2021·08·07 Joe Biden Didn’t Win Daily Thread

Justice Must Be Done.

The prior election must be acknowledged as fraudulent, and steps must be taken to prosecute the fraudsters and restore integrity to the system.

Nothing else matters at this point. Talking about trying again in 2022 or 2024 is hopeless otherwise. Which is not to say one must never talk about this, but rather that one must account for this in ones planning; if fixing the fraud is not part of the plan, you have no plan.

The Audit

The Audit is definitely heating up. Let’s see if the Opposition manages to squelch it and its consequences. I’ll be honest; I expect it to be ignored by anyone capable of ordering Biden/Harris to step down.

Nevertheless, anything that can be done to make Biden look less legitimate is a worthy thing!

Lawyer Appeasement Section

OK now for the fine print.

This is the WQTH Daily Thread. You know the drill. There’s no Poltical correctness, but civility is a requirement. There are Important Guidelines,  here, with an addendum on 20191110.

We have a new board – called The U Tree – where people can take each other to the woodshed without fear of censorship or moderation.

And remember Wheatie’s Rules:

1. No food fights
2. No running with scissors.
3. If you bring snacks, bring enough for everyone.
4. Zeroth rule of gun safety: Don’t let the government get your guns.
5. Rule one of gun safety: The gun is always loaded.
5a. If you actually want the gun to be loaded, like because you’re checking out a bump in the night, then it’s empty.
6. Rule two of gun safety: Never point the gun at anything you’re not willing to destroy.
7. Rule three: Keep your finger off the trigger until ready to fire.
8. Rule the fourth: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.

(Hmm a few extras seem to have crept in.)

Spot (i.e., paper) Prices

Last week:

Gold $1815.20
Silver $25.56
Platinum $1053.00
Palladium $2747.00
Rhodium $19,500.00

This week, 3PM Mountain Time, markets have closed for the weekend.

Gold $1763.90
Silver $24.48
Platinum $985.00
Palladium $2712.00
Rhodium $21,150.00

Gold was up in the 1810s all week up to Friday morning, but tanked HARD on that day, down $41.20. Everything took a beating, honestly, except rhodium which went up.

Part XIII – Rutherford On A Roll

We left off, circa 1903, having discovered radioactivity and the electron, and making quite a bit of progress with them.

To try to recap (and there are a few things in this so-called “recap” that I should have mentioned earlier, but didn’t), an electron is a negatively charged particle about 1/1830th the mass of a hydrogen atom, which up to then had been the lightest thing known to exist. They could be knocked off of atoms in a Crookes tube and they would then form what was called a cathode ray (yes, the same “cathode ray” in those big tubes in those old boxy TVs). It is possible to strip one electron off a hydrogen atom, at which point the remaining piece of the hydrogen atom (called an ion) had a positive charge that balanced the electron’s negative charge. The atom as a whole was neutral, charge 0; the individual pieces also added up to 0. Even though there was plenty of mass left in the ion, easily enough for hundreds more electrons, no one could get a second electron to come out of a hydrogen atom.

Thomson, the discoverer of the electron, suggested that atoms were fairly solid spheres of positive electrical charge with little electron inclusions that could be knocked out to ionize the atom; this was called the plum pudding model of the atom.

Radioactivity had been discovered in 1896. Uranium and thorium, it turns out, are radioactive. Radioactivity turned out to consist of three types of rays, alpha, beta, and gamma.

Alpha rays turned out to be identical to doubly-ionized helium, i.e., helium from which two electrons had been stripped (and there was no sign of being able to strip away a third electron from helium). Helium itself had been discovered on Earth back in 1895, trapped in a uranium ore; its atomic mass was four times that of hydrogen. Clearly the helium had begun as alpha particles, then combined with electrons in the ore to become helium gas. The charge of an alpha particle is 2e.

Beta rays turned out to be high-speed electrons. Their charge, of course, is –e.

Gamma rays turned out to be electromagnetic radiation, extremely strong electromagnetic radiation, like X-rays on steroids. Gamma rays, like all photons, have no electrical charge at all.

Alpha rays could be stopped by a sheet of paper. Beta rays could penetrate many sheets of paper, but would be stopped by a thin sheet of metal. Gamma rays required a lot of shielding to stop.

Uranium (atomic weight ~238) and thorium (atomic weight ~232), which had just been discovered to be radioactive, were the heaviest known elements, roughly 238 and 232 times as massive, atom for atom, as hydrogen. The Curies discovered that uranium ore was four times as radioactive as the ores it contained; they were able to isolate two new elements, radium (atomic weight 226) and polonium (atomic weight 210), by processing tons of the ore pitchblende.

It was also clear that a pure block of refined uranium would grow more radioactive over time, eventually reaching a level significantly higher than before, but not nearly as high as the ores.

In radioactive decay, the total amount of energy released, relative to the mass, turned out to be staggeringly huge, thousands if not millions of times more than what was released by burning chemicals. In 1904 Ernest Rutherford (who had named the three types of radiation, and who is the star of today’s story) suggested that radioactivity could provide enough energy to power the sun for the many millions of years necessary for Darwinian evolution to take place. (Previously known sources of energy were woefully inadequate; it was one of the 1895 mysteries I listed.)

At the time atomic weight was considered to be a defining characteristic of an element. This would cause some confusion for a few years.

Some stuff I should have covered previously, but didn’t:

The electric charge of an electron is about -1.602 x 10-19 coulombs. This is a negative number (because Benjamin Franklin arbitrarily picked one kind of charge to be positive and the other negative, and when the electron was discovered, it happened to be the one he tagged as negative), so, perhaps a bit counterintuitively, physicists define the minimum charge e to be +1.602 x 10-19 coulombs, i.e., -1 times the charge of an electron. Physicists, in fact, find it far more convenient to use e as the unit of electric charge when talking about atoms, that way they don’t have to sling 10-19s everywhere.

And they do something similar for energy. Just like a falling weight generates kinetic energy (a mass being attracted to another mass by gravity, speeds up that mass), an electron responding to one volt of electrical potential generates a certain amount of energy, which is defined to be an “electron volt.” This is abbreviated eV (which spell checkers will try to “fix” the capitalization of). This ends up being 1.602 x 10-19 joules. (Notice it’s the same factor, 1.602 x 10-19. This is a consequence of the way the joule, coulomb, and volt are defined.) Energy at the atomic level, particularly when dealing with chemical energy, tends to be a convenient, human-relatable number of electron volts.

And a reminder: An atomic mass unit was defined, in 1898, as 1/16th the mass of an oxygen molecule. This was very close to the mass of a hydrogen atom, but because oxygen reacted with more things, it was easier to use it as a yardstick. [This definition has since been modified, for reasons I’ll explain below.] It was equal to 1.6604675209 x 10-27 kilograms. (This is slightly different from today’s value.) It was abbreviated “amu.” Atomic weights were expressed in amu’s, so oxygen’s atomic weight was 16.0000, and hydrogen’s was almost exactly 1.0: In 1949, under this definition, it was measured at 1.008 amu. (At least, according to a 1951-52 CRC handbook–well, it’s a book that fits King Kong’s hand–that I happen to own.)

OK, so that, I believe, catches us up.

Ernest Rutherford, 1871-1937
I’ll be honest, as I was researching this, I was surprised how many times Rutherford’s name kept coming up. I had known about a few of the things he had done (the gold foil experiment being the most famous) but in fact he was all over everything that happened, it seems. It seems he was at least in the room for a lot of things I talked about last time (like the discovery of the elctron).
He fully deserved having an element named after him (Z=104).
If parts of this caption make no sense…read on.

A Plethora of Radioactive Elements?

Scientists continued to investigate radioactivity. They would find more and more elements, distinguished by their atomic masses, in both uranium and thorium ores.

Even as early as 1900-1903 Rutherford was involved in this effort. Looking at thorium “emanations” with his student Frederick Soddy, they discovered thorium x and a gas, thoron. At first they thought these were special forms of thorium, but then they realized these were not thorium. By 1903 they had concluded that these emanations were the result of thorium changing into another element. This was a very bold conclusion, since chemists up to now had believed elements were immutable, that such things were alchemist balogna. (And under normal circumstances this was true…but radioactivity was something fundamentally new, and certainly nothing like what the alchemists had thought of.)

So perhaps these new elements could fill in the large gap between bismuth and thorium in the periodic table? Well, they could, but it turned out that in fact, there were way too many of them. Realistically between lead and uranium there was room for nine elements, and we already had five of them: bismuth, polonium, radium, radon (which was basically the thoron gas) and thorium. But just in uranium ore there seemed to be about thirty of them (based on my count looking at a chart in Wikipoo–perhaps they had found fewer than that before they figured out what was actually going on). Thorium ores brought in another ten or so.

But it was very, very difficult to separate out these putative elements. For instance Soddy in 1910 showed that mesothorium, atomic weight 228, radium, atomic weight 226, and thorium X, atomic weight 224, were impossible to separate chemically, as if they were the same element. But how could that be so when the atomic weights were different? Trying to place these elements in the table led Soddy and Kazimierz Fajans to independently come up with the notion of radioactive displacement in 1913. Basically, this stated that an alpha decay reduced an atom’s mass by about four amu (the mass of the alpha particle), and also moved it two places to the left on the periodic table. (If such a thing were to happen to (say) nickel, it would become iron, which is two spots to the left of nickel. But it won’t.) A beta decay left the mass almost unchanged (the mass of the electron that gets kicked out is relatively insignificant), but moved the element one place to the right. (If an atom of palladium were to undergo a beta decay, it would become silver. This has happened under very special circumstances, ones that won’t affect the palladium bullion I hope you own.) Gamma decay had no such effect; apparently it was just a way to get rid of energy.

For this work Rutherford won the 1908 Nobel Prize for Physics.

But he hadn’t even got started yet.

The Isotope

Now if one used the radioactive displacement principle, it appeared that two or more different “elements” could occupy the same place on the periodic table. The three I named above all fit in the same square, directly under barium. Because they occupied the same place, they were termed isotopes, from Greek for “the same place.”

So you had “elements” of different mass that otherwise behaved identically. At this point chemists decided that the mass wasn’t as important as the behavior, and swallowed the concept of two different atomic weights representing the same element, rather than insisting they must be different elements solely because of different atomic weights. Atomic weight wasn’t necessarily a crucial characteristic of an element, particularly when it came to ones extracted from radioactive ones.

In 1912, meanwhile, J. J. Thomson, who had discovered the electron in 1897 (with some help from Rutherford, it turns out) wasn’t done yet, had ionized neon (which was the tenth element listed on the periodic table at the time) in a Crookes tube and magnetically and electrically deflected its ions, the same way that he had deflected electrons in 1897, to determine the ions’ charge to mass ratio. He was quite surprised to see these ions, which should have weighed in at about 21.18 amus, went to two different locations! Some were deflecting more than others, because they were lighter than those others.

Assuming that they were singly ionized, with one electron removed (it takes a lot more energy to take the second electron off than it did the first), one group of ions had an atomic weight of almost exactly 20, the other had an atomic weight of almost exactly 22. The atomic weight of neon had been measured as 20.179, which made it one of those cases where the atomic weight was not almost a whole number, but now it looked like that was actually an average value. Most neon had atomic weight of almost exactly 20, but some came in at about 22, and the weighted (ahem) average was 20.179.

So now, even perfectly ordinary stable elements had isotopes, and this time no one thought these must be two different elements because the weights are different. In modern terms neon consists of a mix of neon-20 and neon-22.

I have mentioned in the past that many elements had “atomic weights” or “atomic masses” that were almost a perfect multiple of hydrogen’s. These mostly turn out to be elements with exactly one isotope in nature, or perhaps more than one isotope but one of them is much, much more common than the other(s).

Hydrogen, it turns out, has two isotopes found in nature, hydrogen-1 and hydrogen-2. Hydrogen-1 is overwhelmingly common, hydrogen-2 is rare, a bit more than one atom in ten thousand hydrogen atoms is hydrogen-2.

For various reasons, the isotopes of hydrogen actually ended up with “real” names–not true for any other element! Hydrogen-1 is called protium and hydrogen-2 is called deuterium.

The actual atomic mass of hydrogen is a bit higher than the atomic weight of pure protium expressed in kilograms, because the tiny amount of deuterium pulls the average up.

If, in an alternate universe, the atomic mass unit had been defined differently so that hydrogen–mixed hydrogen–got an atomic mass of 1 unit, this would actually have been slightly higher than the atomic mass of pure protium, because the occasional deuterium atom pulls the average up.

But in the real world, the atomic mass unit was defined to be 1/16th the atomic weight of oxygen. So oxygen was 16.0000 by definition. Hydrogen ended up being a hair more than 1.008. Could the excess be due to the deuterium? Not so fast. Oxygen, it turned out in 1919, consists of three isotopes. Oxygen-16 is overwhelmingly more common than oxygen-17 and oxygen-18. But even if you set pure oxygen-16’s atomic weight to 16.00 by definition, and then look at the atomic weight of pure protium, pure protium doesn’t come in at precisely 1.000. There’s still this slight tendency to be off just a bit from integers. At the time no one knew why, but they knew about it well enough to talk about a mass defect. But at least now, we understood the elements that were way off from being whole integer atomic weights–they were mixtures of isotopes. So this is a partial answer to one of our mysteries.

Physicists often discussed different isotopes of the same element. Chemists rarely did back then. Physicists used the whole number to label them, rather than the exact number. This whole number was termed the “mass number” and had the symbol A (from German Atomgewicht). I’ve been using these mass numbers a lot so far, and will continue to do so.

So we have three things with similar-sounding names. There’s the atomic mass unit (amu), almost (but not quite) equal to the mass of a hydrogen atom. There’s an atomic weight, measured in atomic mass units, which represents the mass of the atom. But there is also a mass number, which is a rounded version of the atomic weight, for a specific isotope. Hydrogen’s atomic weight is 1.0008, but the mass number of its most common isotope was just simply 1. When doing ordinary chemistry weighing out reactants the atomic weight is used to compute the number of moles of each reactant. When talking about isotopes, the mass number is used, without fail.

(Looking ahead a little: In the 1920s physicists began using a physical atomic mass unit, that really was based on oxygen-16 rather than mixed oxygen. To distinguish it from the other one, the prior one was called the chemical atomic mass unit–which the chemists kept on using. And then it turned out that oxygen obtained from water had a slightly different isotope mixture and hence real atomic weight, than oxygen extracted from the air. So the chemists’ unit was based on a foundation of quicksand. But even using the physical amu, the atomic weight of a pure isotope was still never a clean, perfect integer, except for oxygen-16.

(But now we had two slightly different units with very similar names. In 1961 they compromised, and created the “unified atomic mass unit” (symbol u, also called the dalton, symbol Da) that was 1/12th of the mass of a carbon-12 atom. This was closer to the chemists’ standard than to the physicists’.

(No matter what standard was chosen, however, the only isotope that had a perfect integer mass was the reference isotope. All others were off, just a bit.

(But that was all in the future. Let’s return to our story, back to 1912.)

The Nucleus

Backing up just a couple of years from there, there had been another very important discovery in 1909 by Ernest Rutherford. He was collaborating with Hans Geiger (who is definitely a counter) and Ernest Marsden.

They used a beam of alpha rays (which, as a reminder, are heavy and positively charged) to bombard a very thin layer of gold foil. They were pretty much expecting those alpha particles to plow through the “plum pudding” atoms. Instead, though most indeed cruised right through the gold atoms as if nothing were there, a very few of them bounced away at sharp angles, repelled by an intense and concentrated positive charge. Some even bounced back towards the beam source! Rutherford said, in a very famous quote: “It was quite the most incredible event that has ever happened to me in my life. It was almost as incredible as if you fired a 15-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back and hit you.”

In 1911 Rutherford argued that those alpha particles were bouncing off an atomic nucleus. This meant that an atom consisted almost entirely of empty space. All of that positive charge (and almost all of the mass of the atom) was in a tiny, tiny, very dense body about 1/10,000th the width of the atom; the rest of the space was the domain of the electrons, which orbited the nucleus much like planets orbit the sun, except in this case the attractive force wasn’t gravity, but the attraction between the positively charged nucleus and the negatively charged electrons. This was a new model of the atom, called the “Rutherford Model.” Rutherford is credited with discovering the atomic nucleus.

The differences between the Thomson model of the atom and the Rutherford model, and how they imply the alpha scattering experiment would turn out. The top, “plum pudding” model is of an atom that has a uniform density with electrons imbedded; the overwhelming majority of the alpha particles would have no trouble plowing straight through the “goop.” The bottom shows that all the mass (other than orbiting electrons, which are less than a thousandth of the mass) is concentrated in a nucleus that is much denser than anything we see in our daily lives, and the alpha rays will bounce off of it if they get anywhere close to it. Which was rare but happened. The red “nucleus” in the diagram is drawn far, far larger than it should be (a mere dot would still be too large).

And in fact that number understates things; according to modern measurements entire atoms can be anywhere from 26,000 to 60,000 times as wide as their nuclei. Which works to to be anywhere from 17.6 – 216 trillion times the volume.

Atomic Number

Later that year, Antonius van den Broek proposed that the sequential location of each element in the periodic table was equal to its nuclear charge, this charge (in units of e) was the atom’s atomic number. This fit well for hydrogen, which could only have one electron stripped off, leaving a +1e charged nucleus behind. And for helium, which could be ionized twice leaving a +2e charged nucleus behind. They were the first and second elements listed in the table. However, we couldn’t strip every atom down to a bare nucleus to see its charge; the heavier the atom the harder it was to do that.

This was a new concept. Chemists had talked about the atomic weight of an atom, never its number. You could list the elements in the order they appeared in the periodic table, of course (accounting for the very few unfilled “holes” in the grid), but the place on the list wasn’t considered terribly significant. But now it appeared as if charges came in discrete quantities, and given that one could only remove one electron from a hydrogen atom, and two from the atom with the next higher weight, the implication was that this nucleus had a specific charge, an integer multiple of the charge of an electron (but with the opposite sign). So hydrogen’s atomic number was 1, helium’s was 2. Lithium’s was 3. And so on, through carbon (6), oxygen (8), aluminum (13), iron (26), zinc (30), rhodium (45), silver (47), tin (50), platinum (78), gold (79), lead (82), thorium (90), and uranium (92), to give some examples. (However the exact numbers for anything above the upper fifties really weren’t certain at this point.)

This was only a suggestion…until about two years later. I will pick that story up next time, because it actually ties in more with electrons, and this week I want to concentrate on the nucleus. Suffice it for now to say that van den Broek was absolutely right. I’m going to reference the concept of atomic number, abbreviated Z (from German Zahl, ‘number’), from here forward.

The Proton

So, let’s continue Rutherford’s story. In 1917 he ran some more experiments. He fired alpha beams into air (which is mostly nitrogen), and detected hydrogen ions. After refining his experiment, he realized that the alpha particles were reacting with the nitrogen. When he reported his results in 1919, he claimed that the alpha particle had simply knocked a hydrogen nucleus out of a nitrogen nucleus, reducing the nitrogen nucleus’ charge (and atomic number) and weight by one and thereby turning it into carbon. Nitrogen-14 was seemingly becoming carbon-13, a rare (but stable) isotope of carbon, which is mostly carbon-12.

But by then we had cloud chambers and could see some forms of radioactivity and ions leaving trails through the chamber. In 1925, Rutherford examined some cloud chamber tracks of this reaction, and he realized he was totally wrong about what was happening. The alpha particle wasn’t bouncing off the nitrogen nucleus after knocking one proton out of it. No, it was disappearing. What was in fact happening was the nitrogen nucleus, 7 positive charges, total mass 14, was absorbing the alpha particle.

I mentioned, up above, the principle of radioactive displacement. An atom, spitting out an alpha particle moves two places to the left on the periodic table. That means its atomic number decreases by two. The atomic mass drops by four.

Absorbing an alpha particle has exactly the opposite effect. The atomic number increases by two, and the atomic mass increases by four. So the nitrogen-14 was becoming fluorine-18.

Immediately upon becoming fluorine-18, the nucleus then shed a proton, which was the hydrogen ion that Rutherford saw. This turned it into oxygen-17, stable but uncommon (most oxygen being oxygen-16).

But in the meantime, people had decided that that hydrogen nucleus was a basic particle, and it was named the proton. It’s regarded as having been discovered in 1919, since that was the first time it was seen to exist having come from some source other than hydrogen gas. or in 1920 when someone suggested it might be an elementary particle. Rutherford, as the discoverer, got to name it.

William Prout, clear back in 1815, had suggested that the other elements might be built up, somehow, from hydrogen, and now it looked like he was at least partly right. Hydrogen indeed consisted of a single proton, mass 1, and an electron, and other elements apparently had 2, 3, 4 or more protons, all the way up to uranium with 92 of them–each with a matching electron. You couldn’t just bundle hydrogen atoms together to get other kinds of atoms, but conceivably, if you separated the electrons and protons, then combined the protons, and put the electrons back in place, you could get larger atoms.

In fact, Rutherford had suggested both the name “proton” and the name “prouton” for this particle, the latter to honor Prout. (The English would have pronounced “prouton” as if it rhymed with “grout on”, and the French would have made it rhyme with “crouton” so we dodged a bullet of linguistic confusion there.)

The proton’s mass is 1.007 amus (using the modern AMU scale). Again, maddeningly close to a whole number. But because of this, the proton looked like the underpinning for atomic number but it couldn’t be the underpinning of atomic mass. That’s because, to take an example, oxygen’s nucleus has eight protons in it, but a mass of sixteen, twice as much as the protons. Uranium is even more out of whack. It has 92 protons, but its most common isotope has a mass of 238, leaving 146 mass units unaccounted for! Why? We didn’t know, yet.

In 1920, Rutherford voiced a suggestion. He thought that the excess mass consisted of a number of protons and electron pairs, bound to each other to make a net neutral bundle. So an oxygen-16 nucleus actually contained sixteen protons, but eight of them were bundled with, and masked by, electrons. The net positive charge is eight, and that’s critical because it requires eight orbiting electrons to balance out, and those eight orbiting electrons are responsible for oxygen’s chemical properties. So the chemical nature of an atom ultimately depended on the number of protons not in these bundles.

This actually made quite a bit of sense. Remember beta decay? This is where a nucleus can spit out an electron. The electron has a single negative charge. In order to make up for that loss, the nucleus has to gain a positive charge; it’s as if a new proton were appearing. But if Rutherford’s idea were correct, rather than a proton and an electron being magically created, one of these bound pairs was breaking apart, freeing the electron and unmasking the hidden proton.

Another thing arguing in Rutherford’s favor was the fact that whatever-it-is that was left over in the nucleus had a mass that was nearly that of a whole number of protons; it would make sense for the missing ingredient to be that number of “masked” protons.

Physicists would spend the 1920s thinking that the nucleus consisted of a number of protons equal to the mass number A, plus a bunch of nuclear electrons, which left a net number of “unmasked” protons equal to Z. With some mysterious “mass defect” making the total mass slightly off.

But there were some theoretical difficulties with this…which I will take up in a future installment.

Who Cares About Isotopes?

Until late in the last century, chemists almost never concerned themselves with differing isotopes. That’s because oxygen-16’s chemical behavior is nearly indistinguishable from oxygen-17’s. Because the oxygen-17 is a bit heavier, it’s perhaps a tiny bit slower to react than oxygen-16, but not much. If you were to liquefy oxygen-16 and oxygen-17, then measure their boiling points, the oxygen-17 would require a slightly higher temperature to boil, because it would take just a little bit more energy to kick those heavier oxygen-17 atoms into vapor. Melting and boiling points are in fact the biggest difference a chemist might see…if he had separated samples to work with in the first place. And chemical means of separation were simply untenable; they were too much alike.

Water made with oxygen-17 and oxygen-18 evaporates a bit less readily than water with oxygen-16, so rainwater tends to be slightly richer in oxygen-16 than seawater (and this is part of the reason we had to stop defining the atomic mass unit as 1/16th of mixed oxygen–the mix could differ depending on where you got the oxygen from).

The chemical differences between protium (hydrogen-1) and deuterium (hydrogen-2) are actually significant, due to the fact that proportionally, the difference is greater than for any other pair of isotopes. Water made out of deuterium (“heavy water”) instead of protium actually melts at 4C, rather than 0C. I’ve seen a video of a heavy water ice cube sunk to the bottom of a glass of cold (regular) water. It’s not going to melt as long as that water is properly chilled. Note that I said the bottom of a glass of cold water. It doesn’t float because it’s heavier than regular ice and heavier even than regular water. (Now, if it were in a glass of heavy water, it would float.)

And of course, heavy water, because of its significantly different chemical behavior, is toxic when pure.

Other than that, for “traditional” chemistry, isotopes just didn’t matter.

Today things are a bit different. Mass spectrometers–which are the descendant of Crookes tubes, designed to ionize, accelerate, and deflect atoms and molecules to see how much they deflect and thus figure out the masses–are relatively cheap, and they can read out absolute numbers of “hits” at each possible mass. So one can run a sample of water through one of these and get a very precise notion of the isotopic composition. Now, you can tell whether a sample of water was rain water or ground water. Or you can analyze a sample of metal and be able to tell where it was mined, because it turns out each mine has a slightly different isotopic mix of the metal. Or one can prove that CO2 was added to champagne artificially, because the CO2 used has no carbon-14 in it (whereas the carbon dioxide in fermentation does).

Incidentally, if you’ve ever had TSA swab your luggage then stuff the swab into a machine which tells them you aren’t carrying explosives–that device is a mass spectrometer.

That’s today. But back in 1910, chemists didn’t give a rip about isotopes. Physicists studying radioactivity, on the other hand, knew that “which isotope is this?” could make all the difference in the world. And that’s even more true today too, now that we can artificially make all sorts of radioactive isotopes that don’t exist in nature. We now have to concern ourselves with radioactive hydrogen-3 (“tritium”), cesium-137, iodine-131 and strontium-90…and these were elements that were never radioactive in the days of the Model T and the Wright Flyer.

In 1910 we were just starting down this road. Remember, Rutherford had made fluorine-18 and oxygen-17 artificially.

Decay Chains

Keep this in mind as we go back now to uranium (atomic number Z=92) and thorium (Z=90). Remember that whole process of figuring out the pieces of an atom started in part because of the discovery of radioactivity, a property of these two elements in particular.

At the time of today’s story, had become quite clear that when there was radioactivity, one kind of atom was changing into another, this is called “decay.”

Uranium and thorium decay very slowly, or I should say, uranium-235, uranium-238, and thorium-232 decay very slowly (as I said, the isotope matters). It’s a statistical process. When you are looking at one uranium-235 atom, it could decay a second from now…or it could wait a billion years. There’s no way to know when it will happen, but it’s almost a stable nucleus; it’s very, very unlikely to blow in the next second. And if that atom is still around in a billion years, someone watching it then is just as unlikely to see it go kablooey in the next second as you are today.

I’m going to get on a soap box here, for just a minute. Let’s say you watch someone flip a coin 20 times and it comes up tails each time. Do you think, “wow, it’s overdue to come up heads, I’ll bet it comes up heads next time?” If so, you have a “naive” view of probability. The more sophisticated view is that, since the tosses are independent events they aren’t affected by each other. The chance is 50/50 of heads next time, no matter how many times in a row it has come up tails just now. But then, there is the cynic’s view. He doesn’t believe the odds are fifty/fifty either. But he doesn’t figure it’s overdue to come up heads; he figures the coin probably is crooked; perhaps tails on both sides! And he might have a point there. The smart bet, if you’re not allowed to examine the coin, is probably to bet on “tails.” But, if the coin really is fair, the 50/50 view is correct.

Similarly, for the chances of an unstable nucleus going kablooey in the next second, or minute. A billion years from now, provided your unstable nucleus hasn’t gone kablooey in the meantime and it’s still around, it’s just as likely to not go kablooey in the next second, as it is to not go kablooey in the next second today.

At an individual atom level, radioactivity isn’t predictable. But, if you take a large number of atoms of one of these three isotopes (or of any unstable isotope for that matter), you can make some predictions.

You can say, for instance, that any large sample of uranium-235 will be half gone in about 700 million years. Half of the atoms (no way to predict beforehand which specific ones) will have decayed to something else. Does that mean that the other half will decay in another 700 million years? Absolutely not. If you start with a pound sample of uranium-235, after 700 million years, you now have a half-pound sample of uranium-235, now mixed in with a bunch of impurities to be sure, but a half pound sample nonetheless, and half of that sample will decay in the next 700 million years.

700 million years is the half life of uranium-235. Similarly, uranium-238 has a 4.5 billion year half life, and thorium-232 comes in at 14 billion years.

You get one guess as to who discovered the concept of a half life in 1907. I’ll give you a tiny hint: He did it using one of the short-lived isotopes in the thorium decay chain, one that was deposited by decaying radon gas.

Thorium-232’s half life is about three times that of uranium-238. As you can imagine, given a godzillion uranium-238 atoms, and a godzillion thorium-232 atoms, you’ll see three times as many decays in a day from the uranium as from the thorium. But it also scales by quantity; two godzillion thorium-232 atoms will produce twice as many decays in a day as one godzillion will. And three godzillion thorium-232 atoms will produce as many decays in a day as one godzillion uranium-238 atoms. Keep this in mind–the ratio of the half lives is same as the ratio of quantity, for the same number of decays to occur from samples of two different isotopes.

[A “godzillion” is a highly technical word someone made up once for a really large number. He used it to describe the national debt when it was a lot smaller than it is now. However, even today’s national debt pales next to the number of atoms in a mole (which would be 600 sextillion or so). I decided to adapt the term rather than just say “zillions” or “jillions.”]

When an atom of (say) thorium spits out an alpha particle, it actually changes to another element and another isotope; it is decaying. If the new isotope is also unstable, it too will decay, again and again until the result is a stable nucleus. Eventually the starting thorium-232 nucleus will have become a lead-208 nucleus.

OK, with thorium being Z=90 and lead being Z=82, we can do a little bit of accounting-style sleuthing. The difference between these two masses–the change in A–is 24. That’s the equivalent of six alpha particles. In fact, since the only mode of decay that changes an atomic weight is alpha decay, we expect exactly six alpha decays to occur during this process.

But going from thorium to lead would involve changing Z by eight, which is something you’d get from four alpha decays at two apiece. Six alpha decays, absolutely required by the mass change, give you a reduction of Z by 12, and so it looks like you’d end not with lead-208 but rather platinum-208 (which if it even exists, surely isn’t stable).

Beta decays come to the rescue. They move you one element to the right, without changing the mass. So if you figure that the total number of alpha decays is six, reducing Z by 12, but then throw four beta decays into the mix, increasing Z by four, it balances; the net reduction of Z is 8. The total set of reactions boils down to:

Thorium-232 (Z=90, A=232) – 6 alphas (Z=12, A=24) – 4 betas (Z=-4, A=0) = Lead-208 (Z=82, A=208).

(Remember when subtracting the four betas, you are subtracting a negative number, which means to add the opposite positive number.)

If you look at the detailed sequence of events, this is exactly what happens. Thorium-232 decays by alpha particle to radium 228 (Z=88, A=228 one alpha decay so far). Radium-228 then undergoes a beta decay to get actinium-228 (Z=89, A=228, alpha, one beta so far). Actinium-228 undergoes another beta decay to get thorium-228 (Z=90, A=228; one alpha, two betas so far).

Let’s pause here to look at the half lives. The original thorium-232 has a fourteen billion year half life. That means that (on a percentage basis) very, very little of it decays in (say) one day. The radium-228 has a 5.7 year half life. The actinium-228 has a 6.1 hour half life. The thorium-228 has a … wait for it! … 1.9 year half life. (It’s thorium, but it’s not thorium-232 and that makes all the difference in the world when it comes to half lives.)

If you started with a pure thorium-232 sample and waited about ten years, a certain amount of radium-228 has accumulated. As it accumulates, you can detect more and more decays of it (because there is more and more of it over time. But it won’t accumulate forever: It turns out that after a few years of building up, there’s now enough of it that it’s decaying about as fast as it’s being created. So you should be able to see based on our discussion above that, given thorium-232’s half life is three billion times as long as radium-228’s, when there is one radium-228 atom for every three billion thorium-232 atoms, then they’ll both produce the same number of decays. But the radium-228 doesn’t go away, because it’s being replenished by the thorium-232 decays. Since the amount isn’t changing over time the radium-228 is in equilibrium with the thorium-232. (The thorium-232 is slowly going away, of course, as it does so it will produce slightly less radium-228 during a given time, so the radium-228 will decline at the same percentage rate. But people don’t live long enough to see this happen, not with a 14 billion year half life!) Equilibrium is reached in something like 1 1/2 or two half lives of the daughter isotope.

Similarly for the actinium-228–because it has a much shorter half life than radium-228, it reaches equilibrium with the radium-228 almost instantly. And so on down the chain. Once everything is at equilibrium, there is one decay of each daughter isotope, for each decay of a thorium-232 atom. This is why a “pure” sample of thorium actually grows more radioactive right after it’s made.

So back to that chain. It continues. Thorium-228 alpha decays to radium-224 (Z=88, A=224, two alphas, two betas so far). Radium-224 alpha decays to radon-220 (Z=86, A=220, three alphas, two betas so far). Radon-220 alpha decays to polonium-216 (Z=84, A=216, four alphas, two betas so far). Polonium-216 alpha decays to lead-212 (Z=82, A=212, now five alphas and two betas so far).

Lead-212 is lead, and lead dug out of the ground is stable, but lead-212 is not stable. It’s an unstable isotope, a very unstable one in fact. Its half life is 10.6 minutes.

The next step is a beta decay, lead-212 becomes bismuth-212 (Z=93, A=212, five alphas, three betas). We now have just one alpha and one beta decay left to get to lead-208. But now, the path splits. We can either do the alpha decay first then the beta decay (thallium-208 (Z=81), then lead-208) or the other way round (polonium-212 (Z=84), then lead-208).

All of these decays from thorium-228 onwards have half lives of days or less, one even has a half life of less than a millionth of a second. So once the thorium-228 reaches equilibrium with its great-grandparent thorium-232, the rest of the chain ends up in equilibrium in just a few days.

The diagram below summarizes this whole process. And it uses a notation I haven’t used yet. So far when I’ve named an isotope, I’ve done it as [element name]-[mass number]. But you can also use a superscript before the element symbol like this: 232Th. Superscripting is a bit of a pain in the ass in the WordPus editor (and besides you might not know all the symbols), so I didn’t do it this way. It can even be taken a step further (and is, in the diagram below). You can put the atomic number Z as a subscript before the symbol, like this: 90Th. (Or you can do both. And I do mean you can do both. I can’t. If I try, I get something like this: 23290Th. I can’t get the super and subscripts one over the other.)

Technically the atomic number is superfluous, thorium is by definition atomic number Z=90. But it’s helpful for all the non-geeks out there who don’t have the numbers memorized.

The Thorium decay series

(Even chemists don’t usually know all of the atomic numbers, nor do they know all of the symbols; I watched one give a lecture on this very sort of thing, and when he showed the symbol Pa, he called it “palladium” (it’s actually protactinium, atomic number Z=91; palladium’s symbol is Pd and its atomic number is Z=46 and its price is almost three thousand dollars an ounce. The symbol was right, his verbal reading was wrong). Chemists will know the common elements like sulfur (16, S), plus ones they themselves are personally working with…unless they’re complete geeks, in which case they’ve memorized them all. By the way, if you ever run into someone claiming to be an organic chemist and they don’t know that carbon’s atomic number is Z=6, he’s a faker. Actually, he’s a lying sack of bearded dragon shit. Run, do not walk, away, from this person, and do not believe him if he tells you that the sky is blue; don’t even believe him if he says that Joe Biden lost.)

One last thing to note about the thorium decay series. Every single isotope on it has a mass number A that divides by four. The starting number divides by four, and any time the mass number changes, it changes by four, so it will always be divisible by four.

The other two decay series have uranium in them. Uranium has two long-lived isotopes, and they are each at the beginning of their own decay chains. You can walk through them if you so desire, but I’m just going to put up the diagrams. The first is the “Uranium decay series” starting with uranium-238:

The uranium decay series

Every one of these isotopes’ mass numbers, when divided by four, leaves a remainder of 2. Therefore, none of these isotopes appears in the thorium decay series, and none of these appear there either. Never the twain shall meet.

Note that one of the intermediates is uranium-234 with 245,000 year half life. If you (personally) start out with pure uranium-238, you won’t live long enough to see it come into equilibrium with its daughter isotopes, because uranium-234 decays too slowly. Over about the next half million years, 234U will build up in the sample and then be in equilibrium. Everything downstream from it is much faster. You will see, rather quickly, the intermediate thorium and protactinium 234 isotopes reach equilibrium, though.

The uranium-235 series is actually called the “actinium decay series” to avoid confusion with the other uranium decay series. It includes the longest-lived actinium isotope, actinium-227.

The Actinium Decay Series

All of these isotope mass numbers, when divided by four, leave a remainder of 3. They therefore won’t appear in either of the first two series, or vice versa.

There ought to be a fourth series, one where all the mass numbers leave a remainder of one when divided by four. Right?

Well, there was. A long time ago. The problem is no isotope in that series (which we can reconstruct today since we can make artificial isotopes) has more than a 2,140,000 year half life. That’s much shorter than the uranium and thorium isotopes in the other series. That isotope is neptunium-237 (Z=93). One of its daughters is uranium-233, with a half life of 159,200 years. Everything else in that series is shorter, much shorter.

If there was any neptunium-237 on earth when it first formed, ten half lives (21.4 million years) would have reduced it to 1/1024th of its original amount. Another ten half lives would have reduced it to less than a thousandth of a thousandth, or less than a millionth of the original amount. A total of eighty half lives would be enough to reduce an entire mole of neptunium to less than one atom on average, an undetectably small concentration, especially since the neptunium probably started out as a minor constituent of whatever rock it was in, to begin with. (Realistically, fifty half lives is probably enough to escape detection by modern equipment.) Seventy half lives is about 170 million years.

There was either never any neptunium-237 when the earth formed, or the earth is at least 170 million years old. In fact, there are a lot of isotopes with even longer half lives (like plutonium-244, half life roughly 80 million years) that do not exist in nature, and the same logic applies: either that isotope was never around, or the earth is hundreds of millions of years old, or even older–plutonium-244’s absence implies billions of years.

Returning to the “neptunium decay series,” because it has no sufficiently long lived isotope, it is extinct. When we started making isotopes artificially, we eventually found neptunium-237, and uranium-233, and all the others, and could then figure out what the neptunium decay series looked like. But back in the 1910s, this was all well in the future.

[Actually, oddball nuclear reactions sometimes create a trace of these isotopes in uranium ore, but that’s an almost immeasurable trace, and clearly not remnants of an original stock.]

The second to last product of the neptunium decay series is bismuth-209. It was long thought to be a stable isotope, but fairly recently it was discovered to have a half life of 19 quintillion years-almost a million years for every dollar of our national debt. It is so weakly radioactive that it might as well be stable, and its radioactivity is consequently almost impossible to measure. When it bestirs itself to do so, it decays to thallium-205, which is unfortunately quite stable. I say unfortunately, because thallium is extremely toxic. There is actually plenty of thallium-205 out there already, but it has to almost all be original or primordial stock, because hardly any bismuth-209 has decayed in a mere few billions of years.

Summing it up

Radioactivity was discovered in 1896. At that time, the words electron and proton didn’t exist. Atoms were indivisible things. Twenty years later, we knew that last bit was wrong, and we were well on our way to knowing the real nature of matter. In large part thanks to Ernest Rutherford.

OK. Next time, we take one step out, back into the realm of the electrons.

Obligatory PSAs and Reminders

China is Lower than Whale Shit

Remember Hong Kong!!!

https://youtube.com/watch?v=L3tnH4FGbd0
Whoever ends up in the cell next to his, tell him I said “Hi.”

中国是个混蛋 !!!
Zhōngguò shì gè hùndàn !!!
China is asshoe !!!

China is in the White House

Since Wednesday, January 20 at Noon EST, the bought-and-paid for His Fraudulency Joseph Biden has been in the White House. It’s as good as having China in the Oval Office.

Joe Biden is Asshoe

China is in the White House, because Joe Biden is in the White House, and Joe Biden is identically equal to China. China is Asshoe. Therefore, Joe Biden is Asshoe.

But of course the much more important thing to realize:

Joe Biden Didn’t Win

乔*拜登没赢 !!!
Qiáo Bài dēng méi yíng !!!
Joe Biden didn’t win !!!

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Sadie Slays

I debated bringing up the Chris Chan story here because this story is a soap opera straight from the depths of hell. But now even Tucker is talking about it, so I guess it’s fair game. I’m warning you all, though, if you don’t want to read about people being sadistic and horrible to each other, then keep scrolling. Seriously, this is “incomprehensible evil” levels of bad. The only reason I’m bringing it up here is because the whole thing is starting to glow.

https://youtu.be/PcT9cENf4kg

For the uninitiated, Chris is a severely mentally ill internet celebrity. He rose to fame over the past 20 years due to his cringey, narcissistic behavior, and being targeted by sadistic trolls. There’s an entire Wikipedia-like website about him, and a 60+ hour Youtube documentary if anyone wants the backstory. It was a morbidly fascinating rabbit hole up until last week. Then it got incredibly disturbing.

Last week, Chris Chan admitted in a recorded phone call to having a sexual relationship with his mother. His mother is a frail 80 year-old who very likely has dementia. The police were called, the mother was taken to the hospital, and Chris was arrested. He’s currently in jail awaiting trial without bail. 

This is what the Tucker segment above is about. Chris decided to become transgender a few years ago because he thought it would help him attract women. The jail booked him as “female,” and now it’s possible that the man who raped his mother could very well end up in prison (if convicted) with other women. Peak Clown World stuff.

Sadly, this story gets even more screwed up from here.

The person on the other end of that incriminating phone call is a young woman named Isabella Loretta Janke. People started digging as soon as the horrible news came out. She’s a real piece of work who introduced Chris to various occult stuff, and has a documented history of evil behavior that I won’t speak of here. It turns out that Isabella had a grand plan to encourage Chris to commit incest, blackmail him (hence the recorded phone call), and then ultimately encourage a murder-suicide of Chris and the mother.

I told you this was bad. Here’s where it starts to glow.

Isabella’s father is Michael Anthony Janke. Mike Janke is a former member of Seal Team 6 who now owns a bunch of military contracting spook companies involving both tech and Hollywood. Isabella’s mother is Mary Beth Janke. She’s an ex-Secret Service agent turned clinical psychologist. 

(Source all of all this info)

Prior to the Tucker segment, I had wondered why a case this sensational hadn’t hit the tabloids and media. At first I thought it was because they were trying to protect the overall tranny agenda, and they knew how bad this would look. But upon learning of the spook connections, I suspect the real goal was to publicly distance the glowies and agencies as far from this sordid story as possible. Maybe Mike Janke used his tech and media connections to call in some favors to protect his horrible daughter. Maybe the cabal doesn’t want the public speculating on what kind of sick people are connected to the glowies.

Maybe Chris Chan himself is some three letter MKULTRA-experiment (remember, Mary Beth Janke is a clinical psychologist). Maybe he’s a case study for weaponized internet trolling. I don’t know, but I don’t believe in coincidences.

Anyways, the reason why I decided to post this is because we’re all familiar with the two-tier system of justice in this country. Isabella’s parents will use their wealth and deep spook connections to make sure Isabella never sees any real punishment for her horrible behavior. Hell, they’ll probably hook her up with a well-paid spook job in DC since she’d fit right in with the rest of the sociopaths running DC. The only justice that will ever come out of this is through shining a light on this horrible person, and making sure she never harms anyone else.

Last edited 1 year ago by Sadie Slays
Sylvia Avery

What’s a glowie?
Wow, I had heard the headline version, but didn’t know all this. I admit, my antennae started to twitch when I got to the spook part. Thanks Sadie.

cthulhu

I vaguely recall that it’s someone deeply Fed trying to pass themselves off as normal.

Sylvia Avery

Thanks coothie!

cthulhu

Well, close….

Sadie Slays

“Glowie” is an insult for intelligence agents. “Glow” and “glowing” means that there’s undercover CIA or FBI-type involvement. The origin of this term comes from the Terry A. Davis video linked below where he talks about “glowing CIA niggers.” That particular insult is still common on the chans, but “glowie” is the much more socially acceptable version for polite company. Terry was an eccentric man who believed using offensive language was a defense mechanism against psychological warfare. I do not believe he had racist intent when he made this video.

Warning: Extreme language

https://youtu.be/AbG6u86t4bA

Bonus: Look at the computer screen in Terry’s video: “China Virus Election.” This was recorded in 2017.

Sylvia Avery

Thank you Sadie. I appreciate it.

Emeraldstar

The “glowie” term is mostly used by the anons when they discover a plant / infiltrator (most times almost right away).

It’s like saying to a mal-poster that he’s so OBVIOUS that he “glows”.

“You glow” = “I SEE YOU” (for what “you” are – a subverter).

Clown says: “I’m an anon just like you!”
Anon replies: “Nah – you glow! You’re busted, glowie!”

And the undercover clown is outed – he’s blown his “cover” – and his disinformation attempt fails.

mollypitcher5

I’m at a loss for words. The evil in this world is rampant.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The presence of incest, occult, spooks, and generations in two families, tells me that this is definitely MKULTRA / demonic stuff spilling out into the normie world.

Now – here is a tip on something that the anons may not have discovered yet.

Based on what I’m seeing here, there is extreme likelihood that Chris Chan’s mother is also an MKULTRA subject. Thus, people researching her past need to look for the usual signs.

Listen to Isabella’s father here:

https://youtu.be/wgS_mtL9eQE

His early association with privacy encryption pioneers makes a lot of sense. IMO a military MK subject. Mom likely, too.

But where all that goes, I have no clue. There are a lot of possibilities.

Sadie Slays

Oh definitely. The mother has a long history of being abusive, manipulative, and, up until last week, was widely considered the least sympathetic “character” of the whole story. The incest rumors were around for years. There’s also a weird gap in Chris’ childhood where she lived alone in northern Virginia (literally spook central) away from the family. MK victim is certainly possible.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Thanks for that info!

Check out Isabella’s mom. Three Banners and NPR. Very clear which side of this sh*tshow she’s on.
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Sadie Slays

Clinton-era Haiti connections, too.

Yes, I am the only female to have ever officially protected a foreign president outside of the United States (Jean Bertrand Aristide and, after him, Rene Preval, both in Haiti in 1995-1996.) In addition, I am also the only female instructor in the history of the Anti-terrorism Assistance Program. I was also the only female on an 11-person protection team in Haiti. 

https://blog.darlingmagazine.org/mary-beth-janke-interview/

Oh yeah, and her current occupation:

Currently, I teach Abnormal Psychology and the Psychology of Crime and Violence at George Washington University. I also consult in the fields of clinical and forensic psychology, as well as in security and risk assessment.



Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Thanks! Fascinating. THAT explains a LOT.

Beelzebubba & Hellary

Brave and Free

So reading between the lines……. possible grooming grounds for, as needs arise for subjects to act on given orders??

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yes – I think there is some connection here. I’m not sure what it is, exactly, but I think you may be onto larger purposes.

Cuppa Covfefe

Looking at her, I get the spidey-sense creepy feeling like when I see an OT-level scieno, or a Satanist witch (not as much difference between the two as many would think, cf. history of L.Ron Hubbard).

And something seems off about her arm positioning… sort of the feeling one gets from seeing a guy with his hand tucked in his vest like Napoleon and others did…

Also thinking back to a few years back when the Klowns in Action were going to flood the election with their own candidates… No-one seems to talk about that anymore, but I wonder who they were/are…

Emeraldstar

>>”And something seems off about her arm positioning”<<

Crossing ones arms is usually indicative of DEFIANCE.

An “F U” … or even a “F EVERYBODY”.

Good intuition, Cuppa!

I agree.

Linda

Her right arm is longer than her left arm. Compare the 2 upper arms down to the elbow. The right arm is longer.

nikkichico7

Cuppa, I scrolled up to check out what you mentioned about her/? .. crossed and when I made the picture bigger her head does not fit her neck. It’s seriously creepy …
.. 😳 .. 😖 .. 😳 ..

Something isn’t right about the picture or her. Maybe she’s a guy I don’t know.

Now I have to go find the Pepto Bismarck .. yuk 🤢

kalbokalbs

…when I made the picture bigger her head does not fit her neck

^^^ Pencil Neck’s sister?

Cuppa Covfefe

Pencil Neck’s mister…

Cuppa Covfefe

The sinking of the Bismol 🙂 or   :wpds_envy: 

nikkichico7

… bwahahahahaha … lol …   :wpds_envy:   :wpds_envy:   :wpds_envy:  ..

well … three’s a good number ..  :wpds_eek: 

Ozzytrumpster

Big fingers/ hand………for a woman

Gudthots

Isn’t Jean Bertrand Aristide the Haitian president known for child sacrifices?

Cuppa Covfefe

This Aristide? And what about Marina Abramovic… who looks sort of like this woman… also a Satanist… Seems wackypaedia thinks Aristide is now a Catholic Priest (Salesian order)…

https://www.coreysdigs.com/haiti/clintons-haitian-black-magic-secret

Cuttingedge has tons of info on the Klintoons and their Satanic Black Magick Illuminised Witchcraft… The book “Unlimited Access” by Gary Aldrich has a lot of background material as well (e.g. the Clinton Christmas Tree)…

Sadie Slays

WOW, that’s quite the link. Clintons visited Haiti and alleged participated in a voodoo ritual on March 31, 1995. That’s the same year Mary Beth Janke claims she was in Haiti protecting Aristide.

Both Haitian officials and the Haiti Observateur stated that Clinton reaffirmed his faith in voodoo during his March 31, 1995 visit to the island. The official purpose of the visit as told by the American media was to celebrate Haiti’s supposed “return to democracy. ” However, the Haitian press had a much different story. The headlines of the March 29, 1995 issue of the Haiti Observateur read: “CLINTON ASSISTERA A UNE CEREMONIE VAUDOU EN HAITI” (Clinton to assist in a voodoo ceremony in Haiti). The story, confirmed by Haitian officials, stated that initiating Clinton under the power of voodoo had two purposes — to render him impervious to the attacks of his Republican enemies in Washington, and to guarantee his re-election. While the initiation could protect Clinton from his political enemies, they say, it could not protect him from himself.

It should be noted that Aristide, a de-frocked priest, earlier in 1995 had renounced the Catholic Church and said he was returning to the voodoo faith of his ancestors. In July of the same year, he held a large voodoo congress at the National Palace attended by over 300 leading houngans and “bocors” (black magicians — including leaders of the dreaded “Bizango Cult,” which practices zombification and human sacrifice). Upon addressing the first voodoo congress, Aristide proclaimed voodoo to be one of the great religions of the world alongside Christianity, Islam and Judaism and also announced funding for a national voodoo temple. Both Aristide’s renunciation of the Catholic Church and his voodoo congress, while widely publicized in the Haitian press, were completely suppressed in the American news media.

In the days leading up to Clinton’s visit, according to sources in Haiti, many occult preparations took place. These were intended not only to grant Clinton the power to overcome the challenges facing his presidency and defeat the Whitewater investigations, but also to give Aristide the power to continue to control Clinton.

One account that circulated in Port-au-Prince is that when Aristide dedicated the “secret well” before Clinton’s visit that he “shed the blood of a newborn infant in gratitude to the gods whom he believes allowed his return to power.”

Last edited 1 year ago by Sadie Slays
Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

OMG. OMG. OMG.

Cuppa Covfefe

Also:

To maximize the occult forces at work, even the date chosen for Clinton’s visit — March 31 — was part of an elaborate ritual. The digits are the reverse of “13,” which the voodoo calendar considers the most propitious date for casting spells. Thus, the voodoo practitioners say, while Clinton believed that he was coming to the well at Tabarre to sell his soul to Lucifer for power and protection through the initiation of voodoo, he was also the victim of a classic Haitian double-cross.

The entire article is well worth a read.

People don’t understand the powers at work here. So many look at Ephesians 6:10-18 and just kind of gloss over it.

The Devil doesn’t. Nor do his demons. Nor do the DEMONRATS.

They seek every which (witch?) way to do their dirties, and hide all traces, and make it look like the “good guys dunnit”…

We must be ever vigilant, ever prayerful, and ever at ready to fight the wicked ones WITH GOD’S HELP, STRENGTH, GUIDANCE, AND PROTECTION.

For if we do not stand, they will win.


Cuppa Covfefe

And here’s a bit more. Consider that the Klintoons had access to ALL FBI, Klowns-in-Action, and NSA records since the Billary “administration” began; it’s pretty obvious that they had the goods on everyone in DC, and probably STILL DO…

What is not told in this story are the details of the black magic ceremony that followed in 1996. Shhh, it’s a secret.

First, I want to explain the difference between Haitian voodoo and black magic. Animals are sometimes sacrificed in Haitian voodoo. A variety of animals are sacrificed, such as pigs, goats, chickens, and bulls. “The intent and emphasis of sacrifice is not upon the death of the animal, it is upon the transfusion of its life to the loa; for the understanding is that flesh and blood are of the essence of life and vigor, and these will restore the divine energy of the god,” stated Maya Deren in her book Divine Horsemen: The Living Gods of Haiti. Sexual acts are a big part of both voodoo and black magic. My source describes black magic ceremonies to be of a very different nature that involves darker aspects of sexual acts prior to rituals and oftentimes babies are sacrificed, their bodies are devoured and blood drank. I asked what happens to their bones, and my source told me they grind them up so nothing is left behind. Yes, I said babies.

Jean-Bertrand Aristide has a background in both voodoo and black magic. Born to peasants in the southern town of Port Salut, Aristide saw violence at an early age. When he was very young, his father was lynched after he was accused of using black magic to commit evil acts. Aristide and the Clintons have quite an extensive history together filled with corruption, deceit and a Coup d’état which I am not going to get into here.

Corey has dug quite deeply here. And there’s much, much more at other, parallel sources that confirm this. And the MASSIVE evil, from the pit of Hell that accompanies and “guides” all that is Clinton, lives on in the Clinton Foundation, the DEMONRAT party, the Øbøzøs, et. al. , and the demonic world of the globalists, including Big Pharma.

Again, we need prayer. MUCH prayer, and fasting.

singingsoul1

I heard something like this before but not in such detail. What is so heart wrenching that these people gained so much power.
Yes we have to pray and pray hard the Lords Prayer for protection. We are fighting in a spiritual field and God’s light will overcome the darkness. We are God’s soldiers.
With God all things are possible.

Last edited 1 year ago by singingsoul1
Sadie Slays

I suspect this is happening right now at Obama’s “birthday party.” August 8th = 8/8. They’re probably hoping a ritual will save their sorry butts from the incoming election audit news.

-sigh-

Gudthots

May God send them into confusion, cause great divisions amongst them, disempower them, demolish every structure, destroy every alliance, dismantle every purpose. May His presence fill every place they run to so that they find no rest or ease for their mind.

Sadie Slays

AMEN!

Cuppa Covfefe

AMEN!

And may Almighty GOD take down, disempower, thwart, and utterly destroy the Devil’s thrones, dominions, principalities, powers, and demons of every kind that are controlling and enabling the DEMONRATS, the globalists, the RINOs, and all who are acting to corrupt GOD’s Will, His Creation, and His people.

Last edited 1 year ago by Cuppa Covfefe
Sadie Slays

BTW, Cuppa, there’s a German internet celebrity named Drachenlord who is considered the “German Chris Chan.” I don’t know much about him because of the language barrier, but head’s up if he starts appearing in tabloid headlines or weird German scandals.

https://knowyourmeme.com/memes/people/drachenlord

Last edited 1 year ago by Sadie Slays
Cuppa Covfefe

Thanks, Sadie, I’ll have a look. There are lots of evil folks over here, and not just leftovers from Hitler’s “coven”. The Greens have a very VERY dark side (back through Rudolf Steiner and the earth worshippers, etc.)…

Now they want to tear out thousands if not millions of acres of trees to plant birdchoppers, I guess to help worship their goddess GAIA.

G reens
A re
I diots
A lways

(Also Hilly and Billy give me the willies. They must have a TON of information.

I wonder whatever happened to those two planefulls of Bankers’ Boxes that left Arkansas for parts unknown???)…

Ozzytrumpster

Apple plans to scan U.S. iPhones for child abuse imagery.  Stephanie Hamill, a reporterette on OAN hosts a show where she interviews people. She was talking to a guy last night who lobbied the government on issues of sex trafficking, and she offhandedly said something like, “We don’t actually hear much about this issue, but I assume that is because it is bipartisan, and there is no argument over it.” The guy immediately recoiled and responded, saying roughly, “Oh there is a massive disagreement over it, and it is immensely partisan. We have been lobbying for specific actions for 20 years on sex trafficking, and in just four years, through executive action, President Trump enacted everything we had asked for. And already the Biden administration has undone all of those programs. And they have even defunded the Dallas PD’s Vice unit. There is no Vice Unit in Dallas!” I have wondered if US Marshals were always rescuing kids, and we only heard about it under Trump, but apparently not. The massive reduction in all of those stories about kids being rescued apparently is reflective of an underlying reality – the Democrats are protecting the traffickers and Trump was taking them out.
A man captured on video during a child predator sting operation claimed to work for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Hillary Clinton, and other high profile Democrats, and appears to have been photographed alongside prominent Democrats including Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee and Chasten Buttigieg, the husband of Biden administration Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg.

nikkichico7

  :wpds_evil:  … 😔🙏🏼 … 😾 … ‼️

Ozzytrumpster

Chris Chan, 39, is listed as female in the police report and will be jailed with women inmates despite his ‘arrest for raping her dementia sufferer mother, 79.’ Here is the weird thing about this. They say because Chan identifies as female, and the law says the incest he was arrested for has to be between a male and a female, Chan’s defense will be he identifies as female so the law is unimportant, and the case will probably go to the Supreme Court and be precedent setting.

Sadie Slays

It’s such a crazy story that it wouldn’t surprise me if it ends up becoming some landmark Supreme Court case about trans rights. 

https://twitter.com/KeithWoodsYT/status/1421804885109100544

Deplorable Patriot

I had not encountered this story before, and, seriously, the truth is stranger than fiction.

Occam’s razor fails in the light of reality when it comes to the forces of darkness walking this earth.

ForGodandCountry

Truth is always stranger than fiction, which makes me wonder why people are so addicted to fictional drsma.

Why watch “the West Wing”, for example, when there is no way Hollywood writers could dream up what happens in real life?

This is a rhetorical question, btw.

Deplorable Patriot

I gave up night time dramas in the 80s.

Barb Meier

I used to read a LOT of science fiction. After 9/11/2001, I stopped. Who needed fiction after that? Oh wait… I did get Catturd’s Rabbitskin and enjoyed it a lot. hehe

gil00

Her parents are into bad crap too it seems. Not a chance they are unaware.

RF121

Still trying to dig up part II but this is good enough.




Linda

Someone needs to hack into Fox news and run this video 24/7. Wow!

para59r

Yes, and by this guys standards we are very well informed.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yes! Kudos, QTreepers!

Cuppa Covfefe

And airports, doctors’ and dentists’ offices and gas pumps everywhere…

Take that, SHELL!!! 🙂 Get the lead out and do something about it…

grandmaintexas

Thanks for this. Hope Part 2 shows up.

TheseTruths

Hoping this will play here…Click on the video below the first pic.

https://twitter.com/HoutmanBas/status/1423824794945003521

Last edited 1 year ago by TheseTruths
RF121

This guy is great.




ForGodandCountry
Last edited 1 year ago by ForGodandCountry
RF121
Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Rochelle Walensky and Tony Fauci have lied a few too many times for me to take certain vaccines again. I’ve never missed a flu vaccine, but I no longer trust these people. Not sure I’m an anti-vaxxer, but these liars appear sufficiently desperate to muck with the flu vaccines, so I’m holding off until CDC is cleaned out with a firehose or hell freezes over, whichever happens first.

cthulhu

Regarding, “until CDC is cleaned out with a firehose” — suggest “until CDC is cleansed out with a firehose“.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

LOL!

RF121

Officially declaring as an anti-vaccer. Their whole premise is they solved polio. Since then they have a vax for everything, even though their data does not support it. Heal thyself.

Deplorable Patriot

The one I always hear is whooping cough since my mother had it as a baby and it scared her parents to death.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

The whooping cough vaccine. THAT was one where we experienced vaccine breakthrough in our family. But NOT in my dear mom, who like yours had the disease as a child.

Yes, very scary for parents. And my babysitter who had smallpox told me all about people dying of diphtheria. Her descriptions were rather terrifying. I think she said something to the effect of “at least smallpox didn’t strangle ya”.

Yes. I’m definitely not anti-vax. I’m anti-CDC-corruption.

Gail Combs

WOLFIE<

I think this guy THE MARKET TICKER sums it up:

There are two types of ‘Jabs’

A sterilizing vaccine that prevent infection

AND

A JAB that permits the virus to infect you and replicate BUT DOES NOT GIVE YOU SYMPTOMS aka prophylactic therapy

To be sterilizing a vaccine must prevent infection. Since you never get infected you never replicate the virus and thus do not shed it. If you do not shed it the potential path of the viral life-cycle for that particular infection ends with you and thus you cannot pass on or cause a mutation. You are sterile against that disease; from the point of view of the virus you are a lifeless rock. Among commonly-used sterilizing vaccines are MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), Varicella (chicken pox), OPV (oral polio) and others. The only time that such a vaccine fails is when you do not build immunity (such as due to immune compromise.) This is extremely rare and the protection from such vaccines tends to be either decades-long or lifetime.

A vaccine that is not sterilizing permits the virus to infect you and replicate and as a result you can infect others.  Technically it is not a vaccine at all (which by definition prevents infection); it is a prophylactic therapySuch a “vaccine” instead acts to reduce or eliminate symptomatic disease. You don’t know you’re sick and you don’t get sick. You don’t go to the hospital and you don’t die. Unfortunately since you don’t know you’re sick but are infected and the virus is both replicating in you and shedding you are more-likely to spread the infection to others. All of the current Covid jabs are in this category and so is, for that matter IPV (injected polio vaccine — the original Salk discovery.)

The JAB IS DESIGNED TO SPREAD THE DESEASE, PROMOTE MUTATIONS AND PROMOTE ‘VACCINE ESCAPE’ aka virus immunity TO the ‘prophylactic therapy.’ 

This is what Dr Malone, inventor of mRNA technology was talking about when he said “YOU DO NOT USE THESE VACCINES IN THE HEAT OF A PANDEMIC!!!”

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

That is what Geert Vanden Bossche said, too.

It is our DUTY TO SCIENCE to reject these vaccines.

singingsoul1

I had diphtheria when I was 4 and lived to talk about it.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yikes!!! Very happy you made it through. That’s ROUGH.

singingsoul1

Not really. I was in a Catholic Hospital full of nuns they spoiled me and I got to eat they had food 🙂

Gudthots

Was taking a class some years ago and we were all in close quarters for the semester. One of the students was in military and had a young child. Child was given the whooping cough vaxx. Both child and parent got horribly sick. No one else in the entire class was sick.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

YIKES.

Cuppa Covfefe

Jonas Salk is probably rolling in his grave over this.

The polio vaccine was his life’s work, and he wasn’t a corporate shill with billions of dollars and unlimited political favors coming his way.

No, today’s crop of of corporate leeches aren’t worthy of cleaning out his wastebasket and washing his lab equipment.

They aren’t worthy of existence at all…

Deplorable Patriot

The CDC needs to be purified. Maybe with fire. Dismantling might not be enough.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

We need a FLOTUS named Melania to do an exorcism.

Deplorable Patriot

Or hire an exorcist.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

BOTH, please!!! 😀

Gail Combs

FIRE PURIFIES!

REMEMBER:
The CDC Foundation is an independent nonprofit and the sole entity created by Congress to mobilize philanthropic and private-sector resources to support the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s critical health protection work.

AND

Our Partners: Corporations
A whose who of Big Pharma, banks and even Starbucks

Our Partners: Foundations (a quick scan shows)Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation — HMmmm
Foundation to Promote Open Society aka Soros
The Rockefeller Foundation
Rothschild Revocable Living Trust

and a ton more such as

  • San Diego Downtown Breakfast Rotary Fund
  • The San Diego Foundation
  • San Diego State University Research Foundation
  • United Nations Foundation thats need 95% dead Ted Turner’s foundation
  • University of Kentucky Research Foundation
  • University of Louisville Research Foundation
  • Georgia State University Foundation
  • The Ohio State University Research Foundation
  • Child Health Research Foundation

Our Partners: Organizations
That is where you find THE HOSPITALS AND UNIVERSITIES!

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

OMG. CDC was taken over.

That’s why this picture:
comment image

TradeBait2

You completely described me as well in that post, Wolf. Traditional vaccinations typically add good value to the human immunity system. None of this mess can be described in that manner. We have no clue what will be in the flu vax as they have proven to be extraordinary liars and generally evil people.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Exactly! And even more, “flu communism” is every bit as bad as “covid communism”. I want NEITHER!!!

piper567

TradeBait, I read somewhere yesterday that Moderna has a combo flu shot in early Clinical Trials.
Ask your Doctor if you are one to take a flu shot!!!

kalbokalbs

There is zero chance of my taking the flu vaccine.

In addition to CDC, FDA, NIH and all them lying bastards lying to us daily, Big Pharma is creating flu shots that include Covid crap.

AND, we have no idea what they put in the flu vaccines.

NO LONGER TRUST ANYTHING CDC, FDA, NIH…related.

Cuppa Covfefe

More vile than vial…

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yup. Those combined vaccines are an affront to mankind.

Medical mafia, out of control.

nikkichico7

… evil …

The beings in that photo are pond scum, they’re facing judgment, eternity .. they do not prevail against God even with all the horrific evil they commit … they’re … mortal and will die however their souls ….

https://youtu.be/KP8k-798NSE

Cue to 6:49 🔼 ..

Cuppa Covfefe

Hmmm.

“Take this jab and shove it,
I ain’t followin’ you no more”…
comes to mind…

Something that really frustrates me is, why didn’t we all see this before?

There were authors like Vance Packard (“The Waste Makers”, “The Naked Society”, “The Hidden Persuaders”, and many others) who were sounding a clarion call about big biz and the elite BACK IN THE 1950s!

Yet no-one listened…

I hope and pray that we all can set things right, with GOD’s Help, Power, and Guidance.

Otherwise it seems that all that’s left is to burn the bl00dy thing down and rebuild it from scratch.

Maybe the Perseids will help out, and take out Brussels, Davos, Berlin, Strasbourg, Davos, wherever Sauros and Schwab are, DC, Peking, and other dens of iniquity…

Deplorable Patriot

I was watching a YT channel I haven’t visited in a while. A pediatrician in Oregon. He was disturbed by the movie “Vaxed” and so did a study among his own patients comparing the kids who got the usual schedule to the ones who didn’t and published the results. The kids whose parents chose NOT to have them vaccinated were, in general, healthier. His mistake was publishing that study. His license was suspended. He’s back practicing now.

Anti-vaxxers not only trust their immune systems, but they’ve done their homework.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yeah, that’s interesting, isn’t it?

Aubergine

My daughter, who vaccinated her children, but back before the current aggressive vaccine schedule, will no longer vaccinate them.

She told me that she knows both unvaccinated and vaccinated toddlers, and that the vaccinated ones are sluggish, slow, and not as bright. I believe her.

Deplorable Patriot

My one nephew, I think, is vaccine injured. He’s BRILLIANT, but has a number of issues including developmental delays. The current diagnosis has to do with his mother not being able to absorb B12, but that doesn’t explain the ADHD. This kid was also 7 weeks early. So, all of it, I’m sure, contributes.

Gudthots

I’ve seen this as well. Children of neighbors that were extremely social and precocious and then they were not.

Aubergine

Yes. It is so sad.

cthulhu

We got significant amounts of smoke on Friday. It’s supposed to clear out by Monday.

EVERY TIME I hear them say, “this area of brush hasn’t burned for 100 years”, I can feel my heart pounding inside my chest. Idiots.

Linda

Yeah, I hear you. This endless drought is putting us all in another dangerous situation like we had last year. They must have HAARP turned up to eleventy.

cthulhu

The dangerous situation is the “hasn’t burned in 100 years”. If they’d been intelligently managing the forests, rather than having been environmental goofballs for the last couple of generations, the worst they could say was, “this area has 20 years of accumulated brush and was on the schedule for next year. It should still be pretty safe, however, because it is surrounded on all sides by more cleared areas.”

piper567

My Chiropractor’s wife’s family founded a Town in CA that burned to the ground this wk.
Firefighters were told to report back to base, and just let it burn.
Wonder how often this little detail is omitted?
The rot is deep.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Is that that “ghost town” I was reading about?

piper567

wolfie, no…people were living there. kalbo asked for name of Town. I’ll call Monday for Town name. She is devastated. she grew up there.

cthulhu

Wow.

kalbokalbs

IF you don’t mind, the town is?

Last edited 1 year ago by kalbokalbs
Emeraldstar

Kalbo! C’mon, man!

You’re asking for a partial doxx.

Curiosity ****ed the cat?

YIKES!

kalbokalbs

Seriously?

Perhaps this is another confirmation that I’m much slower, than I thought. Gotta ponder ever posting like questions, which I at least superficially do.

Not asking anyone to dox themselves. The answer could be incredibly obscure from linking THE town that burned THIS wk, to THE individual. Only the poster knows that answer.

It’s the Chiropractor’s family that founded the town. I assume it is not the poster’s family, also. Dunno.

Since posting I quit being lazy and Googled a town that burned down this wk. At least one town readily available via Google.

My asking the town is IMO, no more doxing than the poster stating, Chiropractor’s relatives founded a town that JUST burned this wk.

^^^ THIS, IS, where I was coming from. IF the answer is harmless to poster, great. Share or not. Potentially harmful, as in potential dox, NO answer is obviously the way to go.

—-

What would be of far more interest to me, is the government official’s name that ordered fire fighters to abandon efforts to save the town structures.

On that happy note, back to the Keurig for a second cup of coffee. 🙂

Cuppa Covfefe

You might look to ThinkGeek for more ways to use your Keurig 😆

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oq3L1ZxzMRY

piper567

kalbo…I can’t remember. Monday I’ll call and ask. Will put my response in notifications.

piper567

kalbo…the name of the Town is Greenville.

kalbokalbs

Thanks. Sad what has happened there. Beautiful area.

Gail Combs

The ALSO got rid of the fire roads and FIRE BREAKS!!!!

Prehistoric Indians KNEW BETTER! They intentionally burned to clear out the crap and PROVIDE FOOD FOR THE CRITTERS THEY HUNTED.

….With the introduction of the bow and arrow, at about the same time as the coming of pottery-making, generally assumed to be about 2,500 B.C., the life of the Indian became much easier. The bow and arrow enabled him to bring down his game from a greater distance and with less risk to himself since he no longer had to creep within throwing distance of his prey.

In the very early days the land was covered by dense forest broken only by great clearings. These areas, in ever greater numbers, were cleared by Indians, who burned them out to create grazing grounds in which native grasses grew that were particularly attractive to buffalo. Buffalo were one of the staples of the Indians and until as late as 1730 buffalo were found in abundance in this area….

https://www.loudounhistory.org/history/indians-to-speculators/

michaelh

https://sharylattkisson.com/2021/08/forum-whose-information-do-you-trust/

The following is commentary intended for discussion. Add your comments.

A lot of Americans have indicated they do not “trust” the information coming from certain government officials or federal health agencies when it comes to Covid-19.

So who do you trust right now?

When there are scientists and medical doctors who are saying opposing things; when there are seemingly contradictory findings from studies and data crunching– what do you believe?

How do you make important decisions amid this crisis in confidence in the information we receive?

Leave your comments here!

“Yuri, you are always reading Pravda. You can never know the truth from reading that, so why do you keep reading it all the time?”
“Sergey, I don’t know what the truth is. But I know if I read Pravada, I’ll know what lies they want to trick me into believing.”

cthulhu

A group of honest people, working together, can often find kernels of truth among bushels of lies.

Aubergine

I trust US, Michael.

We here have been right about almost all of the covid information from the beginning.

I can’t possibly live the life I do and read everything I need to, see everything I should, and discern what to do. But I know that somebody here, and the list is too long to write, will have seen it, read it, and put it here.

So I read here, every comment, every day.

I think it might just save lives, including my own.

Emeraldstar

I feel the same way, Aubergine.

There’s a lotta talent here, and it’s all guided by getting to the TRUTH (come what may).

We’re the way “diversity” WORKS – diversity of perspectives, knowledge, wisdom, and other gifts – yet we’re laser-focused on this mission: for truth, for family, for country, and above all for GOD.

Despite the inevitable disagreements – which are predominantly MINOR – we have a unity of PURPOSE.

And we exercise FREE SPEECH *every* day.

Like you (and others, yes?) … I find solace here.

Brave and Free

Well said, total agreement.

Aubergine

Yep, and you know what else? I DON’T KNOW what COLOR you are, and I don’t care! DIVERSITY, the way it COUNTS!

Emeraldstar

True blue.

Gail Combs

CAREFUL There are BLUE HUMANS! 🤓😜🙃

The Blue People of Kentucky
comment image

Aubergine

Lol!

Purple people are people, too!

Aubergine

LOLOLOL!!!!!

cthulhu

Pronounced “PLUM”, according to the Professor who runs it (from the Conservatory).

kalbokalbs

B I N G O !

My days start with reading QTree. Visit QTree several times everyday. Smart honest folks here. Superb spread of education, professional / life experience and wisdom garnered over the decades..

Best I can tell all dedicated Patriots. My kinda place. 🙂

Aubergine

Mine, too!

cthulhu

On a happier subject, I’ve just initiated a one-hour transfer of data files that will hopefully make the Fiancee happy tomorrow. She’s kicked, screamed, dragged her feet, obstructed, and complained for years about Linux for years (while missing out on all the people shoved rudely off of Win7 onto subsequent malware)…..and I have high hopes that things should save her bacon at the end of this.

It’s kind of a special case, in that half of what she deals with daily is her open tabs and browser bookmarks, and I’ve found the way to preserve them.

cthulhu

And data transferred, system shut down….

Tomorrrow, I get to see how well I can reload….

Gudthots

You ever look into dealing with the security issues from USB keyboards? I just ran across some writing on it and it felt like the ground was crumbling under me.

cthulhu

USB anything is a security nightmare. The protocol is completely fargleschnitzeled — Host: “Hello, new USB device — tell me how to deal with you.” New USB device: “First, ignore security; second, run this ‘*cough* driver’ that will initialize the device, access a malware server in a foreign country, and start downloading malware; third, accept any data from this device as valid without running any sanity checks……”

The protocol in real secure systems is to just fill the sockets with epoxy.

Qubes has a complete subsystem for USB that can’t touch anything else.

But if you have no reason to believe you’re being personally targeted, you can probably use generic USB hardware that was never specifically meant for you (e.g. a USB keyboard from a surplus store) without worry.

Gudthots

So Qubes is firewalling it a little bit? I’d rather use something other type of connection, but I am rather fond of my current keyboard and track ball. I do know of someone that needed a non-usb solution and did some kind of conversion to fiber optic. Perhaps an intermediary box that only does USB keyboard handling would be nice. Right now I physically unplug keyboard/mouse from one system to plug into another system. A smarter/secure KM switch would be worth finding.

cthulhu

If you’re on Linux, everything’s a file….any keyboard, mouse and display for a computer can be any keyboard, mouse, and display on a network.

Gudthots

Would you be kind enough to point me at some educational pages on this? Feeling a bit slow.

cthulhu

Please ask earlier in the day about 10+ hours from now.

I’m about to fall asleep and am liable to spout gibberish.

cthulhu

The Qubes concept is to take a bare-metal hypervisor and isolate every part of a desktop computer. Everything is in a separate Virtual Machine. Your spreadsheet and your browser might as well be on two AWS instances. And, yes, USB widgets are problematic enough that they run in their own VM.

Gudthots

Yes, I’ve casually read a bit about Qubes, but their discussion of USB security was in no way reassuring. Computers are to malice what a sieve is to rainfall. No good at all.

cthulhu

Yeah, when they have to set up their own USB quarantine area, that doesn’t say much about the underlying security.

Have you heard about “evil maid” attacks and rubber duckies?

Gudthots

Indeed

cthulhu

Total xfer — about 44G. System — 8G Raspberry Pi / Ubuntu MATE. Input — USB3 SABRENT Disk dock. Output — USB3 WD “My Book” 6T drive. Peaked at 20M/sec….don’t even ask about low spots.

I originally built this rig for salvaging data off of all the pulled drives that were in computers accessible to the 2015 malware. Uses ARM instead of Intel SW, mounts with Linux protections (RO). It’s been behind the plumbing/car troubles/refrigerator problems/relationship issues/other fire drills for some months, but when Fiancee had her problem it was ready for action.

I got the disk dock off of Woot because it was a screamin’ deal….*sigh*…..like the old Woot. Now that I know how well it works, I wish I’d gotten three.

Gudthots

Yesterday’s comments section was closing in on 700 when I last looked. And the page was taking about 2.5 seconds to respond to actions like hovering over an unread comment and waiting to see it clear the yellow background.

cthulhu

At the last, there (after 23:00), the comment #’s in the green orb would stall and I’d have to reload and go back and find the stragglers.

cthulhu

Oooh…and I managed a double-post for the first time in ages!!!

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I’m actually starting to get weird stuff now – which I did NOT when the site was in paging mode.

Deplorable Patriot

If I may vote, the pagination was a pain, but worked better, IMO.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I think I will take a vote later. I think I’d like to watch the new setting fail another day!

One possibility is to increase the “more” setting, too, because I think that figures in, but I’m not sure that will solve all the problems. I am seeing weirdness earlier than the first pagination / load more. with the “load more” model.

kalbokalbs

Showing my ignorance, again.

#1 Yellow shaded posts to easily identify posts that I have not read is HUGE.

The orb color, count and all of that is not significant in any functional way. IMO.

The bell notifier indicating a post to mine is helpful to further a personal discussion point.

grandmaintexas

I hate the bell notifier for a couple reasons. I often don’t know where in the thread the comment is coming from. If I like a comment from the bell notifier it disappears if I back out of the notifier.

I really like the yellow highlights and the orange ball.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Thanks! Just so you know this, then, some useful info. The bell notifier is part of a tool called JetPack that helps WordPress.com registered members primarily, because JetPack is a WordPress.com product.

The orb, yellow shading, and most of the “chrome” on our commenting system is a plugin – wpDiscuz. That plugin reacts to different WordPress (vanilla WordPress) settings, including pagination of comments.

Emeraldstar

I haven’t had ANY problems whatsoever.

For this guest, it’s been working perfectly, since stroke of midnight yesterday (34 hours straight).

Is the “guest” the baseline, or is the “registered” the baseline?

Choices, choices …

Gail Combs

Wolfie, I load “First Page’ early in the day AND NEVER REFRESH.

I place cursor on the yellow new comments to turn them white.

In this way I do not get ‘Pagnation’ unless the loading is way too slow and then I just refresh and I get stuff separated into pages (Usually three or more)

That gives you the best of both worlds although I do have to page through the comments to see the new ones.

Cuppa Covfefe

Yeah…

Something like Raider Pagnation   :wpds_twisted: 

Cuppa Covfefe

One less bell to answer? 😆
(sorry) (great tune, great vid I just heard):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ty2OaWcvX-A

Last edited 1 year ago by Cuppa Covfefe
Aubergine

I agree with DP. Pagination worked better.

grandmaintexas

My experience was perfect until the amount of comments made everything super sluggish.

grandmaintexas

Is there any way to make pagination happen at around 4 or 5 hundred comments, instead of 250?

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Yes, I’m still bothered by the fact that it WAS perfect for a while. But the behavior in Steve’s post immediately seemed to have been messed up by the bad behavior in other tabs with yesterday’s open – or at least that’s the way it LOOKED.

cthulhu

For instance, I just did a reload with 644 in the green orb…..and it’s now 646.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I think it’s clear that paging mode and “load more” mode are BOTH quirky.

cthulhu

And you can’t even see the quirks until they’re under load.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

But I’m seeing the quirks right now, with almost no load!

Gudthots

Did you see my solution to your “I want to know the time of my last refresh” puzzle? Posted to you in yesterday’s comments in response to “essentially”.

cthulhu

I saw that, but have been too scattered to try it. It looks good and I hope it works, but today has been like trying to read under strobe lights.

Gudthots

Nicely written piece Steve.
I appreciate Ernest Rutherford far more now.

cthulhu

Turns out, he did a bunch of stuff I had vaguely figured that Bohr and Fermi did.

cthulhu

So, which one was the time traveler from the future? Rutherford, Tesla, or Einstein?

Last edited 1 year ago by cthulhu
Gudthots

Wolf’s AND logic comes to mind.

cthulhu

Trick question! Rutherford was from the future, Tesla was from an alternate future, and Einstein was from an alien future….

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Agreed! Very enjoyable, and a rather wild ride through radioactivity!

ForGodandCountry

No, liberals hate that anyone who disagrees with them have rights…

…much less are allowed to live and breathe.

But they are working hard on their problem.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

“Too cute” – from Gab! (for extra irony)

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cthulhu

Sadly, the people who need to hear this won’t understand it.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

Most hilarious fact-check I’ve ever read! Referring to the author of a hit job on Mike Lindell:

If there is a “deep state” then Applebaum is its frumpy den mother. 

Love that TGP is now FACT-CHECKING THE MSM!!!

See:

https://tgpfactcheck.com/shameful-atlantics-dishonest-a-baum-applebaums-hit-piece-on-mike-lindell/

slowcreekno

Another excellent lecture, very well presented.

And just the right kind of CRT (cathode ray tube)!

I’m off to do some practical work in the footsteps of Hertz and Marconi.

Gudthots

In the video interview of the J6 prisoner posted yesterday, I thought his statement about why the excessive prosecution might have happened was worth thinking about.

He said, lots of people witnessed police abuse (of peaceful Trump supporters). So [the Fibbies] go overboard intimidating and making an example of people that were there so that people would not step forward and testify about what they saw.

Not saying that’s the whole story, but it is an important point.

cthulhu

CPAs know this about tax prosecutions. The IRS will RAM people hard who might have witnessed previous IRS misbehavior. Goes with the unaccountable bureaucrat territory.

ForGodandCountry

How about some simple math for perspective?

.

.

Current world population = 7,781,000,000
Current US population = 332,000,000

https://www.census.gov/popclock/

Total # of people who have contracted WuFlu worldwide = 202,000,000
Total worldwide deaths (claimed) = 4,000,000

Total # cases USA = 36,000,000
Total deaths USA = 632,000

https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
.
.

So…….

Worldwide:

Only .0256, or 2.5%, of the entire world’s population has gotten WuFlu to date.

Only .00051, or .051%, of the entire world’s population has died from it. THIS IS 1/2 of 1/2 OF A PERCENT.

.

In the USA:

10.8% of the US pop. have gotten the WuFlu

.0019, or .19%, of the US pop. has died from it.

Got that?

.

Now…..

The US makes up just 4.2% of the total world population…

….BUT….

According to THEIR figures, the US is responsible for 17.8% of the total number of WuFlu cases worldwide…

….and 15.8% of all deaths resulting from it.

😏

.

We need a comparison nation, just for giggles. How about China?

China pop. = 1,445,000,000
Total # cases = 93,000
Total deaths = 4,600

% of world pop. = 18.2% (largest pop. in the world)
% of world cases = .046%
% of world deaths = .0022%

.
.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pdlgBJ_QVHg

Last edited 1 year ago by ForGodandCountry
GA/FL

Either the numbers are wrong – or – the US was targeted and the pathogen intentionally spread to a population that was possibly intentionally made vulnerable by flu vaccines.

Cuppa Covfefe

No matter for whom it was targeted, it’s been a living HELL over here. And with the Greens, Die Linke, the SPD, the FDP, and the now-leftist CDU/CSU (thanks, not, Merde-Kuh) pushing this and the Gore-Bull warming cr@p, it’s not going to get better anytime soon. And we’ve got elections in September, and it looks like the sheeple will be conned into voting for the Greens (Annalena Baerbock, WEF “young leader”, plagarist, liar, and globalist puppet handmaiden of Merde-Kuh)…..

We need a HUGE amount of prayer… A covering prayer…

(btw howdy, good to see you here!)…

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

This really shows the fraud. The fraud was biggest in the US. Because we had a political party invested in it.

Plus, you were generous by saying 1/2 of 1/2 of a percent – 0.051 is 1/2 of 1/10 of a percent!!! Even smaller. It’s ridiculously small.

ForGodandCountry

Thank you. Yes.

So small, in fact, that the FEAR and ALARM being pumped and dumped is ridiculously overblown, esp. with the benefit of hindsight.

They want us to give us our freedoms today, forever, for the PROMISE (with no guarantee…or accountability) of “safety”.

It is a fool’s bargain.

nikkichico7

The Bible reference to “peace and safety” ..

1 Thessalonians 5:3
Verse Concepts
While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.

1 Thessalonians 5:1-3
Now as to the times and the epochs, brethren, you have no need of anything to be written to you. For you yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night. While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape.

Source: https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/topics/Peace-And-Safety

Hold fast … and God bless

nikkichico7
Gudthots

Keep ASKING the right questions.
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Dora

Deplorable Patriot

Filing this one away as interesting.

grandmaintexas

Vox Cantoris is usually spot on.

Deplorable Patriot

I’ve seen reports that Francis is long gone, and that’s an actor. No idea if it is true or not, but this story leaking could be a cover story for the eventual exit.

grandmaintexas

Well, that’s a bit too far for me to go. I think he’s around, but not for long.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I’m going with AND logic. He uses the actor to greet grabby Chinese audience members now! 😉

ForGodandCountry

I’m filing the cancer news away as one of the best and most hoped for rumors out of that snake pit in many, many years.

Last edited 1 year ago by ForGodandCountry
grandmaintexas

I said about the same thing the minute his order came down to destroy the Mass of the ages.

Dora

Deplorable Patriot

To say the clergy have been disappointing in this whole thing is an understatement.

Gail Combs

Catholic Church Receives Billions from the USA, Illegal Immigration Proves Very Profitable — collects $1.6 billion in U.S. contracts, grants since 2012
others are just as bad.

U.S. Lutherans Make Entire Denomination an Illegal Alien “Sanctuary”

North American Baptists called to embrace immigrants and refugees

Baptists have a biblical mandate and God-given opportunity to extend “the gift of abundant friendship” to immigrants and refugees, speakers told the annual meeting of the North American Baptist Fellowship.

“At the second decade of the 21st century, we are experiencing an unprecedented era of global migration,” Albert Reyes, president and chief executive officer of Buckner International, told the NABF meeting, held Jan. 9-11 on Buckner’s historic East Dallas campus….

“Global migration is not going away,” said Reyes, a vice president of NABF, a regional fellowship of the Baptist World Alliance.

He pointed to Moses’ call to justice, generosity and redemption in Deuteronomy 24 as a model for ministry to the fatherless, the widow and the alien who “would not have rights in a court of law.”

.

.

Rob Sellers, retired professor theology and missions at Hardin-Simmons University and chair of the Parliament of the World’s Religions, talked about the importance of interfaith dialogue in a pluralistic world.

Sellers emphasized the importance of respecting the devotion practiced by adherents of other religions, being willing to learn from their stories and offer them the gift of genuine friendship….

Maurice Strong, puppet of David Rockefeller must of loved this last guy.

Parliment of the World’s Religions — Climate Action 2021

As a result of the experience of real people in real places, new scientific studies, and the collection of hard data during 2020, we now know more than we have ever known before about the state of Earth’s climate, and we know it with greater certainty.

Human experience and overwhelming scientific evidence reinforce the conviction of the Parliament of the World’s Religions that the reality and basic causes of climate change are settled science. We are convinced that the evidence for the danger posed by human-caused climate change is irrefutable and that the danger is growing rapidly.

We are also convinced that 2021 will bring new opportunities for action to meet the climate challenges we face.

Yeah, Maurice Strong and the Cabal must really love this guy.

NOTICE HOW JOHNSON KEPT CHURCHES FROM ‘interfering’ in COMMIE politics
http://hushmoney.org/501c3-facts.htm
but this bupkis is A-OK!

Deplorable Patriot

I have a lot to say on the subject. Most of the money actually goes to Catholic Charities which is not technically part of the Church, but a separate non-profit. Same with a good number of schools, especially if they are run by an order.

Then there was the 1832 deal which I am hoping goes away when the Rothschilds are no longer part of our lives.

grandmaintexas

That’s how the Church hides the income…having technically non-profit and non-Church charities with separate budgets, etc.

It’s all a scam. Don’t ask me how I know.

Cuppa Covfefe

Sellers…. wonder if he’s related to that twerp in Arizona??????

In any case, Rob Sellers is a real piece of work. And not good work, at that.

Somehow the term “Crockodile Christian” came to mind. He claims to be a Christian, but just eats away at your soul until nothing is left; i.e. a sly, conniving heretic…

Deplorable Patriot

Thoughts? This does not look like lightning.

https://twitter.com/Akshay80307230/status/1423724361895354372

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

That is EXACTLY lightning. You can even see it!

grandmaintexas

Yep. Now that’s the real Rod from God. The lightning rod. 😄

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

AMEN!!! 😉

para59r

From Mt. Olympus. It’s a known fact Jupiter does not like upstarts.

grandmaintexas

Thank you for the history lesson, Steve. I love thinking about these scientific discoveries that way.

Also, I like how an atom looks like a solar system.

Signed,

The English Major 😄

grandmaintexas

😄

duchess01
duchess01

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duchess01

Thank You, Jesus, for blessings received and prayers answered!!!

duchess01

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duchess01

BE MY VOICE

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duchess01

PRAYING ON THE ARMOR OF GOD

Father God, I now follow your command to put on the full armor of God, because my battle is not against flesh and blood but against rulers, authorities, the powers of this dark world and against spiritual forces of evil in the unseen world.

I first pray on the Belt of Truth that it may be buckled around my waist, may I be centered and encircled by your truth dear Lord. Hem me inside all that is true and right, and may I be protected and held up by the truth of your living word, in my Lord Jesus name.

I pray on the Breastplate of righteousness, please protect my vital organs and my inner man, cover my integrity, my spirit, and my soul. Guard my heart for it is the wellspring of life, please strengthen and guard the most vulnerable places in my life with that which is right, good, and noble that I might not receive a fatal blow from the enemy, in my Lord Jesus name.

I pray on the Gospel Shoes of Peace. I choose to stand in the shoes of your good news, and on the firm foundation of my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, the solid eternal rock. All other ground is sinking sand, I pray that I will not slip or fall, but that my feet would be firmly fitted on your lordship, my Lord Jesus. I choose to stand on you, so that the peace of God, which transcends all understanding will guard my heart and mind in Christ Jesus, the eternal Rock of Ages. I receive your holy peace now my Lord, from the sole of my feet to the crown of my head, in my Lord Jesus name.

I pray the Shield of Faith into my hand now. As I take up the shield of faith, I ask that you might extinguish every dart and arrow, that is launched from the enemy to take me down spiritually, physically, mentally, emotionally, and every attempt of the enemy to destroy my joy. I ask that my faith in you would make it flame out. Extinguish every flaming arrow that would come against me, my life, my family, my home, or my ministry. May my faith always be out in front of me like a shield. Give me the courage to “faith my fears” by choosing to walk by faith and not by sight, in my Lord Jesus name.

I pray on the Helmet of Salvation, that you might protect my mind from the thoughts that can lead me astray. I choose to take every thought captive, and arrest all intentioned ideas and motives that would harm others, or distract me from your holy will for me. I submit every captured thought to the Lordship of my Lord Jesus Christ, and ask that you would imprison those thoughts that are not of you my Lord. Transform my mind and renew my thinking that I may think God thoughts, and have a sober mind that is focused on your glory. Please protect me from being double minded that I may allow my mind, I reject to live an earthly life, because I choose to live a holy one, governed by you My Lord Jesus, the prince of peace, please have my mind to be saturated with the holy mind of Christ, in my Lord Jesus name.

Finally, I take up the Sword of the Spirit which is the holy word of God, I pray this powerful offensive weapon into my hand, and ask that your holy word would be fitting for every encounter I face. As the enemy gets close to me, please give me the insight, wisdom, and skill to wield the word of God to drive away the enemy, in my Lord Jesus name.

May the enemy and his team flee from me, upon hearing the word of God spoken by the power and direction of the Holy Spirit. Give me the sword of the spirit to cut through the wiles of the devil, so that I may discern the schemes of the enemy when he is near.

With all kinds of prayers, supplication, and intercession I pray to you my Lord God as the one who fights my battles. Now that I’m in your holy powerful armor, I walk away covered and ready to face my day as you go before me, and please protect me in the midst of the spiritual warfare in this unseen world, in my Lord Jesus name.

Thank you my Lord, for the spiritual weapons of armor and prayer that you have given me. It is written no weapon formed against me shall prosper, and you will refute every tongue that accuses me.

Thank you Father God, my Lord Jesus and the Holy Spirit, that I am more than a conqueror in my Lord Jesus. I pray all of this in the mighty name of my Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ, amen.

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Aubergine

Even I understand science enough to know that without a “control group” scientific conclusions about anything are virtually impossible. I put this in a reply to Wolf on another post this morning, but I want to be sure we all see it. It’s from CTH:

This is Nuts, Moderna and Pfizer Intentionally Lost The Clinical Trial Control Group Testing Vaccine Efficacy and Safety
Here is the imbedded article at NPR:

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/02/19/969143015/long-term-studies-of-covid-19-vaccines-hurt-by-placebo-recipients-getting-immuni

This is nucking futs!

You can’t just make up some shit as a vaccine and inject it into people without randomized trials with control groups. We might as well be in the Middle Ages, when “physicians” rolled ox dung into pills for rheumatism, or used hanged-mans grease (rendered fat from dead criminals) on achy joints. Yes, they did that:

https://www.historyonthenet.com/crazy-potions-and-nasty-nostrums-six-bizarre-medieval-medicines

And people think I’M nuts because I make medicine out of backyard plants!

We are in faux-science driven hell at this point. It’s just unbelievable.

Wolf Moon | Threat to Demonocracy

I never dreamed that Trump would be able to unmask “Fake Science”, but here we are!!!

Gail Combs

YUPPERS!!!

I LOVE watching them crash and burn.

grandmaintexas

It’s really just one crazy revelation after another nowadays.