about Yuengling beer with a friend the other day. We don’t have it out here. My friend said “yet…”

Gail Combs

DANG you can not mail order it…

As a regional brand, Yuengling is currently only able to ship our products to the states within our distribution footprint. Please utilize our Beer Finder to locate where Yuengling can be purchased near you. For more information or updates regarding our distribution please visit commonly asked questions in FAQs.

https://www.yuengling.com/beer-finder/?productName=any#beer-finder-section

Aubergine

I know, I tried!

pgroup2

We could do Smokey and the Bandit 2023.

Gail Combs

Driving — I have this buggy but I use a pony pole instead of horse shafts. 😜

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Picnic drives with a group on the weekends was a major fun event for us when living in the Boston Area.

Last edited 9 months ago by Gail Combs
Aubergine

Horse and carriage. Or sleigh.

GA/FL

No shacking up – no babies out of wedlock – no hard core drugs, p0rn and human trafficking. No welfare babies, no illegals, etc.

Last edited 9 months ago by GA/FL
Gail Combs

I hope you are holding up OK. Sorry to hear your relatives have Covid.

Aubergine

Well, I have to tell you, there were plenty of babies out of wedlock, even in the 1700s!

I read a lot of old court records when I am researching. I find bastardy cases ALL the time. Many of them. And worse. I am certain I have cases of incest in some family lines. When two daughters of the same man have multiple illegitimate children while living in his house, that does not bode well.

Human nature is not pretty, and never has been.

Aubergine

Well, there were greater penalties back then. Support for the children was the reason the cases ended up in court. And there was shame in it, unlike now.

Looking at family lines like I do, I often find children born 5-6 months after a marriage, too.

Aubergine

It was essentially condoned. Read about bundling boards:

https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/weird-decor-what-is-a-bundling-board-214210

Gail Combs

I can see where he is coming from
BUT
as I showed earlier today, THESE ARE NOT AMERICAN COMPANIES!!! They just stole the names of American companies via leveraged buyouts.

So I agree with others that we should BUILD A PARALLEL ECONOMY of AMERICAN SMALL BUSINESSES.

Want to support America First businesses? Shop Badlands Marketplace!
https://marketplace.badlandsmedia.tv/

https://www.mypillow.com/mystore (It seems to have been taken down)
https://content.mystore.com/

Made In America Store | Featured Products

There is more listed here:

https://yandex.com/search/?text=buy+american+american+made+products&lr=113479

(Forget Duck Duck you get lots of Biden’s Buy America Act Shiff instead.)

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

How Small Business Drives US Economythoughtco.com

Small businesses provide over half the jobs in the United States, and as such, really do drive the nation’s economy…

Small Businesses Are the Real Innovators

Innovation – new ideas and product improvements – is generally measured by the number of patents issued to a firm.

Among firms considered “high patenting” firms – those being granted 15 or more patents in a four-year period — small businesses produce 16 times more patents per employee than large patenting firms, according to the SBA. In addition, SBA research also shows that increasing the number of employees correlates with increased innovation while increasing sales does not….

SBA Office of Advocacy-funded data and research shows that small businesses create more than half of the new private non-farm gross domestic product, and they create 60 to 80 percent of the net new jobs.

Census Bureau data shows that in 2010, American small businesses accounted for:

  • 99.7% of U.S. employer firms;
  • 64% of net new private-sector jobs;
  • 49.2% of private-sector employment; and
  • 42.9% of private-sector payroll

….

Mar 25, 2022 — How Small Businesses Drive The American Economyforbes.com

  :wpds_arrow: 𝗜𝗻𝘀𝘁𝗲𝗮𝗱, 𝗺𝗮𝗸𝗲 𝗮𝗻 𝗲𝗳𝗳𝗼𝗿𝘁 𝘁𝗼 𝗽𝘂𝘁 𝗺𝗼𝗻𝗲𝘆 𝗯𝗮𝗰𝗸 𝗶𝗻𝘁𝗼 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗮𝗶𝗻 𝗱𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗲𝗿𝘀 𝗼𝗳 𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝗲𝗰𝗼𝗻𝗼𝗺𝘆 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗸 𝘁𝗼 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗺 𝗳𝗼𝗿 𝗲𝗺𝗽𝗹𝗼𝘆𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗼𝗽𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁𝘂𝗻𝗶𝘁𝗶𝗲𝘀 𝘁𝗼 𝗵𝗲𝗹𝗽 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗺 𝗸𝗲𝗲𝗽 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗶𝗿 𝗱𝗼𝗼𝗿𝘀 𝗼𝗽𝗲𝗻. 𝗧𝗵𝗲𝗺 𝗺𝗼𝗿𝗲 𝘄𝗲 𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗼𝘂𝗿𝗮𝗴𝗲 𝘀𝗺𝗮𝗹𝗹 𝗯𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗻𝗲𝘀𝘀𝗲𝘀, 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗹𝗼𝗻𝗴𝗲𝗿 𝘄𝗲 𝗸𝗲𝗲𝗽 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗔𝗺𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗻 𝗱𝗿𝗲𝗮𝗺 𝗮𝗹𝗶𝘃𝗲.

 Big corporations might get a lot of attention when it comes to creating jobs, but small businesses employ more people and are more resilient when times get tough…. Not only are small businesses driving the U.S. economy, but they also keep the American dream alive.

According to the U.S. Small Business Association (SBA), small businesses of 500 employees or fewer make up 99.9% of all U.S. businesses and 99.7% of firms with paid employees. Of the new jobs created between 1995 and 2020, small businesses accounted for 62%—12.7 million compared to 7.9 million by large enterprises. A 2019 SBA report found that small businesses accounted for 44% of U.S. economic activity….

… Successful small businesses put money back into their local community through paychecks and taxes, which can support the creation of new small businesses and improve local public services. No matter how small it starts—one, two, five, 10 employees—within that town, the city or the county, your small business creates new economies where once there was nothing.

Small businesses are also better able to focus more energy on their customers and their needs, which can make them more adaptable to change in times of economic uncertainty. A global health crisis may have rocked the economy, but the formation of new U.S. businesses intending to hire employees rose to historic peaks in 2021, with nearly 1.4 million applications by September and over 400,000 more than at the same point in 2019. When tough times for big businesses lead to layoffs, small businesses become an opportunity.

…………

In 2022, the number of small businesses in the US reached 33.2 million, making up nearly all (99.9 percent) US businesses.

The increase in the number of small businesses in the US in 2022 is representative of the sustained growth as it marks a 2.2 percent increase from the previous year and an overall growth of 12.2 percent from 2017 to 2022.

According to the US Small Business Administration, “small businesses” are defined as “firms with fewer than 500 employees.” The report shows that there are around 27 million small businesses that do not hire any employees. 5.4 million have fewer than 20 employees, and 650,000 businesses have under 500 employees.

https://www.oberlo.com/statistics/number-of-small-business-in-the-us

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If you think I am ANTI- TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS and very PRO SMALL BUSINESS, you would be correct. 🤓

Gail Combs

AND while I am on the subject of small business…

Why the ‘Local Multiplier Effect’ Always Counts

A Valuable, but Hidden Economic Reality

The Local Multiplier Effect (LME) is a very valuable, hidden feature of our economies. The term refers to how many times dollars are recirculated within a local economy before leaving through the purchase of an import. Famed economist John Maynard Keynes first coined the term “Local Multiplier Effect” in his 1936 book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money….

History and Impact

Over the past 50 years, the expansion of national businesses into local domestic markets has diverted this vital monetary stream and redirected it to centralized corporate coffers. There it is spent on large capital expenditures, overseas goods and all too frequently inflated executive salaries. This interception of funds has depleted local towns and cities across our nation of an important source of funds: recirculated income.

It has been estimated that about a century ago, thriving industrial communities had a LME in the high 20s or low 30s. Today it’s estimated to be in the single digits. This reduction in the number of rounds that monies make has had an extremely negative effect on our local economies. All areas of community life are affected by this deficit. This lost treasure of local economies was never measured, monitored, managed or even acknowledged….

Two Studies of the Impact of Buying Local

Two recent studies–one in Austin, Texas, the other in Maine–compared locally owned businesses with nationally owned book stores as far as their impact on their local economies. They reached very similar conclusions: $100.00 spent at a national retailer yielded a return of about $15.00 to the local economy. However when that same $100.00 is spent with a local retailer it returns about $45.00 or 3 times as much income to the local economy. When further defined, these returns from the national chain store were usually in the form of lower-level service job wages.

Many factors are at work here. The large national chain store doesn’t buy local services or goods in most cases. On the other hand the local store does use local services such as accountants, bookkeepers, advertising, legal services, possibly office supplies and many other small incidental expenses….

An excellent example is chickens. Instead of buy ing rain from local farmers, Chicken farmers contracted to Tyson or Purdue have the grain formulated and shipped in from the coporation. The chickens or eggs are actually the PROPERTY of the corporation and the farmer is nothing more than slave labor… AND I MEAN THAT LITERALLY. You do not earn close to minimum wage and must use your kids as free labor as well as having a second job.

We looked into it and it is a MAJOR RACKET just like dairy farming, hog farming, tobacco farming…. The actual product sold is the BUILDINGS the farmer buys and finances thru the corporation and of course the USDA changes regs often enough that the farmer must continually upgrade, so he can NEVER PAY OFF THE DEBT!

Valerie Curren

OutRAGEous!

pgroup2

Tribes [which we will create in order to survive] need small businesses. Imagine a community where everybody knows everybody else.

Think Amish, but with electricity and tech.

Valerie Curren

This is Great Info, especially the parallel economy stuff. It would be great to have it as a stand alone post linked in the- margin for easy access!!!

You do Amazing Work, Gail!!! Thank YOU so much!!!

Cuppa Covfefe

While swishing back to that luuuvleeey, abtholutely DIVINE FORD Truckie-wuckey…..

TheseTruths
scott467

Tomorrow: You probably ride a Tranny-Davidson to buy Bud Light at Target… 😂

TheseTruths

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TheseTruths

Elon gets fact-checked with Community Notes:

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Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Good! Community Notes has really been helping!

michaelh

Bawhawha . . .

OK Ok ok . . . legit question.

Are the community notes fact checking Elon?

Or is Elon putting community notes to make it seem like tweets are being fact checked?

Cause I find them obnoxious and annoying . . .

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

They’re awesome for truth, IMO. They’re really starting to hit things for our side now. And YES – Elon was just fact-checked over DeSantis!!!

Barb Meier

I was just listening to a Spaces that a guy named Dom_Lucre was also listening to where it was pointed out that there’s no video of DeSantis’s twitter announcement. If there’s a transcript of the audio, I have not seen it. So it might be the first plausible deniability presidential run announcement in history. In a few months, will his team be denying it ever happened?

Aubergine

Elon is just desperately trying to protect his brand after a MASSIVE fail.

Change my mind.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Not sure I can or should!

I got the notifier to work for communication with WSB, but not with you.

Sounds like WordPress.com intervention to me.

Aubergine

Very weird.

TheseTruths

Cause I find them obnoxious and annoying . . .

Interesting. I don’t have a Twitter account, but I’ve seen several examples where someone outright lied and got corrected. It was awesome. 😅

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

As local fact-checkers, obviously you and I are going to like Community Notes!!! 😆🤓📚

TheseTruths

Yaaaas! 😂

cthulhu

The elements series at UTree was pretty fun, even though it was a bit of a sprint having to do daily posts.

It was also a pleasant learning experience. Even if you know something — like, “there was once a natural nuclear reactor in Gabon” [ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_nuclear_fission_reactor ] — it doesn’t hit you that such a thing could not occur today because the primordial radioactive elements available then have long since decayed. A factoid becomes a bit more like knowledge.

BS-ing with a like-minded well-educated nerd is a perfect environment for such to occur.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The U Tree was a fun mining camp while it lasted. Now it’s a bit of a cool ghost town!

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michaelh

Yeah but like most mining towns there’s a lot of toxic slag and environmental messes to step around

cthulhu

Hey, who are you calling slag?!?

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Red squirrel poop is more of an environmental mess!

Aubergine

I can’t either! Weird.

itswoot

I had a Ford Explorer that I had parked on the edge of a woods. I noticed that a red squirrel was regularly going into the engine compartment. I opened the hood and found a squirrel nest in the battery box and that the distributor cap was packed with poop. Lots of trouble digging out and cleaning the ignition wires.

I used my pellet gun to end it..

Gail Combs

Last Friday we did a Daycare. When I went to hang up my lead ropes in the tack room I heard a lot of cheeping. A bird had build a nest and it was full of babies! This is the second year for that. I wish she would pick somewhere else!

kalbokalbs

I’d enjoy visiting this one.

Valerie Curren

That looks ripe for a steampunk (Wolf 😉 ) upgrade!

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Need more than just plugins for that town!!! 😆

Valerie Curren

solar & wind (bag) society 😉

Valerie Curren

I think I was looking at your comment Too literally 🙂

TheseTruths

What are they thinking? I don’t get it, at all.

Budweiser teams up with Harley-Davidson for VERY manly new advert https://trib.al/mLJHts0

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https: //twitter.com/DailyMail/status/1662135712139837441

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-12128811/Budweiser-teams-Harley-Davidson-manly-ad-Bud-Light-backlash.html?ito=social-twitter_dailymailus

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

IMO, they’re trying to arrest a slide in Bud, and contain the damage to Bud Light. I think Bud is likely suffering, too.

I was in a convenience store today, and took a look in their beer cave. OMG. There was a TON of Bud Light. It has been building up, and it’s laugh-inducing how much is there, compared to all the others. Yuengling was almost hard to find.

TheseTruths

But what is Harley-Davidson thinking?

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Easy ESG points. They are probably getting DOUBLE for helping Bud.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I’m thinking they’ve been having difficulty hitting ESG quotas, and found an opportunity that was less damaging to their brands. “Helping” another brand that’s “running into resistance” likely counts for “social”.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

“Intersectionality” and all that!

michaelh

ESG points

Not tied to reality, more a popularity contest

They’re more like did you help the popular kids, not merit

See also “Carbon Credits” scam

para59r

Carbon Scam, Voting Scam, Trans Scam, Vax Scam, COVID Scam, Law Warfare Scam. The tie in’s are becoming more visible. Lots of collusion.

TradeBait2

^^^ This.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

“Collusion”! Where have we heard that word?

OH, THAT’S RIGHT!

THE COMMIE-FASCIST-FAKE-NEWS-CORPORATE AXIS.

Gail Combs

You forgot BANKSTERS who are behind it all.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

“Collusion”! Where have we heard that word?
OH, THAT’S RIGHT!
THE COMMIE-FASCIST-FAKE-NEWS-BANKSTER-CORPORATE AXIS.

Gail Combs

YUP! You got it!
  :wpds_wink:   :wpds_lol: 

Gail Combs

And what is really nice is ordinary folk are FINALLY SEEING IT!

Heck, I am a LOT more savvy after 2 years of Brandon then I was five years ago.

The LEVEL of corruption is just mind boggling!

TheseTruths

No one is thinking about the customer or putting the customer first.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Fascist corporations serve their masters! And that ain’t us!

TheseTruths

Well, their masters can finance the stores with all the inventory that’s not selling. They can also let the stockholders know why their decisions, which are causing the companies to lose money, are “sound.”

Gail Combs

Fascist corporations serve their masters!…”

A reminder of just how we got into this mess…

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

Under Reagan

…A leveraged buyout (or LBO, or highly-leveraged transaction (HLT), or “bootstrap” transaction) occurs when an investor, typically financial sponsor, acquires a controlling interest in a company’s equity and where a significant percentage of the purchase price is financed through leverage (borrowing). 👉The assets of the acquired company are used as collateral for the borrowed capital, sometimes with assets of the acquiring company. Typically, leveraged buyout uses a combination of various debt instruments from bank and debt capital markets…

The leveraged buyout boom of the 1980s was conceived by a number of corporate financiers, most notably Jerome Kohlberg, Jr. and later his protégé Henry Kravis. Working for Bear Stearns at the time, Kohlberg and Kravis, along with Kravis’ cousin George Roberts, began a series of what they described as “bootstrap” investments…

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leveraged_buyout

What they did was take corporations WHO HAD NO DEBT, like the one I worked for, 👉 borrowed against the assets — THAT THEY DID NOT OWN!!👈 — and used that money to buy stock in the corporation so they could take control.

(I do not know why this was not ILLEGAL!)

…Both economic and regulatory factors combined to spur the explosion in large takeovers and, in turn, large LBOs.

The three regulatory factors were the Reagan administration’s relatively laissez-faire policies on antitrust and securities laws, which allowed mergers the government would have challenged in earlier years; the 1982 Supreme Court decision striking down state antitakeover laws (which were resurrected with great effectiveness in the late eighties); and deregulation of many industries, which prompted restructurings and mergers.

The main economic factor was the development of the original-issue high-yield debt instrument. The so-called “junk bond” innovation, pioneered by Michael Milken of Drexel Burnham, provided many hostile bidders and LBO firms with the enormous amounts of capital needed to finance multi-billion-dollar deals…. http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc1/TakeoversandLeveragedBuyouts.html

This led to a feeding frenzy that was started

..In January 1982, [by] former US Secretary of the Treasury William Simon and a group of investors [who] acquired Gibson Greetings, a producer of greeting cards, for $80 million, of which only $1 million was rumored to have been contributed by the investors. By mid-1983, just sixteen months after the original deal, Gibson completed a $290 million IPO and Simon made approximately $66 million.The success of the Gibson Greetings investment attracted the attention of the wider media to the nascent boom in leveraged buyouts.Between 1979 and 1989, it was estimated that there were over 2,000 leveraged buyouts valued in excess of $250 billion…..WIKI

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

NOTE THIS WAS IN JANUARY 1982. What happen before then???

  :wpds_arrow: 𝗢𝗻 𝗠𝗮𝗿𝗰𝗵 𝟯𝟬, 𝟭𝟵𝟴𝟭, 𝗣𝗿𝗲𝘀𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗥𝗼𝗻𝗮𝗹𝗱 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗮𝗻 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘀𝗵𝗼𝘁 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘄𝗼𝘂𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗱 𝗯𝘆 𝗝𝗼𝗵𝗻 𝗛𝗶𝗻𝗰𝗸𝗹𝗲𝘆 𝗝𝗿. 𝗱𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗮𝗻 𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗮𝘀𝘀𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗮𝘁𝘁𝗲𝗺𝗽𝘁 𝗼𝘂𝘁𝘀𝗶𝗱𝗲 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗪𝗮𝘀𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘁𝗼𝗻 𝗛𝗶𝗹𝘁𝗼𝗻 𝗛𝗼𝘁𝗲𝗹 𝗶𝗻 𝗪𝗮𝘀𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘁𝗼𝗻. 😵

Certainly sheds a different light on that shooting…

$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$

This is the result of the 1980’s leveraged buyout feeding frenzy and as we now know it allowed the Transnational Financiers to GUT American industry.

Of mergers and acquisitions each costing $1 million or more, there were just 10 in 1970; in 1980, there were 94; in 1986, there were 346. A third of such deals in the 1980’s were hostile. The 1980’s also saw a wave of giant leveraged buyouts. Mergers, acquisitions and L.B.O.’s, which had accounted for less than 5 percent of the profits of Wall Street brokerage houses in 1978, ballooned into an estimated 50 percent of profits by 1988...

THROUGH ALL THIS, THE HISTORIC RELATIONSHIP between product and paper has been turned upside down. Investment bankers no longer think of themselves as working for the corporations with which they do business. These days, corporations seem to exist for the investment bankers…. In fact, investment banks are replacing the publicly held industrial corporations as the largest and most powerful economic institutions in America.

THERE ARE SIGNS THAT A VICIOUS spiral has begun, as each corporate player seeks to improve its standard of living at the expense of another’s.

Corporate raiders transfer to themselves, and other shareholders, part of the income of employees by forcing the latter to agree to lower wages.

January 29, 1989 New York Times

This NYT article is prophetic as the October 26, 2011 paper,   The Network of Global Corporate Control | PLOS ONE shows.

Now that CONTROL of corporations has been transferr
ed FROM stockholders/corporate boards TO the Financiers we see corporations being used as a WEAPON!

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

Mutual Funds (and pensions) are the other side of the CONTROL equation.

A Brief History of the Mutual Fund

👉Mutual funds didn’t really capture the attention of American investors until the 1980s and 1990s,👈 when investors in them hit record highs and realized incredible returns. They are now mainstream investments and form the core of individual retirement accounts. However, the idea of pooling assets for investment purposes has been around for centuries….

What are mutual funds?

A mutual fund is a company that pools money from many investors and invests the money in securities such as stocks, bonds, and short-term debt. The combined holdings of the mutual fund are known as its portfolio.👉 Investors buy shares in mutual funds.👈

Americans were enticed into investing their money into mutual funds which was then used to BUY STOCK AND MORE IMPORTANTLY 𝗖𝗢𝗡𝗧𝗥𝗢𝗟 since the mutual fund owners and NOT Americans now voted the stock.

Back in 2012 I looked into Monsanto.

At that time most of the stock is owned by Pension Funds and Mutual Funds. For example:

Divisions of Fidelity held total shares: 39,127,443 or 7.15%

The founding Johnson family controls most of Fidelity Edward C Johnson 3rd is chairman of the group and votes that stock.

Vanguard controls 37,496,850 or 5.7%,

Another 6 investment firms like MORGAN STANLEY own between 2 and 5%
𝗦𝗼 𝘁𝗵𝗼𝘀𝗲 𝘁𝗲𝗻 𝗽𝗲𝗼𝗽𝗹𝗲 𝘄𝗵𝗼 𝘃𝗼𝘁𝗲 𝟰𝟮.𝟭𝟵% 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝘀𝘁𝗼𝗰𝗸 𝗰𝗼𝗻𝘁𝗿𝗼𝗹 𝗠𝗼𝗻𝘀𝗮𝗻𝘁𝗼. 𝗔𝗡𝗗 𝘁𝗵𝗲𝘆 𝗱𝗼 𝗻𝗼𝘁 𝗽𝘂𝘁 𝘂𝗽 𝗔𝗡𝗬 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗺𝗼𝗻𝗲𝘆 𝗪𝗘 𝗗𝗢!

cthulhu

Part of the problem is that “going public” became the watchword for success. It is no such thing.

A classic example is https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swagelok . They never went public. They’re doing quite well — and if you ask, “exactly how well?”, they will gleefully tell you that it is none of your f***in’ business.

Gail Combs

Cargill is another example.

Cargill, Incorporated, is a privately held American global food corporation based in Minnetonka, Minnesota, and incorporated in Wilmington, Delaware.[4][5][6] Founded in 1865, it is the largest privately held corporation in the United States in terms of revenue.[7] In 2015, if it were a public company, it would have ranked number 15 on the Fortune 500, behind McKesson and ahead of AT&T. — WIKI

They sold American grain to the Soviet Union and thus prevented an earlier fall of that Communist state.

Last edited 9 months ago by Gail Combs
cthulhu

They had their reasons. And those reasons were not those of JPMorgan, BlackRock, or State Street.

Gail Combs

IIRC sales of US grain to the Soviet Union at that time was BANNED. It only came out later that Cargill ignored the ban.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Fascinating.

Gail Combs

I can not find the article I read a decade or more ago but there is this:

“…Cargill was willing to do business with just about any country, including the ideological foes of the United States. It started selling grain to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the early 1960s, but it was a series of giant grain sales to the Soviets in the 1970s that put the company at the center of a major controversy….”
https://www.corp-research.org/cargill

…..

“The United States grain embargo against the Soviet Union was enacted by US President Jimmy Carter in January 1980 in response to the Soviet Union‘s invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The embargo remained in effect until Ronald Reagan ended it in 1981 upon taking the office of president….”
https://detailedpedia.com/wiki-United_States_grain_embargo_against_the_Soviet_Union

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

EXACTLY. Companies lose all moral sense and self-control once they “go public”. Amazing how sneaky of an attack was conducted through Reagan. The Fake News equated monopolism with free market capitalism in a very sneaky way.

Once we see that monopolism is a TOOL OF THE ELITE to gain top-end control of industries using a left-right division dynamic, and making the final plays with the captive left hand, it all makes sense.

Gail Combs

Just to drive home the point: 2 decades ago…

 The percentage of foreign ownership as of 2002 by industrial sector was as follows:

  • Sound recording industries – 97%
  • Commodity contracts dealing and brokerage – 79%
  • Motion picture and sound recording industries – 75%
  • Metal ore mining – 65%
  • Motion picture and video industries – 64%
  • Wineries and distilleries – 64%
  • Database, directory, and other publishers – 63%
  • Book publishers – 63%
  • Cement, concrete, lime, and gypsum product – 62%
  • Engine, turbine and power transmission equipment – 57%
  • Rubber product – 53%
  • Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing – 53%
  • Plastics and rubber products manufacturing – 52%
  • Plastics product – 51%
  • Other insurance related activities – 51%
  • Boiler, tank, and shipping container – 50%
  • Glass and glass product – 48%
  • Coal mining – 48%
  • Sugar and confectionery product – 48%
  • Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying – 47%
  • Advertising and related services – 41%
  • Pharmaceutical and medicine – 40%
  • Clay, refractory, and other nonmetallic mineral products – 40%
  • Securities brokerage – 38%
  • Other general purpose machinery – 37%
  • Audio and video equipment mfg and reproducing magnetic and optical media – 36%

And it continues from there.

TradeBait2

Fabulous posts, gang. For the rest who read here, pay attention to these by Gail and Coothie. My little piece of career history was intertwined in a very small sliver of this as has been discussed in BIMD.

America has been systematically raped and pillaged by its own plus foreign interests since the end of WW II. The plan was implemented around 1913. The planning began prior to the War Between The States.

The Andrew Jackson portrait was hung by PDT in the Oval Office for more than just “populist” reasons IMO.

All for the love of money and worldly power.

Gail Combs

Thank Q 😊

I immediately thought of you and Bear when I wrote that.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Oh, this is all making sense now! And this ties into everything Tradebait has been telling us (BIMD) about the banking and financial sector, as seen from the balcony-seat intersection with small business financing.

WOW.

Gail Combs

Glad I could help.

It is one of the reasons I try to look at the history. NONE of this happened overnight. It is GENERATIONAL!!

The Civil War was supposed to be the death of the USA but Lincoln and the Tzar of Russia thwarted the plans of the European Royals and Banksters.

There are no direct descents of Abraham LincolnTracing back to his history, Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth president of the United States, does not have any direct descendants anymore.

AND the Tzar of Russia’s family was also wiped out.

“You must understand. The leading Bolsheviks who took over Russia were not Russians. They hated Russians. They hated Christians. Driven by ethnic hatred they tortured and slaughtered millions of Russians without a shred of human remorse. The October Revolution was not what you call in America the “Russian Revolution.” It was an invasion and conquest over the Russian people. More of my countrymen suffered horrific crimes at their bloodstained hands than any people or nation ever suffered in the entirety of human history. It cannot be understated. Bolshevism was the greatest human slaughter of all time. The fact that most of the world is ignorant of this reality is proof that the global media itself is in the hands of the perpetrators.” – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

And WHO financed these BUTCHERS? Why they were financed by wealthy financiers in London and New York and Europe.

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Excellent resource:
None Dare Call it Conspiracy – Gary Allen: Bankrolling the Bolshevik Revolution

Aubergine

They failed Marketing 101.

scott467

“Easy ESG points.”

____________

They may be easy, but they’re not gonna be cheap! 🤣

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

BOOM. Absolutely.

para59r

What we may need is a list of all the organizations public, private and non profit that have aligned with WEF. We had one from over a year ago. I think Gail found it. For sure some of this may be bending over backward to be able play (ESG) but much of it will run deeper to varying degrees depending on how tied in they are with WEF. There is some serious collusion going on here when we tie it back to Dark Brandon’s people.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Once WEF people get placed, bad things happen.

para59r

Article to your point (ESG).

Kamikaze Marketing: Why One Corporation After Another Is Falling on Its Woke Sword

https://discernreport.com/kamikaze-marketing-why-one-corporation-after-another-is-falling-on-its-woke-sword/

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Excellent!

scott467

“But what is Harley-Davidson thinking?”

___________

Looks like they’re thinking about the debut of the Tranny-Davidson Pedocycle.

The bike for Trannies.

With a tuck seat… and tranning wheels 😂

Last edited 9 months ago by scott467
pgroup2

Are you done yet? Sheesh.

 🙃 

Aubergine

OMG, I’m dying!

kalbokalbs

AB / InBev groveling for business. Want their cake and… F’m.

para59r

They appear to be moving at warp speed now…From this (last night from These Truths)…

To this…

where in we will likely be sufficiently demonized and stuffed into something like this thing by the end of the week… as part of Dark Biden’s anti hate thing

Last edited 9 months ago by para59r
TheseTruths

I read that no one at Target could name even one threat of violence against them, but I don’t know if that’s accurate.

Families need to wake up. It’s not just about a satanic designer. It’s about the entire movement that is grooming their children. It’s about Target’s total commitment to that. It’s also about Target’s labeling people who don’t agree with them. If you have a different worldview, why would you set foot in a Target or buy anything from them?

In addition, now I think there really is a possibility of danger, not from our side, but from the Left provoking things to manufacture “victims” and make us look violent.

Just don’t go to Target.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

They just do the human shields thing all the time. Coulter spotted this years ago.

para59r

“I read that no one at Target could name even one threat of violence against them, but I don’t know if that’s accurate.”

Well, there was this…

Oh my bad… says St. George 😮🙄😬😏😆🤪😎

michaelh

Ugh that still makes me sick.

2010 Target Spying on Customers
2013 Target Breach (Gross Negligence)
2016 Target LGBT messaging fiasco
2020 Target Riots
2023 Target PRIDE fiasco

TPTB love the money but really hate this brand!

kalbokalbs

FF inbound.

Gail Combs

My thoughts EXACTLY!

litenmaus

Yep…the narrative engineering has begun

(MailOnline)- A Target in Layton, Utah, was evacuated after bomb threats were made against the store, and several others in Utah and Ohio, to local news stations.

singingsoul1

We are so glad and only visited Target twice. I do not miss them do not need them.

litenmaus

I’m there with ya siningsoul…I’ve only been in a Target twice in my lifetime…..rates very low on my ‘places I want to visit’ list….

Aubergine

AMEN, AMEN, AMEN!

michaelh

“Threat Overview”

Translation

After the Target Breach, Target invested huge amounts of money building up its Cyber team.

That “Threat Overview” is an output from that investment and team.

That totally reads like internally derived threat intel. It was written on a power point slide.

TheseTruths

Exactly.

I have no doubt there will be an incident eventually. The stage is being set for it.

Aubergine

BOLO for some MK’d redneck with a blank stare to shoot up a Target. Another reason to stay the hell out of TarGay.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

You called it! They’ll do ANYTHING to keep the TRANS narrative going!!!

para59r

Lot of forethought in all this stuff. Smells like a nation level WEF operation. Soros/Brandon type thing, govt pvt sector in cahoots…

michaelh

“indicators” “risk” “Physical security risks” “motivate extremists to violence” “threats of violence”

Maybe WEF but could’ve been written by undergrads in a group project

or ChatGPT

para59r

written by undergrads like from here?

michaelh

Looking for someone to provide a legit definition of the term “extremist”

Have not found one in peer reviewed lit

TheseTruths

Try looking under “assault weapon.”

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

LOL!

kalbokalbs

Dunno about a definition.

Examples from HLS, FIB… Conservative. White. Christian. Male.

scott467

American.

Patriot.

Human.

singingsoul1

Persecution of Christian males has not stopped for over 2000 years. We need to support young Christian males.

Last edited 9 months ago by singingsoul1
singingsoul1

Antifa and BLM and lefties all extremists What is Biden going to do about that?

kalbokalbs

TarGay smells like HLS, FIB, DOJ…

Please

lololol:

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Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Deep Fake Is Real!

TheseTruths

They will keep improving on this. In that video, I see unnatural movements in the area at the top of his head, as if the video has been spliced. But someone would probably have to be looking for it to notice it.

I wonder if people can sue over this. That video makes a point of saying it is not Morgan Freeman, but it is using his likeness and voice, probably without his permission.

pgroup2

Oh yeah – let the lawyers save us.

/s

[they just might be our last hope in this area]

Last edited 9 months ago by pgroup2
singingsoul1

This is so dangerous. I can Imposter Trump and say who knows what and there are people who believe it.

para59r

This is why all AI generated stuff must have a label/symbol/marker that tells you it’s AI. Be it sound, vid or pic. Some small little distinguishing mark that everyone will come to know. How hard would it be to pass such a law?

Last edited 9 months ago by para59r
para59r

There would be plenty people looking. You could even offer rewards.

cthulhu

Interested parties could police it themselves, sort of like the DMCA…..

scott467

Shouldn’t AI be able to detect a voice or image or video constructed by AI?

Probing a potential AI with questions (e.g., Blade Runner style) might make sense with an interactive AI, but if it is just an audio file or image file or video, human eyes and ears are easy to fool. AI should be much better at discerning unnatural anomalies.

As the tech improves (i.e., cheap and low resource usage) so that everyone can have their own AI program running on their own PC, and therefore secure from being tampered with, it would seem to be a simple thing to set it to auto-check / validate every single photo or video you ever view online, and provide a 0 – 100% ranking as to the confidence that an image or video (or audio) is authentic.

Last edited 9 months ago by scott467
cthulhu

Of course, who among us has the ability to program such a discerning AI? Even trusting that SOMEONE has looked at it leads you to wonder whether the Ubuntu or Fedora versions of AI would more reliably tell you which media was valid.

Gail Combs

Elon Musk….

TheseTruths

human eyes and ears are easy to fool

This is true when people see what they want to see or what they are expecting. In other cases, when they are taken unawares, it is possible to spot an imposter a mile away. In human-to-human, up-close contact, an imposter will stand out.

I agree that there needs to be a mechanism to sort out real photos and media from AI-generated ones.

kalbokalbs

As IF Feds and criminals will play nice.

cthulhu

You say that like there is any difference between the two….

Gail Combs

  :wpds_lol: 

kalbokalbs

My mistake.   :wpds_razz: 

itswoot

Deep Fake Is Real!”

It’s like reality has gone from standing on a solid rock to now standing on shifting ground.

 I will lift up my eyes to the hills— From whence comes my help?”

Psalm 121:1

cthulhu

Just because…..

Please

Energetic song, DOA performance. Speaking of AI, that was a poorly done lip synch-ing

cthulhu

That’s how things were done in the 70’s.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

An oldie but goodie!

Gail Combs

Rank Choice voting…

Isn’t that the method that was used to completely take over ClifFornicate?

The Gift of Odysseus: Ranked Choice VotingAmerican Thinker

….Our political class understands the trojan horse concept well, and they understand that Americans are particularly susceptible to it. Americans are good people at heart, and this leaves the population subject to being taken advantage of. Many proponents of those policies which we most fiercely oppose often believe that the ideas they espouse will lead to a better future, and we all want a better future. We disagree on how it is we arrive there and what a better future looks like, and the political class is all too eager to promote those ideas that best perpetuate their influence.

One recent trojan horse of national conversation is ranked-choice voting. Ranked-choice voting is a system whereby voters rank candidates in order of preference. Rounds of voting proceed, and the bottom vote-getter is eliminated until at least one candidate has reached greater than fifty percent of the votes, thus giving them a majority. In this system, candidates with less support often surpass candidates with more support, as was the case in Alaska’s recent congressional special election.

[EXAMPLE]

In Alaska’s recent special election to replace long-time Republican representative Don Young, dozens of candidates vied for the seat. After the first rounds, three candidates remained, with a Republican garnering two of three slots. The third slot went to Democrat Mary Peltola. 👉Because the Republicans in the first two slots essentially diluted their share of the vote, that left Democrat Peltola as the winner….

cthulhu

Ranked-Choice Voting is something that could be interesting, provided that voting was squeaky-clean already.

I have seen nothing to indicate that it is ready to be used anywhere in the US.

Gail Combs

It looks like it is ripe for the ‘splitter strategy’ We got a DemonRat for a NC judge seat on the court of appeals thanks to a libertarian running against Chuck Kitchen. The libertarian took just enough votes to make sure Chuck lost.

Allegra Collins (D) 48.6% — 1,773,702

Chuck Kitchen (R) 46.8%  —  1,709,847

Michael Monaco (L) 4.6% — 167,773

 1,709,847 + 167,773 = 1877620

103,918 more than the DemonRat if all the libertarians voted republican.

Deplorable Patriot

I think it was used in Alaska, actually, this last go around.

It sucks as a system, IMO. Straight up yes or no is the way to go.

para59r

👍

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yup.

cthulhu

So, people may have missed the point of the reference to Pellegrino above. I did a student trip to Europe when I was 15, and was my usual weird self even then. One day, I was trying to read a bottle of local mineral water when I noted that it had a specification of “mmC” amongst its salts and elements. I was told that this was the level of radioactivity (milli-micro-Curies) in the water and it was meant to give you “zip”.

Since then, of course, the religious dogma of “There Shall Be None” became prevalent. ANY level of radiation from anything was seen as bad. The radiation you get from living in a brick house — BAD; the radiation you get from living at a higher elevation — BAD [sorry, Steve!]; the radiation you get from flying in airplanes — BAD [thinking of FG&C]; and so on.

Mind you, population statistics did nothing to support this religious dogma, but it persisted nevertheless.

Only recently, it has come to be seen that a major threat in aging is the proliferation of senescent cells — those that do no good but take up room and nutrients (and create wastes) as if they did. And a major contribution to cell senescence is a static, unchanging, unchallenging environment……perhaps some slight level of radiation helps senescent cells fall over and die and make room for more vigorous cells?

Which, of course, leads to Cliff Clavin’s buffalo theory on drinking beer. It is well known that alcohol kills brain cells — but, just as wolves attacking a herd of buffalo concentrate on the slow and weak, only the slowest and weakest brain cells will be knocked-out by the booze…..leaving the stronger and faster brain cells. Just as a herd will travel at the speed of its weakest members, this improvement of the average speed will inevitably increase the speed and agility of the entire brain.

So, maybe it does give you “zip”.

Gail Combs

I think I would rater try lions mane mushroom (Hericium erinaceus) 

ABSTRACT

Hericium erinaceus, most commonly known as lion’s mane, is an edible fungus, with a long history of use in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The mushroom is abundant in bioactive compounds including β-glucan polysaccharides; hericenones and erinacine terpenoids; isoindolinones; sterols; and myconutrients, which potentially have neuroprotective and neuroregenerative properties. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties and promotion of nerve growth factor gene expression and neurite (axon or dendrite) outgrowth, H. erinaceus mycelium shows great promise for the treatment of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases….

I am thinking of getting some for Hubby given his balance problems. (Talking him into a chiropractor hasn’t worked.)

It is advertised on Badlands (Promo code Badlands for 10% off)

https://goascentnutrition.com/collections/all

The other product I am eyeing is the Agarikon mushroom for me.

Anti-viral

In the early 2000’s a team of scientists tested 11 species of North American Agarikon mushrooms. Those 11 species contained compounds that were shown to possess highly anti-viral properties, and those compounds are the subject of several scientific studies. Some of those compounds are known to be useful in treating viruses like cowpox, swine flu, bird flu, oral and genital herpes (as mentioned below), and several other viruses. While there are still animal studies and human clinical trials that need to be performed, researchers are already suggesting that ingesting Agarikon may help the body develop a bio-shield against unwanted viruses and bacteria…

Tuberculosis

In 2012 a group of scientists working in Chicago discovered that Agarikon mushrooms contain substances called coumarins, and two types of those coumarins had never been discovered before. Those new coumarins were shown to have anti-tubercular activity, and this should come as no surprise knowing that many ancient cultures have used Agarikon in the past to treat tuberculosis and other respiratory issues….

Respiratory Problems

Because of the success of Agarikon in treating tuberculosis, many have also used it to treat other respiratory issues like bronchitis, asthma, coughs, and pneumonia. So far, scientific research has not explored this area, but people who frequent holistic websites and forums suggest a few teaspoons daily ensures healthy lungs. This could possibly have something to do with the anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties of Agarikon which may protect the lungs from disease….

https://medicinalherbals.net/agarikon-mushroom/

From another site…

…Another benefit of Agarikon mushroom is its potential anti-inflammatory properties. Chronic inflammation is a common underlying factor in many health conditions. Studies have shown that Agarikon mushroom contains compounds that can help reduce inflammation in the body.

In a study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, researchers investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of Agarikon mushroom in rats. The results showed that rats given the mushroom extract had significantly lower levels of inflammation compared to control rats. This suggests that Agarikon mushroom may be a useful natural remedy for reducing inflammation.

In addition to its immune-boosting and anti-inflammatory properties, Agarikon mushroom also has potent antioxidant activity….

https://longevitybotanicals.com/blogs/mushrooms/agarikon-and-its-benefits

TradeBait2

Sorry to hear the chiro did not work for your husband. It was worth a try if it had been like my wife’s. Hope you find a supplement that helps because that condition can be miserable.

Gail Combs

I am pretty sure he would have worked give Hubby’s posture. (When standing he is naturally staring at the floor — kyphosis) I just could never convince him to TRY a chiropractor.

I wish I had known to try when we first married and correcting his very, very bad posture would have been a lot easier. Now with his balance problem he is deliberately watching his feet making matters worse.

FWIW, I was watching one of the Badlands vids by Jordan Sather and he made me realize what was causing my back pain. I have adjusted HOW I stand and how I carry heavy weight and it has helped A LOT! (The pain made me hunch my shoulders and lean forward when I should have done the exact opposite)

Conscious Strength Ep. 12 – Posture Distortions and Muscular Imbalances
https://rumble.com/v2iziio-conscious-strength-ep.-12-200-pm-et-.html

Conscious Strength Ep. 13 – Stretches and Exercise to Correct Postural Distortions
https://rumble.com/v2mthck-conscious-strength-ep.-13-200-pm-et-.html

Jordan is controversial as far as the ‘Right’ influencers are concerned but he does seem to know this topic.

TradeBait2

You describe exactly how my wife looked and had become in both of your situations. Fortunately the atlas and cervical spine adjustments worked for her inner ear issue.

She now uses the item below at the recommendation of the chiro for 15-20 minutes every evening now before bed. Has used for about three months. After a week or so she grew to love it and it has helped with the hunch and looking down at her feet. Helps the curvature and balancing of the head back over her shoulders and spine.

I can tell it is helping by where she holds her head as she walks now. Each evening before bed I touch the back of her neck area to detect if is soft and relaxed. In the past before chiro treatments started it would be as hard as a rock with tension. Combined with the monthly chiro maintenance she is much more relaxed and active. No BP spikes in over six months now and perfect BP everyday with zero meds.

TradeBait2

For some reason I cannot edit the comment and the link did not work.

It is a Suhleir Neck Stretcher and Cervical Pillow. On Amazon it is $24.99.

pgroup2

Chiropractors are not all the same.

Deplorable Patriot

That’s one of the things about being a singer…. Posture is everything. Head up, shoulders back so that the instrument is straight.

Seriously, if we taught everyone voice whether they can sing or not, a lot of posture issues would lessen.

Gail Combs

I got the same from my riding instructor. Before starting, just after mounting —

Shoulders UP, BACK, DOWN. Soften your lower back and tuck your butt.

With dressage, your weight and ‘seat’ (butt bones) are critical cues for the horse. I could literally stop and turn my horse without a bridle just using weight and seat aids.

It did not hurt that my instructor was a retired Nazi Cavalry Officer, and no I am not kidding.😬

Valerie Curren

Stories to be anticipated here?

It did not hurt that my instructor was a retired Nazi Cavalry Officer, and no I am not kidding”

pgroup2

Got more zip with original Coca Cola. A lot more.

Deplorable Patriot

If radiation was really a problem for pilots, we’d know about it.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Cliff Clavin is right! IMO, the occasional brewski or glass of wine has been a cellular cleanse for hundreds of millions of years – probably since amphibians first ate fermented fruit!

cthulhu
Gail Combs

CRINGE….

Sorry, I would love the chance to teach him HOW to make a horse very easy to catch and HOW to load a horse in a trailer! (I get to teach that to kids each summer.)

  :wpds_arrow: YOU NEVER EVER FACE A HORSE AND PULL!!!

We are predators with predator EYES so the horse (and other livestock) does not like us looking straight at them. You also NEVER pull from the END of the lead shank. Yesterday I had a 350 lb pony haul me down the driveway because I was letting him graze and I had let out the lead. Can you imagine what that Draft could do if he decided to jerk back and then go back to his buddies?

That is one of the hardest habits I have to break when I teach proper leading.

FACE the direction you wish to go NOT THE HORSE.Grab the rope just under the chin with the right hand. You can then control the horse’s head and thus the horse. (And it is more difficult for him to bite)FOLD the excess rope and hold it in your left hand so it does not drag on the ground.NEVER EVER LOOP THE ROPE OR WRAP IT AROUND YOUR HAND.Done correctly. (The WikiHow shows a looped rope that could injure your hand if the horse spooks and runs. You could also find yourself attached to that horse by that tightened loop and going for a ride face down in the dirt.)

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Last edited 9 months ago by Gail Combs
nikkichico7

This is really nice to see, thanks. My family have been to Mackinaw Island many time and we’re overdue for a return trip. Love the horses and the people who handle them, great video I’m going to share .. 🙂🤚

Valerie Curren
kalbokalbs

Dr. Pierre Kory: “I’ve Never Been More Terrified in My Life”
~1:30

https://rumble.com/v2qb67k-dr.-pierre-kory-ive-never-been-more-terrified-in-my-life.html

itswoot

Powerful testimony.

A mega-dose of common sense and honesty.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Very good. This is why they hate him so much.

kalbokalbs

Macgregor –

We do not understand how dangerous the situation with Russia really is

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DxxWjTIltxY

Gail Combs

We do not understand how dangerous the situation with Russia really is, BUT the Washington DC Puppets do not!
.
.
.
.
Unless of course you factor in the possible Cabal’s DESIRE for Nuclear war…

THE CASE FOR NUCLEAR WAR

phoenixrising

Macgregor is referring to Americans as “we’ …

I share his view …

Most Americans haven’t a clue.

Gail Combs

I think a lot more Americans are slowly waking up. At least I hope so.

A year ago:
 March 01, 2022 – Ukraine: 80% of Voters Think Wider European War Likely — rasmussenreports.com

With Russian troops advancing toward the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv, most voters believe the invasion could spark a wider war in Europe, and nearly half think U.S. troops should be part of such a war.

A new national telephone and online survey by Rasmussen Reports finds that 80% of Likely U.S voters believe it is likely that the Russian invasion of Ukraine could lead to a wider European war, including 34% who think it is Very Likely the war could spread. Only 13% say a wider European war is unlikely.

….
This is an interesting point.

Rasmussen Reports, a public opinion polling service, recently released findings detailing the American public’s level of support for US military involvement in a potential “wider” European war. Their findings show that when asked the question, “If a wider war breaks out in Europe, should the U.S. military be involved,” higher-income respondents were more likely to answer “yes.”

𝗔 𝗴𝗿𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗲𝗿 𝗻𝘂𝗺𝗯𝗲𝗿 𝗼𝗳 𝘄𝗲𝗮𝗹𝘁𝗵𝗶𝗲𝗿 𝗔𝗺𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗻𝘀 𝘀𝘂𝗽𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗮 𝗼𝗳 𝘀𝗲𝗻𝗱𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗔𝗺𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗻 𝘁𝗿𝗼𝗼𝗽𝘀 𝘁𝗼 𝗘𝘂𝗿𝗼𝗽𝗲 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗰𝗮𝘀𝗲.

  :wpds_arrow: 𝗧𝗵𝗼𝘀𝗲 𝗺𝗮𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿 $𝟮𝟬𝟬,𝟬𝟬𝟬 𝗮𝗻𝗻𝘂𝗮𝗹𝗹𝘆 𝘀𝘂𝗽𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁𝗲𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗶𝗱𝗲𝗮 𝗯𝘆 𝟲𝟲 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗰𝗲𝗻𝘁. 𝗔𝘁 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗼𝘁𝗵𝗲𝗿 𝗲𝗻𝗱 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝘀𝗽𝗲𝗰𝘁𝗿𝘂𝗺, 𝗼𝗳 𝗔𝗺𝗲𝗿𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗻𝘀 𝗺𝗮𝗸𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗹𝗲𝘀𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗮𝗻 $𝟯𝟬,𝟬𝟬𝟬, 𝗼𝗻𝗹𝘆 𝟯𝟳 𝗽𝗲𝗿𝗰𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗮𝗴𝗿𝗲𝗲𝗱 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝗿𝗼-𝗶𝗻𝘃𝗼𝗹𝘃𝗲𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝘀𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗶𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁…

https://thepostmillennial.com/poll-wealthy-americans-us-military-involvement-european-war

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It would seem the ‘Cannon Fodder’ is wide awake!

….

March 04, 2022  Americans Fear Economic Impact of Ukraine Conflict – Rasmussen Reports

The latest Rasmussen Reports national telephone and online survey finds that 74% of American Adults believe the Russian invasion of Ukraine is likely to hurt the American economy, including 40% who think it’s Very Likely the invasion will be bad for our economy. Only 14% don’t expect the Russia-Ukraine war to hurt the U.S. economy, while another 12% are not sure….

THIS YEAR:

 Ukraine: 46% See War as Stalemate After a Year – Rasmussen Reports®

February 25, 2023 – On the one-year anniversary of Russia’s invasion, nearly half of American voters see the war in Ukraine as a stalemate. 

The latest Rasmussen Reports national telephone and online survey finds that just 19% of Likely U.S. Voters believe Russia is winning the war in Ukraine. Twenty-one percent (21%) think Ukraine is winning, down from 32% in December.  Forty-six percent (46%) see the war in Ukraine as basically a stalemate, up from 38% in December. Another 14% are not sure who’s winning.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Agreed.

I appreciate that you’re working so hard to educate people on what is actually happening in Ukraine. We are very lucky here to be getting context that many Americans will NEVER get.

phoenixrising

Thank you Wolfie …

duchess01

Verse of the Day for Saturday, May 27, 2023

“My soul, wait thou only upon God; for my expectation is from him.” 

Psalms 62:5 (KJV)

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Thank You, Jesus, for blessings received and prayers answered!!!

duchess01

BE MY VOICE

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duchess01

PRAYING ON THE ARMOR OF GOD

Father God, I now follow your command to put on the full armor of God, because my battle is not against flesh and blood but against rulers, authorities, the powers of this dark world